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Annual Plant Distribution

2005

  • List With Description
  • Condensed List
  • Guidelines

Abelia ×grandiflora 'Hopleys' (Linneaceae)
Twist of Lime™ variegated glossy abelia
A sport of Abelia ×grandiflora 'Francis Mason' with beautiful gold and cream variegated evergreen foliage which turns pink in autumn. Dainty pale pink flowers from August to October. A plant introduction from Hopleys Nursery, United Kingdom. It may drop some leaves depending on severity of the winter in our region. Grows from 2.5' to 4' tall in full sun to part shade.
Stake number: 1
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Acer oblongum (Sapindaceae)
flying moth maple
This attractive, fast-growing, medium sized (20'–50') tree was acquired by the JCRA in 1996 from seed collected in China by our friends at the University of Nebraska. Despite its huge native range (Nepal all the way east to central China), little is known about this maple in the United States. Although European books indicate that this species is evergreen and tender (Zone 9), it has been decidedly deciduous for us, even bearing blazing red fall color in 1998 (but never since) and has never suffered any cold damage in typical Zone 7 winters. Smoothleaf maple bears attractive sage-green to lustrous, dark green leaves throughout the summer, these being glaucous white underneath. The bark is smooth and striated, making for a most attractive tree. Our two specimens have averaged 4' of growth per year. The plants offered here are raised from seed collected off of our specimens growing at the JCRA.
Stake number: 2
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 14

×Amarcrinum (Amaryllidaceae)
amarcrinum
Bigeneric hybrid of Amaryllis and Crinum produces lightly fragrant pink clusters of flowers on 10"–16" stems, late summer into fall. Tolerates full sun and part shade. These plants participated in Frankie Fanelli's bulb research.
Stake number: 3
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Amyris texana (Rutaceae)
Texas torchwood
Densely branched evergreen shrub with an extended flowering period. Texas torchwood is native to the chaparral and thickets in the southern Rio Grande plains of Texas. As such, it is only hardy to about 20F. Grows best in full sun to partial shade. 3' to 10' tall and 3' to 8' wide.
Stake number: 4

Asarum splendens (Aristolochiaceae)
Chinese wild-ginger
This beautiful evergreen ground cover makes a great addition to any woodland garden with its large, dark green mottled leaves. Chinese wild-ginger is rhizomatous in nature, and a vigorous grower. It was introduced from China by the Arnold Arboretum in the early 1990s. Can reach 1' in height with silver mottled green foliage. Propagated slowly by division of clumps. USDA Zones 7-9. Best in light shade, particularly in winter.
Stake number: 5
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 10

Berberis thunbergii var. atropurpurea 'Red Rocket' (Berberidaceae)
upright purple-leaf Japanese barberry
This upright growing shrub has deep red leaves that turn bright ruby-red in autumn. Soft yellow flowers in spring are followed by glossy blood-red berries. Forms a column 6'–8' tall in ten years. Hardy and tolerates most soil conditions. Full sun.
Stake number: 6

Boehmeria nivea var. tenacissima (Urticaceae)
green ramie
Green ramie or rhea with its decorative foliage is easy to cultivate. The attractive foliage is large, olive-green, rough textured, and best described by Yucca Do Nursery, as "resembling a fish's tail." Grows to 2' tall by 4' wide. USDA Zone 7b to 10, marginally winter hardy in Raleigh. Performs well in sun or shade with average moisture.
Stake number: 7
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Buxus sempervirens 'Elegantissima' (Buxaceae)
variegated common boxwood
There are several variegated cultivars of boxwood that are known, but only one has achieved any degree of widespread prominence in the U.S. nursery industry—Buxus sempervirens 'Elegantissima'. 'Argenteovariegata' appears similar, with its white to off-white streaked leaves, but our specimen also displays a hint more of vigor than does 'Elegantissima', which is known for its slow growth rate and sometimes for its less-than-robust garden vigor. Grow 'Argenteovariegata' in part shade to part sun conditions for best performance, avoiding areas with direct exposure to hot, afternoon sunlight. Fully cold hardy throughout North Carolina.
Stake number: 8
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 9

Buxus sempervirens 'Pyramidalis' (Buxaceae)
upright common boxwood
Boxwoods are commonly grown evergreen shrubs throughout much of the eastern United States. They are especially prominent in the Mid-Atlantic states. 'Pyramidalis' is an older cultivar, rarely seen or offered in U.S. commerce, that forms tight, narrow pyramidal specimens in time. Why this isn't more widely grown is beyond us! Native from southern Europe to the Black Sea and Caspian Sea regions, Buxus sempervirens is one of the toughest evergreens available to us as gardeners. Avoid poorly drained sites.
Stake number: 9
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Buxus sinica var. insularis 'Justin Brouwers' (Buxaceae)
Korean boxwood
This dwarf to medium size cultivar is rapidly increasing in popularity, because of it similarity to English boxwood and its delightful "soft" foliage in springtime. It has narrow dark green foliage on a dwarf mounding plant and is similar in growth habit to English boxwood. Originating in Williamsburg, Virginia, as a seedling, 'Justin Brouwers', is good for use as an edging and/or specimen plant or in miniature gardens. It appears to be more tolerant of sun and heavy soils. Not susceptible to English boxwood decline. Remember, most boxwoods require some protection from mid- to late-afternoon sun, especially during the winter and the hot days of summer. The foliage is much richer with some shade.
Stake number: 10
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Buxus wallichiana (Buxaceae)
Himalayan boxwood
This unusual boxwood species is rarely seen in U.S. gardens. Its hardiness, foliage quality, and resistance to insect pests have impressed us at the JCRA. This dark green, evergreen shrub is an attractive candidate for southern gardens with its foliage quality and tolerance of shady growing conditions. Add to this the unusually large-sized leaves, much larger than those of any other boxwood commonly seen in the South, and you have a highly textural shrub that can be used to add to a subtropical-like planting in your garden. Buxus wallichiana commemorates Nathaniel Wallich, 19th century Danish plant hunter, botanist, and physician who studied the flora of the Indian Himalaya. Hardy in Zone 7 at the JCRA for many years, although commonly cited as a Zone 9 species.
Stake number: 11
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 7

Callicarpa americana 'Welch's Pink' (Lamiaceae)
pink American beautyberry
'Welch's Pink' beautyberry, as the name suggests, bears pink fruits, a color breakthrough in this genus of attractive, deciduous, fruit-bearing shrubs. Prior to the discovery of 'Welch's Pink', only purple- and white-fruited beautyberries were known. It was found amid the wilds of eastern Texas by plantsman Matt Welch. Callicarpa americana grows in conditions ranging from dry shade to bright, open, sunny locations in gardens. The pink pigments in 'Welch's Pink' will fade faster when plants are sited in full sun areas, but growth is more vigorous under these conditions.
Stake number: 12
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 32

Callicarpa kwangtungensis (Lamiaceae)
Guangdong beautyberry
This is an rare and truly distinctive beautyberry, hailing from Guangdong Province in southern China. Our specimen of this deciduous shrub exhibits beautiful narrow, elliptic-shaped leaves, with rich dark purplish-green foliage. It is completely different from all other beautyberries in our collection. Fruit are indicated to be pinkish-purple in color.
Stake number: 13
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 7

Camellia 'Carolina Moonmist' (Theaceae)
Cochran hybrid camellia
This is a very attractive evergreen shrub selected and named by The NCSU Arboretum (now the JC Raulston Arboretum) in the mid-1990s for its large pink to rose anemone-like flowers and improved hardiness (USDA Zone 6). It originated from breeding work in the 1960s by Dr. Fred Cochran, who did some of the earliest C. sasanqua × oleifera hybridization to obtain hardier landscape camellias. Hardy in USDA Zone 6–9. Best in light shade.
Stake number: 14
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 34

Camellia japonica 'Tama Peacock' (Theaceae)
picotee Japanese camellia
'Tama Peacock' has a strong maroonish red flower with a prominent and very attractive white border. The flower is a semi-double. The medium upright growth form of the plant is somewhat pendulous. Leaves are long and narrow. It is a seedling of 'Tama-no-ura'.
Stake number: 15
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 15

Camellia ×vernalis 'Hiryű' (Theaceae)
hybrid camellia
Crimson-red, single to semi-double flowers. Very hardy shrub for the shade. Evergreen shrub to small tree.
Stake number: 16
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Campanula takesimana (Campanulaceae)
Korean bellflower
Dark green basal rosettes give rise to 18" stems of pendant bell-shaped flowers. Bells are lilac to white with maroon speckles on the inside. Brightens up shady corners, and it's easy to share!
Stake number: 17
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 7

Carex conica 'Snowline' (Cyperaceae)
variegated Japanese sedge
A tidy and very attractive clumping perennial with dark green foliage edged in creamy white grass-like foliage; slow growing. Sun.
Stake number: 18
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Celtis caucasica (Cannabaceae)
Caucasian hackberry
This medium-sized deciduous shade tree was first observed in the nation of Georgia, where it was commonly used as a street tree in the capital city of Tbilisi. Despite the relatively low rainfall (<25" per year) received there, these trees prospered in small planting holes, typical of most large cities throughout the world. Mature trees (20+ years-old) seen in Tbilisi measured 30'–35' tall by 20'–25' wide and bore attractive, dark green foliage, much darker than is normally seen on both of the common eastern U.S. native species, Celtis occidentalis and Celtis laevigata.
Stake number: 19
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Clethra fargesii (Clethraceae)
Oriental clethra
Rare in the trade and a gem in the garden! This plant is packed with spikes of pure white fragrant flowers in mid- to late summer. Flowers occur on on 5"–7" upright panicles. Leaves are a lustrous dark green. Grows 6'–10' tall and prefers partial shade. China.
Stake number: 21
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic' (Araceae)
purple elephant ear
This striking herbaceous plant has large, deep purple leaves attached to long petioles. Forms a dense clump and shows its colors best in full sun. Thrives in garden soils as well as in a container in a water garden. Deciduous. Perennial in USDA Zone 7 and warmer, however, they seem to be marginally hardy in our region depending on growing conditions. They like it dry when dormant and wet when growing. If wet during dormancy, they always seem to die. In our region, they will not survive in a container that is not protected in the winter months. 3'–5' tall.
Stake number: 22
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 17

Cryptomeria japonica 'Majiro' (Cupressaceae)
variegated Japanese-cedar
Of the many cultivars of Japanese cedar, only few of them bear variegated foliage, of which 'Majiro' is one. Originating in 1967 in British Columbia, Canada, 'Majiro' is probably the best compact variegated Cryptomeria available. With its bright green foliage, painted bright white at the tips, its small stature, and its dense, shrubby form, 'Majiro' remains an unsung hero of the dwarf conifer world. It is hardy throughout North Carolina. Site in part-sun to part-shade.
Stake number: 23
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Cyrilla racemiflora 'Graniteville' (Cyrillaceae)
weeping swamp cyrilla
This cultivar, originating from Woodlanders Nursery in Aiken, South Carolina is probably the first named selection of this undervalued native deciduous shrub (semi-evergreen on the coast). While the typical species will form large shrubs (15' tall), 'Graniteville' forms an almost prostrate-growing, low shrub (1'–3' tall). Enjoy this plant, too, for its wondrous display of fragrant, unique white flowers, and later for its orange-red fall color. Native on wet sites, but adapts fine to normal garden conditions. Zone 6.
Stake number: 24

Deutzia crenata 'Summer Snow' (Hydrangeaceae)
variegated deutzia
'Summer Snow' has lovely white flowers in late spring and attractive medium green, deciduous leaves with white markings. It forms a low, broad mound typically 2'–4' tall and 3'–4' wide with slender branches. Native to Japan and southeastern China. Hardy in Zones 5–8.
Stake number: 26
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Deutzia ×hybrida 'Strawberry Fields' (Hydrangeaceae)
pink deutzia
The deutzias have long been recognized for their garden worthiness across Europe, where they are valued as mid- to late-spring flowering shrubs. In the southern United States, however, they have lagged behind the Spiraea japonica cultivars, even though these two groups of plants are hardly comparable (aside from both being examples of deciduous, spring-flowering shrubs). 'Strawberry Fields' is one of the pink-flowering cultivars, but unlike other so-called "pink" deutzias, 'Strawberry Fields' actually retains the pink color, even in warm springs; whereas other cultivars are pink only in "English," cool-weather springs, and fade quickly to white (or nearly so) in the warm springs typical of the southeastern United States. Although 'Strawberry Fields' appears strikingly similar to Deutzia ×hybrida 'Magicien' from our observations, European references continue to maintain that this is a distinct cultivar. Time will tell, but at the least, we have an outstanding flowering shrub to offer for North Carolina gardens and landscapes. Grow in part sun to part shade. Hardy throughout North Carolina.
Stake number: 25
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Disporopsis aff. fuscopicta (Asparagaceae)
A very robust evergreen Solomon's seal, with larger, broader leaflets on a stocky plant. Reaches about 15" tall. Evergreen. USDA Zones 7–9.
Stake number: 27

Disporopsis pernyi (Asparagaceae)
Perny's evergreen Solomon's seal
Perny's evergreen Solomon's seal is a slowly spreading evergreen ground cover that is perfect for the woodland garden. Small white flowers are born along the 1' tall stems in spring. USDA Zones 7-9.
Stake number: 105
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Distylium racemosum 'Guppy' (Hamamelidaceae)
dwarf isu
The isu tree has long been grown, although extremely rarely, in the southern United States, but it has never achieved any degree of commonality as a garden plant. 'Guppy' is a dwarf, littleleaf cultivar, our plant reaching only 5' tall after seventeen years. Our specimen derives from Brookside Gardens (Wheaton, Maryland), from where we received it in 1988. While the normal form of this species can be a somewhat loose and open, ill-defined shrub/tree reaching 20' tall or more, 'Guppy' grows as a plant of very dense form and bears foliage that is attractively colored olive-green to sage-green. Even in the shade of our Lath House, 'Guppy' exhibits this dense form. Isus (being evergreen members of the witchhazel family, or Hamamelidaceae) are regarded by most as USDA Zone 8 plants, but we believe that USDA Zone 7 is a better fit. Grow 'Guppy' in shade to part-sun.
Stake number: 28
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Elaeagnus ×ebbingei 'Gilt Edge' (Elaeagnaceae)
gold-edge Ebbinge eleagnus
This is certainly a beautiful evergreen shrub, and "a plant for all seasons." It has glossy dark green leaves that have rich golden-yellow margins. The sweetly fragrant small, white flowers occur in October–November and is followed by red fruits. Easily grown and thornless. Often kept at 4'–6' tall as a hedge, but can reach up to 8'–10' tall.
Stake number: 29
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Erica ×darleyensis 'White Perfection' (Ericaceae)
Darley heath
Dirr describes the Erica ×darleyensis cultivars as a "credible starting point" for finding heaths that are adapted to our climate, even though conventional wisdom holds that heaths cannot be grown in the Southern states. 'White Perfection' is considered to be one of the best whites, producing outstanding pure white flowers in late winter through early spring. This little evergreen has bright green needle-like leaves that is tipped with yellow in the spring. When given good growing conditions, it requires little or no shearing to maintain itself as a perfect mound with an erect habit. Full sun. Good drainage. 1.5' tall, 2.5' spread.
Stake number: 30
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 17

Euonymus alatus f. subtriflorus (Celastraceae)
wingless burning bush
This botanical forma of Euonymus alatus has been growing at the Arboretum for over fifteen years, reaching only 4' tall by 6' wide. In many respects, it closely resembles burning bush (Euonymus alatus 'Compactus'), but does not bear the corky ridges or "wings" along the twigs. Leaves are small, dark green, turning fiery red to orange-red in autumn.
Stake number: 31

Euonymus japonicus 'Green Spire' (Celastraceae)
Japanese euonymus
This columnar wonder from Japan is a 1999 U.S. National Arboretum plant introduction. 'Green Spire' is a tough and adaptable multistemmed shrub with dense, upright growth and lustrous evergreen, dark green leaves. It is easily transplanted and adaptable to a variety of soil types, even clay or highly acidic soils. A good plant for dry areas, and it withstands salt spray. Former U.S. National Arboretum staff, John Creech, Fred Meyer, and Sylvester March discovered this particular selection of Japanese euonymus in a garden near Araki Shrine, Dogo Island, Oki Islands, during a plant exploration trip to Japan in 1978. Thrives in full sun to heavy shade.
Stake number: 32

×Fatshedera lizei 'Monstrosa Variegata' (Araliaceae)
curlyleaf variegated fatshedera
Evergreen shrub. Sun to light shade. USDA Zone 7. May need some winter protection.
Stake number: 33

Habranthus tubispathus var. texanus (Amaryllidaceae)
copper lily
This rain-lily is the only species grown that produces gold to apricot-orange flowers. True to its name, the flowers appear in the summer only after a good rain. Habranthus is a genus in the Amaryllidaceae family with species from Central and South America extending into southern North America. They have narrow, linear or strap-shaped leaves. Their flowers are very similar to Zephyranthes and both are called rain lilies. Habranthus can be identified from Zephyranthes mainly by their nodding flowers. The variety texensis is found in Texas and Louisiana. Prefers good drainage and a moderately rich and moisture retentive soil. Plant in full sun.
Stake number: 34
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 10

Hemerocallis 'Atlanta Moonlight' (Hemerocallidaceae)
daylily
The flowers of this daylily will light up the dark areas of your garden like "moonlight." Its dark green foliage gives rise to light yellow flowers with green throats. This hybrid, tetraploid daylily produces 6" flowers. A great choice for a sunny border.
Stake number: 35

Hemerocallis 'Penny's Worth' (Hemerocallidaceae)
miniature daylily
Tiny, long-flowering daylily. Grows best in sun to part shade.
Stake number: 36
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Heuchera villosa 'Autumn Bride' (Saxifragaceae)
hairy alumroot
Species is native to rocky wooded slopes from Virginia to Georgia and Tennessee. This cultivar has especially fuzzy light green leaves and wands of white flowers on 2' stems. Foliage is semi-evergreen and blooms appear in late summer to fall. Takes part shade to shade.
Stake number: 37
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Hibiscus moscheutos 'Luna Blush' (Malvaceae)
swamp hibiscus
These plants are former research subjects of Michelle McGinnis, NC State University Horticultural Science. According to the Missouri Botanical Garden—'Luna Blush' is a vigorous, sturdy, rounded, somewhat shrubby, woody-based hibiscus cultivar. It is a seed variety that is more compact than the species, typically growing to only 2'–3' tall. It features dinner plate-sized, five-petaled, hollyhock-like flowers (6"–7" diameter). Flowers are white with pink in the center and a deep red eye. Each flower has a prominent and showy creamy white to pale yellow central staminal column. Individual flowers last only one day, but one or more flowers usually open each day, in succession, over a long mid-summer to early fall bloom period.
Stake number: 38

Hibiscus syriacus (Malvaceae)
rose-of-Sharon
Shrub or small deciduous tree with blue-purple flowers in summer. Prefers moist organic soils and does well in full sun to part shade.
Stake number: 39
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 8

Hibiscus syriacus 'Purpureus Variegatus' (Malvaceae)
variegated rose-of-Sharon
Rose-of-Sharon with green and cream variegation. Dark maroon flowers reluctant to open, but still provide color interest. Grows best in sun to part shade.
Stake number: 40
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Hosta (Agavaceae)
plantain lily
Unknown variety dug from the Lath House. Tolerates shade.
Stake number: 41
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 43

Hosta 'Carolina Sunshine' (Agavaceae)
hybrid hosta
Hosta 'Carolina Sunshine' is a vigorous plant with glossy long dark green leaves, each surrounded by a wide yellow border. This herbaceous perennial makes a wide clump, which is topped in July with 20" scapes of medium lavender flowers in summer. This is a hybrid of H. 'Swoosh' × H. tibae from Plant Delights Nursery (Tony Avent, 1999). Grows best in part sun to light shade.
Stake number: 42

Hosta 'Decorata' (Agavaceae)
hosta
Durable herbaceous perennial for shade. This cultivar has somewhat narrow, green leaves with white leaf edges.
Stake number: 43

Hosta 'Francee' (Agavaceae)
hosta
'Francee' is a vigorous plant forming a beautiful 3' clump of dark green leaves with a clear white border. Medium lavender flowers appear in early summer. Part sun to light shade.
Stake number: 44

Hydrangea luteovenosa (Hydrangeaceae)
sweet hydrangea
This virtually unknown species hydrangea comes to us via U.S. plantsmen Dan Hinkley (Heronswood Nursery, Kingston, Washington), Ted Stephens (Nurseries Caroliniana, North Augusta, South Carolina), and Dan Heims (Terra Nova Nurseries, Portland, Oregon), all of whom have traveled to Japan, undoubtedly from where this plant originates. Distinguished from all other hydrangeas by its small leaves, this one bears gold- to white-splashed variegation throughout the leaves with the green portions turning purple in cooler weather. In early spring, plants will produce lace-cap shaped inflorescences with white, fragrant (yes, fragrant) flowers. Hydrangea luteovenosa is probably synonymous with Hydrangea scandens subsp. liukiuensis, and the cultivar 'Aureovariegata' may be the same as Heronswood Nursery's 'Fragrant Splash'. Books list this as Zone 9 (which is definitely not true), as Zone 7 is more likely.
Stake number: 45
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Ami Pasquier' (Hydrangeaceae)
mophead French hydrangea
A superb mophead type French hydrangea with flowers that range from crimson to purple to deep blue over a very long period each summer. This attractive deciduous shrub has a compact form reaching 3'–4' tall with a spread 3'–4'. Best grown in part shade only. Medium moisture is recommended.
Stake number: 46

Hydrangea paniculata 'Brussels Lace' (Hydrangeaceae)
panicled hydrangea
The flamboyant blooms of 'Brussels Lace' are simply outstanding. Whitish-green conical panicles of flowers become spotted with pink, and this plant just gets better as the season goes on. Like many hydrangeas, flowers can be cut and brought indoors to dry and later provide winter interest in floral displays. Originated at Kalmthout Arboretum in Belgium and were selected by Robert and Jelena de Belder in 1995. Deciduous. Part shade. 4'–6' tall.
Stake number: 47
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 8

Hydrangea serrata 'Blue Deckle' (Hydrangeaceae)
mountain hydrangea
This charming lacecap type hydrangea produces medium blue flowers throughout the summer and into early fall. In soils with a neutral pH, flower color will be luminous pink. Deciduous. Partial shade. 3'–4' tall.
Stake number: 48

Hydrangea serrata 'Koreana' (Hydrangeaceae)
mountain hydrangea
Domed lacecap heads of purplish-pink with around a dozen or so sterile florets, flowers in June and again in autumn. Alternate, very dense foliage make this plant very distinctive, as does it's miniature stature, only reaching 1'–1.5'.
Stake number: 49

Hypericum galioides (Hypericaceae)
bedstraw St. John's-wort
This clone is unlike other forms of Hypericum galioides that are grown. Bearing attractive, evergreen foliage, this clone has leaves that are much smaller in size (1" or less long by 1/8" wide)—creating an airy, ultra-fine texture. Add to this attractive, mahogany-brown, smooth bark, and you have what we feel is a really exciting addition to the world of southeastern U.S. Hypericums, a group of plants that is vastly underutilized in modern landscapes and gardens. These cutting-grown plants are derived from a collection made in the sandhills of Scotland County, North Carolina by Jon Roethling, former JCRA research technician. Hardy throughout North Carolina. Grows best in full sun to part sun.
Stake number: 50
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Ilex glabra 'Red Tip' (Aquifoliaceae)
inkberry
We acquired this plant from Roslyn Nursery (Dix Hills, New York), a mail order nursery based on Long Island, in 2001. At the JCRA, we have been impressed with the dense form and excellent foliage quality throughout the growing season. It has looked especially nice during this past dry, hot summer. Named 'Red Tip' for the color of its new growth flush, this plant will not put red tip photinias out of business, but there is definitely some bronze-red color there, which is atypical among the cultivars encountered for Ilex glabra. Where many female clones of inkberry are often open and leggy in habit, 'Red Tip' is not showing any of these adverse characteristics. For an alternative to the familiar Chinese and Japanese hollies, inkberry has long been promoted by many nursery and landscape professionals. Usually, the pitfall of the inkberries is the lack of holding foliage from top to bottom of the plant, especially as the plants age. 'Red Tip', thus far, is holding up excellently, in this regard. Hardy throughout North Carolina. Grows best in full sun to part sun.
Stake number: 51
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Ilex vomitoria 'Dewerth' (Aquifoliaceae)
littleleaf yaupon holly
This highly architectural evergreen shrub, an unusual "littleleaf" form of the commonly used yaupon holly, remains overlooked as a garden plant. 'Dewerth' bears tiny, dark green leaves (almost always tinged purple) set against striking white to grey bark. Our specimen is now 8' tall by 4' wide, after seven years in the ground. Grows in sun to light shade. Zone 7.
Stake number: 52
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Iris sibirica 'Caesar's Brother' (Iridaceae)
Siberian iris
A clumping herbaceous perennial with beautiful, deep purple flowers. A low maintenance plant that tolerates medium to wet soils. Reaches 3' tall. Sun to part shade. USDA Zones 3–8.
Stake number: 53
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Jasminum parkeri (Oleaceae)
Parker's jasmine
Compact prostrate evergreen shrub. Handsome tiny foliage with bright yellow flowers. An overlooked gem.
Stake number: 54
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 8

Juniperus communis 'Gold Cone' (Cupressaceae)
gold-column common juniper
This outstanding, upright form of the "common" juniper (not really so common here in North Carolina—ah, the pitfalls of common names) has been around since the early 1980s (in Europe), but remains poorly known in the industry. Our original plants were received from several nurseries in 1994 and 1995. The aptly named 'Gold Cone' describes both the color and the growth habit of this juniper. Appearing as a beacon in the landscape because of its form and the gold-colored new growth, 'Gold Cone' juniper will not outgrow its site quickly. Our oldest specimen, received in 1995 from Hines Nurseries (Vacaville, California), grew from 6" to 5.5' in nine years. Although recent, severe ice storms have wreaked havoc on plants such as these, the small stature of 'Gold Cone' allows for quick "repairs" to be made. This plant is vastly underestimated for its use both for foliage color and unique form. Hardy throughout North Carolina. Best in full sun.
Stake number: 55
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 9

Juniperus communis 'Pendula' (Cupressaceae)
weeping common juniper
'Pendula' showcases (in contrast to 'Gold Cone' above) the wonderful diversity to be found in this pan-boreal U.S. native juniper species. From upright columnar "trees," to ones with pendulous branches, to ground covers, there is almost no growth form that the common juniper does not encompass. These cutting-grown plants of 'Pendula' are derived from the mother plant growing in bed E48—a location that is too wet for this species, promoting lodging of the specimen during storms. As such, we have decided to start over in growing this plant, but in doing so, we decided to give away our extra plants. Our specimen of 'Pendula' has reached nearly 6' tall by 4' wide, with secondary branches displaying the strong, weeping growth habit that makes this cultivar so attractive. Hardy thro
Stake number: 56
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Juniperus communis 'Veitch's Blue' (Cupressaceae)
compact common juniper
This compact cultivar came to us in the late 1980s from Mitsch Nursery (Aurora, Oregon). It grows as a dense, upright, shrub-like plant, and bears a single, bright, steel-blue band on the upper surface of each leaf. It has been surprising to us as to how many cultivars of this species have proven remarkably adapted to our climate, especially given that many of these cultivars originate from northern Europe or the northern United States. One of the original specimens at the JCRA reached 8' tall after eight years in the ground. Hardy throughout North Carolina. Best in full sun.
Stake number: 57
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Juniperus conferta 'Silver Mist' (Cupressaceae)
silver shore juniper
Low growing juniper to 16" high, silver-blue color foliage. Sun. J. C. Raulston promoted this fine juniper.
Stake number: 58
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Juniperus horizontalis 'Glomerata' (Cupressaceae)
dwarf creeping juniper
Extremely dwarf evergreen to 6". Purple-plum color in winter. Best in full sun to light shade.
Stake number: 59
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 1

Juniperus horizontalis 'Variegata' (Cupressaceae)
variegated creeping juniper
Variegated evergreen prostrate ground cover forms a mat when provided with good drainage and full sun. Drought tolerant once established.
Stake number: 60

Kerria japonica 'Chiba Gold' (Rosaceae)
gold-leaf Japanese kerria
Here's a new twist on an otherwise, old-fashioned deciduous shrub. Y'say, who needs more gold in the Japanese kerrias?! Well, in this case, the gold does not refer to the flowers, but rather, it refers to the foliage. Kerria japonica 'Chiba Gold' is a newly introduced, gold-leaf cultivar that originated in Japan, where it was named by Masato Yokoi, retired member of the horticulture faculty at Chiba University and world renown expert on variegated and color-leaved ornamental plants. Cold hardy through North Carolina. Bright yellow spring flowers, 3'–6' tall, and a colonizing habit. Remember, the gold-foliage color will fade to green, if plants are sited in shady spots that Kerria japonica typically prefers.
Stake number: 61
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 12

Ligustrum delavayanum (Oleaceae)
Delavay's privet
Medium evergreen shrub with an unusual open habit. Small leaves are dark green and the plant is often used in topiary because the stems are quite pliable. Grow in full sun or part shade.
Stake number: 62
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Lilium formosanum (Liliaceae)
Formosa lily
A real show stopper in August and easy to grow! White trumper-shaped flowers in late summer. Cool seed pods too! 4'–6' tall. Sun-partial shade.
Stake number: 63
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 44

Liriope muscari 'Blue Giant' (Asparagaceae)
clumping monkey-grass
Found no information on this particular cultivar, but assume that it has the characteristics of the species: evergreen, clumping ground cover with grass-like leaves grown in partial shade to sun. "Blue" refers to flowers.
Stake number: 64

Liriope muscari 'Superba' (Asparagaceae)
clumping monkey-grass
Grass-like clumps with broad deep green leaves. Compact spires of silvery lilac, often "cockscombed" at the tip. Early bloomer with extended bloom. Practically indestructible evergreen ground cover used for "tough" areas. Grows 12"–15" tall and can be used as an edging plant or in large drifts. Sun to shade.
Stake number: 65

Lycoris radiata var. radiata (Amaryllidaceae)
red surprise-lily
Bulb that needs to be planted in sun or part shade. Red flowers emerge in September with foliage arising after the flowers have bloomed. Flowers only for a couple of weeks.
Stake number: 66
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 88

Ophiopogon clarkei (Asparagaceae)
Himalayan mondo grass
A mondo grass resembling Ophiopogon japonicus in many ways, except for its striking purple flowers that are held above the foliage. Our specimens have thrived in the shade of our Lath House, producing leaves about 1' long by only 1/8" wide. Better yet, these plants are rhizomatous and will creep to fill in a planting much faster than Ophiopogon japonicus ever has. Our plants had crept to the point that we chopped out about half of the clump in order to make these propagules available to you. Hardiness is not sufficiently tested, but we are certainly comfortable growing this plant in Zone 7b. (Some taxonomists are now classifying this plant either as Ophiopogon japonicus 'Clarkei' or Ophiopogon intermedius.)
Stake number: 67
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 3

Ophiopogon japonicus 'Shiroshima Ryu' (Asparagaceae)
variegated mondo grass
Mondo grass is very useful as a ground cover, especially in areas where other plants will just not grow. 'Shiroshima Ryu' has dark green and white striped leaves and is 3"–4" tall. Tolerates full sun to deep shade. Somewhat spreading.
Stake number: 68

Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Akebono' (Oleaceae)
white-tip holly tea-olive
Received by us back in 1987 as a cutting from Brookside Garden (Wheaton, Maryland), Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Akebono' is perhaps no better known today than it was in 1987. Our specimen quietly grew underneath a specimen of Prunus mume 'Kobai' (a cultivar of Japanese flowering apricot) for much of the past eighteen years), such that the Osmanthus became shaded by the apricot in time. The apricot was destroyed by the December 5, 2002, ice storm, and the following year, the Osmanthus revealed its white variegation on its new growth in the spring, probably for the first time in years, due to increased light intensity. 'Akebono' basically is a holly tea-olive in all respects, except that any new growth is white when it emerges, afterward fading to green. Hardy to Zone 6. Sun to shade.
Stake number: 69
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Ogon' (Oleaceae)
golden holly tea-olive
Dense evergreen shrub with fragrant, small flowers in clusters followed by blue black fruits. Foliage is golden especially when young. Large shrub for sun or semi-shaded areas.
Stake number: 70
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Penstemon digitalis (Plantaginaceae)
beardtongue
Shared as seedlings of Penstemon digitalis 'Husker Red' in the Perennial Border. The cultivar is a selection of a native wildflower, boasting reddish foliage in addition to bright white flowers on numerous stalks. Attracts wildlife and prefers full sun and well-drained soil.
Stake number: 71
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 12

Pittosporum parvilimbum (Pittosporaceae)
narrowleaf pittosporum
In 1985, a plant was received at the Arboretum as Phillyrea angustifoliaa cousin to the Osmanthus (tea-olives). It lay identified thusly, incorrectly, for eighteen years. In 2003, while walking through the JCRA looking at various Pittosporum plants in flower, we chanced across the Phillyrea and immediately realized that it had to be a Pittosporum instead. Not too long thereafter, the plant was keyed out from materials printed in the Flora of China to Pittosporum parvilimbum, an evergreen shrub bearing small, narrow leaves on a densely branched, twiggy frame. What is perhaps most important about this, however, is that this plant survived for so many years. Pittosporums are not known, generally speaking, as Zone 7 plants, and yet this species has seen many bitterly cold winters in its nearly twenty years at the Arboretum. As a result of this chance "find," we have propagated the plant from cuttings so that we may share it and begin to find out more about its environmental and cultural tolerances. Sun to part shade.
Stake number: 72
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 11

Pittosporum tobira (Pittosporaceae)
Japanese pittosporum
Pittosporum tobira is valued in the garden as a durable evergreen shrub with pleasing foliage—dark green older leaves that contrast with chartreuse newly emerging foliage. Flowers (only produced on older plants) are delightfully, sweetly scented, perfuming the air well away from the plant itself. USDA Zone 7(a? or b?), possibly colder. Sun to part-shade.
Stake number: 73
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 10

Polygonatum humile (Asparagaceae)
dwarf Solomon's seal
Slowly spreading ground cover for shade. Stems are up to 6" long with dainty white flowers appearing suddenly and dangling under the leaves. The foliage is deeply veined, looking a bit like corduroy.
Stake number: 74
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Punica granatum (Lythraceae)
common pomegranate
Pomegranates are a familiar site, especially in older gardens of the South. However, virtually all of the germplasm in cultivation can be traced back to Europe. In 2001, while on the Georgia Boxwood Expedition, Todd Lasseigne (former JCRA assistant director) was able to see pomegranates growing in canyonlands in the eastern part of the nation of Georgia. Merab Khachidze (botanist for the Vashlovani Nature Reserve) was able to collect seeds later in the year, and these were sent to us. The plants that have resulted from these wild-collected seed have been strikingly different from the "typical" form of Punica granatum that is seen in cultivation in the United States. In leaf attributes, all of our seedlings resemble the cultivar 'Nana' in that the leaves are narrow and relatively small. Overall, this creates a nice, fine-textured look to an otherwise, overly coarse-appearing shrub. These seedlings are now three years old and have yet to flower or fruit, but they do appear to have promise as ornamental plants at the least (and possibly for their culinary uses, too). This is the second offering of this germplasm from the JCRA. Hardiness uncertain, possibly greater than that of the commonly seen types (e.g., Zone 7a to 6b). Full sun is best.
Stake number: 75
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 10

Quercus aff. canbyi (Fagaceae)
Canby oak
Quercus canbyi is one of many oaks native to Mexico. In fact, there are more oaks native to Mexico than anywhere else in the world. For over ten years now, we have been trialing as many of these Mexican oaks as we can acquire, and virtually none have disappointed with their cold hardiness, including this species. Canby oak forms a medium- to large-sized tree, semi-evergreen to evergreen (depending on the severity of the winter) with fine-textured leaves, glossy above and slightly toothed on the margins. These plants are derived from acorns collected off of trees formerly growing in the Arboretum field nursery. Although one might expect widespread hybrids to result from open-pollinated seeds, all of the plants are remarkably similar-appearing, perhaps reflecting that the eight or so mother trees were cross-pollinating, rather than pollen from other species. Hardy through Zone 7, and deciduous but hardy in colder zones. Full to part sun.
Stake number: 76

Rhododendron 'Gulf Shore' (Ericaceae)
azalea
Compact habit with cascading branches. Hard to find in the nursery trade.
Stake number: 77
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 7

Ruscus aculeatus (Asparagaceae)
butcher's broom
Texture for the garden! Tough green stems have rigid leaves that are actually an extension of the stem that each terminate in a spine. A real garden novelty, since flowers emerge from the middle of the leaf followed by a berry that sits in the middle of the leaf. Butchers used the branches to sweep the ground after they finished their work. Small greenish-white flowers in early spring. It forms upright clumps to 2' tall and 4' wide. A very tough, and drought tolerant plant. USDA Zone 7–9.
Stake number: 78
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Salvia microphylla 'Hot Lips' (Lamiaceae)
bicolor baby sage
Back in August 2001, on a visit to Strybing Arboretum (San Francisco, California), 'Hot Lips' salvia announced itself to us as a striking, new, bicolored, hardy salvia. Where could such a unique and attractive, two-toned (red and white for those NC State fans out there, too) salvia have come from? 'Hot Lips' made its way into cultivation from its "home" in Oaxaca State, Mexico by the Mexican maid, Altagracia, to Richard Turner, who volunteers for Strybing Arboretum. Altagracia brought in "cuttings" of 'Hot Lips' to use in floral bouquet for a housewarming party, and once California horticulturists at said party were exposed to this plant, well, let's just say the rest is history. In your garden, 'Hot Lips' will be a low, shrubby, plant, deciduous only after very cold freezes (under 20F). Interestingly, flowers are bicolored in spring and fall, under cool night conditions; but phase into solid reds or whites during the warm-night summer months. Hardy to Zone 7. Grows and flowers best in full to part sun.
Stake number: 80
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 37

Sedum rupestre 'Angelina' (Crassulaceae)
stonecrop
Easy-to-grow sedum originates from seed collected in Croatia. Needle-like foliage forms a mat of bright yellow. Grow in sun with good drainage. PPAF.
Stake number: 82
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 10

Sedum spurium 'John Creech' (Crassulaceae)
Caucasian stonecrop
Low-growing, mat-like form with thick bronze discs for leaves. Full sun and good drainage suggested. Full sun.
Stake number: 81

Sedum tetractinum (Crassulaceae)
Chinese sedum
Wow! What an attractive herbaceous perennial ground cover, this sedum makes. Its round, flattened leaves are medium green throughout the growing season, then turn a bronzy-red in the fall. In summer, plants are speckled with clusters of bright yellow flowers held on tiny stalks above the foliage like small helicopter blades. Although our plants are growing in the Perennial Border under full sun conditions, this plant has shown it can also prosper in part-shade sites. Expect plants 3" tall with a creeping habit. Although native to southern China, plants are amazingly hardy. Zone 4.
Stake number: 83
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Solanum laxum 'Album' (Solanaceae)
white potato vine
A climber with star-shaped, white summer flowers. Full sun.
Stake number: 86

Speirantha gardenii (Convallariaceae)
evergreen lily-of-the-valley
This virtually unknown plant is poised to become a major player in the world of evergreen ground covers. Akin to Liriope, Ophiopogon, and other members of the Convallariaceae (lily-of-the-valley family), Speirantha is a slowly-spreading, rhizomatous, evergreen herbaceous perennial plant. With its distinct, broad leaves, it is instantly separable from the liriopogons, and when it is in bloom, with its upside-down drumstick-shaped inflorescences, these bearing several dozen, white, star-shaped flowers, it becomes quite clear that this plant has lots of potential. Received by us twice in 2004, first from Brian Upchurch at Highland Creek Nursery (Fletcher, North Caroline) and then from Jamie Oxley at We-Du Natives (Marion, North Carolina), both plants hail from collections made by former We-Du co-owner and plant taxonomist Dick Weaver in eastern China. We are excited as to the landscape and market potential of this plant, a clear example of why continuing studies of gardenworthy plants must be done. This plant is better known by the now-synonymous name Speirantha convallarioides. Part sun to shade. Likely hardy throughout North Carolina.
Stake number: 87
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 5

Stephanandra incisa (Rosaceae)
lace shrub
Medium sized shrub with small white flowers in late spring. Full sun to partial shade. Green foliage turns yellow and orange in the fall. Often used en masse as a shrubby ground cover. USDA Zones 4–7.
Stake number: 88

Stokesia laevis (Asteraceae)
Stokes' aster
Native perennial with dark evergreen leaves and bright blue flowers.
Stake number: 104
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 4

Tradescantia sillamontana (Commelinaceae)
white velvet tradescantia
Rose-magenta flowers in summer to fall. Full sun, dry locations. Thrives on neglect. White villous leaves. Zone 7b.
Stake number: 89
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 11

Tricyrtis formosana 'Samurai' (Liliaceae)
toad lily
Toad lilies are herbaceous perennials that are valued garden plants because of their unique flowers, ability to flower in shade, and late summer to fall bloom time. 'Samurai' is perhaps best known for its golden-edged foliage and compact form (12"–18" tall). Flowers are purple with darker purple spotting. Toad lilies are rhizomatous and will colonize in the garden over time in a non-invasive manner. Easily grown in average, medium wet to wet, well-drained soils, in part to full shade.
Stake number: 90
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 14

Veronica umbrosa 'Georgia Blue' (Plantaginaceae)
creeping veronica
This herbaceous perennial, introduced by the famous British plant hunter Roy Lancaster, was collected in the nation of Georgia (formerly part of the Soviet Union) and not the United State's state by the same name. However, no matter the nativity, "creeping veronica" is probably one of the best perennials to be introduced in many years. Plants form low mats of foliage only 4"–6" tall, which in early spring are smothered by stunning cobalt blue flowers. In fall, the foliage takes on rich purple hues. Try this early flowering perennial as a foil to yellow daffodils, and get that perfect "blue and yellow" garden going early in the year. A fabulous plant! Zone 5, possibly colder. Sun to part-shade.
Stake number: 91
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 22

Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Pink Beauty' (Adoxaceae)
pink doublefile viburnum
Beautiful, geometrically patterned pale pink flower heads or white petals that are edged pink. The color may vary somewhat from season to season and depending on sun exposure. Deciduous, medium sized, tiered shrub. May set good quantities of red fruit. Sun to part shade. Performs best in moist, well-drained soil. Hardy to USDA Zone 5
Stake number: 93
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Viburnum ×rhytidophylloides 'Alleghany' (Adoxaceae)
lantanaphyllum viburnum
This hybrid viburnum (cross between V. rhytidophyllum and V. lantana 'Mohican') is an evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub that is typically 8'–10' tall and wide. Flat-topped 4" trusses of creamy white flowers appear in spring. Flowers give way to fall berries that first appear bright red and then change to glossy black. Its evergreen leaves are leathery, wrinkled, and reach 6" long. Prune as needed immediately after flowering since flower buds form in summer for the following year. Grows best in average, medium wet, well-drained soil, but will tolerate poor soil conditions. Plant in full sun to part shade.
Stake number: 92

Vitex agnus-castus 'Abbeville Blue' (Lamiaceae)
chaste tree
Fragrant true blue flowers spikes rise from this chaste tree in summer. This fast growing, large, deciduous, multi-stem shrub has an upright, spreading habit, producing an open and airy appearance. The long tapering scented leaves of chastetree are shaped liked a hand, or palmate. The name "agnus castus" originates from the Greek agnos castus, meaning chaste, as the Greeks thought the plant calmed sexual passion. Grows and flowers best in sunny conditions, in moist, well-drained soil.
Stake number: 94

Vitex agnus-castus 'Alba' (Lamiaceae)
white chaste tree
The white-flowered cultivar of the chaste tree is a large, deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub 10' to 15 'tall. A fine textured plant, noteworthy for its splendid, summer display of fragrant, upwardly pointing, panicles of white flowers, which are quite attractive to butterflies and bees. The name "agnus castus" originates from the Greek agnos castus, meaning chaste, as the Greeks thought the plant calmed sexual passion. Grows and flowers best in sunny conditions.
Stake number: 95
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 6

Vitex agnus-castus 'Fletcher Pink' (Lamiaceae)
pink chaste tree
This pink-flowered cultivar of chaste tree was acquired by us from Louisiana Nursery (Opelousas, Louisiana) in 2001, as the JCRA continued to increase its collection of named cultivars of Vitex agnus-castus. This cultivar named by Louisiana Nursery for Louisiana plantsman Ellis Fletcher. To be said, there is no such thing, as yet, as a rose-pink-colored Vitex, but with more than five named cultivars listed as being pink-flowered, we are eager to see more of these grown and trialed for their garden performance and floral characteristics across as wide a range of growing conditions as is possible. It is cold hardy throughout North Carolina. It grows and flowers best under sunny conditions. Mature size of most Vitex agnus-castus trees is 20'–30' at ten to fifteen years of age.
Stake number: 96
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Weigela praecox (Diervillaceae)
early weigela
Fabulous pink funnel-shaped flowers engulf this deciduous plant in early spring. Hummingbirds adore Weigela flowers. A native to temperate east Asia, specifically Japan, Korea, and Northern China. It is easy to grow and very reliable. 6' tall by 6' wide. Requires full sun to produce copious flowers .
Stake number: 97
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 2

Wisteria frutescens 'Longwood Purple' (Fabaceae)
American wisteria
A selection of one of our native wisteria vines, 'Longwood Purple' offers the deepest purple coloration available for this species. The JCRA has been working to assemble all of the new and old cultivars, in order to see which ones turn out to be truly distinct from the typical form, and to see which plants prove to be the more garden-worthy cultivars. "American wisteria" produces flowers in smaller racemes (= chains) than the Asian wisterias, and the flowers emerge after the foliage but are still very showy. Zone 5.
Stake number: 98
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 9

Woodwardia orientalis (Blechnaceae)
Oriental chain fern
This large evergreen to semi-evergreen, clumping-forming fern is best known from milder parts of the United States, where it is listed as a Zone 8 plant. It is valued for its oversized fronds, reaching proportions up to 6' in length and often bowing down and touching the ground. These lustrous, dark green fronds, when mature, will bear small plantlets directly on the fronds, from which they can be propagated. New growth in spring is often burgundy-red to pink-red in color and can be quite stunning. These plants are grown from spores given to us by North Carolina plantsman and NC State University Ph.D. student Richard Olsen, who received them from South Carolina plantsman John Elsley. Possibly hardy into Zone 7 in protected areas. Grows in part-sun to shade.
Stake number: 99
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 9

Zephyranthes drummondii (Amaryllidaceae)
giant prairie lily
Fragrant flowers are pure white with wavy petals. They open in the evenings and remains open for a few days. Its flowering season ranges from March to September, although it seems to flower heaviest in the spring. Flowers profusely after a rain. The attractive, large blue-green foliage is easily recognized. Sun to part shade and good drainage is required. 6"–12" tall and wide.
Stake number: 101
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 23

Zephyranthes flavissima (Amaryllidaceae)
rain-lily
This hardy bulb has has lovely star-shaped yellow flowers from May through October. It forms a clump of semi-evergreen, rounded, glossy needle-like foliage. Propagated easily by divisions or seeds. Seeds sown directly germinate in a couple of weeks. Grows best in sun to light shade, and acidic garden soils. 12" tall.
Stake number: 102
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 18

Zephyranthes 'Labuffarosea' (Amaryllidaceae)
rain-lily
This chance hybrid occurring in wild, was found by Yucca Do Nursery in 1990 in Mexico. It is incredibly prolifically flowering with 2"–4" wide, clear pink-to-white flowers with a pink blush from midsummer through early fall. Distinguishable by its dense tufts of shiny foliage. Best in sun to light shade. Good drainage.
Stake number: 100
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 16

Zephyranthes traubii 'San Carlos Form' (Amaryllidaceae)
rain-lily
This distinct rain lily is another of the fragrant night bloomers. Pure white flowers are 2" across, and have a 6" long floral tube. It opens in the evening and lasts for two days. Beautiful thick tufts of thread-like foliage to 16". Dry, well-drained conditions.
Stake number: 103
Number of photographs in the photograph collection: 22

Abelia ×grandiflora 'Hopleys'Twist of Lime™ variegated glossy abelia (Stake number: 1)
Acer oblongumflying moth maple (Stake number: 2)
×Amarcrinumamarcrinum (Stake number: 3)
Amyris texanaTexas torchwood (Stake number: 4)
Asarum splendensChinese wild-ginger (Stake number: 5)
Berberis thunbergii var. atropurpurea 'Red Rocket'upright purple-leaf Japanese barberry (Stake number: 6)
Boehmeria nivea var. tenacissimagreen ramie (Stake number: 7)
Buxus sempervirens 'Elegantissima'variegated common boxwood (Stake number: 8)
Buxus sempervirens 'Pyramidalis'upright common boxwood (Stake number: 9)
Buxus sinica var. insularis 'Justin Brouwers'Korean boxwood (Stake number: 10)
Buxus wallichianaHimalayan boxwood (Stake number: 11)
Callicarpa americana 'Welch's Pink'pink American beautyberry (Stake number: 12)
Callicarpa kwangtungensisGuangdong beautyberry (Stake number: 13)
Camellia 'Carolina Moonmist'Cochran hybrid camellia (Stake number: 14)
Camellia japonica 'Tama Peacock'picotee Japanese camellia (Stake number: 15)
Camellia ×vernalis 'Hiryű'hybrid camellia (Stake number: 16)
Campanula takesimanaKorean bellflower (Stake number: 17)
Carex conica 'Snowline'variegated Japanese sedge (Stake number: 18)
Celtis caucasicaCaucasian hackberry (Stake number: 19)
Clethra fargesiiOriental clethra (Stake number: 21)
Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic'purple elephant ear (Stake number: 22)
Cryptomeria japonica 'Majiro'variegated Japanese-cedar (Stake number: 23)
Cyrilla racemiflora 'Graniteville'weeping swamp cyrilla (Stake number: 24)
Deutzia crenata 'Summer Snow'variegated deutzia (Stake number: 26)
Deutzia ×hybrida 'Strawberry Fields'pink deutzia (Stake number: 25)
Disporopsis aff. fuscopicta (Stake number: 27)
Disporopsis pernyiPerny's evergreen Solomon's seal (Stake number: 105)
Distylium racemosum 'Guppy'dwarf isu (Stake number: 28)
Elaeagnus ×ebbingei 'Gilt Edge'gold-edge Ebbinge eleagnus (Stake number: 29)
Erica ×darleyensis 'White Perfection'Darley heath (Stake number: 30)
Euonymus alatus f. subtrifloruswingless burning bush (Stake number: 31)
Euonymus japonicus 'Green Spire'Japanese euonymus (Stake number: 32)
×Fatshedera lizei 'Monstrosa Variegata'curlyleaf variegated fatshedera (Stake number: 33)
Habranthus tubispathus var. texanuscopper lily (Stake number: 34)
Hemerocallis 'Atlanta Moonlight'daylily (Stake number: 35)
Hemerocallis 'Penny's Worth'miniature daylily (Stake number: 36)
Heuchera villosa 'Autumn Bride'hairy alumroot (Stake number: 37)
Hibiscus moscheutos 'Luna Blush'swamp hibiscus (Stake number: 38)
Hibiscus syriacusrose-of-Sharon (Stake number: 39)
Hibiscus syriacus 'Purpureus Variegatus'variegated rose-of-Sharon (Stake number: 40)
Hostaplantain lily (Stake number: 41)
Hosta 'Carolina Sunshine'hybrid hosta (Stake number: 42)
Hosta 'Decorata'hosta (Stake number: 43)
Hosta 'Francee'hosta (Stake number: 44)
Hydrangea luteovenosasweet hydrangea (Stake number: 45)
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Ami Pasquier'mophead French hydrangea (Stake number: 46)
Hydrangea paniculata 'Brussels Lace'panicled hydrangea (Stake number: 47)
Hydrangea serrata 'Blue Deckle'mountain hydrangea (Stake number: 48)
Hydrangea serrata 'Koreana'mountain hydrangea (Stake number: 49)
Hypericum galioidesbedstraw St. John's-wort (Stake number: 50)
Ilex glabra 'Red Tip'inkberry (Stake number: 51)
Ilex vomitoria 'Dewerth'littleleaf yaupon holly (Stake number: 52)
Iris sibirica 'Caesar's Brother'Siberian iris (Stake number: 53)
Jasminum parkeriParker's jasmine (Stake number: 54)
Juniperus communis 'Gold Cone'gold-column common juniper (Stake number: 55)
Juniperus communis 'Pendula'weeping common juniper (Stake number: 56)
Juniperus communis 'Veitch's Blue'compact common juniper (Stake number: 57)
Juniperus conferta 'Silver Mist'silver shore juniper (Stake number: 58)
Juniperus horizontalis 'Glomerata'dwarf creeping juniper (Stake number: 59)
Juniperus horizontalis 'Variegata'variegated creeping juniper (Stake number: 60)
Kerria japonica 'Chiba Gold'gold-leaf Japanese kerria (Stake number: 61)
Ligustrum delavayanumDelavay's privet (Stake number: 62)
Lilium formosanumFormosa lily (Stake number: 63)
Liriope muscari 'Blue Giant'clumping monkey-grass (Stake number: 64)
Liriope muscari 'Superba'clumping monkey-grass (Stake number: 65)
Lycoris radiata var. radiatared surprise-lily (Stake number: 66)
Ophiopogon clarkeiHimalayan mondo grass (Stake number: 67)
Ophiopogon japonicus 'Shiroshima Ryu'variegated mondo grass (Stake number: 68)
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Akebono'white-tip holly tea-olive (Stake number: 69)
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Ogon'golden holly tea-olive (Stake number: 70)
Penstemon digitalisbeardtongue (Stake number: 71)
Pittosporum parvilimbumnarrowleaf pittosporum (Stake number: 72)
Pittosporum tobiraJapanese pittosporum (Stake number: 73)
Polygonatum humiledwarf Solomon's seal (Stake number: 74)
Punica granatumcommon pomegranate (Stake number: 75)
Quercus aff. canbyiCanby oak (Stake number: 76)
Rhododendron 'Gulf Shore'azalea (Stake number: 77)
Ruscus aculeatusbutcher's broom (Stake number: 78)
Salvia microphylla 'Hot Lips'bicolor baby sage (Stake number: 80)
Sedum rupestre 'Angelina'stonecrop (Stake number: 82)
Sedum spurium 'John Creech'Caucasian stonecrop (Stake number: 81)
Sedum tetractinumChinese sedum (Stake number: 83)
Solanum laxum 'Album'white potato vine (Stake number: 86)
Speirantha gardeniievergreen lily-of-the-valley (Stake number: 87)
Stephanandra incisalace shrub (Stake number: 88)
Stokesia laevisStokes' aster (Stake number: 104)
Tradescantia sillamontanawhite velvet tradescantia (Stake number: 89)
Tricyrtis formosana 'Samurai'toad lily (Stake number: 90)
Veronica umbrosa 'Georgia Blue'creeping veronica (Stake number: 91)
Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Pink Beauty'pink doublefile viburnum (Stake number: 93)
Viburnum ×rhytidophylloides 'Alleghany'lantanaphyllum viburnum (Stake number: 92)
Vitex agnus-castus 'Abbeville Blue'chaste tree (Stake number: 94)
Vitex agnus-castus 'Alba'white chaste tree (Stake number: 95)
Vitex agnus-castus 'Fletcher Pink'pink chaste tree (Stake number: 96)
Weigela praecoxearly weigela (Stake number: 97)
Wisteria frutescens 'Longwood Purple'American wisteria (Stake number: 98)
Woodwardia orientalisOriental chain fern (Stake number: 99)
Zephyranthes drummondiigiant prairie lily (Stake number: 101)
Zephyranthes flavissimarain-lily (Stake number: 102)
Zephyranthes 'Labuffarosea'rain-lily (Stake number: 100)
Zephyranthes traubii 'San Carlos Form'rain-lily (Stake number: 103)

Procedures—Please Read

Welcome to the JC Raulston Arboretum's Friends of the Arboretum Annual Plant Distribution. The JCRA staff has worked hard to provide you with an interesting selection of plants for this year's giveaway. We hope they bring you pleasure and satisfaction. Let us know how they perform. In order to give all of our participants equal opportunity to acquire the plants they prefer, we instituted a few changes in 2006 and we'll use them again this year. Please read the following procedures below.

1. Position yourself outside of the plant giveaway blocks. When getting plants in the following steps, please remember that you are limited to only one plant of any type during the entire giveaway.

2. After the horn blows, all participants may proceed into the plant blocks and choose 3 different plants. After a few minutes, you will be asked to exit the plant blocks and to reposition yourself for the next round.

3. After all participants have returned to outside of the giveaway blocks, the horn will blow again. At this time, all participants may again return to the plant blocks and choose 3 additional different plants. After a few minutes, you will be asked to exit the plant blocks and to reposition yourself for the next round. You should now have only 6 different plants in your possession.

4. The horn will blow again, and participants may again proceed to the plant blocks and choose 3 additional different plants. After a few minutes, you will be asked to exit the plant blocks and to reposition yourself for the next round. You should now have 9 different plants.

5. The horn will blow for the fourth and final time. You may now grab as many plants as you wish at this point, remembering that you are limited to only one plant of any type. Please respect your fellow members at all times.

Most of the plants in today’s Annual Plant Distribution were grown specifically for this event at a considerable cost to the Arboretum. We ask for your consideration in making a contribution to help defray the expenses associated with this program. Donation boxes are located on the registration tables. Thank you very much.

Ted Bilderback, Director

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