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Connoisseur Plants – 1997

Connoisseur Plants are rare, new plants or hard to find old favorites, and they are part of the annual appeal and membership drive to benefit the Arboretum's many fine programs and its day-to-day operational expenses. These wonderful plants were sent to those who joined the Friends of JC Raulston Arboretum in 1997 and in December of the previous year at certain higher membership levels.

In 1997, we offered a total of 129 taxa from which our members were able to choose! These plants are no longer available.

Abelia mosanensis (Linneaceae)
Mangsan abelia
Deciduous shrub with purple fall color. Zone 7; sun.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 24

Acer palmatum (Sapindaceae)
Japanese maple
Seedlings from the various trees in the Arboretum. Something good could come out of these. Zone 5; sun to light shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 113
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 238

Acorus gramineus 'Ogon' (Acoraceae)
golden sweet flag
Likes wet conditions; grass-like hardy perennial. All hardiness zones; sun.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Aesculus glabra var. glabra (Sapindaceae)
Ohio buckeye
Tree; 20'–40'; greenish yellow flowers in May. Zone 3–7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 8

Agave Collection (Agavaceae)
(Will get 3 of the 5 choices) Agave deserti—Grey green leaves 18" by 2" wide; from Sonoran Desert; flowers yellow; Zone 8. Agave falcata – very narrow leaves; 18" width; hardiness to at least 0F. Agave lechugilla – White edged leaves; Texas native; hardiness untested, probably Zone 7. Agave lophantha – Leaves marked with white; seed collected in San Jose; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 66
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 71

Ampelaster carolinianus (Asteraceae)
climbing aster
A woody vine: do not cut it down in winter. Typical aster flowers of pale mauve, pink all of October and most of November; fragrant; 8' tall with support; Zone 7 maybe 6.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 28
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 6

Aquilegia Collection (Ranunculaceae)
columbine collection
Aquileqia caerulea – Perennial with blue-white, long-spurred flowers in spring to 2'; sun to light shade. Herbaceous perennial Zone 4. Aquilegia skinneri – Yellowish-green petals with 2" long red spurs; 3'
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 30
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 19

Aralia racemosa (Araliaceae)
East coast native herbaceous perennial, to 6' without the prickles and spreading habit of its woody relatives. Dense panicles of greenish white to brownish purple flowers followed by dark fruit; Zone 4; shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Arum italicum subsp. italicum (Araceae)
Italian arum
Tropical looking foliage all winter; glossy arrow shaped leaves veined with cream. Summer dormant. Winter sun, summer shade under deciduous shrubs and trees; Zone 6.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 23
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 14

Aucuba Collection (Garryaceae)
Japanese aucuba
Aucuba japonica f. longifolia – An elegant form of this well known evergreen shrub with leaves much longer than wide; shade. Aucuba japonica – Self fruitful cultivar of this well known handsome broad leafed evergreen shrub. Fruit are red, about the size of a small olive; shade. 4'–6'; Zone 7. Will receive one of each.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 7

Baptisia Collection* (Fabaceae)
wild-indigo collection*
B. australis – showy spikes of blue in May; 3'. B. megacarpa – Showy fruit in late summer. Large inflated apple green pods. Modest cream flowers. B. minor – Shorter, though still very showy, version of B. australis. B. pendula – Like a white version of B. australis. Striking upright spikes of white 3'–4' ; the fruit are pendulous. B. sphaerocarpa – Brilliant acid yellow flowers in spikes; 30". Will receive 4 of the 6.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 137
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 6

Betula nana (Betulaceae)
2'–4' tall shrub; native to Northern North America and Europe, usually moist areas; Zone 1?

Buddleja salviifolia (Scrophulariaceae)
South African sage-wood
Fragrant pale lilac to white flowers in autumn to early winter. Would probably make an excellent houseplant for cool sunny spot; shrub or small tree 3'–15'; Zone 8.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Buddleja ×weyeriana 'Sungold' (Scrophulariaceae)
Weyer's golden butterfly- bush
A yellow flowered, large (8') vigorous grower, not quite as floriferous as one might hope. Highly approved by butterflies; Zone 6?

Buxus Collection (Buxaceae)
boxwood
Buxus sempervirens 'Pyramidalis' – A boxwood with amazingly narrow pyramidal growth habit. Plants at the Arboretum are 7' tall and 3' wide at base, tapering steadily upward. Zone 7, sun to light shade. Buxus sinica – New rare species from China with larger, broader evergreen foliage than common boxwoods. Sun with light winter shade in colder climates to prevent winter scorch; Zones 6–9.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 10
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 67

Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldii (Lamiaceae)
Profuse fall display of brilliant purple-violet fruit on this easy deciduous Asian plant. Sun, light shade, 5'; Zone 6.

Callicarpa dichotoma f. albifructa (Lamiaceae)
white beautyberry
White fruited variety of another Asian beauty berry. Indispensable for fall show. Sun to light shade, 5'–6', Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 8
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Callistemon Collection (Myrtaceae)
Callistemon 'Woodlander's Red' – Red flowers on evergreen shrub to 12'; Zone 7. Callistemon citrinus – Lemon scented with crimson flowers; evergreen shrub to 15', Zone 8. Callistemon sieberi – "Alpine Bottlebrush" – Native to mountains of southeastern Australia; perhaps the hardiest; 15'; pale yellow. Will receive two of the three.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 6
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Calycanthus chinensis (Calycanthaceae)
Chinese wax plant
Asian counterpart to our beloved sweet Betsy or Carolina allspice, Calycanthus floridus. Their growth habits are very similar, though Calycanthus sinensis flowers are more like a single white camellia; sun or light shade; Zone 6.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 46
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Calycanthus floridus (Calycanthaceae)
common sweetshrub
Native deciduous shrub to 9' beloved for its usually fragrant through curious maroon sea anemome-like flowers; sun to light shade, Zone 4.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 8
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Calycanthus floridus 'Athens' (Calycanthaceae)
yellow common sweetshrub
Yellow green flowered cultivar of above. Some of these are seedlings and might not come true.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 10

Camellia ×vernalis 'Hiryű' (Theaceae)
hybrid camellia
Crimson red single to semi-double flowers in fall. Closely resemble C. sasanqua in flower, growth and hardiness; Zone 7; 15'.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5

Camellia ×williamsii 'Golden Spangles' (Theaceae)
variegated Williamsii camellia
Beautiful gold-green centered leaves. Pink single flowers in late winter, light shade; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 26

Camellia ×williamsii 'Mary Christian' (Theaceae)
Williamsii camellia
Single pink flowers; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 48

Campanula trachelium var. alba (Campanulaceae)
2'–3' tall herbaceous perennial with white bell-like flowers. Eurasia, naturalized in North America. Zone 5? Sun to light shade.

Carpinus orientalis (Betulaceae)
Oriental hornbeam
From the "Orient" of old: southeastern Europe and Asia minor. Deciduous shrub or tree to 20'–30'; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Ceanothus ×pallidus 'Marie Simon' (Rhamnaceae)
This plant has survived several summers and winters at the JC Raulston Arboretum. Soft pink flowers in summer. Deciduous shrub to 4'; Zone 7?
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Ceanothus ×pallidus 'Rosea' (Rhamnaceae)
Darker pink version of above.

Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Fritz Huber' (Taxaceae)
dwarf Japanese plum-yew
A southern adapted substitute for Taxus (yew). 'Fritz Huber' is a prostrate cultivar of this handsome dark green conifer. Sun to light shade; Zone 6.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 9

Cercidiphyllum japonicum (Cercidiphyllaceae)
katsura
Handsome, graceful deciduous tree. Freshly fallen leaves fragrant, some say, of strawberry marshmallows; Zone 4; 40'–60'.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 13
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 12

Chamaecyparis thyoides (Cupressaceae)
Atlantic white-cedar
Slow growing, narrowly conical east coast native evergreen. Tolerant of urban and bog conditions. Good substitute for Leyland Cypress; Zone 3; 90'. Will receive three.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 9
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 9

Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Heatherbun' (Cupressaceae)
dwarf Atlantic white-cedar
Compact bun-shaped form with foliage that turns plum-purple in winter. Sun to light shade; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Choisya ternata 'Sundance' (Rutaceae)
Yellow foliaged cultivar of "Mexican orange". Evergreen shrub to 5'; fragrant white flowers; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 14
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 4

Chrysogonum virginianum (Asteraceae)
green-and-gold
Herbaceous evergreen perennial; native woodlander with yellow flowers in spring and often through summer. 6"; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 19
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 11

Clerodendrum cryptophyllum (Lamiaceae)
Rare Chinese shrub with leaves to 11" long; white flowers; sun; Zones 6–9.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Clethra Collection (Clethraceae)
Clethra cavaleriei – From seeds out of China not yet tested at the Arboretum. Clethra faberi – From seeds out of China, also untested at the Arboretum. Clethra fargesii – Fragrant white flowers in summer; to 12'; China; Zone 5. Will receive two of the three.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 17
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird' (Clethraceae)
dwarf summersweet clethra
A compact selection of Sweet Pepper Bush. Native deciduous summer blooming shrub. Spikes of white, fragrant flowers. Zone 5; sun to light shade.
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 4

Cornus capitata (Cornaceae)
Himalayan evergreen dogwood
Showy pale yellow flowers, showy red fruit. 40' tree; Zone 8.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Cornus elliptica (Cornaceae)
evergreen flowering dogwood
Showy white flowers blooming later than C. florida. Showy strawberry-like fruit in fall; 20' tree; Sun to light shade; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Cornus walteri (Cornaceae)
Walter's dogwood
A Chinese dogwood with clusters of small white flowers and black fruit; 30'; Zone 5; sun to light shade; fast grower.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Corylopsis glabrescens var. gotoana (Hamamelidaceae)
fragrant winterhazel
Another faultless Corylopsis. Late winter flowers of yellow, handsome summer foliage, graceful habit; shrub to 10'–15'; light shade; Zone 6.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 21

Crinum 'Carol Abbott' (Amaryllidaceae)
Large herbaceous perennial bulb. Pink trumpet-lily like flowers in summer; nearly indestructible; sun, Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5

Cryptomeria japonica 'Araucarioides' (Cupressaceae)
whipcord Japanese-cedar
A cultivar of Japanese cedar with pendulous, rope-like branchlets; 15' in 10 years; sun; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Cryptomeria japonica 'Elegans Nana' (Cupressaceae)
dwarf Japanese-cedar
Soft blue-green juvenile foliage turns plum purple in winter. Rounded growth habit. Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Cryptomeria japonica 'Giokumo' (Cupressaceae)
Japanese-cedar
Slow growing cultivar with green foliage.

Cupressus arizonica var. montana (Cupressaceae)
San Pedro Martir cypress
Blue-grey foliage, Zone 7.

Cupressus macrocarpa 'Coneybearii Aurea' (Cupressaceae)
golden Monterey cypress
A pendulous, gold threadleaf cultivar of Monterey cypress; Zone 7; sun.

Cupressus macrocarpa 'Horizontalis Ameritiana Aurea' (Cupressaceae)
Conifer for sun or light shade. Originally distributed as Cupressus macrocarpa 'Horizontalis Ameritiana'
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Daphne genkwa (Thymelaeaceae)
lilac daphne
Lilac-like flowers in form and color, produced in spring before foliage; sun or light shade; from China; 3'; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 38
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 4

Daphne giraldii (Thymelaeaceae)
Yellow, slightly fragrant flowers in spring. Deciduous; 2.5'; sun or light shade; from China; Zone 5 or colder.

Dasylirion Collection (Asparagaceae)
Dasylirion leiophyllum – Bold, handsome year-round architectural yucca-like plant. Southwest United States and Mexico; sun; 4'; Zone 7. Dasylirion sp. – Unknown species. Will receive one of each.
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 5

Deparia petersonii (Dryopteridaceae)
Japanese false spleenwort
An unpainted "painted" fern, with black green fronds to 2'; shade; Zone 4. Originally distributed as Athyrium japonicum.

Ehretia acuminata (Boraginaceae)
kodo wood
Deciduous tree to 50'; 8" panicles of white flowers; fruit orange then black. Thriving at Arboretum; from southeastern Asia; Zone 7.

Eryngium giganteum 'Miss Willmott's Ghost' (Apiaceae)
Eryngium giganteum 'Miss Willmott's Ghost' – Striking silvery thistle-like flower heads. Biennial, should reseed; 2'–5'; sun; Zone 5?. Eryngium horridum – Grown from seed; we don't know anything about it: find out with us! Will receive one of each.

×Fatshedera lizei 'Variegata' (Araliaceae)
variegated fatshedera
Grey-white variegated star shaped evergreen leaves; shrub 3'–4'; shade; Cross of Fatsia japonica and Hedera helix – Shade; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Firmiana simplex (Malvaceae)
Chinese parasol tree
Bold leaves to a foot in length. Curious green bark; deciduous; for that tropical look ; 40'; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 22
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 8

Gardenia jasminoides 'Daruma' (Rubiaceae)
Cape jessamine
Gardenia that is possibly hardy to Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 10

Habranthus tubispathus var. texanus (Amaryllidaceae)
copper lily
One of the rain lilies. Gold yellow flowers veined with red on outside, blooming on and off in summer. 6" ; sun; Zone 7; bulb.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 10

Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Jelena' (Hamamelidaceae)
copper-flowered common witchhazel
Fragrant winter blooms of copper-orange, best seen backlit by sun. Named for Jelena de Belder of Kalmthout, where it was raised. Large deciduous shrub. Good fall color; Zone 5; 15'.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 86

Hamamelis ×intermedia 'Ruby Glow' (Hamamelidaceae)
red common witchhazel
Fragrant winter flowers of red. Excellent upright vase-shaped growth habit; 15'; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 6
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Hamamelis mollis (Hamamelidaceae)
Chinese witchhazel
Very fragrant, showy yellow flowers in winter. Shrub or small tree; sun or light shade; 15'–30'; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Hamamelis vernalis f. carnea (Hamamelidaceae)
red Ozark witchhazel
Winter flowers of fragrant, glowing rusty red; native 10' shrub; Zone 4; sun or shade. Originally distributed as Hamamelis vernalis 'Carnea'.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Hamamelis virginiana var. henryi (Hamamelidaceae)
southern witchhazel
Often thought to be a variant of H. virginiana. Fragrant yellow flowers in fall; deciduous shrub to 15'; sun or shade; Zone 4. Originally distributed as Hamamelis macrophylla.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5

Hedera helix (adult form) (Araliaceae)
Adult form; when adult, English ivy becomes shrub-like, flowers and bears black fruit showy all winter; to 3'–5' slowly; Zone 5. Originally distributed as Hedera helix 'Richard Athens'.

Heuchera Collection (Saxifragaceae)
Heuchera 'Emperor's Cloak' – Seed produced both green and red ruffled foliaged plants; herbaceous perennial; Zone 5. Heuchera villosa var. macrorhiza – Handsome 4"–5" wide fuzzy green foliage; airy spikes of small white flowers; evergreen; light shade; Zone 6. Will receive one of each.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 21
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 13

Hibiscus syriacus 'Oiseau Bleu' (Malvaceae)
rose-of-Sharon
A Rose of Sharon with nearly true blue flowers most of the summer; 8'–12'; sun; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Hibiscus syriacus 'Purpureus Variegatus' (Malvaceae)
variegated rose-of-Sharon
Handsome variegated foliaged cultivar of Rose of Sharon. Curious, very double maroon flowers never quite open. Grow it for its foliage! 8'–12'; sun; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Hosta ventricosa (Agavaceae)
purple-flowered hosta
Glossy, heartshaped, solid green leaves. Attractive; 3' tall; spikes of violet flowers in midsummer; hardy herbaceous perennial for shade; Zone 4.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Hydrangea 'Preziosa' (Hydrangeaceae)
hybrid hydrangea
A mopheaded selection whose flower color changes as it ages. First cream, then pink, later clear crimson, with darker marblings. Dark stems add to its beauty; sun-light shade; Zone 7, perhaps Zone 6.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 9
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Hymenocallis keyensis (Amaryllidaceae)
Fragrant showy white flowered bulb in Amaryllis family. Native to Florida and West Indies. Hardy at Arboretum. Where not hardy bulbs could be lifted over winter. Originally distributed as Hymenocallis latifolia.

Hypericum frondosum (Hypericaceae)
golden St. John's-wort
If you are feeling depressed, the lemon yellow flowers above blue foliage will cheer you. It certainly cheers the bumble bees who race around the flower. Flaking winter bark on this deciduous native shrub to 4'; sun; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5

Hypericum aff. punctatum (Hypericaceae)
Aff means affinity, so this species resembles H. punctatum. Yellowed flowered; perhaps herbaceous.

Ilex cassine var. angustifolia (Aquifoliaceae)
narrow-leaf dahoon holly
A narrow leaved variety of our Southeast native Dahoon Holly. Evergreen tree to 20' tall x 8'–15' wide. Red fruit on females. Important parent of many hybrids with I. opaca, the American holly.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Illicium mexicanum 'Aztec Fire' (Illiciaceae)
Mexican anise
Red flowers through summer on this handsome evergreen shrub; to 10'; sun or light shade; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 8
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Jasminum iraidii (Oleaceae)
shrub jasmine
New species from China; hardiness unknown; appears to be evergreen and slow growing.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Juniperus horizontalis Collection* (Cupressaceae)
The following cultivars are available: 'Argentea,' 'Blue Forest,' 'Glenmore,' 'Lime Glow,' 'Prince of Wales,' 'Repens,' 'Venusta,' and an unknown cultivar. Will receive six of the eight plants.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 34

Lantana camara 'Miss Huff' (Verbenaceae)
common lantana
Hardier than most lantanas, yellow and orange flowers all summer. Butterflies love this plant. Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Lespedeza Collection (Fabaceae)
bush-clover collection
Lespedeza thunbergii f. alba – Covered in white flowers in late summer. 5"–6" tall shrub-like herbaceous perennial. Lespedeza buergeri 'Ki-Hagi' – 3' tall shrub, white or purple flowers in summer from Japan and China. Lespedeza bicolor variegated—lightly variegated foliage; deep purple flowers in late summer on 6' shrub-like herbaceous perennial; Zone one 6. Will receive two of the three offered.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 7
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Lindera strychnifolia (Lauraceae)
golden spicebush
A large evergreen shrub or small tree native to SE Asia. Has been hardy at the Arboretum; sun or light shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 6

Liquidambar styraciflua 'Burgundy' (Altingiaceae)
sweet gum
This cultivar of sweet gum was selected for its deep red fall color, usually later and longer than others. A large deciduous native tree eventually to 120'; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Maesa Collection (Myrsinaceae)
Maesa hupehensis and M. japonica. Two large evergreen broad leafed shrubs native to Asia. Not yet widely grown and untested for hardiness. Want to participate in valuable horticultural research? Might want shade. Will receive one of each.

Magnolia Collection (Magnoliaceae)
Magnolia 'Allspice' and Magnolia #4 – Handsome evergreen shrubs with fragrant flowers. Propagated from the Lath House before removal because of being overgrown; Zone 7. Originally distributed as Michellia alspice and Michellia magnolia #4.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 64
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 221

Magnolia insignis (Magnoliaceae)
red wood-lotus
Close cousin to the magnolias. This evergreen Asian species with handsome leaves like Magnolia virginiana has white, tinged pink flowers in spring. Has been hardy at the Arboretum; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 19

Magnolia yunnanensis (Magnoliaceae)
Rare tree native to China where it grows to 50.' The one in the Arboretum is 20" and has flowered; Zones 7–9.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Nolina Collection (Asparagaceae)
bear-grass collection
Architectural evergreen plants like their relatives the yuccas but without their spines. They make a year round statement in the garden. All native to the U.S. Southwest and Mexico. Sun, well drained soil. Three species donated by Tony Avent: N. durangensis – U.S. native, one of the rarest; 2' tall, with leaves wider than most; Zones 7–10; N. lindheimeriana – Texas native with very long leaves; Zones 7–10; Nolina texana – From seed collected in Colhuila, Mexico; to 2'; Zones 7–10 at least. Will receive one of each.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 13
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Nyssa sinensis (Nyssaceae)
Chinese tupelo
Same brilliant red fall color as our native on a smaller deciduous tree; 20'–60'; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Osmanthus armatus (Oleaceae)
Chinese tea-olive
Handsome narrow evergreen leaves up to 5" long with decorative spiny-toothed margin. Typical white, fragrant Osmanthus flowers in fall. Large shrub to small tree; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 11

Osmanthus heterophyllus Collection (Oleaceae)
holly tea-olive collection
Osmanthus heterophyllus – Handsome evergreen shrub for sun or shade. Fragrant fall flowers of white. With age the holly-like leaves of youth are replaced with leaves without any spines; Zone 6. Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Sasaba' – one of the many cultivars of this species. Deeply incised leaves are held closely together on the stems for a very distinctive appearance; otherwise as above. Will receive one of each.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Pancratium maritimum (Amaryllidaceae)
Close cousin to Hymenocallis. Its flower resembles a smaller "Peruvian Daffodil" (H. narcissiflora). Summer blooming bulb native to Mediterranean. Lift and store dry over winter; sun.

Pavonia lasiopetala (Malvaceae)
A small (to 2') shrub with pink flowers about 3/4" wide all summer; sun; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Phellodendron amurense (Rutaceae)
Amur corktree
A serviceable 30' to 50' tree with picturesque large limbs and corky bark. Showy black fruit in fall on females. The shade it casts is light; Zone 3.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 6
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 5

Photinia villosa (Rosaceae)
downy photinia
No red tip this one. A graceful deciduous small tree (15') reminiscent of Amelanchier canadensis. Good fall color. Showy display of small red fruit; Asian; Zone 6; sun to light shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Pieris japonica Polita Group (Ericaceae)
Chinese pieris
A wonderful pieris that has done well for us in the Lath House; Zone 7; shade. Seed came from Shanghai Botanical Garden in China.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 14

Pinus bungeana (Pinaceae)
lacebark pine
Grown for its bark, which with age is white and green like a sycamore. 75'; Zone 4; northwestern China.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 13
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 29

Pittosporum heterophyllum (Pittosporaceae)
Chinese pittosporum
Evergreen shrub to 12' with leaves of various shapes and pale yellow fragrant flowers. Native to western China so probably fully hardy here.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Platanus orientalis f. digitata (Platanaceae)
cutleaf Oriental planetree
First cousin to our native sycamore. This form has deeply lobed leaves like digits on a hand. 90'; deciduous; Zone 6; native to southeastern Europe and Asia Minor.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 6

Polygonatum humile (Asparagaceae)
dwarf Solomon's seal
A tiny charming Solomon's seal, only 3"–4" tall. Herbaceous perennial for shade with pendulous bell-like white flowers in spring; Zone 5?
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Polygonatum ×hybridum 'Striatum' (Asparagaceae)
striped Solomon's seal
This Solomon seal, if not perfect, is close to it. Elegant arching stems of white brushed leaves, with pendant white flowers in spring. Shade, wet or dry. After frost the foliage turns a beautiful amber. 24"; Zone 5.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Prunus mume Collection (Rosaceae)
Japanese flowering apricot collection
Very fragrant and showy flowers during mild spells in winter, occasionally as early as Christmas. Small deciduous trees; Zone 6, sun or light shade. 'Pink Glow'; 'Rosebud' – Large semi double, soft pink; 'Weeping Pink' – Pendulous growth habit; 'Mitsurbara'. Will receive one of these.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 64
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 11

Prunus persica 'NCSU Dwarf Double Red' (Rosaceae)
dwarf flowering peach
A dwarf peach (to 4') with a nearly shocking display of carmine red flowers in spring. It is also a striking foliage plant and its heavily budded coarse branches are of winter interest. It comes true from seed; Zone 6 at least. The fruit are not table quality; sun.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 52
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Quercus glauca (Fagaceae)
Japanese blue oak
A handsome evergreen Asian oak with long leaves (to 5"). It has long grown in the Arboretum though it was hurt by the cold winters of 1982 and 1983; Zone 7, perhaps more reliable in Zone 8; 50'; sun.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 8
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Rhododendron (various) (Ericaceae)
Rhododendron 'Golden Hair' – Deciduous azalea with yellow blooms. Rhododendron 'George Reynolds' – Deciduous with orange blooms; Zone 7. Will receive one of these.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 227
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1047

Rhododendron 'Wolfpack Red' (Ericaceae)
Carla hybrid azalea
NCSU release; excellent red flowers; dense habit; evergreen; Zones 6–9; light shade.

Rhus trilobata (Anacardiaceae)
skunkbush
Its common name of skinbush is derived from the strong smell of its foliage, yet it was once used for food, smoking and basketry. Its attractive three lobed leaves turn brilliant red in the fall; 2'–6' tall deciduous shrub; West Virginia native; Zone 3; sun.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Rosa banksiae 'Lutea' (Rosaceae)
Lady Banks' rose
Clusters of small double primrose-yellow flowers open before most other roses. It is a large climber with nearly thornless canes and disease free foliage; Zone 7, sun.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 49
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 8

Sapindus mukorossi (Sapindaceae)
Chinese soapberry
A 45' tall evergreen tree with compound leaves up to 16" long. The fruit are either yellow or orange-brown and can be used as soap. The seeds are used for beads. It has been hardy at the Arboretum; Zone 7; sun.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Sarracenia Collection (Sarraceniaceae)
pitcher plant
Sarracenia leucophylla – This insect eating pitcher plant is a Georgia and Florida native, and one of the most beautiful species. It needs boggy conditions and sun; Zones 6–9, 24" tall. Sarracenia sp. Will receive one of each.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 28
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 69

Sisyrinchium Collection (Iridaceae)
yellow-eyed grass collection
Sisyrinchium bermudianum 'Album' (syn. S. graminoides 'Album') – Grass-like foliage; 8" tall herbaceous perennial; Zone 6?; sun; Sisyrinchium harlow – Yellow flowered. Will receive one of each.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 7

Sorbaria sorbifolia f. incenta (Rosaceae)
Deciduous shrub with beautiful pinnately compound foliage and plumes of white flowers; 6'; Asia; sun-light shade; Zone 2.

Sorbus esserteauana (Rosaceae)
Deciduous tree 20'–40' tall with good fall color, bright red fruit. Western China; Zone 6
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Spiranthes cernua var. odorata 'Chadd's Ford' (Orchidaceae)
A native terrestrial orchid of easy culture. 12"–24" spikes of small white flowers in late summer. United States and Canada; light sun or shade.

Stachyurus himalaicus (Stachyuraceae)
spike tail
Newly grown from Chinese seed, not in literature and not yet evaluated by us; likely semi-evergreen shrub with chains of golden flowers in spring; Zones 7, 8 or 9?; light shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 17

Styrax americanus var. pulverulentus (Styracaceae)
American snowbell
Our native snowbell is much like S. japonica though more shrubby. Pendant bell-like flowers in spring; deciduous; 10'; native Virginia to Florida; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Styrax chinensis (Styracaceae)
Rare new species of white flowering deciduous tree from China; new to cultivation and likely has never been available before anywhere; Zone 7?

Styrax serrulatus (Styracaceae)
sawtooth snowbell
Another Chinese species of snowbell; shrub or small tree to 24'; leaves are downy. Hardy here at Arboretum, Zone 7. Originally distributed as Styrax dasyanthus var. cinerascens.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5

Ternstroemia gymnanthera 'Burnished Gold' (Pentaphylaceae)
golden false Japanese cleyera
New growth is a glowing bronzed gold. Evergreen shrub for the sun.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 17

Ternstroemia gymnanthera 'Variegata' (Pentaphylaceae)
variegated false Japanese cleyera
Yellow-edged leaves have some red with the new growth. Evergreen shrub for the sun; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Torreya taxifolia (Taxaceae)
Florida torreya
An unfortunate name for this handsome yew-like 40' tree. Its fruit are fetid when bruised. Native to northern Florida; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 4

Trachycarpus fortunei (Arecaceae)
windmill palm
One of the most cold hardy palms. These were grown from seed from plants at Taylor's Nursery in Raleigh, North Carolina, where they have weathered many severe winters; single trunked tree grows slowly to 40'. Leaves are 3'–4' wide fans. Zone 7; sun or shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 47
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 12

Tripterygium regelii (Celastraceae)
Deciduous scandent shrub 6'–30' tall. Flowers in large white terminal panicles; fruit greenish white. Related to bittersweet (Celastrus); Zone 5; Manchuria to Japan.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Tsuga sieboldii (Pinaceae)
southern Japanese hemlock
One of the species of Japanese hemlock, it is much like our native species. Tall tree with a graceful habit; Zone 6; sun or light shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 10
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Ungnadia speciosa (Sapindaceae)
Mexican buckeye
A deciduous shrub or small tree to 30' with scented pink flowers in spring; Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 28
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Vernicia fordii (Euphorbiaceae)
tung oil tree
Evergreen 20' tree with red tinged flowers from Asia. Euphorbia family; Zone 10.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 7
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Viburnum bracteatum 'Emerald Luster' (Adoxaceae)
limerock arrow-wood
Mike Dirr's selection of this Southeast native with glossy green deciduous foliage. White flowers in spring, blue black fruit in fall; Zone 5; sun, light shade, 10'.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5

Viburnum integrifolium (Adoxaceae)
lusterleaf viburnum
Large 4"–6" evergreen leaves. Much like the leatherleaf viburnum; 6'–8' shrub; sun or light shade.

Viburnum luzonicum (Adoxaceae)
Luzon viburnum
Small, bronze green leaves. Not yet tested for hardiness at the Arboretum.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 7

Viburnum ×pragense (Adoxaceae)
Prague viburnum
Gorgeous lustrous evergreen foliage much like its leatherleaf viburnum parent but better with smaller leaves and bush; Zone 6; probably about 6' shrub, sun or light shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 9

Viburnum rufidulum (Adoxaceae)
rusty blackhaw
Similar to the generally more northern V. prunifolium. Deciduous to 30', leaves are shiny above, rusty haired below. White flowers in spring are followed by blue black fruit; Zone 6; sun or light shade; red fall color.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 5

Viburnum tinus 'Bewley's Variegated' (Adoxaceae)
variegated laurustinus
Beautifully variegated cultivar of the evergreen laurustinus; to 10'; Zone 7; Mediterranean.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

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