Note: The JCRA launched a new Web site on March 1. Please visit us at http://jcra.ncsu.edu. This site, http://www.ncsu.edu/jcraulstonarboretum/, is no longer being updated.

Connoisseur Plants – 1999

Connoisseur Plants are rare, new plants or hard to find old favorites, and they are part of the annual appeal and membership drive to benefit the Arboretum's many fine programs and its day-to-day operational expenses. These wonderful plants were sent to those who joined the Friends of JC Raulston Arboretum in 1999 and in December of the previous year at certain higher membership levels.

In 1999, we offered a total of 120 taxa from which our members were able to choose! These plants are no longer available.

Abelia mosanensis (Linneaceae)
Mangsan abelia
Semi-evergreen shrub with large purple flowers. Seeds came from Korea and the shrub has grown rapidly in our trial garden. Rapidly growing deciduous shrub to at least 8'; red and white sweet-scented flowers, weigela-like, in spring; Hardiness unknown but seems to be hardy in Zone 7. Seeds came from Korea and the shrub has grown rapidly in our trial garden.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 24

Actinidia arguta (Actinidiaceae)
hardy kiwi
Deciduous, twining vine with glossy, dark-green leaves and reddish twigs; numerous white flowers in June and edible fruit on the female plants. Zone 5. Native to Japan, Korea, and China.
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Agave americana subsp. protoamericana (Agavaceae)
hardy century plant
Grayish-green leaves in basal rosette to five feet long with toothed margin and terminal spine. Full sun and good drainage. Native to southern North America and northern South America. Zone 8.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 29

Ampelopsis aconitifolia (Vitaceae)
climbing monkshood
Lush-growing deciduous vine with pea-sized blue fruit turning to yellow or orange-brown. Attractively textured foliage and ornamental fruit. Native to northern China. Zone 5.

Ampelopsis arborea (Vitaceae)
Native to southern United States. Hardy in Zone 7 and 8. Strong grower with large toothed dark green leaves and dark purple, highly ornamental fruit in autumn. (1' plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Amsonia tabernaemontana var. tabernaemontana (Apocynaceae)
eastern blue-star
Mounding clump forming herbaceous perennial up to 3.5' with very fine foliage and attractive pale bluish flowers in late spring. Native to Massachusetts and Delaware. but escaped to southeastern United States. Drought tolerant and tough.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 6

Araujia sericifera (Apocynaceae)
Evergreen twining shrub to 15' or more with white flowers in fall followed by ornamental seed pods. Required rich soil and full sun. Native to South America. Zone 9.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Aucuba japonica f. longifolia (Garryaceae)
narrowleaf Japanese aucuba
Evergreen shrub for the shade with long, attractive, pointed leaves and abundant fruiting. Native to Japan and Korea. Hardy to Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Baptisia alba × B. australis (Fabaceae)
hybrid wild-indigo
Early emerging, bush-forming perennial with green-gray foliage and white, pea-like flowers in late spring. Ornamental seed pods turn black in late summer. Zones 3–9.

Baptisia arachnifera (Fabaceae)
hairy rattleweed
Hairy rattleweed’s densely wooly foliage which clasps the stems looks more like a eucalyptus than a baptisia. Almost all parts of the plant are covered in silver hairs with the exception of the bright yellow flowers which are carried in the leaf axils in summer from late June into August. Ultimate size is 15"–20" tall and 18"–24" wide. This federally endangered native is found growing under pines with saw palmettos (Serenoa repens) and inkberry (Ilex glabra) in only 2 counties in Georgia. These plants were grown from seed from Plant Delights Nursery. Grow in average to dry soils with good drainage. Sun to part shade. Zone 6
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Baptisia perfoliata (Fabaceae)
catbells
Yellow flowering wild indigo with unique, spring-green simple perfoliate leaves. An endangered species in Georgia.

Bignonia capreolata 'Tangerine Beauty' (Bignoniaceae)
crossvine
Cultivar of a North American native, strong, woody, evergreen climber. Flowers are a bright deep-orange. Covers a trellis at the JC Raulston Arboretum.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Buxus sempervirens 'Salicifolia Elata' (Buxaceae)
common boxwood
Yet another superb cultivar of Buxus sempervirens that showcases an atypical growth habit. 'Salicifolia Elata' grows as a dense, rounded, evergreen shrub, but with side branches that gently cascade downward. Leaves are longer than most commonly seen Buxus sempervirens cultivars, too. These plants were propagated from the extensive Buxus collection house at the JCRA in the Southhall Garden. Native from southern Europe to the Black Sea and Caspian Sea regions, Buxus sempervirens is one of the toughest evergreens available to us as gardeners. Avoid poorly drained sites.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Calocedrus decurrens (Cupressaceae)
California incense-cedar
An evergreen conifer that grows to 100' tall in its native environment, western Oregon and California. Zone 6.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 11
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Caryopteris odorata (Lamiaceae)
bluebeard
This Caryopteris has pink flowers in the summer. Has been hardy at the Arboretum. Needs sun to light shade. (2' plants)

Ceanothus ×delileanus 'Gloire de Versailles' (Rhamnaceae)
French hybrid ceanothus
Deciduous shrub with dark green leaves and dark blue flowers in summer to fall. Profuse flowers borne summer to fall.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Cephalanthus occidentalis (Rubiaceae)
common buttonbush
Deciduous, bushy shrub to 6' with glossy, dark green leaves. Flowers form perfectly round, whitish-yellow "buttons" for an interesting show in late summer. Can take wet feet, grows along swampy areas. Sun. Zones 5–10.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Cephalotaxus harringtonia (Taxaceae)
Japanese plum-yew
Now accordingly considered an evergreen shrub of the first rank, as it deserves, Japanese plum-yew is a fairly familiar plant of southern U.S. landscapes. Most plants seen are the shrubby forms or cultivars, including these plants which are derived from cuttings derived from the germplasm collection assembled by Michael Dirr, Ph.D., and Donglin Zhang, Ph.D., at the University of Georgia (Athens, Georgia). Cephalotaxus harringtonia is an excellent evergreen shrub, tolerating most environmental stresses, including heat, drought, shade, and sun. Deer will not bother these plants. Just make certain not to site plants on sites with exceptionally poor drainage.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Cercis canadensis 'Flame' (Fabaceae)
double-flowered eastern redbud
The prized, but often difficult to find, double-flowered redbud is one of the favorites in our North American Plant Conservation Consortium Cercis collection. Large heart-shaped leaves on this somewhat upright selection usually turn clear yellow in the fall, often with a brownish margin. The early spring double flowers will be the envy of all your gardening friends as the blossoms glow from every branch of this vigorous tree in April before the leaves emerge. Full sun to shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 12
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana (Fabaceae)
Mexican redbud
Leaves of the Mexican redbud are medium sized, shiny green with wavy margins. Same purple-red blooms in spring. Small tree. One of the two distinctive races of eastern redbud found in Texas, Oklahoma, and Mexico. (12" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 39
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 5

Cercis chinensis (Fabaceae)
Chinese redbud
Small ,multi-trunked tree with densely crowded stems all arising from a basal crown. Bright, pinkish-purple flowers open along stem in early spring before the heart-shaped leaves emerge. Unlike our native eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis), which is usually a single trunked tree, Chinese redbud bears flowers all along its many stems, creating wand-like columns of bloom.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 26
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 4

Cercis glabra (Fabaceae)
smooth redbud
Smooth redbud (Cercis glabra) is a stellar spring performer, and the subject of many photographers that visited the JCRA. One of the earliest flowering, upright-vase-shaped redbuds in the JCRA, it is remarkably floriferous with rose-magenta flowers virtually covering the tree beginning in late February. Flowering lasts a full four weeks, beginning before and persisting well after its large leaves emerge. It has whitish bark and is multi-stemmed, ultimately reaching 15' tall. This taxon was previously known as Cercis yunnanensis, and it is a native of China.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 18

Cercis racemosa (Fabaceae)
chain-flowered redbud
"Chain-flowered Redbud". known for its rose-purple flowers, 20–40 in 2"–4" long racemes. Grows 20' with a rounded habit. Native to China.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 24
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Chaenomeles speciosa 'Toyo Nishiki' (Rosaceae)
flowering quince
This quince has lovely pink flowers in the spring. Deciduous shrub for the sun and light shade. Zone 7. (3" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 14
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'Golden Spire' (Cupressaceae)
Lawson falsecypress
Narrowly upright, greenish yellow, evergreen false cypress, of which stock is native to coastal California and Oregon. (8"–10" plants)

Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Rubicon' (Cupressaceae)
Atlantic white-cedar
Evergreen false cypress, upright bush with dense juvenile foliage turning plum-purple in winter. Found in Tennessee. (3"–4" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 12

Chionanthus retusus (Oleaceae)
Chinese fringe tree
Leaves ovate or elliptic, flowers in early summer, grows to 20'. Native to China. Deciduous tree for the sun to light shade. Zone 6. (4" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 45
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 10

Cladrastis kentukea (Fabaceae)
American yellowwood
Hardy deciduous tree with smooth bark. Grows to 50'. Long drooping panicles of fragrant white flowers in early summer. Leaves turn clear yellow before falling. Hardwood yields yellow dye. Eastern Asia, Eastern North America. (6" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 12
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 10

Cleyera japonica 'Fortunei' (Ternstroemiaceae)
Evergreen, large shrub with shiny, dark green leaves, variegated with golden-yellow and rose toward margins. Native to Japan. Grows in shady conditions. Zone 8. (5" plants)

Cornus stolonifera 'Isanti' (Cornaceae)
Shrub form of Cornus with red stems. This deciduous shrub is valuable for its winter interest. (12" plants)

Cornus stolonifera 'Silver and Gold' (Cornaceae)
variegated yellow-twig osier dogwood
Shrub form of Cornus with red stems. This deciduous shrub is valuable for its winter interest. (12" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Crinum 'Cecil Houdyshel' (Amaryllidaceae)
crinum-lily
Herbaceous perennial with tunicate bulbs, native to tropics and warm-temperate regions of both hemispheres. Bubblegum pink flowers bloom for three months from summer to fall when established.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 11

Crinum 'Ellen Bosanquet' (Amaryllidaceae)
crinum-lily
Herbaceous perennial with tunicate bulbs, native to tropics and warm-temperate regions of both hemispheres. Burgundy flowers in late summer.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 7

Cryptomeria japonica 'Araucarioides' (Cupressaceae)
whipcord Japanese-cedar
Tall, conical evergreen tree, furnished to the ground, long branches, bright or dark green short leaves. Grows to 15' in 10 years. Best in sun. Native to Japan. Zone 5. (6" plants)"
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Cryptomeria japonica 'Dacrydioides' (Cupressaceae)
whipcord Japanese-cedar
Snake-like weeping foliage; shrubby or pendulous evergreen tree with brown winter color. Japan. (6"–8" plants)
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Cryptomeria japonica 'Giokumo' (Cupressaceae)
Japanese-cedar
Slow-growing, evergreen shrub with coarse, green foliage. Canada. (6" plants)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Gracilis' (Cupressaceae)
slender Japanese-cedar
A clone with loose, but not snake-like habit.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Cryptomeria japonica 'Kilmacurragh' (Cupressaceae)
dwarf cockscomb Japanese-cedar
Dwarf form with a flat-globose to bee-hive shape. Covered with small fasciations, never coarse. Native to Ireland. (4"–6" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Cryptomeria japonica 'Lobbii' (Cupressaceae)
Japanese-cedar
Upright, pyramidal-columnar form. Foliage in clumps, with denser and less pendulous branching than species. Longer, deeper green needles, may be bronze in cold weather. Grows to 30' to 40'. (10" plants)
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Cryptomeria japonica 'Nana Albospica' (Cupressaceae)
variegated Japanese-cedar
Dwarf, dense, globose to upright form; branch tips are white when young turning later to green. The one in the Arboretum is 5'–6' tall. (8" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Cyrilla racemiflora (Cyrillaceae)
swamp cyrilla
Small, late summer-flowering, deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub. Lanceolate leaves turn crimson in autumn. White flowers. A bee plant. Native to North America to South America and the West Indies. Zones 6–11.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 13

Cytisus 'Moonlight' (Fabaceae)
garden broom
Deciduous shrub with cream-yellow flowers. (12" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Deschampsia cespitosa (Poaceae)
tufted hair grass
This small handsome grass with pleated foliage has a clean look in the garden. Does well in moist spots with light shade. Flowers emerge in May in shades from yellow to purple, and are showy well into the summer. Grows 1'–3' tall. Zones 4–9.

Deutzia crenata 'Summer Snow' (Hydrangeaceae)
variegated deutzia
'Summer Snow' has lovely white flowers in late spring and attractive medium green, deciduous leaves with white markings. It forms a low, broad mound typically 2'–4' tall and 3'–4' wide with slender branches. Native to Japan and southeastern China. Hardy in Zones 5–8.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Digitalis parviflora (Plantaginaceae)
Herbaceous perennial grows to 3'. Bears tall cylindrical racemes of small reddish-brown flowers in late spring and early summer. Native to the mountains in northern Spain.

Distylium racemosum 'Guppy' (Hamamelidaceae)
dwarf isu
Attractive dark green evergreen foliage. Produces inconspicuous reddish maroon flowers in the spring. Light shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Elaeagnus pungens 'Glenn Compact' (Elaeagnaceae)
Compact form of this evergreen shrub. This elaeagnus has stayed 3'–3.5' at the Arboretum. (3" plants)

Erica ×darleyensis 'Mediterranean Pink' (Ericaceae)
Darley heath
Much-branched, evergreen shrub. This is the cross of E. carnea x E. mediterranea. Grows to 2', flowers in terminal, leafy racemes, pink. Native to Europe, Mediterranean, and South Africa, Zone 6 Needs well drained soil.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 7

Erythrina flabelliformis (Fabaceae)
Shrub or small tree, flowers before or with young leaves. Native to Arizona, New Mexico, and western Mexico.

Euonymus fortunei 'Greenlane' (Celastraceae)
wintercreeper euonymus
Thick lustrous dark green leaves, vibrant year-round. Pinkish fruits with orange seeds. Matures at 4' by 4' to 6'. This is one Euonymous that did not get scale the last two summers like most other euyonmous. (12" plants)

Gelsemium sempervirens 'Margarita' (Gelsemiaceae)
Carolina jessamine
Cold hardy form, fragrant, flowers slightly larger than species. Selected from seedlings.

Habranthus robustus (Amaryllidaceae)
rain-lily
Bulbous, herbaceous perennial grows to 9" with linear, recurved, spreading leaves that appear after rose-red flowers. Native to Argentina. Sun. Zones 7–10.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 10

Hamamelis vernalis 'Sandra' (Hamamelidaceae)
Ozark witchhazel
Deciduous shrub. Young unfolding leaves suffused plum-purple, becoming green and purple flushed on undersides. In autumn, entire bush ignites into orange, scarlet and red. Flower petals are cadmium-yellow in winter. Originated in Hillier nurseries in 1962. (3" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Hedera colchica 'Dentata Variegata' (Araliaceae)
Woody vine. Juvenile leaves thick, leathery, heart-shaped to 10 in. long, dark dull green with marginally variegated cream. (4"plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Hibiscus (Malvaceae)
mallow
Plants under this name have generally been selections from the hybrids between H. moscheutos and the other herbaceous perennials of North Amer. or forms of H. moscheutos. Petals 5–6 in. long, whitish, pinkish, or purplish-rose, sometimes with basal crimson spot. Coastal marshes of Florida, Georgia, west to Mississippi. (12" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 31
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 19

Hydrangea serrata (Hydrangeaceae)
mountain hydrangea
Charming, dwarf, deciduous shrub with flattened corymbs. Rarely exceeds 3'. A lacecap variety with pink flowers. One of the earliest H. serrata types to flower.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Hydrangea serrata 'Woodlanders' (Hydrangeaceae)
mountain hydrangea
Charming dwarf deciduous shrub with flattened corymbs. Rarely exceeds 3’. Light shade conditions. Has purple fall color.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 4

Hydrangea 'Winterthur Hybrid' (Hydrangeaceae)
Deciduous shrub with large leaves and flattened corymbs. Prefers light shade. Medium grower.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Ilex cornuta 'Sunrise' (Aquifoliaceae)
golden Chinese holly
Chinese holly with leaves greenish yellow near tips, often blotchy, 1 1/2" to 2" long, akin to ‘Burfordii’ leaf. 1/4” diameter deep red fruit. (6" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 25

Ilex opaca 'Old Heavy Berry' (Aquifoliaceae)
American holly
American holly with vigorous, large, dark green leaves. Produces heavy crops of large red fruits. Excellent winter hardiness.

Illicium floridanum f. album 'Semmes' (Illiciaceae)
white Florida anise
White flowered form from Semmes, Alabama area, introduced by Tom Dodd Nurseries. More restrained than the species, heavy flowering. (8' plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Illicium lanceolatum (Illiciaceae)
Chinese anise
Evergreen shrub with elongated foliage. Light to full shade.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 10

Illicium parviflorum (small leaf) (Illiciaceae)
yellow anise
The most rugged landscape performer among Illicium species. Handsome olive green foliage. Yellow-green small flowers in May–June. Found in wet areas in southern Georgia and Florida. Zones 6–9. (12" plants)

Jasminum ×stephanense (Oleaceae)
pink jasmine
Deciduous, vigorous twining shrub. J. beesianum X J. officinale, dull green leaves opposite, leaflets. usually 1, sometimes 3 or incompletely divided; flowers pink, fragrant, not very attractive. Hybridized in Nancy, France, but found later in western China. Zones 7–8. (2' plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 9

Juniperus chinensis [Japonica Group] 'Oblonga' (Cupressaceae)
Chinese juniper
Upright, evergreen conifer. Grows to 10'–15' tall with a 3'–4' spread. Native to Asia. Zone 4. (10" plants)

Juniperus horizontalis 'Aunt Jemima' (Cupressaceae)
creeping juniper
Known as creeping juniper or creeping cedar. Procumbent shrub with long trailing branches forming a mat about 1' tall. A compact form of 'Plumosa' selected by the D. Hill Nursery, Dundee, Illinois. Native to the United States. (12" plants)

Juniperus thurifera 'Nana' (Cupressaceae)
dwarf incense juniper
Evergreen conifer with blue-green foliage, upright habit, dwarf form. (12" plants)

Kalmia latifolia (Ericaceae)
mountain laurel
Evergreen shrub, 3'–4' high, tree-like in habitat, corolla 3"–4" wide, pink to white, May–June. Alternate leaves. Thrives only on acid soils, shade, leaves and flowers poisonous to livestock. Native to eastern North America. Zone 5. (4"–6" plants)"
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 40
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 44

Lagerstroemia indica 'Candy Cane' (Lythraceae)
Medium sized deciduous shrub with bi-colored (white and red) flowers. (8"–12" plants)

Lonicera ×italica 'Sherlite' (Caprifoliaceae)
Harlequin™ variegated woodbine honeysuckle
Attractive (and restrained) variegated honeysuckle. Pink, two-lipped flowers in spring, and blue-tinged foliage in summer (10" plants)

Lonicera sempervirens 'Magnifica' (Caprifoliaceae)
trumpet honeysuckle
Climbing vine, evergreen in the South, flowers in spikes, orange-scarlet, yellow inside. 2 in long. in summer, but this cultivar has late flowering. Zone 4
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Loropetalum chinense (Dodd form) (Hamamelidaceae)
Chinese fringe-flower
Reddish purple leaf, evergreen shrub. Selection from Dodd's Nursery. So far has stayed more vase shaped than other Loropetalums and also has larger leaves. Zone 7–9. (4" plants)

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum (Piroche form) (Hamamelidaceae)
purple-leaf Chinese fringe-flower
Similar to the other loropetalums, reddish purple leaves and pink flowers. Zones 7–9. (4" plants)

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum (variegated) (Hamamelidaceae)
bicolor Chinese fringe-flower
Comparable to other Loropetalums, the difference being in the green and maroon leaves. The variegation does not appear to be stable and some branches will revert to reddish purple. (4" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Magnolia 'Betty' (Magnoliaceae)
This is one of the Little Girl Hybrids, a group of hybrids from the cross between M. liliiflora 'Nigra' and M. stellata 'Rosea'. Deep purple-red outside to white, copper-red new growth. Grows 10'–15' with a broad rounded habit. Zones 5–8. (4" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Magnolia virginiana var. australis 'Santa Rosa' (Magnoliaceae)
evergreen sweet bay magnolia
Large, dark green, evergreen leaf form from Woodlander's. A vigorous growing small Magnolia. Will tolerate light shade. Zones 5–9. (4" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Mahonia 'Arthur Menzies' (Berberidaceae)
grapeholly
Medium tall to tall shrub, leaves with numerous pinnae, flowers in clusters of loose, terminal racemes. Better growth in the shade. Zone 9. (8" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 13
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 5

Myrica heterophylla (Myricaceae)
Southern bayberry
Evergreen shrub or small tree to 15' high. Both flowers dioecious and inconspicuous, fruits gray-white, with heavy waxy coating. Native to the United States. Zone 8. (4" plants)
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Nyssa ogeche (Nyssaceae)
Ogeechee lime
Deciduous tree with dense, dark green foliage. In the fall, the large, edible, reddish fruits are striking. This tree is a swamp species but has done well in dry soil. Major source of nectar for bees. Native in the Southeast from South Carolina to Florida. Reaches 30' tall. Zone 6–9.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Nyssa sinensis (Nyssaceae)
Chinese tupelo
Fast growing, adaptable tree with red-orange fall color, dark purple seeds. Grows 30'–50'. Native to China. Zones 6–9. (10" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Parthenocissus quinquefolia 'Monham' (Vitaceae)
Star Showers® variegated Virginia creeper
High climbing, deciduous vine with tendrils. Zone 3. (4"–6" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Periploca sepium (Apocynaceae)
silk vine
Deciduous, shrubby vine, twining to 10', similar to P. graeca, but smaller and more delicate. Flowers have a violet-brown interior with a yellowish-green exterior. Flowers in June–July. Leaves yellow in autumn. Native to China. Zone 7. (8" plants)

Philadelphus 'Natchez' (Hydrangeaceae)
mock-orange
Deciduous shrub with fragrant, prolific pure white flowers in early spring. Large upright form 8'–10'. Sun to light shade. Zones 6–9. (2' plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5

Photinia davidiana 'Palette' (Rosaceae)
Semi-evergreen to evergreen, 4'–6' shrub. Has reddish pink shoots that become light green with pink and cream leaves. It does flower and has red fruit. Don't let the name throw you, it does not have the characteristics of the other Photinias. Native to China. Zones 6–7. (10"–18" plants)

Physocarpus opulifolius (Rosaceae)
ninebark
Upright spreading shrub, grows to 10', with old bark separating in many thin layers. Flowers white or pinkish in June. Fruits reddish. Best in full sun or partial shade. Native to central and eastern North America. Zones 2–7. (1'–2' plants)
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Picea abies 'Pyramidata' (Pinaceae)
Norway spruce
Evergreen conifer with normal growth. Tall tree. (3" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Picea retroflexa (Pinaceae)
Similar in habit to Picea abies. Has gray bark that exfoliates in thin scales. A tall, evergreen conifer. Native to China. (4" plants)

Pieris 'Bert Chandler' (Ericaceae)
pieris
Evergreen shrub with attractive, salmon-pink young leaves at first, turning glossy cream-yellow, then white, and finally deep green. (8" plants)

Platanus occidentalis 'Howard' (Platanaceae)
golden sycamore
Tall, deciduous tree. New foliage emerges yellow and fades with the summer heat. Striking white, mottled bark. Zones 4–9.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Platycladus orientalis 'Sanderi' (Cupressaceae)
dwarf oriental arborvitae
Dwarf, juvenile form of this conifer, slow growing with a more globose habit. Leaves are needle-like, blue-green in summer, purplish in winter. (3"–6" tall)

Prunus laurocerasus 'Camelliifolia' (Rosaceae)
curly-leaf cherrylaurel
A large shrub or small tree sporting dark green leaves that are twisted and curled.
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Prunus 'Okame' (Rosaceae)
flowering cherry
A small tree with masses of carmine-rose flowers opening throughout March. ( 3’’ tall)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 6
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 4

Prunus persica 'Pillar' (Rosaceae)
columnar flowering peach
Pyramidal form with light pink flowers in the spring. Species native to China. Zones 5–9. (12" plants)

Quercus phillyreoides 'Emerald Sentinel' (Fagaceae)
columnar Ubame oak
A new cultivar from The NCSU Arboretum which differs from the species in being more upright (almost fastigate) with great vigor (2'–4' per year once established)—making a beautiful and fast-growing multi-trunk evergreen tree. USDA Zones 6–9. Best in sun. (4"–6" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Salix chaenomeloides (Salicaceae)
giant pussywillow
Rapid grower, mature at 15'–20'. Large red flower buds with pink to rose colored catkins. Species native to Japan. Zones 6–8. (2' plants)"
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 14
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 2

Salix cinerea 'Tricolor' (Salicaceae)
variegated grey willow
A large shrub with catkins appearing before the leaves in spring. Leaves are mottled with creamy yellow and white. (2' plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Sarcococca ruscifolia (Buxaceae)
fragrant sweet box
A small, slow-growing, evergreen shrub with fragrant white flowers; dark red berries; and thick, shiny, ovate, dark green leaves. Native to southern China. Zone 9.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 8

Sciadopitys verticillata (Sciadopityaceae)
Japanese umbrella pine
Slow growing, pyramidal, evergreen conifer. Needles 3"–5" long. Monoecious. These seedlings are three years old and still only 3" tall. Zone 6.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 25
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 20

Senna hebecarpa (Fabaceae)
American wild senna
Southern U.S. perennial to 4 feet with yellow flowers. New England to Wisconsin, south to North Carolina.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 3

Sophora davidii (Fabaceae)
Father David's sophora
Deciduous shrub with pale violet to nearly white flowers. Zone 5. (6"–8" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 24
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Sophora flavescens (Fabaceae)
yellow necklace-pod
Subshrub (shrubby in milder climates) with narrowly ovate leaves and yellowish-white flowers in racemes on current years wood in July and August. Native to China. Zone 6.

Spiraea salicifolia (Rosaceae)
bridewort
Narrowly upright, stoloniferous shrub. Flowers are pink in slender panicles in June–July. Naturalizes rapidly. Native to southeastern Europe to northeastern Asia. Zone 5. (12" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Stachyurus salicifolius (Stachyuraceae)
willowleaf spike-tail
Deciduous shrub with elongated willow-like leaves that measure 6” in length. Prefers shady conditions. (12" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 6
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 4

Symphoricarpos ×chenaultii (Caprifoliaceae)
Chenault coralberry
Fine textured, deciduous shrub. 4'–6' tall with abundant and open branches. Pink flowers in June–July. Fruits are very ornamental with red with white spots. "The best species of the genus." A 1940 hybrid from Ontario, Canada Zone 5. (4"–6" plants)

Symphyotrichum ericoides 'Schneegitter' (Asteraceae)
white heath aster
Dwarf, 4"–6" tall, ground cover perennial with pure white flowers in autumn. (3"–4" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 7

Tecoma stans (Bignoniaceae)
yellow trumpetbush
Shrub or small tree to 20'. Flowers are bright yellow and 2'' long. Native from Florida, Mexico, to Argentina. Zones 8–9.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 6
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 1

Tetradium ruticarpum (Rutaceae)
Himalayan bee-bee tree
A fast-growing small to medium deciduous tree, with large pinnate leaves. Native to the Himalaya, E and SE Asia
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Thuja 'Green Giant' (Cupressaceae)
arborvitae
Medium growing evergreen conifer with lush dark green foliage. Could grow to 30', makes a great screening plant . Full sun or partial shade. Zones 5–8. (10" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 3

Thuja koraiensis × T. standishi (Cupressaceae)
hybrid arborvitae
Rapid growing, conical conifer.

Thuja occidentalis 'Asplenifolia' (Cupressaceae)
American arborvitae
Evergreen tree with a narrow, ascending habit and dense, stiff twigs. Shoots are densely clustered at tip of branches becoming somewhat pendulous from the weight. Zones 3–7.

Thuja occidentalis 'Pygmaea' (Cupressaceae)
dwarf American arborvitae
Dense, compact, irregular, dwarf conifer with blue-green foliage; 2' to 2.5' tall by 2'–3' wide. ( 6" plants)

Thuja occidentalis 'Sherwood Moss' (Cupressaceae)
dwarf American arborvitae
Dwarf evergreen with cone-shape, 4'–6' tall, the green juvenile foliage turns bronze in winter. Zone 3–7
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 2

Trochodendron aralioides (Trochodendraceae)
wheel tree
Evergreen tree native to easter Asia that grows to 60'. Interesting, bright green flowers are approximately 0.5". The tree at the Arboretum has a globose habit. Zone 8. (4" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 20
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 4

Viburnum dilatatum 'Erie' (Adoxaceae)
linden viburnum
Deciduous shrub twice as wide as tall (5' by 9'). Yellow, orange, and red fall color with abundant fruits beginning pink, changing to coral, then fading to a lighter shade. Developed from Japanese seed. (3" plants)
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1

Viburnum 'Emerald Triumph' (Adoxaceae)
Pellett hybrid viburnum
Leathery dark green foliage with white flowers, and green-reddish fruit. More compact than V. lantana, grows 6'–8'. Sun to partial shade. Zones 4–7.

Wisteria ×formosa 'Kokuryu' (Fabaceae)
black dragon wisteria
Deeply fragrant racemes, blooming all at once in early summer. Does not seem to be as vigorous grower as other Wisterias. Zone 5. (6" plants)

Xanthocyparis nootkatensis (Cupressaceae)
Nootka falsecypress
Evergreen tree with a slender conical habit and densely spreading branches. Reaches 90'–120' tall in its native habitat of coastal northwestern United States.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 1
Number of photographs in J. C. Raulston's slide collection: 4

Zephyranthes mesochloa (Amaryllidaceae)
rain-lily
Small, bulbous, herbaceous perennial with bright green, linear leaves up to 10". Pinkish flowers are just under 2" and open in summer, especially after a rain. Native to Argentina. Zone 7.

Zephyranthes reginae (Amaryllidaceae)
rain-lily
Hardy bulb with yellow flowers in May to October. Grows best in sun. Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 10

Zephyranthes (Sunset Strain) (Amaryllidaceae)
sunset rain-lily
This seed strain has coppery pink flowers. Comes true from seed. Zone 7.
Number of photographs in the Photograph Collection: 5

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