Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast
Common Name: Porcelain-berry
Scientific Name: Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Identification: Porcelain-berry is a deciduous vine that climbs into tree crowns. The leaves are alternate with a heart-shaped base and 3 to 5 palmate lobes. Inconspicuous green-white flowers appear in June to August. Grape-like fruits mature from September to October.
Ecology: Porcelain-berry is a vigorous invader and grows quickly in partial to full sunlight. The plant grows well in moist conditions and occurs along forest edges, ponds, and stream banks. This invasive vine colonizes by prolific vine growth and seeds that are spread by water, birds, and other animals.
Plant Control: Unless it is a large infestation, vines in the home landscape (on fences or arbors) can be cut back to ground level in late summer and the cut ends treated with undiluted glyphosate concentrate (53.8% preferable but 41% okay). If a thicket is present, cut all stems back to the ground with a weed-eater, if possible. Allow the cut stems to re-sprout, then spot-spray the sprouts with a 5% solution of glyphosate with surfactant. If mechanical vine control prior to herbicide application is impractical, you can spray the stand with a 5% glyphosate and surfactant solution in late summer, but note that non-target plants may be at higher risk with this method. Increase solution strength if necessary and re-treat as needed for complete control.
Alternative Native Species: Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), Peppervine (Ampelopsis arborea)
When using herbicides remember to follow label-recommendations. Any mention of trade, products, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by North Carolina State University.
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