Format Requirements for Abstract

Abstract Guidelines

Please contact Dr. David Shafer, Assistant Dean of the Graduate School, at david_shafer@ncsu.edu if you have any questions on the following guidelines.

IMPORTANT: If for any reason you do not want your abstract published on the Web and/or in the abstract booklet, please inform Dr. Shafer by February 6, 2014. Students not wishing to have their abstracts published may still make a poster presentation at the Symposium.

Abstracts must be e-mailed to Dr. Shafer as MS Word documents using Arial 11 point font. Your abstract must be no longer than 300 words and should include the following components: 1) introduction - importance of work; 2) objectives; 3) methods; and 4) key findings/conclusions to date. Please use the format illustrated in the examples below. The first example shows a simple, single author format. The second example shows a complex, multi-author and multi-institutional format.

In addition to the title and text of your abstract, please include the following information, as illustrated in the examples below: 1) all authors (with the presenter’s name highlighted), 2) the authors’ respective graduate programs and institutions, if applicable, and 3) the name of your advisor(s).

Abstract Examples

1) Example of abstract format with one author:

Orcun Kepez

Graduate Program: Design

Advisor: Dr. John O.Tector

The Effect of Space on Health and Well-Being: An Environmental Assessment for Home-like Long Term Care Settings

It is known that the appropriate design of long-term care environments can make positive differences in the daily lives of the elderly. Yet, the literature lacks of studies that compare the outcomes of different design decisions. This research investigates the presence of differences in the health and well-being outcomes of the elderly who reside in different adult care homes which are limited to a 12 bed capacity. Social interaction, privacy, accessibility (to different functions and to the outdoors) and satisfaction are major factors that are affected by the design and can make a difference in health and well-being outcomes. A multiple case study methodology was employed by selecting cases from the State of North Carolina . The study has been carried out at two different sites that contain 5 buildings (3+2) in total. Each building group on the same site has the same plan layout whereas buildings of different sites have distinct plan configurations. Behavior mapping techniques were used for objective observation of each building for two weekdays and one day in the weekend. Caregivers were asked to fill out a self-administered survey to provide information about the residents. After the completion of the behavior mapping, interviews were conducted with willing residents. Resident groups at both sites are comparable in terms of their physical and cognitive competence. Behavior maps from two sites (180 maps) were analyzed by counting the number of the activities, the use of space, and the number and place of the conversations that were observed in and around the facilities. Analysis showed that plan type which isolates the living area from dining and kitchen areas leads to poor social interaction and poor use of the living area. Whereas the preliminary data analysis of the plan type with combined common areas provided evidence of higher social interaction.

2) Example of abstract format with multiple authors, departments and institutions (see special formatting notes at the end):

Russell H. Behler1, Douglas M. Dumont2, Timothy C. Nichols3, Thomas H. Fischer3, Elizabeth P. Merricks3 and Caterina M. Gallippi1

Graduate Programs: Biomedical Engineering, North Carolina State University/University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill1; Biomedical Engineering, Duke University2; Pathology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill3

Advisor: Caterina M. Gallippi

Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging, Molecular Ultrasound and Their Ability to Enhance Cardiovascular Disease Diagnosis

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading killer of Americans, and earlier disease detection could significantly improve outcomes. Current diagnostic imaging techniques are effective for identifying morphological or functional changes associated with atherosclerosis. However, these techniques are not capable of characterizing early disease stages. A novel imaging technology, Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) ultrasound, is well positioned to enhance CVD diagnostics by differentiating tissue structure via mechanical properties. Additionally, while conventional ultrasound contrast agents are useful for blood signal enhancement, they lack the ability to assist in the diagnosis of localized endothelial inflammation associated with atherosclerosis. We are developing novel inflammation targeted ultrasound contrast agents to seek out such areas of inflammation and enhance detection of the earliest stages of atherogenesis. Using a relevant pig model of CVD, two-dimensional ARFI imaging ex vivo suggested a stiff arterial wall region beneath a stiff focal plaque with a fibrous cap, also implying that the region of the plaque had reduced elasticity compared to non-atherosclerotic vessel wall. These results correlated with immunohistochemistry. In vivo, ARFI imaging identified stiff, diffuse atherosclerosis as well as a soft focal plaque protruding into the lumen, which was not readily evident on B-Mode ultrasound. The results support ARFI for enhanced CVD diagnosis in humans. In addition to ARFI, preliminary studies have demonstrated molecular ultrasound’s potential diagnostic relevance. Novel acoustic probes, formulated from bioengineered rehydrated lyophilized platelets, have been shown to be echogenic in pilot experiments. Given that these probes are formulations of native platelet cells, we hypothesize that they will exhibit a natural affinity to sites of inflammation. We also hypothesize that while both of these methods have shown initial success, future development of the two methods in conjunction will lead to further enhanced diagnosis, and earlier, more appropriate treatment.

Please note the following features of the above abstract:

  1. In the list of authors, the student presenter’s name appears in bold and is listed first.
  2. Authors are linked to their respective graduate programs and institutions using superscript numbers. (If all authors are from a single program and institution, superscript numbers are not needed, and the program/institution should be listed only once.)

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