Note: The JCRA launched a new Web site on March 1. Please visit us at http://jcra.ncsu.edu. This site, http://www.ncsu.edu/jcraulstonarboretum/, is no longer being updated.

Annual Plant Distribution

2004

  • List With Description
  • Condensed List
  • Guidelines

Abelia ×grandiflora 'Hopleys' (Linneaceae)
Twist of Lime™ variegated glossy abelia
sun to part sun; 2.5'–4'
Stake number: 1
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Abelia serrata (Linneaceae)
white abelia
Stake number: 2
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Acer palmatum (Sapindaceae)
Japanese maple
A wonderful small tree with red or green foliage. Diverse foliage forms of seedlings from one of the most beloved small trees; JCRA's symbol.
Stake number: 3
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 107

Agave havardiana (Agavaceae)
Chisos agave
Stake number: 4
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 82

Agave obscura (Agavaceae)
red-flowered hardy agave
This hardy agave is about as obscure as its scientific name suggests. Agave obscura is a species native to mountains of northeastern and north-central Mexico. It is distinguished from other agaves by its dark red colored (instead of the normal bright yellow) flowers. Our plants also show the interesting orange-brown tinged leaf margins and marginal spines, contrasting with the rich green interiors of the foliage. As with other hardy agaves, sharp drainage is essential such that plants acclimate and do not keep growing in advance of the winter months.
Stake number: 5
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Agave tenuifolia (Agavaceae)
slender-leaf agave
Quoting the www.yuccado.com, "A recently described species that closely resembles Agave striata but with a open flower scape and long weeping foliage. It inhabits exposed areas in transitional pine oak scrub. Therefore it is more tolerant of moisture and shade than its close relatives that live at lower elevation in the rain shadow. Absolute cold hardiness is unknown." We can no better describe this plant than our friends at Yucca Do Nursery have done. Our plants are derived from wild-collected seed in northeastern Mexico, near Camarones, Nuevo Leon state, in oak woods. The mother plants grew on boulders in shade. (1 gallon, 6" tall)
Stake number: 6
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Albizia kalkora (Fabaceae)
Indian mimosa
We have grown this medium-sized deciduous flowering tree at the Arboretum since 1989 in bed W14 behind the Southwestern Garden. Our tree now stands at 40'+ tall, with ascending branches and smooth, tan-gray bark. Larger growing than the common mimosa (Albizia julibrissin), Indian mimosa also produces the familiar powder-puff pink flowers in summer. The plants are grown from seed collected off of our plant. The genus Albizia commemorates Filippo del Albizzi, a Florentine nobleman who introduced common mimosa into cultivation in 1749. Hardy through Zone 7, possibly Zone 6. (1 gallon, 1' tall)
Stake number: 7
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 19

Amsonia hubrichtii (Apocynaceae)
Ozark blue-star
The fall orange color on this perennial makes it a must for the border. Has a blue star like flower in the spring. Mounding form with fine-textured narrow foliage turning orange or gold in fall.
Stake number: 8
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 42

Anisacanthus linearis (Acanthaceae)
Big Bend acanthus
sun; 5'–8'
Stake number: 9
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Berberis thunbergii var. atropurpurea 'Red Rocket' (Berberidaceae)
upright purple-leaf Japanese barberry
Stake number: 10

Buddleja salviifolia (Scrophulariaceae)
South African sage-wood
Excellent foliage specimen with soft, sage-like leaves of silvery-green. Gold fuzzy foliage with distinctive undulate margins. Grows to 7'. Understated lavendar-lilac flowers are borne on previous year's wood. Zone 7.
Stake number: 11
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Buxus sempervirens 'Vardar Valley' (Buxaceae)
common boxwood
This cultivar of Buxus sempervirens has stood out among our collection for its low, spreading form, and distinct, blue-green foliage. Buxus sempervirens 'Vardar Valley' derives from a collection made by Edgar Anderson in 1934 from the Vardar River valley in Macedonia, eastern Europe. It has been widely touted for its cold hardiness, but the foliage probably distinguishes it most from other boxwoods. This plant is so distinct among all the Buxus sempervirens cultivars that we grow, and yet, it remains surprisingly poorly known, even among nurserymen. Hardy throughout North Carolina. (1 gallon, 6" tall)
Stake number: 12
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Calocedrus macrolepis var. macrolepis (Cupressaceae)
Chinese incense-cedar
Stake number: 13
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Calycanthus ×raulstonii 'Hartlage Wine' (Calycanthaceae)
Raulston allspice
A JC Raulston Arboretum 2001 release. This is a hybrid between Calycanthus chinensis and the native Calycanthus floridus. It is a medium-sized shrub with large glossy leaves and 3"-wide wine-colored flowers that are blushed white, blooming from spring through early summer. Grows best in partial shade. The first offering of this plant! (1 gallon, 6" tall)
Stake number: 117
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 76

Camellia ×williamsii 'Golden Spangles' (Theaceae)
variegated Williamsii camellia
Stake number: 14
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 26

Carex conica 'Snowline' (Cyperaceae)
variegated Japanese sedge
Stake number: 15
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Carpinus japonica (Betulaceae)
Japanese hornbeam
Among the Carpinus (hornbeams), there probably is none with more beautiful foliage than this species. Carpinus japonica, a small-sized tree reaching about 20' in height, bears attractive, finely-pleated leaves, looking as if they have been pressed. In summer, hop-like fruit catkins appear, light green in color and standing in contrast to the dark green leaves. As with other hornbeams, Carpinus japonica bears a degree of tolerance to poorly drained soils, but probably not so much as with the more familiar Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam). Best on part-shade to part-sun sites. Hardy throughout North Carolina. (1 quart, 6" tall)
Stake number: 16
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 21

Caryopteris ×clandonensis 'Worcester Gold' (Lamiaceae)
golden bluebeard
Deciduous shrub; blue flowers gold foliage; sun or part shade; good drainage.
Stake number: 17
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Casimiroa pringlei (Rutaceae)
Pringle's zapote
Stake number: 18

Celtis sinensis 'Green Cascade' (Cannabaceae)
weeping Chinese hackberry
sun to part shade; as staked
Stake number: 19
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 15

Cephalotaxus harringtonia (Taxaceae)
Japanese plum-yew
Now accordingly considered an evergreen shrub of the first rank, as it deserves, Japanese plum-yew is a fairly familiar plant of southern U.S. landscapes. Most plants seen are the shrubby forms or cultivars, including these plants which are derived from cuttings derived from the germplasm collection assembled by Drs. Michael Dirr and Donglin Zhang at the University of Georgia (Athens, GA). Cephalotaxus harringtonia is an excellent evergreen shrub, tolerating most environmental stresses, including heat, drought, shade, and sun. Deer will not bother these plants. Just make certain not to site plants on sites with exceptionally poor drainage.
Stake number: 20
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. drupacea (Taxaceae)
shrubby Japanese plum-yew
A superb needled evergreen shrub, Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. drupacea forms low, spreading plants tolerant of heavy shade to full sun conditions, as well as drought. The "drupacea" types are usually distinguished by their leaves that are arranged spirally around the stems—versus in two planes along the stem as occurs in some cultivars of C. harringtonia. An excellent, bullet-proof shrub for a wide range of landscape situations.
Stake number: 23
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Fritz Huber' (Taxaceae)
dwarf Japanese plum-yew
This cultivar of Japanese plum-yew, selected for its compact, shrubby growth habit, has grown for years at the JCRA in a secluded, shady location. The branches are layered, resembling 'Prostrata' somewhat, although the leaves are shorter than 'Prostrata'. This clone has been reported as being sun tolerant as far south as the Houston, Texas, area. Sun or shade, Zone 6. (8"–10" plants)
Stake number: 21
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 9

Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Prostrata' (Taxaceae)
spreading Japanese plum-yew
This prostrate growing form of Cephalotaxus harringtonia is valued for its layered branches and dwarf stature. As an evergreen shrub, few others can compete with this in shady sites. As with other Cephalotaxus, plants are slow to establish, usually requiring two growing seasons, but they will reward you as long-lived, tough plants suited to a wide range of landscape conditions. Zone 6. (8"–10" plants)
Stake number: 22
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Cercis (Fabaceae)
redbud
sun to shade; 15'–20'
Stake number: 24
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 17

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Minima Variegata' (Cupressaceae)
variegated dwarf Sawara falsecypress
Stake number: 25

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Plumosa Juniperoides' (Cupressaceae)
juniper-plume dwarf Sawara falsecypress
Stake number: 26
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Spahn's Cannonball' (Cupressaceae)
Sawara falsecypress
Stake number: 27

Clematis armandii (Ranunculaceae)
evergreen clematis
partial sun; 25'
Stake number: 28
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 8

Clethra alnifolia 'Sherry Sue' (Clethraceae)
redtwig summersweet clethra
sun to partial shade; 3'–5'
Stake number: 29
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 13

Colocasia esculenta 'Rhubarb' (Araceae)
red-stem elephant ear
Stake number: 30
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Coriaria japonica (Coriariaceae)
Japanese coriaria
This deciduous shrub that we have been watching for the past four years, now only 3'–4' tall, displays bluish-green leaves arranged opposite along the branches, appearing fern-like at first glance. In summer, inconspicuous flowers are produced, but under careful inspection, one notes that the petals remain attached, swelling to form rich reddish-purple shells around the hidden fruits. These 'fruits' are quite showy. Our specimen has grown fine in full sun, but with some afternoon shade. Remember not to cut back older branches since flowers are produced on the previous-year's wood. Zone 7b, possibly colder.
Stake number: 31

Cornus macrophylla (Cornaceae)
bigleaf dogwood
Fast growing, 30', white flowers, black fruit, sun/shade, Zone 7.
Stake number: 32
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 20

Cryptomeria japonica 'Elegans Aurea' (Cupressaceae)
golden-plume Japanese-cedar
Stake number: 34
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Cryptomeria japonica 'Sekkan' (Cupressaceae)
goldtip Japanese cedar
part sun; 10'
Stake number: 35
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 11

Cryptomeria japonica 'Tansu' (Cupressaceae)
miniature Japanese-cedar
sun to part shade; 1'–1.5'
Stake number: 36
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Cunninghamia lanceolata 'Samurai' (Cupressaceae)
blue China-fir
Old specimens of China-fir dot southeastern U.S. landscapes, attesting to this species' formerly widespread popularity and usage, and also to its durability. Most specimens seen in cultivation bear the typical glossy, dark green, prickly foliage. However, several "blue"-leaved variants have occurred and been cultivated over the last century, usually under the catch-all name of 'Glauca'. 'Samurai', originating from the University of Tennessee, bears striking, silver-blue leaves, and is definitely a notch more cold-hardy than most other China-firs. The plants offered here are grown from cuttings taken from our tree (now over 20' tall; received before 1988 from the University of Tennessee Arboretum as a rooted cutting). Young plants will likely want to grow in prostrate fashion for the first two or three years, before deciding to send up a central leader and form a "proper" China-fir tree. Likely cold hardy throughout North Carolina. (1 gallon, 8" tall)
Stake number: 37
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

×Cuprocyparis leylandii 'Silver Dust' (Cupressaceae)
variegated Leyland cypress
Stake number: 38
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Cyrilla racemiflora 'Graniteville' (Cyrillaceae)
weeping swamp cyrilla
sun to part shade; 3'
Stake number: 33

Deutzia setchuenensis var. corymbiflora (Hydrangeaceae)
Sichuan deutzia
sun; 4'–8'
Stake number: 39
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 20

Elaeagnus ×ebbingei 'Gilt Edge' (Elaeagnaceae)
gold-edge Ebbinge eleagnus
Stake number: 40
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Elaeagnus pungens 'Greenedge Variegated' (Elaeagnaceae)
Stake number: 41

Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata' (Elaeagnaceae)
variegated thorny eleagnus
Stake number: 42
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Euonymus bungeanus (Celastraceae)
winterberry euonymus
A deciduous, small-statured tree that matures at 20'–25' tall. It is valued for its medium-green foliage, furrowed bark in age, and particularly its amazing display of rich pink, four-sided fruits. Our specimen at the Arboretum has at times simultaneously displayed a heavy crop of rosy-pink fruits amid a colorful medley of pink and yellow autumn foliage. Beautiful! This is an unknown but worthy tree suitable for small urban lots. Zone 4.
Stake number: 43
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 8

×Fatshedera lizei 'Monstrosa Variegata' (Araliaceae)
curlyleaf variegated fatshedera
Stake number: 44

Ficus sarmentosa var. nipponica × F. carica (Moraceae)
hybrid creeping fig
sun to shade; 16"
Stake number: 45

Forestiera angustifolia 'Weeping' (Oleaceae)
weeping desert olive
sun to part shade; 8'
Stake number: 46
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 17

Forsythia koreana 'Kumson' (Oleaceae)
gold-vein Korean forsythia
sun to part shade; 4'–6'
Stake number: 47
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Forsythia viridissima 'Bronxensis' (Oleaceae)
dwarf green-stem forsythia
Stake number: 48
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Genista tinctoria 'Flore Pleno' (Fabaceae)
dyer's greenweed
Stake number: 49
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 10

Habranthus tubispathus var. texanus (Amaryllidaceae)
copper lily
Only species grown that produces gold to apricot-orange flowers; reseeds nicely. Gold veined with red flowers, summer bloomer, sun, Zone 7.
Stake number: 50
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 10

Hakea microcarpa (Proteaceae)
small-fruited hakea
sun; 7'
Stake number: 51
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 15

Hedera nepalensis var. sinensis 'Marbled Dragon' (Araliaceae)
Ground cover with interesting venation; striking fruit on mature plant.
Stake number: 52

Helleborus ×hybridus (Ranunculaceae)
Lenten rose
An outstanding group of evergreen herbaceous perennials, best known from the Lenten rose—Helleborus ×hybridus. Most hellebores are valued for their pale green to white or pink flowers that are produced in the winter months. These seedlings are from our hybrids in the Winter Garden and so should produce some interesting colors. The female parent of these plants was the Ashwood Garden strain of Helleborus ×hybridus, which bears exceptionally strong-colored flowers.
Stake number: 53
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 130

Hibiscus syriacus 'Meehanii' (Malvaceae)
variegated rose-of-Sharon
Stake number: 54
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 12

Hydrangea aspera Villosa Group (Hydrangeaceae)
Chinese hydrangea
Stake number: 55
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Blaumeise' (Hydrangeaceae)
French hydrangea
Stake number: 56
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 9

Hypericum galioides × H. brachyphyllum (Hypericaceae)
hybrid St. John's-wort
Stake number: 57
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Hypericum kalmianum 'Gemo' (Hypericaceae)
Kalm's St. John's-wort
sun to part shade; 2'
Stake number: 102

Ilex cornuta 'O. Spring' (Aquifoliaceae)
variegated Chinese holly
Stake number: 58
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Ilex crenata 'Muffin' (Aquifoliaceae)
compact Japanese holly
Stake number: 59

Jasminum officinale 'Frojas' (Oleaceae)
Fiona Sunrise™ golden poet's jasmine
Stake number: 60
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 19

Jasminum parkeri (Oleaceae)
Parker's jasmine
Compact prostrate evergreen shrub. Handsome tiny foliage with bright yellow flowers. An overlooked gem.
Stake number: 61
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 8

Juniperus communis 'Hornibrookii' (Cupressaceae)
common juniper
Stake number: 62
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Kadsura longipedunculata (Schisandraceae)
Chinese kadsura
Stake number: 63
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 7

Lagerstroemia indica 'Whit II' (Lythraceae)
Dynamite® crepe myrtle
sun; 20’ tall
Stake number: 65
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Lagerstroemia indica 'Whit III' (Lythraceae)
Pink Velour® crepe myrtle
sun; 10’ tall
Stake number: 66
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Lagerstroemia indica 'Whit VI' (Lythraceae)
Burgundy Cotton® crepe myrtle
sun; 12'
Stake number: 64

Lagerstroemia indica 'White Chocolate' (Lythraceae)
crepe myrtle
sun; 8'–10'
Stake number: 67

Leptodermis oblonga (Rubiaceae)
false lilac
sun; 3'–5'
Stake number: 68
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 19

Leycesteria formosa 'Notbruce' (Caprifoliaceae)
Golden Lanterns™ Golden Himalayan Honeysuckle
sun to part shade; 3'–5'
Stake number: 69
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Ligustrum japonicum 'East Bay' (Oleaceae)
Stake number: 70

Mahonia 'Arthur Menzies' (Berberidaceae)
grapeholly
Medium tall to tall shrub, leaves with numerous pinnae, flowers in clusters of loose racemes, terminal. Zone 9. Better growth in the shade. (8' plants)
Stake number: 71
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 13

Morus alba 'Ho-o' (Moraceae)
royal white mulberry
Stake number: 72
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Nandina domestica 'Firepower' (Berberidaceae)
dwarf heavenly bamboo
sun to part shade; 2'
Stake number: 73
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Nandina domestica 'Harbour Dwarf' (Berberidaceae)
dwarf heavenly bamboo
Compact form; evergreen shrub.
Stake number: 74
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Nandina domestica 'Okame' (Berberidaceae)
dwarf heavenly bamboo
Stake number: 75
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Nandina domestica 'Pygmaea' (Berberidaceae)
dwarf heavenly bamboo
Stake number: 76

Nandina domestica 'Royal Princess' (Berberidaceae)
heavenly bamboo
Stake number: 77
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Osmanthus ×burkwoodii (Oleaceae)
Burkwood osmanthus
This osmanthus has fragrant white flowers in early spring, evergreen shrub 6'–10', sun or light shade, Zone 6–8, garden hybrid. (3'–4' plants)
Stake number: 78
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 13

Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Kembu' (Oleaceae)
variegated holly tea-olive
Stake number: 79

Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Ogon' (Oleaceae)
golden holly tea-olive
light shade; 5'–8'
Stake number: 80
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Parrotia persica (Hamamelidaceae)
Persian ironwood
sun to light shade; 25'–35'
Stake number: 81
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 20
Number of slides in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Peltandra virginica (Araceae)
arrow arum
Stake number: 82
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Philadelphus 'Bouquet Blanc' (Hydrangeaceae)
Lemoine hybrid mock-orange
sun; 6'
Stake number: 83
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Seward' (Rosaceae)
Summer Wine™ dwarf purple-leaf ninebark
Stake number: 84
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 10

Pinus sosnowskyi (Pinaceae)
Sosnowsky pine
This stately evergreen tree, in many aspects resembling the familiar Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) with its short, bright blue-green needles arranged in twos and its bright orange-gray trunks. Native to (the nation of) Georgia, where it is common throughout much of the country, especially in the Caucasus Mountains, these plants are derived from seeds collected in the Lesser Caucasus mountains (in the southern portion of the country, bordering Turkey). Probably, this species has not yet been tested in the southeastern United States. Some authorities consider Pinus sosnowskyi to be synonymous with Pinus kochiana (Caucasian pine); at the least, it is closely related. A striking, new plant for trial in North Carolina and beyond. Cold hardiness is undetermined, but Zone 6 is likely, with even colder zones also possible. (1 quart, 3" tall)
Stake number: 85
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Pinus taeda (Pinaceae)
loblolly pine
Stake number: 86
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 19

Pittosporum heterophyllum (Pittosporaceae)
Chinese pittosporum
This fast-growing evergreen shrub ranks as a highly promising screening evergreen hedging plant for southeastern U.S. landscapes. Our lone specimen, growing at the northeast corner of the Lath House since 1988, was originally received by us from Brookside Gardens. It had reached 8' tall but was stubbed back in 1996, and now stands at 4'–5' in height. A superb plant for its glossy green foliage and bright yellow, sweetly-scented flowers hidden amidst the foliage. Perfectly suited for shearing.
Stake number: 88
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Pittosporum parvilimbum (Pittosporaceae)
narrowleaf pittosporum
sun to part shade; 4'–8'
Stake number: 89
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 11

Pittosporum tobira (Korean E34) (Pittosporaceae)
hardy Japanese pittosporum
Stake number: 90

Pittosporum tobira (Korean FldE) (Pittosporaceae)
hardy Japanese pittosporum
Stake number: 91

Pittosporum tobira (Korean T03) (Pittosporaceae)
hardy Japanese pittosporum
Stake number: 92
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Pittosporum tobira 'Tall 'N Tough' (Pittosporaceae)
Japanese pittosporum
Early summer scented flowers. Hardier form of the Japanese pittosporum, evergreen shrub, NCSU Arboretum selection, Zone 7, sun. (3'–5' plants)
Stake number: 93

Pittosporum tobira 'Turner's Dwarf Variegated' (Pittosporaceae)
dwarf variegated Japanese pittosporum
This dwarf-sized Japanese pittosporum cultivar came originally to us before 1994 from sources unknown. Now listed from Monrovia Nursery (Azusa, California), and likely other sources, this appears to be a cultivar that has been established in the nursery trade for some time. Although it is not often seen in the southeastern United States, eight plus year-old plants mature at about 2' to 2.5' tall by 3.5' wide, and bear medium-green leaves, edged with a prominent golden rim. Our original plant was lost, but we thank Juniper Level Botanical Gardens for restocking our collections with this wonderful dwarf pittosporum.
Stake number: 94
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Pittosporum tobira 'Variegata' (Pittosporaceae)
variegated Japanese pittosporum
Stake number: 95

Pittosporum tobira 'Wheeler's Dwarf' (Pittosporaceae)
Stake number: 96
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Pittosporum aff. truncatum (Pittosporaceae)
A number of hardy pittosporum species have been introduced to our collections at the JCRA over the past 10+ years. Among the newer ones is this one that initially came in identified as Pittosporum truncatum—an identity that we are treating as tentative. However, no matter the correct name, we have been impressed with the toughness and cold-hardiness of this species (as with other pittosporum), surviving now for over seven years in the ground. Expect a medium-sized mounding shrub, bearing glossy, somewhat thickened, evergreen leaves, and small, tubular, but sweetly scented pale yellow flowers in spring.
Stake number: 87

Pittosporum undulatifolium (Pittosporaceae)
wavy-leaf pittosporum
There are approximately 150 species of pittosporum that occur naturally. Of these, only one species is widely cultivated in the southeastern United States—P. tobira (Japanese pittosporum)—popularly used as an evergreen foundation plant and salt-tolerant shrub. In looking to other species in this genus, we have come to P. undulatifolium, one of many Chinese species, that has prospered for us for over 12 years—never showing any cold damage. This evergreen shrub (now about 5' tall) bears shiny dark green leaves with undulating edges, and will thrive on full sun to partly shaded sites. We originally received our plant as Pittosporum undulatum, which is an Australian species that is tender, but later realized and corrected the name. Probably cold hardy throughout Zone 7. (1 gallon, 6'–12 tall)
Stake number: 97
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Prunus mume (Rosaceae)
Japanese flowering apricot
Two thousand and three saw some of the best fruiting we've ever seen on our Japanese flowering apricots—Prunus mume—in the Arboretum. Here, we offer you seeds collected off of our old specimen of Prunus mume 'Kobai' that once grew in the Winter Garden. Sadly, the mother plant was destroyed by the December 5, 2002, ice storm. Since these are open-pollinated seedlings, flower color will range from white to rose-pink to nearly red.
Stake number: 98
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 64

Punica granatum 'Nejikan' (Lythraceae)
twisted pomegranate
A nomenclatural mystery! These plants are derived from rooted stem cuttings from a plant brought in by J. C. Raulston in 1988. While the brilliant orange double flowers are without a doubt beautiful, the validity of the cultivar name remains up in the air. "Nejikan" refers to a style of bonsai in which the trunk of the specimen is twisted. While our specimen growing in China Valley is neither bonsai nor possessing a twisted trunk, the leaves do have a kink/twist to them. Yellow fall color. Hardy through the warmer part of Zone 7. Plant in a protected location in the cooler parts of zone 7. (1 gallon, 6"–12" tall)
Stake number: 99
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 15

×Pyracomeles vilmorinii (Rosaceae)
Vilmorin's pyracomeles
sun to light shade; 10'–18'
Stake number: 100
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Pyrus salicifolia (Rosaceae)
willow-leaf pear
A small, often weeping, tree with silver, narrow leaves resembling those of a willow. Leaves often become greyish-green and possess a shiny gloss. Our young seedlings appear to be green-leaved (rather than silver-leaved), but this may only be a juvenile trait. Flowers are a creamy white and give rise to small, top-shaped, brown fruit. These plants are from wild-collected seeds from the Vashlovani Nature Reserve, located in the far eastern end of the nation of Georgia, right on the Georgia/Azerbaijan border. Hardy from Zones 4–7. These plants have not been hardened off, so protect from cold. (1 quart, 6" tall)
Stake number: 101
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Quercus alba (Fagaceae)
white oak
This large sized, deciduous tree is an icon plant of eastern North America. Common in forests around Raleigh, these plants represent progeny from the last crop of acorns produced from the magnificent, open-field grown white oak which used to frame our boxwood collection in the Southall Garden. Unfortunately, the December 2002 ice storm destroyed this beautiful sentinel of the Arboretum. This is your only chance to have this piece of JCRA history live on in your own garden. Zones 3–9 (1 quart, 4" tall)
Stake number: 103
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 13

Quercus phillyreoides (Fagaceae)
Ubame oak
A 50+ year-old specimen of Ubame oak grows in the Arboretum, forming the backdrop for our Winter Garden. This plant, a native of Japan, but the closest relative (among the oaks) to our southeastern U.S. live oak (Quercus virginiana), should be widely used, but it is not. In Japan, plants are sheared into hedges, or left to grow as mature trees. Our specimen has reached 30' in height by 50' in spread. In the great freezes of the 1980s, Quercus phillyreoides was undamaged, attesting to its Zone 6 cold hardiness, while the nearby specimen of Quercus glauca (Japanese blue oak) was frozen to the ground. These plants are grown from acorns, and as such, will be somewhat variable. (1 and 2 gallon, 8"–24" tall)
Stake number: 104
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 11

Rhamnus frangula 'Fine Line' (Rhamnaceae)
Stake number: 105

Rhaphiolepis indica 'Conda' (Rosaceae)
Rosalinda™ Indian hawthorn
Stake number: 106
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Rubus rolfei 'Emerald Carpet' (Rosaceae)
creeping raspberry
sun to shade; 6" by 48" wide
Stake number: 108
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Salix koriyanagi (Salicaceae)
Japanese basket willow
Stake number: 109

Salix 'Rubykins' (Salicaceae)
willow
sun; moist soil; 8'
Stake number: 110
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Salvia greggii 'Alba' (Lamiaceae)
white autumn sage
Stake number: 111
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Sarcococca orientalis (Buxaceae)
sweet box
Evergreen, 2'–4' suckering shrub, fragrant flowers in early winter, shade, Zone 7 to 8, China.
Stake number: 112
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Sarcococca saligna (Buxaceae)
willow-leaf sweet box
This is perhaps the most handsome of all the sweet boxes. As an evergreen shrub, Sarcococca saligna grows to 4' tall with an upright, but arching form (not stiffly upright like other sweet boxes). The leaves are elongated, narrow, glossy, and bright green in color. Plants are more vigorous than other sweet boxes, and do not have the weakened constitution sometimes seen in Sarcococca confusa plants when they are improperly sited. At the JCRA, our plant has prospered with some protection from winter winds in the shaded Lathhouse. Native to the Himalayas, and hardy to Zone 7b. (8"–10" plants)
Stake number: 113
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 10

Saruma henryi (Aristolochiaceae)
Stake number: 114
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 15

Sedum 'Ruby Glow' (Crassulaceae)
garden stonecrop
full sun to light shade; 18"–24"
Stake number: 115
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Senna corymbosa (Fabaceae)
Argentine senna
Stake number: 116
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 7

Spiraea thunbergii 'Ogon' (Rosaceae)
Mellow Yellow® golden Thunberg spirea
sun; 3'–5'
Stake number: 118
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 41

Stephanandra incisa (Rosaceae)
lace shrub
Stake number: 119

Symphoricarpos ×doorenbosii 'Pink Magic' (Caprifoliaceae)
Doorenbos coralberry
We acquired this outstanding coralberry from our friends at Heronswood Nursery (Kingston, Washington, several years back. 'Pink Magic' has delighted us with its cranberry-pink colored fruits that color richly in autumn and persist through early- to mid-winter, until the birds realize that they are edible and then haul them off in their bellies. As a low to medium-sized deciduous shrub, fully hardy throughout North Caroilna, this is an excellent choice for those of you interested in extending the season by using colorful fruit-bearing shrubs.
Stake number: 120
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 9

Tagetes lucida (Asteraceae)
sweet-scented Mexican marigold
sun, well-drained soil; 3'–4'
Stake number: 121
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 8

Thuja occidentalis 'Globosa Rheindiana' (Cupressaceae)
dwarf American arborvitae
Stake number: 122
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Torreya grandis (Taxaceae)
Chinese nutmeg-tree
Stake number: 123
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Trachelospermum asiaticum 'Theta' (Apocynaceae)
narrowleaf Asiatic jessamine
Asiatic jessamine (Trachelospermum asiaticum) is a widely grown evergreen ground cover, especially prominent in Zone 8 and warmer landscapes of the southeastern United States. Despite the popularity of this plant, relatively few cultivars exist in the trade. Well, thanks to our friends Ted Stephens (Nurseries Caroliniana, North Augusta, South Carolina) and Sean Hogan (Cistus Design Nursery, Portland, Oregon), we have acquired this little gem. 'Theta', named for Sean's mother, is a narrowleaf version of the familiar species, the leaves being lance-like, much more elongated than is typical. Although we haven't yet tested this new cultivar extensively, it should be cold hardy through Zone 8, and also into Zone 7b. Grow this as a ground cover or in baskets for foliage interest. Asiatic jessamine is shy to flower (compared to Confederate jessamine, Trachelospermum jasminoides), and as such, you are less likely to have plants produce the sweet-scented flowers typical of this genus. The plants offered here are greenhouse-grown, and are not hardened off for the winter. As such, protect them through the winter and plant out in the spring. (1 quart, 12" long)
Stake number: 124
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Tsuga sieboldii (Pinaceae)
southern Japanese hemlock
Zone 6, sun or light shade, evergreen tree.
Stake number: 125
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Veronica umbrosa 'Georgia Blue' (Plantaginaceae)
creeping veronica
sun; 6"
Stake number: 107
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 22

Viburnum erubescens (Adoxaceae)
blushing viburnum
We received this evergreen viburnum from Heronswood Nursery (Kingston, Washington) under the collection number DJHC028. With the JCRA long having an interest in evergreen viburnums (e.g., Viburnum awabuki 'Chindo' being a good example), this species begged for attention. Viburnum erubescens is listed in British plant manuals as a half-hardy shrub. Our plant, acquired in 2000, has remained evergreen for two winters (albeit mild ones) with no defoliation, and currently has formed a nice, rounded shrub. Although our plant has yet to flower or fruit, flowers are reported to be white, tinged pink, and fragrant. Fruits are red turning to black. We are excited as to the potential use of this plant in southeastern U.S. landscapes. (2'–3' plants)
Stake number: 126
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Viburnum luzonicum (Adoxaceae)
Luzon viburnum
We received this lovely viburnum from David Creech at Stephen F. Austin State University Arboretum in Texas. It has been hardy here, deciduous to semi-evergreen, purple fall color. (1' plants)
Stake number: 127
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 7

Yucca thompsoniana (Agavaceae)
Trans Pecos yucca
This arborescent yucca, similar in leaf size and shape to Yucca rostrata (Mexican blue yucca), is rarely seen in the nursery trade, especially in the southeastern United States. As a Texas and northern Mexico native species, Trans Pecos yucca can reach up to 10' tall, and bears attractive grayish-green , narrow, lanceolate leaves that are flexible. Our plants are grown from seed collected in San Luis Potosi State, Mexico, by our friends at Yucca Do Nursery (Hempstead, Texas). This species should be cold-hardy through Zone 7, possibly the warmer part of Zone 6, in North Caroilna. (1 gallon, 8" tall)
Stake number: 128
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 25

Zephyranthes candida (Amaryllidaceae)
white rain-lily
sun to part shade; 12 in
Stake number: 129
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 54

Zephyranthes minima (Amaryllidaceae)
Stake number: 130
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Abelia ×grandiflora 'Hopleys'Twist of Lime™ variegated glossy abelia (Stake number: 1)
Abelia serratawhite abelia (Stake number: 2)
Acer palmatumJapanese maple (Stake number: 3)
Agave havardianaChisos agave (Stake number: 4)
Agave obscurared-flowered hardy agave (Stake number: 5)
Agave tenuifoliaslender-leaf agave (Stake number: 6)
Albizia kalkoraIndian mimosa (Stake number: 7)
Amsonia hubrichtiiOzark blue-star (Stake number: 8)
Anisacanthus linearisBig Bend acanthus (Stake number: 9)
Berberis thunbergii var. atropurpurea 'Red Rocket'upright purple-leaf Japanese barberry (Stake number: 10)
Buddleja salviifoliaSouth African sage-wood (Stake number: 11)
Buxus sempervirens 'Vardar Valley'common boxwood (Stake number: 12)
Calocedrus macrolepis var. macrolepisChinese incense-cedar (Stake number: 13)
Calycanthus ×raulstonii 'Hartlage Wine'Raulston allspice (Stake number: 117)
Camellia ×williamsii 'Golden Spangles'variegated Williamsii camellia (Stake number: 14)
Carex conica 'Snowline'variegated Japanese sedge (Stake number: 15)
Carpinus japonicaJapanese hornbeam (Stake number: 16)
Caryopteris ×clandonensis 'Worcester Gold'golden bluebeard (Stake number: 17)
Casimiroa pringleiPringle's zapote (Stake number: 18)
Celtis sinensis 'Green Cascade'weeping Chinese hackberry (Stake number: 19)
Cephalotaxus harringtoniaJapanese plum-yew (Stake number: 20)
Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. drupaceashrubby Japanese plum-yew (Stake number: 23)
Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Fritz Huber'dwarf Japanese plum-yew (Stake number: 21)
Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Prostrata'spreading Japanese plum-yew (Stake number: 22)
Cercisredbud (Stake number: 24)
Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Minima Variegata'variegated dwarf Sawara falsecypress (Stake number: 25)
Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Plumosa Juniperoides'juniper-plume dwarf Sawara falsecypress (Stake number: 26)
Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Spahn's Cannonball'Sawara falsecypress (Stake number: 27)
Clematis armandiievergreen clematis (Stake number: 28)
Clethra alnifolia 'Sherry Sue'redtwig summersweet clethra (Stake number: 29)
Colocasia esculenta 'Rhubarb'red-stem elephant ear (Stake number: 30)
Coriaria japonicaJapanese coriaria (Stake number: 31)
Cornus macrophyllabigleaf dogwood (Stake number: 32)
Cryptomeria japonica 'Elegans Aurea'golden-plume Japanese-cedar (Stake number: 34)
Cryptomeria japonica 'Sekkan'goldtip Japanese cedar (Stake number: 35)
Cryptomeria japonica 'Tansu'miniature Japanese-cedar (Stake number: 36)
Cunninghamia lanceolata 'Samurai'blue China-fir (Stake number: 37)
×Cuprocyparis leylandii 'Silver Dust'variegated Leyland cypress (Stake number: 38)
Cyrilla racemiflora 'Graniteville'weeping swamp cyrilla (Stake number: 33)
Deutzia setchuenensis var. corymbifloraSichuan deutzia (Stake number: 39)
Elaeagnus ×ebbingei 'Gilt Edge'gold-edge Ebbinge eleagnus (Stake number: 40)
Elaeagnus pungens 'Greenedge Variegated' (Stake number: 41)
Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata'variegated thorny eleagnus (Stake number: 42)
Euonymus bungeanuswinterberry euonymus (Stake number: 43)
×Fatshedera lizei 'Monstrosa Variegata'curlyleaf variegated fatshedera (Stake number: 44)
Ficus sarmentosa var. nipponica × F. caricahybrid creeping fig (Stake number: 45)
Forestiera angustifolia 'Weeping'weeping desert olive (Stake number: 46)
Forsythia koreana 'Kumson'gold-vein Korean forsythia (Stake number: 47)
Forsythia viridissima 'Bronxensis'dwarf green-stem forsythia (Stake number: 48)
Genista tinctoria 'Flore Pleno'dyer's greenweed (Stake number: 49)
Habranthus tubispathus var. texanuscopper lily (Stake number: 50)
Hakea microcarpasmall-fruited hakea (Stake number: 51)
Hedera nepalensis var. sinensis 'Marbled Dragon' (Stake number: 52)
Helleborus ×hybridusLenten rose (Stake number: 53)
Hibiscus syriacus 'Meehanii'variegated rose-of-Sharon (Stake number: 54)
Hydrangea aspera Villosa GroupChinese hydrangea (Stake number: 55)
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Blaumeise'French hydrangea (Stake number: 56)
Hypericum galioides × H. brachyphyllumhybrid St. John's-wort (Stake number: 57)
Hypericum kalmianum 'Gemo'Kalm's St. John's-wort (Stake number: 102)
Ilex cornuta 'O. Spring'variegated Chinese holly (Stake number: 58)
Ilex crenata 'Muffin'compact Japanese holly (Stake number: 59)
Jasminum officinale 'Frojas'Fiona Sunrise™ golden poet's jasmine (Stake number: 60)
Jasminum parkeriParker's jasmine (Stake number: 61)
Juniperus communis 'Hornibrookii'common juniper (Stake number: 62)
Kadsura longipedunculataChinese kadsura (Stake number: 63)
Lagerstroemia indica 'Whit II'Dynamite® crepe myrtle (Stake number: 65)
Lagerstroemia indica 'Whit III'Pink Velour® crepe myrtle (Stake number: 66)
Lagerstroemia indica 'Whit VI'Burgundy Cotton® crepe myrtle (Stake number: 64)
Lagerstroemia indica 'White Chocolate'crepe myrtle (Stake number: 67)
Leptodermis oblongafalse lilac (Stake number: 68)
Leycesteria formosa 'Notbruce'Golden Lanterns™ Golden Himalayan Honeysuckle (Stake number: 69)
Ligustrum japonicum 'East Bay' (Stake number: 70)
Mahonia 'Arthur Menzies'grapeholly (Stake number: 71)
Morus alba 'Ho-o'royal white mulberry (Stake number: 72)
Nandina domestica 'Firepower'dwarf heavenly bamboo (Stake number: 73)
Nandina domestica 'Harbour Dwarf'dwarf heavenly bamboo (Stake number: 74)
Nandina domestica 'Okame'dwarf heavenly bamboo (Stake number: 75)
Nandina domestica 'Pygmaea'dwarf heavenly bamboo (Stake number: 76)
Nandina domestica 'Royal Princess'heavenly bamboo (Stake number: 77)
Osmanthus ×burkwoodiiBurkwood osmanthus (Stake number: 78)
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Kembu'variegated holly tea-olive (Stake number: 79)
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Ogon'golden holly tea-olive (Stake number: 80)
Parrotia persicaPersian ironwood (Stake number: 81)
Peltandra virginicaarrow arum (Stake number: 82)
Philadelphus 'Bouquet Blanc'Lemoine hybrid mock-orange (Stake number: 83)
Physocarpus opulifolius 'Seward'Summer Wine™ dwarf purple-leaf ninebark (Stake number: 84)
Pinus sosnowskyiSosnowsky pine (Stake number: 85)
Pinus taedaloblolly pine (Stake number: 86)
Pittosporum heterophyllumChinese pittosporum (Stake number: 88)
Pittosporum parvilimbumnarrowleaf pittosporum (Stake number: 89)
Pittosporum tobira (Korean E34)hardy Japanese pittosporum (Stake number: 90)
Pittosporum tobira (Korean FldE)hardy Japanese pittosporum (Stake number: 91)
Pittosporum tobira (Korean T03)hardy Japanese pittosporum (Stake number: 92)
Pittosporum tobira 'Tall 'N Tough'Japanese pittosporum (Stake number: 93)
Pittosporum tobira 'Turner's Dwarf Variegated'dwarf variegated Japanese pittosporum (Stake number: 94)
Pittosporum tobira 'Variegata'variegated Japanese pittosporum (Stake number: 95)
Pittosporum tobira 'Wheeler's Dwarf' (Stake number: 96)
Pittosporum aff. truncatum (Stake number: 87)
Pittosporum undulatifoliumwavy-leaf pittosporum (Stake number: 97)
Prunus mumeJapanese flowering apricot (Stake number: 98)
Punica granatum 'Nejikan'twisted pomegranate (Stake number: 99)
×Pyracomeles vilmoriniiVilmorin's pyracomeles (Stake number: 100)
Pyrus salicifoliawillow-leaf pear (Stake number: 101)
Quercus albawhite oak (Stake number: 103)
Quercus phillyreoidesUbame oak (Stake number: 104)
Rhamnus frangula 'Fine Line' (Stake number: 105)
Rhaphiolepis indica 'Conda'Rosalinda™ Indian hawthorn (Stake number: 106)
Rubus rolfei 'Emerald Carpet'creeping raspberry (Stake number: 108)
Salix koriyanagiJapanese basket willow (Stake number: 109)
Salix 'Rubykins'willow (Stake number: 110)
Salvia greggii 'Alba'white autumn sage (Stake number: 111)
Sarcococca orientalissweet box (Stake number: 112)
Sarcococca salignawillow-leaf sweet box (Stake number: 113)
Saruma henryi (Stake number: 114)
Sedum 'Ruby Glow'garden stonecrop (Stake number: 115)
Senna corymbosaArgentine senna (Stake number: 116)
Spiraea thunbergii 'Ogon'Mellow Yellow® golden Thunberg spirea (Stake number: 118)
Stephanandra incisalace shrub (Stake number: 119)
Symphoricarpos ×doorenbosii 'Pink Magic'Doorenbos coralberry (Stake number: 120)
Tagetes lucidasweet-scented Mexican marigold (Stake number: 121)
Thuja occidentalis 'Globosa Rheindiana'dwarf American arborvitae (Stake number: 122)
Torreya grandisChinese nutmeg-tree (Stake number: 123)
Trachelospermum asiaticum 'Theta'narrowleaf Asiatic jessamine (Stake number: 124)
Tsuga sieboldiisouthern Japanese hemlock (Stake number: 125)
Veronica umbrosa 'Georgia Blue'creeping veronica (Stake number: 107)
Viburnum erubescensblushing viburnum (Stake number: 126)
Viburnum luzonicumLuzon viburnum (Stake number: 127)
Yucca thompsonianaTrans Pecos yucca (Stake number: 128)
Zephyranthes candidawhite rain-lily (Stake number: 129)
Zephyranthes minima (Stake number: 130)

Procedures—Please Read

Welcome to the JC Raulston Arboretum's Friends of the Arboretum Annual Plant Distribution. The JCRA staff has worked hard to provide you with an interesting selection of plants for this year's giveaway. We hope they bring you pleasure and satisfaction. Let us know how they perform. In order to give all of our participants equal opportunity to acquire the plants they prefer, we instituted a few changes in 2006 and we'll use them again this year. Please read the following procedures below.

1. Position yourself outside of the plant giveaway blocks. When getting plants in the following steps, please remember that you are limited to only one plant of any type during the entire giveaway.

2. After the horn blows, all participants may proceed into the plant blocks and choose 3 different plants. After a few minutes, you will be asked to exit the plant blocks and to reposition yourself for the next round.

3. After all participants have returned to outside of the giveaway blocks, the horn will blow again. At this time, all participants may again return to the plant blocks and choose 3 additional different plants. After a few minutes, you will be asked to exit the plant blocks and to reposition yourself for the next round. You should now have only 6 different plants in your possession.

4. The horn will blow again, and participants may again proceed to the plant blocks and choose 3 additional different plants. After a few minutes, you will be asked to exit the plant blocks and to reposition yourself for the next round. You should now have 9 different plants.

5. The horn will blow for the fourth and final time. You may now grab as many plants as you wish at this point, remembering that you are limited to only one plant of any type. Please respect your fellow members at all times.

Most of the plants in today’s Annual Plant Distribution were grown specifically for this event at a considerable cost to the Arboretum. We ask for your consideration in making a contribution to help defray the expenses associated with this program. Donation boxes are located on the registration tables. Thank you very much.

Ted Bilderback, Director

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