Note: The JCRA launched a new Web site on March 1. Please visit us at http://jcra.ncsu.edu. This site, http://www.ncsu.edu/jcraulstonarboretum/, is no longer being updated.

Friends of the Arboretum Newsletter
Fall 2008 – Volume 12, Number 2

Words from the Director

Director's Letter

Greetings from the JC Raulston Arboretum. On behalf of the staff of the JCRA, I am pleased to present this fall 2008 JCRA newsletter. This past spring and summer have been extremely busy for all of us here at the JCRA—lots of changes and progress have occurred in the gardens. We are fortunate that rainfall, although not abundant, has at least been adequate this year to sustain our collections without the need for regular irrigation. Measures are being undertaken to develop the irrigation infrastructure to allow the JCRA to utilize the water in the pond at the rear of the Horticulture Field Lab for our routine irrigation needs. Completion of this system will allow the JCRA to divorce itself from the municipal water system for irrigation purposes, which will be good for both the JCRA and the City of Raleigh.

Some staff changes have taken place since the last newsletter. Layne Snelling, the coordinator of the JCRA plant breeding efforts, retired after almost 30 years of dedicated service to the Department of Horticultural Science and, most recently, the JCRA. Layne was the ultimate team player, and in addition to coordinating the plant breeding efforts, Layne assisted in many other ways to help the JCRA. Anthony Beck, our horticultural assistant, who had been such an integral part of the great changes that have occurred in the Arboretum over the last year, left us in late July to pursue a law degree. We will greatly miss Layne and Anthony, and wish them both the best. Autumn Keck, our former associate director of membership and fund-raising events, left the JCRA this past May after giving birth to a baby girl. We wish Autumn the best in this exciting new chapter in her life. I am pleased and delighted to share the news that Anne Porter, who has served in the past as the director of development for the JCRA, but most recently was director of development for CALS Academic Programs, has now returned to the JCRA as the director of development. We are pleased to have Anne back with us at the JCRA. Anne has so much passion for the JCRA and its members, and we look forward to her leadership in JCRA membership and fund-raising initiatives.

One of our major garden efforts this year has been the renovation and expansion of the Southwestern Garden and adjacent beds. Although there were some great plant specimens in this area, the Southwestern Garden was showing its age and in need of serious attention and improvement. Guided by the new JCRA Master Plan and with the design assistance of the Master Plan committee, and through funding provided by the North Carolina Nursery and Landscape Association, the Southwestern Garden has been completely transformed into a dynamic garden space. The scope of the garden now transcends plants endemic only to the southwestern United States; hence the garden has been renamed the Xeric Garden to reflect the emphasis and inclusion of both North American and introduced drought-tolerant plants. The garden has only recently been planted, but it already demonstrates a character that only will be enhanced as the garden matures.

In addition to the new plantings in the Xeric Garden, the JCRA has acquired 1,110 new plant accessions in calendar years 2007 and 2008, most of which have already been planted in the Arboretum proper. Although not all are necessarily new plants to the trade, most are first-time residents here at the JCRA. We invite you to come examine these new accessions. By the time you receive this newsletter, Mark Weathington, our assistant director and curator of collections, will have returned from his plant exploration trip to Taiwan, hopefully with some interesting plants for the Arboretum collection.

Finding one's way through the Arboretum, and accessibility for handicapped and disabled guests, has always been problematic at the JCRA. This limitation was addressed in the JCRA Master Plan, and I am pleased to share that installation of a main path through the center of the Arboretum has been completed. Almost 300' in length, the new path extends from the existing Geophyte Border to the Necessary, and parallels the herbaceous Perennial Border. The path was constructed of Chapel Hill gravel, and includes a beautiful concrete edge with leaf pressings on both sides of the path. With this path now completed, navigating the central part of the Arboretum will be easier for all guests, and our handicapped guests now have an accessible route extending from the Bobby G. Wilder Visitor Center to the A. E. Finley Foundation Rooftop Terrace and from the Rooftop Terrace to the Necessary. Additional projects are planned to enhance our path system in the future. As you walk around the Arboretum on our new paths, please note the new permanent interpretative signs that have been placed adjacent to some of our special plants and gardens. These new educational signs have been created by Nancy Doubrava, our interpretive specialist, and will enhance our ability to educate and inform guests about our plants and gardens as they walk the Arboretum. Look for more of these to be added in the collections as the year progresses. These new signs have been made possible through a grant from the Stanley Smith Horticultural Trust.

In the past three months, the JCRA has been host to some noteworthy groups. The Society for Economic Botany held their annual conference at Duke University in early June, and the JCRA was proud to be a co-sponsor. Over 150 U.S. and international scientists attended the conference, and as part of their activities, the attendees visited the JCRA for an evening dinner and tour of the collections. Later in June, the Garden Centers of America held their annual "Summer Tour" in North Carolina. The JCRA was pleased to host this group of over 100 garden center operators from across the United States for their evening program, dinner, and Arboretum tours on Monday, June 23. Attendees in both groups commented on the wonderful diversity and the professional appearance and presentation of the Arboretum collections, a testament to the efforts of all of our staff and volunteers.

Later in this newsletter, you will find exciting news from Anne Porter regarding some recent major gifts to the JCRA. We sincerely appreciate the generosity of these donors, and their incredible support of the JCRA. Our spring 2008 Gala in the Garden was a great success this year. This was my third Gala since I became director, and it was great to have a Gala that was rain- and wind-free. This year's Gala raised over $80,000 for the JCRA, an all-time record. Thanks to all who made this event such a great success. It was great to have former JCRA director Bob Lyons join us for the Gala. Bob was at the helm of the JCRA at a very critical and difficult time, and so much of what we enjoy here today can be traced to his leadership.

I am pleased to share that the JC Raulston Arboretum Endowment for Excellence general endowment fund has now reached almost $170,000. Growth in this fund is so critical to the future of the JCRA. If you are considering a gift to the JCRA, please consider making a contribution to the JCRA Endowment for Excellence. By doing so you can take satisfaction that your contribution will generate recurring yearly income to sustain the future operations of the JCRA. Many of you attended one of numerous Summer Solstice Celebration parties held in June to benefit the JCRA. JCRA supporters around the state hosted these fund-raising parties, and I am pleased to share that almost $38,000 was raised at these Summer Solstice Celebration parties. This is remarkable, considering this was the first year for this event. Funds raised at the Summer Solstice Celebration parties were equally divided between the JCRA Endowment for Excellence and the JCRA Master Plan. I extend a sincere thank you to all of the special hosts, the donors, and especially to Helen Yoest, JCRA board member and Arboretum supporter, who proposed and coordinated this event.

We were fortunate to have a great group of seven student interns join us this past summer at the JCRA. This group of interns participated in diverse jobs and responsibilities in the gardens, and made significant contributions to all of our summer projects. Most noteworthy was their involvement in the renovation of the Southwestern Garden and the establishment of the new Xeric Garden. I am confident that their experiences at the JCRA have had a significant impact on their personal and professional development. I appreciate all they did for us. If you are interested in sponsoring a student intern in summer of 2009, please contact Anne Porter or myself. Sponsoring a JCRA summer student intern is a great way to benefit both the Arboretum and a deserving student.

We are very excited about some of the new plants being developed in the JCRA plant breeding program. Our first Buddleja release, the compact 'Blue Chip', is doing quite well in its first year of introduction, and is available now in some garden centers. Later in 2008, a unique bright pink form we have developed will be released as 'Miss Ruby', in honor of Ruby McSwain, whose kindness and generosity made possible the Ruby C. McSwain Education Center at the JCRA. Ask for these cultivars when you visit your local nursery and garden center. Sales of each plant benefit the JCRA Endowment for Excellence fund. At the North Carolina Nursery and Landscape Association (NCNLA) summer trade show, we shared two new JCRA plant breeding releases with North Carolina nurserymen. Buddleja 'Summer Frost' is a beautiful silver-leaved form with semi-pendant branched panicles, similar to those of 'Dartmoor'. Lantana 'Sunset Beach', developed as a result of an undergraduate student research project some years ago, is a beautiful pink and yellow bicolor, fully perennial to at least Zone 8. We have lots of exciting new Buddleja in advanced testing; other great releases are planned in the near future. In our redbud breeding work, we are moving forward with three exciting new selections, and at this time are building up stock at a few redbud propagation nurseries across the country. We anticipate availability of these new JCRA cultivars in 2010 and 2011.

Please take advantage of the upcoming Friends of the Arboretum Lectures for 2008 and 2009. Chris Glenn has done his usual excellent job of developing a diverse and excellent program. Remember, if you miss a lecture, view it online through our members-only link. Mark Weathington will continue his historically popular Plantsmen's Tours on the first or second Tuesday afternoon of the month beginning this fall. These, too, are recorded, and made available for member viewing.

In this issue, you will find a diverse offering of interesting and educational articles. We are particularly pleased that Vikramjit Bajwa, a graduate student in the Department of Horticultural Science, has shared his expertise with us in this newsletter. Vikramjit's research involves the study of a class of plant hormones called brassinosteroids, and I was delighted when he agreed to write an article about brassinosteroids and other hormones involved in the control of dwarfism in plants. Thank you, Vikramjit!

Before I close, I would like to express my sincere thanks to the JCRA staff for their efforts and dedicated service to the JCRA. We are a small staff faced with a big job. This group always rises to the challenge, and they are a wonderful group of people to work with.

I've said enough. I'm sure your eyelids are getting heavy! Go get a cup of coffee. As always, thank you for your support, and please visit your JC Raulston Arboretum.

Denny Werner

Director

Werner's Wanderings

By Denny Werner, Ph.D. , Director

Linnean Society Collections Online

Many of you may never get the opportunity to visit the Linnean Society in London, England, but the miracle of the Web allows you to view the incredible specimens housed in this facility. Plant specimens number 14,300, including 4,000 type specimens. For you butterfly enthusiasts, the Linnean Society has just recently made available digitized images of the Linnean butterflies and moths, part of the 9,000 insect specimens in the Linnean collection. This is just a great Web site to browse. One of the stated goals of the Linnean Society in making the collection available online is to "provide public pleasure and enjoyment" (like the JCRA!), and they certainly have succeeded in doing such. The link is http://www.linnean.org.

Thoreau's Flowers

A recent article in the journal Science entitled "Where Have All Thoreau's Flowers Gone" by Elizabeth Pennisi summarizes an interesting study by Boston University and Harvard researchers who examined the current status of plants that Thoreau documented and recorded during his stay at Walden Pond. These researchers examined the current abundance and time of flowering of species that Henry David Thoreau had carefully documented for six years. Additionally, records exist on plant communities and flowering time from studies done around 1900 at the site. The researchers found that about half of the species documented by Thoreau had decreased significantly in number, and fully 20% had disappeared completely. The authors attribute some of this loss to global warming, as the region is thought to have undergone a 2oC increase in temperature since the mid-1800s. The research was reported at the Evolution 2008 meeting held in Minneapolis, Minnesota earlier this year.

Recommended Reading—The Wild Trees, by Richard Preston

The giant coastal redwood trees inspire awe among those who stand in their presence. Richard Preston accompanies and describes the exploits of a small group of botanists and naturalists whose passion for the redwoods leads them to search for and study the ecology of these remarkable organisms. Refuting the common belief that there are no more "frontiers" in the United States, these researchers explored the previously uncharted and unexplored interior valleys of California that harbor these wonderful trees. Besides describing the discovery of new redwood trees and one tree now recognized as the largest redwood specimen in existence, much of the book is dedicated to describing the previously unstudied ecosystem that exists hundreds of feet up in the canopy of the redwood. An incredible ecosystem consisting of thickets of huckleberries, ferns, and myriad other plant and animal species exist in these canopies, and Richard himself learned tall-tree climbing techniques so he could experience and better describe the majesty of these trees and the ecosystem they support. Highly recommended.

Recommended Reading 2—The Brain That Changes Itself, by Norman Doidge

I felt better about myself after reading this book, for there is hope that yes, I can teach this old brain of mine some new tricks! Norman Doidge is a medical doctor on the faculty at Columbia University where he specializes in psychiatry and psychoanalysis. He eloquently describes recent research in brain function, and provides compelling evidence and case stories that debunk the historical dogma that the brain is hardwired early in life and incapable of significant neurobiological change as one ages. Rather, he shows that the brain is extraordinarily adaptable and capable of forming new neural connections in response to disease, trauma, and injury, focused training, etc. Chapter 8, entitled "Imagination" was particularly interesting, for it deals with the issue of developing new motor skills, such as learning to play a musical instrument. He describes the remarkable studies of "imagining" experiments, that conclusively show that one can build competence in new motor skill development (in this case, playing a piano piece) not only by physical practice, but also by imagining playing and hearing the piece. The entire book resonated with me. I believe you would enjoy this book, and find it useful in some way in your life.

Horticulture

Hydrangeas

By Mark Weathington, Assistant Director and Curator of Collections

Hydrangeas are among the best known garden plants around. Despite being grown in the west for well over two centuries, there is still a legacy of confusion surrounding these worthy landscape shrubs and vines. About 25 species in total are generally recognized, with most coming from Asia and Central and South America. The main shrubby species available to gardeners are Hydrangea macrophylla, H. paniculata, and H. serrata from Asia and H. arborescens and H. quercifolia from the United States. These plants are grown for their large heads of showy sterile flowers.

Hydrangeas owe much of their popularity to their flamboyant colors, impressive floral display, and ease of care. Once established, they are long-lived garden stalwarts. Establishment is important; new plants should be situated in a somewhat shady location with a rich, well-drained, organic soil and watered regularly for the first two years. H. paniculata is fine in full sun and slightly poorer soils; H. quercifolia will tolerate some sun, but will tend to droop in the hot afternoon. In general, hydrangeas are fairly drought tolerant once well-established, but look so poor under dry conditions that they probably shouldn't be grown where supplemental irrigation or a moist spot isn't assured. The exception is H. paniculata which is an exceptionally tough plant as is, to a lesser extent, H. quercifolia.

Pruning hydrangeas has been a mystery for many people for many years. In general, hydrangeas do not need to be pruned, as evidenced by large, untended specimens around old homesteads. If pruning is a must, there are a few simple rules to follow. For H. macrophylla and H. serrata, flowers are formed on the previous year's growth, so pruning hard during the winter will greatly reduce or entirely eliminate flowering. Flower buds are generally formed along the stems, but only the apical or tip buds actually develop flowers. If these buds are removed, the lower or axillary buds will often develop flowers. Many hydrangeas can therefore be pruned back halfway or more in fall or late winter and still put on an impressive floral display. Before pruning, examine the stem for large (~0.5") buds, as not all cultivars produce these axillary buds. Another pruning method is to remove about a quarter or a third of the oldest stems at ground level each year on established plants. This is a good way to keep the plant healthy and vigorous and works well for both of these types of hydrangeas. Some of the newer remontant, or re-blooming, hydrangeas can be pruned hard over the winter and still produce flowers reliably.

Pruning the other forms of hydrangea is a much simpler matter. H. paniculata flowers on new wood. It can be pruned hard in winter and will develop new shoots and flower heads that are often so large that the stems will bend under their weight. If pruned lightly or not at all, smaller, more numerous flower clusters are produced. H. arborescens flowers on new wood and should simply be cut to the ground in winter. The other southeastern native, H. quercifolia can be left alone or pruned lightly in late fall or winter for shape and to control size. All of these hydrangeas can be deadheaded after flowering or spent flowers can be left for winter interest, based on personal aesthetics.

Flower color in the H. macrophylla/H. serrata selections is always another dilemma for gardeners. In the simplest of terms, the availability of aluminum in the soil determines flower color. In basic (high pH) soils, aluminum is tightly bound to calcium and is unavailable to the hydrangea, so the flowers will be pink. In typical southeastern soils, there is plenty of aluminum available and a relatively low pH, so flowers will tend toward blue. Many soils fall somewhere in the middle and flower color can be an attractive mauve. In the Lath House at JCRA, the soil is acidic due to the large amount of pine bark which would lead one to expect blue flowers. However, the lack of mineral soil means there is very little aluminum present and most of the flowers are purplish to pink. Additions of aluminum sulfate will help blue your hydrangeas, while a couple of cups of lime over the root system will pink them up. Some hydrangeas will stay bluer even where aluminum is not readily available and others will be pink even when it is.

JCRA Standouts

H. arborescens 'Balsam'
Discovered by Michael Dirr, Ph.D. , in the North Carolina Balsam Mountains, it has large sterile flower heads held on sturdy stems. Although similar to the more common 'Annabelle', the smaller flower clusters on stouter stems make it a tidier garden plant. Between the Butterfly Garden and the Finley-Nottingham Rose Garden.

H. arborescens 'Eco Pink Puff'
Burgundy flower buds open to reveal pink fertile flowers (no large bracts). A different look than the typical hydrangea, but a good garden performer. Discovered by Don Jacobs at Eco Gardens in Georgia. Toward the east end of the Mixed Border.

H. arborescens 'Emerald Lace'
Another odd native hydrangea, 'Emerald Lace' has lacecap flowers with dissected and irregularly cut foliage. Sometimes sold erroneously as 'Green Dragon'. Two specimens, one behind the weeping winged elm across from the east end of the Mixed Border, the other in the center of the Mixed Border.

H. macrophylla 'Big Daddy'
A large mophead hydrangea with huge inflorescences. Changes color readily with pH from light pink to bright blue. Next to the Ruby C. McSwain Education Center.

H. macrophylla 'Blaumeise'
One of our best performers, this lacecap is sited in sun here at the JCRA. This form tends to stay blue even under low pH conditions but will eventually turn rosy in the absence of available aluminum. In the Conifer Collection.

H. macrophylla 'Masja'
A dwarf mophead with medium-sized flower clusters that fits in well beneath larger shrubs and small trees. Flower color often is midway between deep red and blue. In the Lath House.

H. macrophylla 'Oregon Pride'
Stout, dark stems support richly colored mophead flowers, typically rose to purple colored. A vigorous grower with attractive foliage. In the Lath House.

H. paniculata 'Dharuma'
A dwarf form more suitable for smaller suburban gardens than other cultivars of this species. Next to the McSwain Center.

H. paniculata 'Greenspire'
Long, somewhat narrow inflorescences start lime green before fully turning white, then aging to a pale green. A vigorous growing shrub. In the District X Garden Club of North Carolina Wall Garden.

H. 'Preziosa'
A presumed H. macrophylla × serrata hybrid with typically pink flowers aging to a beautiful red in fall. Autumn foliage color is often a very nice burgundy. In the Paradise Garden.

H. quercifolia 'Flemygea' (Snow Queen™)
A heavy flowering selection with somewhat smaller leaves and shorter stature than the species. Medium sized, dense flower spikes are held upright. Fall color is deep burgundy. In the Lath House.

H. quercifolia 'Little Honey'
A yellow-leaf form of the popular dwarf 'Pee Wee'. The color holds well in moderate sunlight and flowers are produced at a young age. Fall color is rosy-purple. At the corner of the Bobby G. Wilder Visitor Center.

H. serrata 'Grayswood'
An old, but very reliable lacecap with larger sterile florets than the species. Pink to blue flower color, aging to rose. Reddish fall color. Near the boardwalk in the Mixed Border.

H. serrata 'Kurenai'
New foliage emerges gold before darkening to chartreuse as the summer progresses. Pink to blue lacecap flowers appear in June. Fall color is often bright orange to burgundy. Behind the Wilder Visitor Center.

H. serrata (Wilson 7820)
A dwarf, early-flowering form that was wild collected by Ernest "Chinese" Wilson. Typically pink flowered, blue only with very low acidity and plenty of aluminum. A heavy flowering and reliable performer. Right of the McSwain Center doors.

JCRA 2008 Summer Interns

By Denny Werner, Ph.D. , Director

The JCRA was fortunate to have seven wonderful students join us for the 2008 summer internship program. These students engaged in a diversity of activities and responsibilities during their internship program that broadened their horticultural knowledge outside a classroom setting. We sincerely appreciate all they contributed to the programs and gardens of the JCRA during their time with us.

Meet the Interns

Bradley Cole recently completed his degree at NC State University in agricultural extension education, with a concentration in horticultural science. Bradley interned with the Wake County Cooperative Extension Service in spring 2008, and has worked for Eastern Landscapes in Coats, North Carolina, from 2005-2007. He is an Eagle Scout, and is a Friend of the JCRA. Bradley is from Coats, North Carolina.

David Hoffman is an intern "early bird" in that he is interning with the JCRA prior to beginning his studies in horticultural science at NC State this fall semester. David is active in the Scouts, and he has considerable horticultural experience working for his parents at Hoffman Nursery. I believe he was happy to work with something besides grasses at the JCRA this summer! David is from Rougemont, North Carolina.

Jessica Kitzmiller is a senior at Catawba College in Salisbury, North Carolina, majoring in environmental science and minoring in biology. She will be graduating in December 2008. Jessica has experience at Noah's Ark Wildlife Center, a non-profit organization founded and run by her parents that has rehabilitated wildlife since 1997. Jessica has done some interesting work for her senior research project, testing mercury levels in bird feathers. She currently lives in Raleigh.

Jeffrey Malcolm is a horticultural science major. He has returned to acquire his B.S. degree in horticulture after a break of nearly ten years in his studies.  During that time, Jeff worked in a number of landscaping positions. He was senior groundskeeper at Davidson College for six years, groundskeeper at the Methodist Home for two years, and a landscape technician at Paramount Carowinds for a brief period. He worked as a groundskeeper at Meredith College in 2007, and interned in the Department of Horticultural Science's greenhouse conservatory this past semester. Jeff is currently living in Apex, North Carolina.

Stephen Panasci is a sophomore majoring in horticultural science with an emphasis in landscape design at NC State, and minoring in Italian. He related that he developed his interest in plants and biology from his uncle, who is a biology teacher. Stephen worked as a counselor at a youth camp in summer 2007. Stephen has a wide variety of artistic skills and has expertise in computer design programs. He is from Maplewood, New Jersey.

Russell Reagan is currently majoring in horticultural science at NC State, and will graduate this fall. He is minoring in biology. Russell has been employed at the Phytotron here at NC State this past year, and previously has worked as an irrigation installer with Atlantic Irrigation and Landscaping. Russell is captain of NC State's Men's Rugby Club. Russell is from Mooresville, North Carolina.

Michelle Rose is currently enrolled in the horticultural science program, with an emphasis in landscape design. Michelle has prior degrees in business management (B.A. ) and psychology (B.A. ). Michelle has also taken course work at Central Carolina Community College in the sustainable agriculture program. She is a passionate gardener, and manages the educational garden at her church. She is a Friend of the JC Raulston Arboretum, and lives in Cary, North Carolina.

2008 JCRA Intern Sponsors

"Four Friends" intern sponsors
JC Raulston Arboretum
North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers Association
North Carolina Nursery and Landscape Association
Raleigh Garden Club
Georgina and Dennis Werner
Bobby Wilder

Support a 2009 Intern

Interested in sponsoring an intern during summer 2009? Please contact Denny Werner at (919) 513-7006 or dennis_werner@ncsu.edu or Anne Porter at (919) 513-3829 or anne_porter@ncsu.edu.

The Scree Garden

By Charlie Kidder, JCRA Volunteer

The Scree Garden is one of the newer gardens at the JCRA, having been planted in September 2006. Before we take a look at the plants in the Scree Garden, we should answer the question I hear most often, "What is scree?"

In case you've forgotten most of your geomorphology (the study of land forms; for example, hills, mesas, cuestas, tombolos, and other arcane terms), scree is rocky debris that collects at the base of a slope. Due to the action of freezing and thawing, rocks break into smaller pieces and eventually slide downhill to form areas of scree, sometimes also known as talus slopes. Scree particles generally range from fist-sized down to gravels. There is usually an absence of fine particles and organic matter in scree; therefore, drainage is very sharp.

Scree is most conspicuous and common in arid areas where mechanical weathering from frost action is more common, as opposed to the chemical weathering of rock that occurs in humid climates. Still, scree is not totally absent from climates such as North Carolina's, where it is found in some areas of the mountains.

The scree beds at the JCRA are a rough attempt at duplicating natural scree. The area immediately west of the Ruby C. McSwain Education Center was chosen since it receives sun most of the day, with the afternoon rays reflecting off the building's wall. This mimics the hot, sunny, and dry conditions that plants growing in natural scree would experience.

To create the Scree Garden, the turf in this area was killed, and the clay soil was broken up to improve drainage. Then a special soil mix, three parts sandy loam and one part PermaTill, was built up in berms on top of this subsoil. The berms reach a maximum height of about 4' and a width up to about 12'. A mulch of one to two inches of PermaTill was applied before planting.

Plants in the Scree Garden come from a variety of areas where the climate is dry and/or drainage is exceptional. The agaves hail from the U.S. Southwest, Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies. There are 200–250 species of Agave; they are currently represented by about 20 taxa in the Scree Garden. The various species hybridize freely, and several exist in many varieties and forms, as well.

Agaves are usually grown for their sculptural form and foliage color, rather than the flowers, since most species are monocarpic; that is, they flower once in their life, then die. They go out with a bang, however. In the larger species, a 15' stalk shoots up in less than two months and bears dozens if not hundreds of flowers.

Even the few species of agave in the Scree Garden display an amazing variation in shape and color. An Agave potatorum hybrid sports very broad gray-green leaves with purplish tips and spines. On the other end of the foliage spectrum, A. aff. tenuifolia has leaves that appear almost grass-like. And there is a foliar bonus on some species: as the leaves unfold from the central rosette, they bear the imprint of the adjoining leaves, adding considerable interest when viewed at close range. (Not too close, mind you!)

There are several plants related to the agaves in the Scree Garden. Yuccas (Yucca spp. ) are also in the Agavaceae family and are more widely known to most easterners, since a few species are native to this part of the country. The Nolinaceae family is represented by Nolina and Dasylirion species, both with elongate grass-like leaves, but with varying degrees of toothiness on the margins. The foliage of all of these plants flutters in a strong breeze, producing an almost hypnotic effect.

But perhaps you aren't a big fan of the spiky nature of the Agavaceae and Nolinaceae. If you prefer something of a frillier texture, check out the ferns growing in the Scree Garden. Yes, there are ferns that like sun and dry conditions. Pellaea calomelanos sports blue-gray foliage that allows it to withstand intense sunlight; P. ovata has distinctive zigzag rachises and hails from Texas, Mexico, Hispaniola, and Central and South America.

Not all these ferns have origins in dry climates, however. Cheilanthes lanosa, with the delightful common name of hairy lip fern, is indigenous to the Midwest and eastern United States. , including the North Carolina Piedmont and mountains. By growing on top of rock outcrops, it too lives in a xeric environment.

But don't think the Scree Garden is only about the varying textures and foliage tones. There is also color—that is, other than green—to be found in the Scree Garden. Several cultivars of rain-lilies, Zephryanthes and Habranthus, put out their delicate pastel flowers after showers.

And if you want shocking colors, you can't miss the many salvias (Salvia spp. ) in the Scree Garden. In fact, don't even try to miss the salvias! The various cultivars of Salvia greggii put out dark red, hot pink, magenta, or pink-and-white flowers, from spring to fall, with a short break in mid-summer. Salvia chamaedryoides stands out from the crowd with its gray-green foliage and cobalt blue flowers.

We would be remiss if we did not thank Tony Avent of Plant Delights Nursery for donating many of the plants and Carolina Stalite Co. for providing their expanded slate product, PermaTill.

The Scree Garden provides year-round floral and textural interest. Creation of a scree garden is relatively simple and allows one to grow a unique palette of plants typically challenging to grow in our hot and humid climate.

Scree Sampler

By Tim Alderton, Research Technician

In the preceding article, Charlie Kidder explained to you what scree is, how our garden was constructed, and talked about just a few of the plants there. I am going to tell you a bit more about a small sampling of some of the other plants that you may encounter.

Clematis is a genus best known for large flowering vines that want their roots in the cool moist shade and their heads in the sun. So you would not expect to find Clematis growing in the inhospitable heat and drought of the Scree Garden, but many of the smaller, non-climbing species can naturally be found in just these types of conditions. These species are not as showy as that of their larger cousins, but are interesting to plant in that dry, sunny spot where few other plants will prosper. Clematis ochroleuca is one of those clematises. A native of the sandy Coastal Plain from New York to Georgia, it is perfectly at home on the well-drained soils of the Scree Garden. The foliage is simple, undivided, elliptically shaped, and opposite along the wiry stems. Cream colored sepals surround the stamens and pistils of the campanulate 0.5"–1" flowers borne at the tips of the 8"–12" tall shoots in spring and early summer. Following the flowers, tufts of silvery seedheads top the stems. Clematis fremontii, a similar species from dry rocky soils in Nebraska, Kansas, and Missouri, as well as from disjunct populations found as recently as 2006 in Georgia and Tennessee, has sepals that range in color from purple to creamy white. The young leaves and stems, as well as the flowers, have a slight pubescence covering them. Of the two plants in the Scree Garden, one has flowered white; maybe the second will be another color when it flowers. A third clematis species in the Scree Garden, C. hirsutissima, is native to much of the western United States and southwestern Canada. It naturally grows on sagebrush plains and in open ponderosa pine forests. This species has a similar diminutive size as that of the two preceding species, but with very different foliage. Clematis hirsutissima has very thinly cut foliage topped in early spring by small, purple, campanulate flowers. The entire plant is covered in a haze of fine hairs. Ours has yet to flower, but I look forward to seeing it in future springs.

Violets are often thought of as the scourge of many a garden, popping up in the lawn and beds. When pulled, the plant returns from either the rhizomes or unseen hundreds of seeds that hide in the soil. One species, though, was welcomed into the Scree Garden. Viola pedata, the bird's foot violet, is not the thug that many of its relatives are. This small clumping species is a native to Wake County and can be found throughout much of the eastern half of North America. Where it gets its common name is obvious when one sees the deeply cut, three- to five-lobed, bird's foot-like leaves. In the wild, they are commonly found growing in dry, rocky, upland settings. There are two in the Scree Garden. Half- to one-inch flowers are perched over the 2"–4" tall foliage from April to June, with sporadic flowering in the fall. The first is the more common, pale lavender-blue flowered form, and the second is a cultivar called V. pedata 'Eco Artist Palette', which has smaller flowers, with the three lower petals being pale lavender blue and the two upper petals a deep royal purple.

Blazing hot dry conditions are a great place to find ferns, right? Of course! These primitive plants have had plenty of time to fit into every niche in the world, including the xeric conditions of rock outcroppings, screes, and deserts, as well as the moist, shady soils we are so accustomed to. There are several in the Scree Garden that have been right at home for the last few years now. A favorite of mine is Pellaea wrightiana. The unreal powder-blue fronds appear and feel more like that of the cheap plastic foliage plants at your favorite fast food restaurant than that of a living fern. This semi-evergreen fern is largely native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, but there are a few disjunct populations in western North Carolina and South Carolina. This little fern grows to about 6"–8" and is right at home in tight crevices or well-drained soil in full sun.

A plant that almost everyone has grown or is growing in their garden is phlox, so it is not surprising to find some species are even present in the Scree Garden. The genus Phlox is almost entirely from North America, aside from a few species that wandered over the Bering Land Bridge into northeastern Asia. Species growing in the Scree Garden are not the common tall garden phlox, so prone to mildew in the heat of summer, but are the smaller spring-flowering species. Phlox nivalis 'Camla' is the first of these phlox to flower. P. nivalis is a native of the Southeast with disjunct populations in Texas, Utah, and Michigan. At first glance, it looks much like that of P. subulata, but is differentiated by having woody stems and subtle differences in the shape of the flowers. It is found growing in sandhills and dry pinelands. P. nivalis 'Camla' covers itself in pale lavender flowers beginning as early as late December and January, but is typically at its peak in March and early April. A second species is Phlox bifida 'Betty Blake', a Midwesterner found growing in dry sandy soils of both open forest and plains. 'Betty Blake' forms a tight, non-spreading dome of slightly ridged foliage that looks like a foot-wide green hedgehog when not in flower. But in April, the dome is covered in lavender blue flowers that have petals so deeply cleft that they appear to have ten petals instead of five.

The preceding plants have all had close association with the eastern United States, but there are many more plants in the scree from more distant places. One such genus, Sinningia, is a close relative of Saintpaulia—better known as the African violet. Sinningia, a Central American and South American genus, includes the florist gloxinia, Sinningia speciosa hybrids. There are two of note we have been growing in the Scree Garden for a few years now; S. sellovii and S. 'Butter and Cream'. Both of these are perfectly adapted to the well-drained, hot conditions of the Scree Garden. Hairs covering their succulent leaves, stems, and flowers help prevent evaporation and large tubers up to 6"–8" across store water and nutrients below ground. Sinningia sellovii, a species from southern Brazil and Argentina, has 0.75" long by 0.25" wide tubular flowers of deep salmon dangling from arching inflorescence up to 18" long on plants that measure up to 3' tall. Sinningia 'Butter and Cream', a hybrid of S. aggregata and S. tubiflora, has creamy white, 1.5" long by 0.5" wide flowers hanging from upright stalks 18" tall, and has light fragrance.

A very different genus, Pulsatilla, has species throughout much of the temperate northern hemisphere. Pulsatilla, a member of the Ranuculaceae, is sometimes lumped into the genus Anemone. The similarities to Anemone are seen in the spring flowers, but the long, fuzzy, Dr. Suess-like seed heads distinguish them. Pulsatilla halleri, a sub-alpine species from populations scattered across Europe, has finely pinnate cut leaves. Up-turned flowers surrounded by sepals that range from pale purple to dark purple are 1.5"–2" across. All parts of the plant are covered in fine hairs, making them touchably soft and silky in appearance. The second species, P. cernua, is found in temperate east Asia, including parts of Russia, China, Korea, Mongolia, and Japan. Nodding flowers enclosed in fuzzy purple-red sepals are held just above the coarse pinnate leaves. Both species appreciate the heat and gritty soils of the Scree Garden.

South Africa is noted for having one of the most diverse flora of any area in the world, so it is not surprising that we grow many plants in the Scree Garden from there. Included in the plants from South Africa is Aloe cooperi. This is unlike the aloe that sat on your grandmother's kitchen window, ready at a moment's notice to treat that burn from grabbing the hot handle of a pan. Aloe cooperi grows as an upright clump of grassy, slightly succulent foliage to 18" tall, much like that of Kniphofia, another South African. During the summer months, 24" tall stalks topped in orange flowers tipped in green are held like a torch above the foliage. In the winter, it dies back only to resprout in the spring. Wild A. cooperi can be found growing in both moist grasslands as well as dry rocky areas, making it a perfect choice for the Scree Garden.

Much more can be found throughout the year in the Scree Garden from the winter-flowering bulbs to the salvias of summer. Find the plants of both North Carolina and distant regions of the globe all at home in the Scree Garden. Take time to stop and smell the Berlandiera the next time you come to the garden.

Hormonal Basis of Dwarfism in Plants

By Vikramjit Singh Bajwa, Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Horticultural Science, NC State University

Variation in height between plants within the same species is commonly observed. Have you ever pondered the basis for this observed variation? Variation in plant height is controlled by both genetic and environmental factors. These factors can limit plant growth either independently or in combination by affecting important physiological processes in the plant. For example, temperature is an environmental factor that can directly affect photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration, thereby influencing overall plant growth. Other environmental factors that can limit plant height include moisture, light, and nutrition, among other things.

Genetically, plant height can be described as a quantitative trait controlled by a number of genes. These genes are often located on different chromosomes and can affect different physiological processes that interact to influence plant height.

Plant hormones play a major role in plant growth and development. Dwarfism can result from disrupted function of these essential plant hormones. The two major hormones that control dwarfism in plants are 1) Brassinosteroids (BRs) and 2) Gibberellins (GAs). In this article, I will focus on the role of these two plant hormones on dwarfism.

Brassinosteroids (BRs)

Brassinosteroids (BRs) are essential steroid plant hormones. BRs are ubiquitously present in the plant kingdom where they control a wide range of physiological processes, including promotion of cell expansion, cell division, and organ elongation in young monocot and dicot plant tissues. The first study on BRs was reported by John Mitchell and his USDA coworkers in 1973, where they reported that organic extracts of Brassica napus (rapeseed) pollen (subsequently shown to be a rich source of BRs) promoted stem elongation in plants. After this discovery, significant research was initiated to understand the chemistry and physiology of these plant hormones. Michael Grove, PhD. , and others (1979) purified 4 mg of brassinolide (BL), the most bioactive form of BRs, from 40 kg of Brassica napus pollen to verify its structure. They determined that the structure of BL was analogous to steroid hormones in mammals and insects. Recently, the focus of BR research has been to understand BR biosynthesis and signal transduction pathways in plants using molecular genetic tools. Signal transduction is the process by which plant cells perceive and respond to a signal. The signal, such as a plant hormone, initiates biochemical events, which lead to functional changes within the cell. The stimuli that transmit the information to plants are both external and internal, such as light, mineral nutrients, gravity, water status, soil quality, mechanical tensions, temperature, growth regulators, and pathogens.

Analysis of BR mutants in plants clarified the role of these hormones in various physiological processes. Brassinosteroid mutants have been identified in different plants including Arabidopsis, tomato, pea, barley, and rice. These BR mutants show severe dwarfism, demonstrating the indispensable role of BRs in stem elongation and leaf expansion. The BR mutants are of two types: 1) BR-deficient and 2) BR-insensitive. The BR-deficient mutants contain lesions in genes involved in the BR biosynthetic pathway whereas BR-insensitive mutants have aberrations in genes involved in BR signal transduction. BR-deficient mutants can be rescued to wild type (normal growth expression) by exogenously supplying the biologically active BRs such as brassinolide (BL); however, the BR-insensitive mutants cannot be rescued by the exogenous application of synthetic BRs. BR-insensitive mutants fail to perceive the hormone and, therefore, fail to relay the signal to downstream components of the signal transduction pathway. The identification of BR-deficient mutants played a major role in understanding the BR biosynthetic pathway, whereas the identification of BR-insensitive mutants helped researchers in understanding the BR signal transduction pathway.

In recent years, a number of genes involved in BR-biosynthesis and signaling have been identified and cloned. During BR signal transduction, BR binds to a cell-membrane bound receptor known as BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1 (BRI1). The binding of BL to BRI1 activates BRI1 and the signal is passed to other components that occur downstream from BRI1 in the pathway. The downstream components include the transcription factors BES1 and BRZ1. These transcription factors control BR-responsive gene expression by binding to a regulatory region of the BR-responsive genes. BR-responsive genes include cell wall and growth-related genes, suggesting that BRs promote elongation of cells by modifying cell wall properties.

Research on BRs is relatively recent, having started only in last quarter of the twentieth century. Considerable research remains to be done in this area to fully understand how these hormones control dwarfism by regulating genes involved in various important physiological processes. It is important to understand the interplay of BRs with other plant hormones such as GAs, which affect plant growth and development and therefore dwarfism in plants.

Gibberellins (GAs)

The other important hormone group that controls dwarfism in plants is Gibberellins. GAs are a large family of plant hormones that affect a broad range of plant growth and developmental activities, including stem elongation, leaf expansion, seed germination, and flowering. Similar to BRs, GA-deficient and GA-insensitive mutants show severe dwarfism. The physical characteristics of these mutants helped in understanding the physiological role of GAs in growth and development. The biosynthesis of GA has been very well characterized. The GA-deficient mutants played a major role in understanding the GA biosynthetic pathway, whereas GA-insensitive mutants helped researchers in understanding the GA signal transduction pathway. The GA signal transduction pathway leads to the expression of GA responsive genes. Similar to BRs, GAs alter the bio-physical properties of cell walls by increasing the level of cell wall modifying enzymes.

Practical Applications of BR and GA Research on Dwarfism

The green revolution in the 1960s and 1970s greatly increased the yields of wheat and rice. This increase in yield was mainly due to creation of new varieties by plant breeders, and the subsequent adoption by farmers of these varieties. These new, high-yielding varieties were shorter, gave more grain yield at the expense of straw biomass, and were more resistant to damage by wind and rain. Subsequent research has demonstrated that these new varieties were shorter because of their abnormal response to GAs, hence they represent GA mutants. These varieties contain lesions in genes involved in the GA signal transduction pathway (i.e. , perception and response to GA). Recently, it has been shown that new genetic variants of rice, which have very erect leaves due to defective BR biosynthetic genes, can capture more light for photosynthesis and can store more nitrogen for grain filling, thereby increasing grain yields.

Commercial plant growth regulators (PGRs) that are used in commercial horticulture to control height, such as Topflor, contain active ingredients which effectively reduce internode elongation through the inhibition of GA activity. Topflor can be used as a growth retardant on a number of ornamental plants such as chrysanthamums, impatiens, dahlias, Easter lilies, pansies, geraniums, poinsettias, and sunflowers. A related PGR, Cutless, is also used on turf grass as a growth retardant.

The understanding of underlying molecular mechanisms involved in the signal transduction and biosynthesis of BRs and GAs can have great practical applications in the future. The alteration of genes involved in the signaling and biosynthesis of these hormones can help in generating plants with controlled growth properties which may be directly applicable in field crops, horticultural commodities, and ornamental and nursery plants. Indeed, it may turn out upon further investigation that many of the dwarf ornamental varieties currently planted in gardens throughout the world may, in fact, be mutants in the GA or BR pathways.

JCRA Cultivar Releases

By Denny Werner, Ph.D. , Director

The JCRA has recently introduced a number of exciting new cultivars from its breeding program. Below is a brief description and information on availability.

Buddleja 'Summer Frost'
This brand new butterfly-bush is a selection derived from a cross of 'Lochinch' × 'Dartmoor'. It combines the silver-gray foliage and medium purple flower color of 'Lochinch' with the attractive, branched panicle architecture of 'Dartmoor'. The panicles arch slightly. As an added bonus, the flower buds themselves are lovely when they just begin to show color, and, of course, full bloom is quite beautiful. The plant is vigorous, growing 5' to 6' tall, but denser and more highly branched than most butterfly-bush cultivars. This cultivar was just recently distributed to North Carolina nurserymen for trial at the recent summer trade show, and is not yet available in retail channels. It is not patented.

Lantana 'Sunset Beach'
This new Lantana originated as an F2 selection derived from a cross of Lantana 'Miss Huff' 'Confetti'. The cross was made by undergraduate student Vance Whitaker in 2002 under the direction of Denny Werner, Ph.D. F2 seed were derived from open pollination of the F1 family, and F2 progeny were grown at the Sandhills Research Station in 2004. One selection demonstrated moderate vigor (less than 'Miss Huff') and flower color similar to the male parent 'Confetti'. 'Sunset Beach' has proven cold hardy and in Zone 8, but has not been trialed in Zone 7. However, based on the 'Miss Huff' parentage, it is likely to perform well in Zone 7. 'Sunset Beach' was recently distributed to North Carolina nurserymen for trial at the recent summer trade show, and is not yet available in retail channels. It is not patented.

Buddleja 'Blue Chip'
This new butterfly-bush was released this year, and is currently available at a limited number of garden centers. It should be widely available in spring 2009. 'Blue Chip' has a unique compact, spreading growth habit. Its growth rate is considerably less than that of other butterfly-bush cultivars, and it is easily maintained at a height of 2'–3'. The inflorescences are very dense and shortened as compared to the typical elongated inflorescence of Buddleja. Flowers of 'Blue Chip' are very fragrant, and foliage is semi-evergreen, showing retention into winter similar to its Buddleia lindleyana parent. The compact growth habit and dense foliage of 'Blue Chip' will allow it to be used in a wide range of landscape situations. 'Blue Chip' produces small, distorted anthers, and shows no evidence of pollen production. 'Blue Chip' shows evidence of seed production in a field setting, but considerably less than that of other Buddleja cultivars. A plant patent for 'Blue Chip' has been applied for.

Buddleja 'Miss Ruby'
'Miss Ruby' was selected for its semi-compact growth habit, silver-grey foliage, and unique flower color. The flower color of 'Miss Ruby' is a true pink with little to no purple contamination. The standard pink cultivar in the trade, 'Pink Delight', has distinct purple contamination in the flower. 'Miss Ruby' was named in honor of Ruby McSwain, for whom the Ruby C. McSwain Education Center is named. 'Miss Ruby' is currently included in the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Buddleja trials in Wisely, England, and I have heard it is being well received. 'Miss Ruby' was released in 2008, and will be available in garden centers in 2009. A plant patent for 'Miss Ruby' has been applied for.

Development

Planting the Seeds for Development

By Anne Porter, Director of Development

Double Take...Anne Porter?

Yes, I'm back! Well, I never really left the Arboretum in my heart, and I have continued to enjoy wonderful relationships with the JCRA staff, donors, volunteers, and friends over the last two years.

Yes, I'm back. . .and I could not be more pleased! It is such a joy to have this new opportunity to build on past friendships and to make many new friends. I am ready to "dig" in, and with your help and support, we will make this a great year for the JC Raulston Arboretum.

Yes, I'm back. . .so please call on me if you have any questions, concerns, or if I can assist you in any way. My e-mail is anne_porter@ncsu.edu, and my phone numbers are (919) 513-3826 and (919) 513-3463.

2008 Gala in the Garden

Thanks to the wonderful support of the Arboretum's sponsors, donors, volunteers, friends, and staff, the 2008 Gala in the Garden was the best Gala ever—raising more than $80,000 to benefit the JCRA. The weather could not have been more perfect, and everyone agreed that the new layout was a huge success.

An enormous thanks to our 2008 Gala Committee, led by honorary co-chairs Laura and Larry Wooten and Mary and Claude Caldwell, and event chair Jill Adams; a sincere thank-you and hearty well done to Barbara Kennedy, JCRA volunteer coordinator.

For more information and to view the 2008 Gala pictures, please visit our Web site at http://www.ncsu.edu/jcraulstonarboretum/.

Gala sponsors and donors are listed on the facing page.

Special Recognition of a Special Donor and Friend

Aloha and Congratulations!

The National Agricultural Alumni and Development Association's Volunteer Service Award was presented to Bobby Wilder at the 2008 NAADA Conference in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii, on June 17, 2008.

Bobby Wilder graduated from NC State University in 1959 with a B.A. in science education. He was a good friend of the Arboretum's founder, J. C. Raulston, and has been actively involved in the JCRA for more than 30 years.

As a supporter and volunteer, Bobby is truly one of the Arboretum's most treasured friends. Along with providing leadership and annual support for the Arboretum's student internship program, he has made a planned gift that will fund two endowments to support this program. For more than ten years, Bobby and his company, Century Framing, have been silver sponsors of Gala in the Garden, the Arboretum's main fund-raising event, plus he has sponsored various lectures and symposia throughout the years.

Recently, Bobby set up another irrevocable charitable gift annuity that will generously support the JC Raulston Arboretum Endowment for Excellence and fund the new Bobby G. Wilder and Jack R. Lamm Horticultural Scholarship Endowment.

Dean Johnny C. Wynne notes that "Bobby has given more than $50,000 in outright gifts, and he has committed more than half a million dollars in planned gifts to support the JC Raulston Arboretum and the College. "

Throughout the years, Bobby has served in almost every volunteer capacity. He has logged more than 1,000 hours of volunteer service over the last 15 years and many more hours before official volunteer records were kept. These hours include recording plant records, mailing newsletters, being a host in the Visitor Center, and serving as an historian for the Arboretum. The quiet giving of his time, his energy, and his resources to better the Arboretum is second nature to Bobby.

Bobby has served as an officer for the North American Rock Garden Society Triangle Chapter for more than 25 years, and has been recognized for his service at the local and national levels. Because of Bobby's many hours of dedicated service and his generous philanthropy to the Arboretum, our Visitor Center was named the Bobby G. Wilder Visitor Center this past May. He was recognized for this honor by Chancellor Jim Oblinger at the 2008 Gala in the Garden.

Bobby's volunteerism, leadership, and support have inspired many others to follow his exemplary lead. The JC Raulston Arboretum is lucky to have such an enthusiastic advocate for its programs.

Well done, Bobby!

Members Making News

A New Book by Mary Coker Joslin: Growing Up in the Brown House: Memories of Old Hartsville

Mary and William Joslin are longtime members and major donors of the JC Raulston Arboretum. Many people know Mary and Bill through their beautiful garden and their annual spring open garden days. The Joslins purchased this property in 1950 and began planting the garden before house plans were drawn. House and garden development spared native plants as much as possible so that original beeches, oaks, tulip poplars, and one persistent mountain laurel remain still. Over the years, the Joslins have accumulated an extensive collection of native and exotic plants. Some of the most treasured cultivated plants in the garden were gifts from J. C. Raulston, William Lanier Hunt, and Mary's mother, May Roper Coker.

The Joslins have made their garden a generous gift to NC State University. The garden serves as an extension of the JC Raulston Arboretum and as an invaluable resource for University faculty, students, and the community. In addition, the property is protected by a perpetual conservation easement that is overseen by the Triangle Land Conservancy.

Mary Coker Joslin grew up in Hartsville, South Carolina, in the Brown House, now known as the Administration Building of Coker College. The College was founded by her grandfather in 1908 and has been a primary influence in Mary's life. This new book of remembrances is her gift to Coker College in honor of its centennial celebration.

This is Mary's fourth book, and everyone is sure to enjoy the pictures and stories in her charming new book!

Congratulations, Mary—and keep up the great work!

Gone, But Not Forgotten

By Anne M. Porter, Director of Development, and Bobby J. Ward and Vivian Finkelstein, JCRA Volunteers

A Familiar Face in the Rose Garden: Harvey Bumgardner Remembered

The roses will miss him—as will all of the friends who loved this gentle, kind, and giving man.

Throughout Harvey Bumgardner's, Ph.D. , distinguished career as an NC State professor of poultry science, he made many contributions to the University and to the poultry industry. In addition to these achievements, Harvey gave freely of his talents to local theater and to the horticultural community. Renowned for his expertise as a rosarian, he was responsible for bringing roses to countless gardens in historic Oakwood and other areas of Raleigh. Harvey was the founding rosarian for the Finley-Nottingham Rose Garden, where he and Anne Clapp shared many fond hours as the volunteer leaders of this beautiful garden.

Harvey gave countless volunteer hours of service to the Arboretum. To further demonstrate his commitment, in 1998, Harvey established an endowment to support the JC Raulston Arboretum. In 2003, Harvey then gave a significant gift of real estate as a charitable gift annuity with the balance going into his unrestricted endowment for the benefit of the JC Raulston Arboretum.

This truly remarkable man gave of his time, his talents, and his monetary resources. He was an inspiration to us all, and he will be sorely missed!

Gifts to the Harvey L. Bumgardner Endowment to benefit the JCRA may be mailed to: Anne Porter, JC Raulston Arboretum, NC State University, Box 7522, Raleigh, NC 27695-7522, or gifts may be made online at https://ceres.cals.ncsu.edu/advancement/gifts/ (search for the keyword "Bumgardner").

Dale Henderson: A Special Friend Remembered

American horticulture lost a dear friend with the recent death of Dale Henderson of Virginia Beach. She was a mover and shaker in promoting horticulture and gardening excellence, known for her energetic work with the Garden Club of America, serving on various committees at the state and national level. At her Virginia Beach home, she was an avid gardener, attaining master gardener status, and was a longtime member of the Virginia Beach Garden Club.

Regionally, Dale was probably best known for the founding twenty years ago of the Tidewater Garden Symposium, an annual spring gathering in Virginia Beach of nationally known speakers. Plant explorer Dan Hinkley frequently appeared in the symposium series and remembers a primrose she gave to him, as well as to other speakers. Dan recalls, "Dale kindly sent me a primula to grow from her garden years ago and indeed we did name it in her honor. I thought it was a sensational plant, as did our customers, as we always sold out. A very curious bricky red and long lived; I think it was based on Primula vulgaris and P. veris. I thought it perfect in the garden with Corydalis solida 'George Baker'." Dan sold the primrose through his former Heronswood Nursery under the name Primula 'Dale Henderson'.

Garden writer Pamela Harper, of Seaford, Virginia, was a longtime friend of Dale and a frequent participant at Dale's symposia. Pamela remembers, "Dale was the heart and soul of the Tidewater Symposium. She was never other than cheerful and positive. Dale was generous with her time and with her plants. [Dale's primrose] flourishes in my garden, and I am sure in many others, as a reminder of a lady who will be very much missed."

Plant Delights Nursery owner Tony Avent remembers Dale frequently calling him to ask for advice and recommendations for speakers for the Tidewater Symposium, often planning it two years in advance.

In the 1980s, Dale and J. C. Raulston became friends and traded plants with each other; some plants had been earmarked for her, but undelivered, at the time of J. C. 's death in 1996. Dale became a member of the Friends of the Arboretum and, with friends from Virginia Beach area, attended Arboretum symposia.

Her friendship with J. C. and her love of horticulture and teaching others led Dale to establish the Dale and Thom Henderson Internship of the JC Raulston Arboretum at North Carolina State University.  The objective of this internship is to encourage a worthy student who has demonstrated an avid interest in understory trees and landscape plants to pursue a career in horticulture specializing in these areas. Donations to Dale's memory may be made to Dale and Thom Henderson Internship at JC Raulston Arboretum, care of Anne Porter, JC Raulston Arboretum, NC State University, Campus Box 7522, Raleigh, NC 27595-7522.

The Quiet Gift

Marcia Winslow was an Arboretum friend in both life and death. A woman of energy, strong opinions, and commitment, Marcia volunteered in the late 1990s as a tour guide, welcoming visitors and showing them around the Arboretum. When her health no longer permitted her to maintain all her activities, Marcia and her husband John moved into Springmoor, and Marcia continued her support for the Arboretum.

In 2008, a decade after her time spent as a volunteer, Marcia died, leaving a bequest to the JC Raulston Arboretum in her will. This was a "quiet" gift, one she had established as a good surprise, without prior notification or recognition in her lifetime. When Anne Porter was notified by Marcia's executor of the generous and unexpected bequest, we all had to think back to remember Marcia, our unsung friend.

This is a mark of true philanthropy. She loved the Arboretum and gave generously toward its support, quietly, in private, and without seeking attention for herself. Thank you, Marcia. I hope there are many more who, like you, will remember the Arboretum in your will, not for public recognition, but because it is, in your mind, the right thing to do good in private.

_____________________________________

Guest writers Bobby Ward and Vivian Finkelstein contributed Dale Henderson's and Marcia Winslow's remembrances, respectively.

A Word About Will Bequests

By Anne M. Porter, Director of Development

Vivian Finkelstein so beautifully wrote about the "quiet" gift of Marcia Winslow. This is a beautiful way to show how much you care about a loved one or a loved organization. However, it is so very important that the will bequest language is written correctly, or your gift may not reach its desired designate. The correct designation language is especially important for the JC Raulston Arboretum, as the JCRA and most of its endowments are under the auspices of the North Carolina Agricultural Foundation, Inc. , and must be specified as such.

If you are one of those "quiet" donors with a will bequest to the JC Raulston Arboretum, we sincerely thank you. We also encourage you to check the "wording" of your bequest.

Example Bequest Language

Bequest of Cash
"I bequeath the sum of ______ to the North Carolina Agricultural Foundation, Inc. of Raleigh, North Carolina, for the benefit of the JC Raulston Arboretum. I specify this sum for the JCRA Endowment for Excellence. " (example)

Bequest of a Percent of the Estate
"I devise and bequeath ______% of the remainder and residue of property owned at my death, whether real or personal, and wherever located to the North Carolina Agricultural Foundation, Inc. , Raleigh, North Carolina, for the benefit of the JC Raulston Arboretum. I specify this sum for the JCRA Endowment for Excellence. " (example)

Contingent Bequest
"If my brother John Doe survives me, I devise and bequeath 20% of the remainder and residue of property owned at my death, whether real or personal, and wherever located to John Doe. If John Doe does not survive me, then I devise and bequeath 20% of my residuary estate, whether real or personal property and wherever located to the North Carolina Agricultural Foundation, Inc. , Raleigh, North Carolina, for the benefit of the JC Raulston Arboretum. I specify this sum for the JCRA Endowment for Excellence. " (example)

About the North Carolina Agricultural Foundation

In most cases, bequests should be made to the North Carolina Agricultural Foundation to be most effective. The North Carolina Agricultural Foundation was founded in 1944 to aid and promote, by financial assistance and otherwise, all types of education and research in agriculture at or through the North Carolina State University at Raleigh. The Agricultural Foundation's Federal ID number is: 56-6049304.

If you have any questions regarding will bequests or any planned giving opportunities, please contact Sonia Murphy (the College's gift planning director) at sonia_murphy@ncsu.edu or (919) 513-0637. Alternatively, you may wish to visit the planned giving Web site at http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/advancement/ (click on CALS Office of Gift Planning on the left side). All inquiries are completely confidential.

2008 Gala in the Garden Sponsors

Diamond Sponsor
North Carolina Nursery & Landscape Association

Platinum Sponsors
A. E. Finley Foundation
North Carolina Farm Bureau/Southern Farm Bureau Life
Pender Nursery (Jim and Kathy Deal)

Gold Sponsors
Bayer Advanced
Hawksridge Farms
Hoffman Nursery

Silver Sponsors
Bland Landscaping Co.
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina
Dottie and W. L. Burns
Century Framing (Bobby G. Wilder)
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (Dean and Directors)
Fair Products (Judy and Frank Grainger)
Jerry and Nina Jackson
Lord Corp.
Robert E. Lyons
The North Carolina Agricultural Foundation
Outfall Farms
Mary Ann and Greg Poole
Quality Staffing Specialists
Sears Design Group (Dan C. L. Sears)
Taylor's Nursery
Worthington Farms

Bronze Sponsors
Anonymous
Phyllis and Donnie Brookshire
Linda and Tommy Bunn
Claude and Mary Caldwell
Lew and Annabelle Fetterman
Fox Hollow Nursery
Garland C. Norris Co.
Gilmore Plant and Bulb Co.
Goddin Landscaping
Golden Corral Corp.
Gregory Poole Equipment Co.
Ray and Annie Hibbs
Jeanette and Wallace Hyde
Julia Kornegay
LanArc
Omega Property Group (Carolyn Grant)
Pittsboro Place Partners
Anne M. Porter
Progress Energy
Sampson Nursery
Anthea and Russell Tate
Turftenders Landscape Services
Wakefield Nursery & Landscaping
Georgina and Dennis Werner
Frank and Janice Weedon
Wyatt-Quarles Seed Co.
Rosemary and Smedes York
Special Gifts
Anonymous
Bell Family Foundation
Custom Brick
Clara Flanagan
William and Mary Coker Joslin
Bill and Melda Lamm
Bet Pou McClamroch
Mary Virginia Welles

Special Thanks
Chris Cammarene-Wessel
EZ-GO (Charlie Neuman)
Adair Gibson and Jeff Glutz
Harris Wholesale
Pennington Seed Co.
Sylvia Redwine
Revels Tractor
Southern String Band
Walt Thompson

2008 Gala in the Garden Donors

Silent Auction Donors: Botanical
Architectural Trees
Boyd Nursery Co.
Cam Too Camellia Nursery
Campbell Road Nursery
Dan Finch
Gary's Nursery
Chris Glenn
Greenleaf Nursery, North Carolina Division
Hawksridge Farms
Hefner's Nursery
Highland Creek Nursery
Hoffman Nursery
JC Raulston Arboretum
Johnson Nursery Corp.
McDonald's Nursery
Monrovia Nursery of North Carolina
Nurseries Caroliniana
Panther Creek Nursery
Pender Nursery
Piedmont Carolina Nursery
Plant Delights Nursery
Shiloh Nursery
Song Sparrow Perennial Farm
Spring Meadow Nursery
Tarheel Native Trees
Taylor's Nursery
Tinga Nursery
Valerie Tyson and Rich Ehrhardt
The Unique Plant
Williford's Nursery
Zelenka Nursery

Silent Auction Donors: Non-botanicals
Jill Adams
Rosanna Adams
Tim Alderton
Anonymous
Dick Balcon
Ball Horticultural (Al Newsom)
Barjoti
Marilyn Bass
Pam Beck
Black Cat Beads (Susan Hatchell)
Rick Boggs
Bonsai West (Glen Lord)
Bosetti Art Tile (Marina Bosetti)
Gin-Gin Brogden
Julia Brooks
Jim Buckingham
John Buettner and John Dole
Marie and Tom Bumgarner
Mark Burnham
Carolina Panthers
Century Framing
Chef Mario's
Dwen Andrews Cita
College of Agriculture and Life Science College Advancement
Conomara Designs (Jan Reist)
Vitoria Cumbee
Mark D. Currin
Custom Landscapes
Genelle and John Dail
Barbara and Eli Dechter
Karen Fullerton Dillard
Dirt Works Pottery (Dan Triece)
Dan Finch's Homes for Bluebirds
Dan Finch Pottery
Franklin Brothers Nursery
Wayne Friedrich
Elizabeth Galecke Photography
Elizabeth Gant
GardensGardens
Chris Glenn
Designing Solutions (Brienne Gluvna)
Judi and Frank Grainger
Henry's Gelato
Annie and Ray Hibbs
C. T. Weekends (Kristi Hipple)
jaGG Classic Wholesale
John Janeri
Jewelry by Artie (Artie Leaman)
Beth Jimenez
Johnson Nursery Corp.
Jugtown Potters
Charlie Kidder
Kidzpiks (Aimee Bickers)
Gloria Kimber
Joyce Watkins King
Pat Korpik
Anita Kuehne
Lamaze for Believers (Pam Chance)
Amelia Lane
Bryce Lane
Kathleen Lessard
Logan Trading Co.
Robert E. Lyons
Verna Mederios
Rita Mercer
Paul Minnis
Morrisville Cat Hospital (Wendy Simpson)
Nature's Art by Sue Aldworth
Neomonde Baking Co.
Bev Norwood
Dayle Oakley
Marge O'Keeffe
One Chic Mama (Mary Michele Little)
Ben Owen
The "Original" Owens Pottery
Page 49 Bookclub
Parker's Landscape Services
Pennington Seed
Anne M. Porter
Charlotte Presley
Pure Expressions Photography (Aimee Bickers)
Raleigh Garden Club (JCRA Winter Garden Maintenance Team)
rani mustafa productions
Redwine's Plantscaping & Special Events
ROI Salon (Roi Parker)
Rocky Top Hospitality
Saint Jacques French Cuisine (David White and Janine LaBlanc)
Sandy Reid
Steve Reid
SBS Teas (Barbara Tuson)
Gayle Streifford
Swagger Gifts (Mandy Becker)
Tara's Photo Tiles (Tara Lee)
Eileen Taylor
Thompson-Lynch Co.
Gordon Thorpe
Valerie Tyson and Rich Ehrhardt
Paulette C. Van de Zande
Donna Walker
Watered Garden Florist (Steve Taras)
Donna Watkins
Whole Foods
Jan Wilson
Erica Bliss Winston
Johnny and Jackie Wynne
Z Enterprises (Tony Zajovits)

Additional Members Making News

Timber Press is publishing two books by JCRA members. Congratulations, Pam and Roy.

¡Tropicalismo!: Spice Up Your Garden with Cannas, Bananas, and 93 Other Eye-Catching Tropical Plants by Pam Baggett

Rhapsody in Green: The Garden Wit and Wisdom of Beverley Nichols by Roy Dicks

The spring 2009 Friends of the Arboretum Lecture schedule includes Pam and Roy. Please join us for these and all other FOA Lectures scheduled for 2008 and 2009.

Outstanding Achievement Award

Bob Lyons, Ph.D. , was awarded the University of Minnesota's Outstanding Achievement Award on September 3, 2008. The award is the highest nondegree award conferred upon distinguished alumni by the University of Minnesota. It recognizes graduates or former students of the university who have attained unusual distinction in their chosen fields or professions, or in public service, and who have demonstrated outstanding achievement and leadership on a community, state, national, or international level.

Congratulations, Bob!

Annual Report

A Year in Review

The JC Raulston Arboretum is pleased to present the 2007 Annual Report, recognizing our donors, supporters, and volunteers. We extend a sincere thank you to all the individuals and organizations that supported the JCRA in 2007. Your support makes possible the continued growth and development of our gardens and educational programs. Plants and gardening nurture the human spirit and enhance our quality of life. We are honored that you have chosen to support this special Arboretum as it continues to fulfill its mission of excellence in research, teaching, and outreach.

Members

It is difficult to imagine where the JC Raulston Arboretum would be without the support from our members, the Friends of the Arboretum. With the growth of our membership, we can continue to offer new educational programs, create and maintain our garden spaces, and inspire the community at large.

Philanthropist
David and Catherine Duch
William and Mary Joslin
Taylor's Nursery

Benefactor
Jack and Micki Cox, Jr.
Pender Nursery

Founder
Malcolm and Patty Brown
Joanne Canganelli-Parman
Dover Foundation
Alan and Martha Finkel
David Griffin
Ray and Annie Hibbs
Jerry and Nina Jackson
Bobby Ward and Roy Dicks

Patron
Doug and Margaret Abrams
Tom and Jeanne Andrus
Harvey Bumgardner
Andy and Sarah Butler
Creative Landscape Designs
Rufus and Linda Edmisten
Ella and Les Swindell Foundation
Fox Hollow Nursery
Robert and Pickett Guthrie
Neil and Margaret Harper
Cameron and Dee-Dee Harris
Virginia Hester
Hoffman Nursery
Wallace and Jeanette Hyde
Julia Kornegay and Alfredo Escobar
William and Melda Lamm
Robert Lyons
Kathy Mauney
Plant Delights Nursery
John and Susan Rountree
Sampson Nursery
Saunders Brothers Nursery and Orchard
Sidney and Rachel Strauss
James Stronach
Sungate Design Group
Nadine Tope
Turftenders Landscape Services
George and Reba Worsley, Jr.
Wyatt-Quarles Seed Co.
Dora Zia

Sponsor
Ross Allard
Scott Anderson
Ann Armstrong
Artisan Landscape Design
Bartlett Tree Experts
Robert and Rebecca Berrey
Berylwood Tree Farm
Richard Blanton and Candace Haigler
Jeff Bottoms and John Martin
Donnie and Phyllis Brookshire
Hope Brown
Buds & Blooms Nursery
Allen Bush
James Bustrack
C. T. Wilson Construction Co.
Carolina Seasons Nursery
Allen and Anne Clapp
Anne Dahle
Johnie and Genelle Dail
Doris Deal
R. A. Dudley Nurseries
J. William and Mariana Earnhardt
Risa Ellovich
Garden Symphonies
Gardeners of Wake County
Gilmore Plant and Bulb Co.
The Hamlin Cos.
Jacqueline Harper
The Hayter Firm
Hefner's Nursery
Dale Henderson
J & L Landscaping
Karla Jacobus
Jim and Gloria Jahnke
Curtis Kasefang and Sharon O'Neill
John and Jamie Kellner
Sheila Kellogg
Mary King
Stephen and Nancy Knight
Lady Slipper Garden Club
Richard and Linda Lawson
Wyatt and Dolores LeFever
Charles and Wanda Leffler
Low Country Partners
Donna Mack and John Stender
Ross and Margaret McKinney
Frances Meadows
Ray Noggle
Marjorie O'Keeffe
Outdoor Images
William and Jo Ann Owings
Panther Creek Nursery
John and Carol Pelosi
Steven and Katie Perry
Piedmont Carolina Nursery
Piney Ridge Nursery
Pistole
Planning Strategies
John and Marilyn Ranson, Jr.
Ellen Robertson
Robert Rossier and Eldred Hudson
Shelby Nursery/Scottree
Robert Shore
Mark Smith
Lois Sowers
Mike Stallings and Mitzi Hole
Donald and Sylvia Chi Stanat
Swift Creek Nursery
John and Lorely Temple
Tinga Nursery
The Unique Plant
Karen Untz
Karen Welty-Wolf
Willow Tree Landscaping
George and Claudia Wilson
Joe and Dana Woody
Louise Wrinkle
Helen Yoest and David Philbrook
Smedes and Rosemary York

Business
AIA Triangle
The Brickman Group
Capstrat
Cill Ide Native Plant Nursery
Consumer Rights, Wake County Human Services
NC State University Masters of Public Administration Alumni Association
North Carolina New Schools Project
Office of Marketing and Communications, Meredith College
Project Development and Environmental Analysis Branch, North Caroli na Department of Transportation
Sony Ericsson
Triangle Chaper, Smith College Alumnae Club
Triangle Land Conservancy
University of Virginia Club of the Triangle

Family/Dual
Rola and Taroub Aamar
Donald and Jo Ann Adams
Rosanna Adams
Stanford and Ellen Adams
Robert and Pamela Ahlin
Stephen and Darlene Aleksza
Howard and Mary Edith Alexander
Toby and Trish Alligood
Bryan and Carol Aupperle
Dianne Austin and Robert Smith
Jack and Pat Bacheler
Backwoods Landscaping & Construction
Al and Betty Baker
Bryce and Melanie Ball
Melba and Camille Barden
Joyce and Allen Barefoot
Kaye Barker
Mark Barnes
William and Elizabeth Barnett, Jr.
Joanne Barrick
Carla Bass
David and Joan Baumer
Joe and Karen Bearden
Clark and Gwen Beavans
Michael and Pam Beck
Roberta Beeker
Harriet Bellerjeau
Jean Benjamin
Better Tree Care
Joseph and Juliet Bickley
David and Tammy Biondi
Richard and Susan Bir
Joanne Birkin
Desmond and Linda Black
Fred Blackley
John and Rebecca Board
Rick and Betty Boggs
Lisa Bohlen-Admire and Parry Admire
April Bonin and Chris Richter
David and Susan Boone
Edgar and Ethel Boone
Henry and Sory Bowers
Douglas and Mary Bowman
Frances Bradow
Brady & Associates Forestry Services
Raymond and Diane Brinker
Britt/Grant Associates
Frances Brogden and Chris Nash
Brotzman's Nursery
Stephen and Amanda Browde
Douglas and Adam Brown
Charles and Lois Brummitt
Philip Brune and Tony Harrelson
John Buettner and John Dole
Barbara Buit and Bernadette Kyle
Tom and Marie Bumgarner
Dean and Gail Bunce
Richard and Nancy Butler
Richard and Carrie Bylina
Claude and Mary Caldwell
Lamar and Deborah Caldwell
Weston and Rhonda Caldwell
Carol Calloway
Gary and Deborah Cartwright
Mike and Michele Casey
Eric and Wendy Cencelewski
Michael and Donna Chaney
Arthur and Jean Chard, Jr.
H. Barry and Lisa Cheek
Cherry Huffman
John and Molly Chiles
George and Pam Clark, III
Haddon and Irma Clark, III
Brenda Cleveland and Barry Engber
Gerald and Theresa Clifton
Jim and Marla Clos
Kenneth and Ann Cobb, III
Connie and Laurie Cochran
Monika Coleman
Coley Bunch Nursery
J. B. Coltrain, Jr.
Rumen and Elina Conev
Larry and Melissa Cook
Albert Cooke
Patrice Cooke and Mark Hughes
Cottage Garden Landscaping
Tom and Evelyn Cox
The Creative Image
Sherman Criner
Courtney and Kathy Crosby
James and Patricia Cross
Tom and Sarah Crowson
Bill and Mary Cruse
Marc and Julie Cubeta
Custom Landscapes
Diane Cutler
Vincent and Sandra Dabrowski
Dan Cochrane
Colin Daniels
Teresa Daniels
Don and Stephanie Davage
Lawrence and Sara Davenport
Nicholas and Katharine Davies
Bob Davis and Judy Morgan-Davis
Robert and Prudence Dawson
Alexander and Linda De Grand
Gus and Mary Belle De Hertogh
Robert and Ann DeMaine
William Dement, Jr. , and Ed Sessoms
Steve and Martha Derbyshire
Mel and Debra Desha
John and Judith Dewar
Mitchel and Cynthia Dickinson
Scott and Teri Dickinson
Danny and Leigh Dixon
Ron and Jeanette Doggett
Frank and Maureen Donini
Dragonfly Perennials
Drewry Hills Garden Club
David and Regina Dropkin
Thomas and Nancy Duncan
Durham Council of Garden Clubs
John and Marilyn Dutton
C. J. Dykes
Earth Graphics of Raleigh
Earthscapes
James and Rebecca Elliott
Tim and Shirlene Elliott
Environ Associates
C. Raeford and Donna Eure
Richard and Lisa Evans
Robert and Barbara Everett
Robert and Audrey Faden
Carolyn Fagan
Frankie Fanelli
Farmhouse Herbs
Elie and Dalton Feldman
Michael and Joy Ferrell
Peter and Vivian Finkelstein
Ken and Meg Finnerud
Floral Dimensions
The Fockele Garden Co.
Myron and Ginny Fountain
Terry and Cynthia Fowler
Powell and Ann Fox, Jr.
Francis Realty
Herbert and Frances Frazier
Marcus Frederick
John and Ellen Freeze
Wayne Friedrich
The Friends of the Gardens at the University of Tennessee
Matthew and Mary Furr
Chris Galbraith and Nicole Gregoricus
Gary's Nursery
James and Anita Gates
Christopher and Julie Gavin
Edward and Margaret Glazener
Christopher Glenn
Jerome and Linda Glenn
Andrew and Sheree Goettman, Jr.
Goldsboro Veterinary Hospital
Karl Gottschalk and Dorothy Pugh
Gourmet Nutrition
Hank and Ellen Graden
Elizabeth Graff and Scott McLellan
Ron Grainger
Johnny and Pat Gray
Neil Gray and Lisa Ferguson
William and Amy Gray
Jeffrey and Sally Greaser
Green Prints
Barbara Grimes
William and Marilyn Grolitzer
Robert and Marge Grossfeld
Growers'N'Sync
Annette Guirlinger
Leo Guzynski and Mary Beth Jones
George and Priscilla Haddad
Gail Hafley and Chris Merrill
C. Michael and Eliza Hager
Porter and Marty Halyburton
Douglas and Susan Hammer
Jeanne Hammer and Paul McWhinney
Philip and Caroline Hamrick
Larry and Kathy Hancock
Stillman and Lara Hanson
James and Dorthy Hardin
Robert and Nancy Harper
Paul and Dixie Harrell
J. Frank Harris
Michael and Patricia Hartman
Guy and Sandy Harwood
Felton and Betty Hastings
Gerald and Barbara Hawkins
Joseph and Marianne Hayworth
Charles Heatherly
John Hefner
G. Craig and Michelle Hendrix
Sylvester and Martha Herlihy
Martha Hess and Linda Breed
Timothy Hinton and Alisa Lycof-Hinton
Mira and Stephanie Hnizdovsky
Karl and Pauline Hoffmann
Patricia Hofmeister
Clyde and Elizabeth Holt
Adam and Maria Holtzman
Harold and Patsy Hopfenberg
Donald and Loretta Hopper
Keith Horil
H. Robert and Roberta Horton
Donald and Carolyn Hoss
Laurie House and John Hopkins
Alton and Ramona Howard
Brian and Marty Howard
Lona Howe
Glenn and Ann Howell
Charlie and June Hoyle
John and Joyce Hren
Chris and Corley Hughes
Stephen Hulme and Gloria Barnett
James and Jane Hunt
B. William and Barbara Irlbeck
Jericho Farms
Juan and Beth Jimenez
Charles and Ellen Johnson
Elizabeth Johnson
Von and Deborah Johnson
Cecil and Jo Anne Jones
Dave and Anne Jones
Dave and Lois Jones, Sr.
John and Linda Jones
Michael and Jessica Jones
Bill and Margaret Jordan
Jean Joyner
Tom Kagan and Amy Mackintosh
John and Jane Kanipe, Jr.
Martin and Adele Kaplan
Kenneth and Virginia Karb
Edward and Linda Karolak
David and Marian Katzin
Shirley Keel and Don Tessman
David Kelley and Jann Martindale
Loren and Barbara Kennedy
William and Anita Ketcham
Charles Kidder
John and Gloria Kimber
Larkin and Rosa Kirkman
Paul and Phebe Kirkman
Edmund and Ruth Klemmer
Amy Kneifel
Patrick Knox and Susan Nunn
John Kocher and Britt Crews
Jerod and Anne Kratzer
Anita Kuehne and Bill Swint
Ken and Betsy Kukorowski
Jack and Annetta Kushner
Jack Lamm, II, and Dan Gant
Lan Arc
Landscapes Designed
Richard and Amelia Lane
Richard LaRose
Alexander and Carol Lawrence
Herbert and Lynn Lawton
Darlene Lee and Steve Wales
Michael and Michelle Lee
Carolyn Leith
Henry and Jeanette Letterman
Betty Lewis
Jim and Sarah Lewis
Frank and Mildred Liggett, III
John and Ruth Lindsay
Hugh and Mary Liner
Paul and Cathy Linskens
David and Pamela Livingston
Stratton and Laura Lobdell
Tabitha Locklear and Brian Heisterberg
Logan Trading Co.
Philip and Jamie Lovdal
Michael Loven and Duncan Smith
Rudolf and Friederike Machilek
MACHO Garden Club
Robert and Julia Mackintosh
Kerry and Patricia MacPherson
Nona Malcom
Heinrich and Martha Malling
John and Carolyn Malone, III
Bernard and Helen Mangan
Tift and Dabney Mann
Sarah Marano
Michael and Carol Marden
Gustavo and Donna Maroni
Craig and Zermeena Marshall
David and Lynn Matthews, Jr.
Mark and Linda Matthews
Daniel and Carolyn Maxton
Catherine Maxwell and Ben Fewel
Edd and Ruth McBride
Dan and Judy McConnell
Jesse McDaniel and Beverly Thomas
Al and Sheila McDowell
Albert McGrigor and Bill Doherty
Jeff and Heather McKay
Thearon and Vanette McKinney
James and Elizabeth McLachlan
Polly and Rachel McLaughlin
Chris McNair and LaTeshia Daniels
James and Ruth Mead
Joan Meehan
Larry and Audrey Mellichamp
Carl and Terry Meredith
Mike Miller and Elizabeth Calwell-Miller
Don and Cindy Mills
John and Stephanie Mitchell
Wayne and Jean Mitchell
Thomas and Virginia Monaco
Janet Moore and Jennifer Mercer
Donald and Verdie Moreland
James Mulligan and Patti Hammond
Laddie and Edna Munger
Sonya Myers and Matt Wigger
John and Ann Myhre
Nature Lovers-Carolina Trace
Nature's Design
Dana Ndegwa and Ndegwa Njuguna
Rebeccah and Harry Neff
Norbert Nevid and Andree Allen
Mac and Lindsay Newsom, III
Rayford Norman and Patricia Ridgeway
Thomas and Jane Norris, Jr.
Charles and Beverly Norwood
Charles Nowlin and Karen Monroe
Jim and Kay Nutt
Dale and Brenda Nutter, Jr.
Henry and Heidi Nuttle
Chris and Kathryn Nystrom
David and Cecilia O'Loughlin
Matthew O'Neill and Alissa Bambach
Donna Oakley and David Green
James and Diana Oblinger
Janice Odom
Robert and Charlotte Oehman, Jr.
Richard and Erin Olsen
Paul and Betty Ossi
Outer Spaces Landscape Design
Kevin and Elizabeth Overcash
Jesse and Elaine Pace
Michael Papay
Diana Parrish and Max Wallace
R. F. and Frances Paschal, Jr.
Richard Pearson and Joan Robertson
Tom and Sue Peatross
Kenneth and Ana Pecota
Daniel and Melissa Peoples
Althea Perry
Donald Perry, III
Thomas and Hazel Perry
Margaret Phillippi
Piedmont Chapter of the North American Rock Garden Society
Pinkham's Horticultural Services
Charles and Patricia Poe, Jr.
Positive Results
Kevin and Laura Potter
William and Emily Powell, Jr.
Stephen and Jenny Powers
Steve and Claire Pratt
John and Charlotte Presley
Austin and Cynthia Proctor
Protocol Sampling Service
Alfred and Suzanne Purrington
Raleigh Garden Club
Mike and Melissa Raley
Martha Ramirez
Neil and Susan Ramquist
Kathe Rauch
William and Mary Raufer
Frederick Ray and Liz Ball
Donald and Cynthia Rayno
Raysand Building Corp.
Kyle Reece and Emily Vlkojan-Reece
Wade and Kathy Reece
Paul and Jane Reeder
Alexandra Reid
William and Margaret Reid
Laurie and Connie Renz
Bob and Lou Reynolds
Rudy Riggs and Jim Phillips
Mark and Jane Ritchie
John Rittelmeyer
Michelle Roberts and Shannon Scarbrough
Charles and Kathryn Robinson, Jr.
Charles Rodes and Tina Belmaggio
Jerry and Mona Rodgers
Rodgers Landscape Services
Ben and Jeanne Rouse
Thomas and Kathy Rucker
Douglas Ruhren
Dave Russo and Lila Forro
Judy Ryan
Richard and Judith Salentine
Robert Sams, Jr.
Stephen and Deborah Santelli
David and Carole Saravitz
Kenneth and Sherri Satterwhite
John Schott
Stephen and Colleen Schroedl
Scott Arboretum of Swarthmore College
Tatiana Seltzman
Walter and Bonnie Shackelford
Carl and Janet Shafer
Julie Shambaugh
Jule and MaryLou Shanklin
Sharpe Foundation
Beth Sheffield
Timothy Shelton and Kristin Krippa
Habibatu Sheref
Robert and Connie Shertz
David and Susan Shevach
J. E. and V. B. Sills
Ian and Talmadge Silversides
Gil and Kathy Simmers
Sims Farms
Thomas Skolnicki and Kevin Kane
Celeste and Chip Sloop
David and Krissy Smith
James Smith and Pamela Troutman
Bruce and Laura Spader
Andrew and Esther Spaltenstein
Edward and Anita Stejskal
Matthew and Ivana Stevens
Ray and Rose Ann Stilwell
Stephen Stoller
Daniel and Allyson Stott
C. B. and Carol Strange
Dave Stuckey and Bailey Cook
John Suddath
Sugarbush Gardens
Gene and Iris Sullivan
Edward and Janice Swab
Ann Swallow
Adam and Lynn Swank
Cornelius and Charlotte Swart
Patrick and Roberta Sweeney
Rodney Swink and Juanita Shearer-Swink
Edward and Michele Szwedo
Frederick and Myra Taylor
Nile Testerman, Jr. , and Elizabeth Austin
Alan and Kathryn Tharp
John Thomas and Dale Batchelor
John Thompson and Steven Kohn
Marvin and Ann Thompson, Jr.
Curtis and Vesna Thornton
Richard and Kimberly Todd
James and Julia Tommerdahl
Transplant Nursery
Marianne and Meredith Turnbull
Gerald Tynan and Martha Stark
Henry and Nancy Unger
Paul and Ruth Updegraff
Mark and Jan Valletta
Willem and Ngaire Van Eck
Peter Van Seters and Kris Kahn
Travis Vann
Wakefield Nursery & Landscaping
Steven and Michelle Wallace
Jeff and Heather Ware
Arthur and Jacqueline Warner
William and Donna Warner
Thomas and Marianne Wason
Traci Weaver
Gregory and Laura Anne Welch
Dee Welker
Marvin and Dianne Welton
Thomas Wentworth and Linda Rudd
Dennis and Georgina Werner
Veronica Westendorff and Brad Cardwell
Judy Whatley
Thomas and Laura Whatley
Ralph Whisnant
David White and Janine LeBlanc
Jerry and Adela Whitten
Fred Wigh and Doris Kistler
Kyle and Cheryl Wigley
Bill and Libby Wilder
Bobby Wilder
James and Glynis Wilkes
David and Judiann Wilkinson
Anne Williams and John Burness
John and Debbie Williams
Oliver and Julia Williams
Tod and Donna Williams
Ellis Williford
William and Barbara Winn
Farrell Wise and Levis Handley
Wishing Well Village Garden Club
Robert and Joy Witman
Woman's Club of Raleigh
James and Lauren Wong
Wood Valley Garden and Social Club
Paula Woodall and Terry Eldridge
James and Brenda Woodley
Worthington Farms
Malcolm and Donna Wright
Qian Wu
Susan Wyatt and Robert Kellam
Johnny and Jacqueline Wynne
Larry and Susan Yarger
Philip and Louise York
Loretta Young
Z Enterprises
James Zieger and Rossy Garcia

Individual
Gerald Adams
Leneve Adams
Shirley Adams
Tony Adams
Al Alborn
Tim Alderton
John Alexander, Jr.
Pat Allen
Bonnie Allred
Nancy Allred
William Alston
Amaryllis Gardens
Glenda Anderson
Susan Andrews
Arbor Enterprises
Arborcrest Garden
Arborvillage Farm Nursery
Archer Landscaping
Architectural Trees
Debra Arnold
Martha Ashby
Carol Ashcraft
Ellen Ashley
Krista Ayscue
Pamela Baggett
Alison Bailey
Andrew Bailey
Charlotte Bailey
Susan Bailey
Eloise Baines
Barefoot Paths Nursery
Sandra Barnard
Nancy Bartlett
Bass, Nixon & Kennedy
Sharon Bayley
Norman Beal
Llewellyn Beaman
Angelia Beasley
Daphne Beck
Faye Beck
Jayme Bednarczyk
Alexander Belskis
Esther Beltrami
Teri Bennett
Frederick Bertram
Stephanie Bertsche
Douglas Best
Beyond the Pail
Ruth Bierhoff
Caelia Bingham
Dianne Birch
Kim Birch
Diane Birkemo
Bonnie Bishop
Barbara Blackwell
Naomi Bloom
Blue Heron Landscaping
Blue Sky Nursery
Patricia Booth
Nancy Bost
David Bowers
Leonard Boyle
Lucy Bradley
Audrey Brantly
Lynn Bright
Meriel Brodie
Mary Brogden
Virginia Brogden
Kenneth Brooks
Susan Brooks
Lala Browder
Barbara Brown
Chris Brown
Regan Brown
Brown's Nursery
Louise Bryan
Mary Lou Bryant
Ann Bublitz
Laurie Buchanan
Buckhorn Creek Nursery
K. Isabelle Buckley
Betty Buffington
Twila Buffington
Wayne Buhler
A. J. Bullard, Jr.
Jean Burda
Carla Burgess
Violet Burke
Laura Burns
Wilhelmina Busby
James Buynitzky
Anne Calta
Camellia Forest Nursery
Chris Cammarene-Wessel
Lynn Canada
Diana Carlyle
Carolina Country Club
Carolina Garden Company
Beverly Carr
Martha Carraway
Valerie Carter
Frances Cates
Pamela Chance
Linda Chappell
Michael Chelednik
Julie Chenoweth
Arnette Clark
Bernadette Clark
Beth Cleveland
Cline Design Associates
Bruce Clodfelter
ColeJenest & Stone
McKay Coleman
Kathryne Coleman
Rebecca Collis
Concord Hospitality
Eileen Conklin
John Connors
Glenna Cook
Judith Cook
Melinda Corn
James Coughlin
Dale Cousins
Kirtley Cox
Gretchen Cozart
Deborah Crandall
Melisa Crane
Larry Creech
Earl Creutzburg
Linda Crocker
Phil Crone
Delores Crotts
Margaret Crowell
Chicita Culberson
Shannon Currey
Kimberly Dabney
Leah Dail
Rae Daniel
Michael Daniels
Sandra Daniels
Dorothy Darr
Janet Davis
Nancy Doubrava
Department of Plant Biology, NC State University
DeRose Garden & Landscape
Carl Derry
Lacy Dick
Sarah Domingos
Alexander Donaldson
Cynthia Dowdy
Miranda Downer
Mary Doyle
Mary Ducatte
Darrin Duling
Gail Duncan
Jared Dutton
JoAnn Edwards-Norman
Susan Eichler
Wendy Elliott
J. Brett Elmore
Keith Endres
Hilde Errico
Experimental Nursery
Mary Lou Eycke
Jeanette Fairchild
Terri Fairley
Fairview Nursery
Faust Nursery
Gina Fernandez
Robert Ferone
Janet Ferrell
The Fire Place
Margaret Fisher
Fishing Creek Tree Farm
Flickfoto Photography
Roland Flory
Forbes Landscaping
Kathryn Fort
Nancy Foster
Connie Fowler
Frank's Perennial Border
Cavett French
Shannon Friel
Friendly Garden Club
Catherine Gaertner
Alan Galloway
Kevin Gantt
The Garden Collection
Garden Genesis
Louise Garner
Janice Garrett
Jane Garvey
Gary Jewell & Co.
Vince Gentry
Barbara George
Kathleen George
Sue Gibbs
Charles Gilliam
Kathleen Glenister
Joe Godfrey
Ann Goebel
Marilyn Goldman
Margaret Goodman
Goodson & Associates
Marilyn Gordon
Victor Gordon
Deanna Graff
Elizabeth Graham
Lind Graves
Willie Green-Aldridge
Jason Griffin
Noel Griffin
Grounds Touch Landscaping
Walter Gutierrez
Kathy Hafer
Jenny Haire
Jane Hallberg
Debbie Hamrick
Sarah Hanner
Carolyn Happer
Irma Hardy
Frank Harmon
B. H. Harrell, Jr.
Andrea Hartzell
Everette Hartzog
Thomas Harville
Barbara Haskell
Karen Hatcher
Linda Hatcher
Thomas Hawkins
James Haywood
Jenny Helms
Margaret Helms
Susan Helton
Warren Henderson
Sandra Hendrix
Anderson Hensley
Peggy Herbert
Christopher Herbstritt
Cynthia Hermans
Leslie Herndon
Ellen Herron
Angela Hertzberg
Erik Hicks
Beverly Hill
Cecile Hinson
Carol Hogue
Amanda Holland
Bradley Holland
James Holland
Lorette Hollinshed
Marcia Hollis
Hedy Hollyfield
Will Hooker
Horticulture
Donna Horton
Thomas Hudak
Patricia Hudson
Isabel Huffman
Jonathan Huffman
Martha Huggins
Malcolm Hulslander
Anne Humphries
Sandy Hunt
Gary Hunter
June Hutson
Gail Ingram
Cathy Isaza
Meredith Jackson
Linda Jaeger
Adrienne Jalowsky
Edwin Jenkins
Jere's Landscaping
Barbara Johnson
Kimberly Johnson
Janice Johnson
Ozzie Johnson, Jr.
Opal Johnson
Johanna Jones
Lillian Jones
Lloyd Jones
Sherry Jones
Shirley Jones
Blanche Jones
James Jordan, Jr.
K. E. P. Landscaping
Kevin Kahler
Wendy Kanable
Delores Kastanes
Rosemary Kautzky
Cheryl Kearns
Autumn Keck
Robert Keefer
Kristen Keenan
Lucille Keenan
Ellen Kelly
Mary Kelly
Olivia Kemp
Frances Kerr
Tim Ketchie
Kevan's Tree Farm
Jennifer Kim
Virgie Kinch
Jennette King
Ellen Kinnee
Marlene Kinney
Lyla Kloos
Margot Knepp
Elen Knott
Valerie Knowlton
Faye Koonce
Alta Kornegay
Helen Kraus
Charles Kronberg
George Kroustalis
Carolyn Lackey
Ladybug Greenhouses
Ladybug Landscaping
James Lail
Thomas Lamb
Josephine Lamberto
Laurel Springs Nursery
Laurence Lynn Photography
Rachel Law
Ann Lawhon
Virginia Lawler
Lee's Landscape Solutions
Katherine Lehman
Heather Lenahan
Eric Lentz
Virginia Leone
Elizabeth Levine
Denis Levy
B. Frank Lewis
Susan Lewis
Cynthia Lincoln
Betsy Lindemuth
Elizabeth Lindsey
Patricia Lindsey
Margaret Link
David Lisowski
Carolyn Littles
Lorayne Locke
Logan Trading Co.
Longwood Gardens
R. J. Lopez
Yale Loucks
Eileen Lowenbach
Elizabeth Lucas
James Ludington
LushLife Nurseries
Harry Luther
Karen Lynch
Alan MacIntyre
William Mahoney, Jr.
Shari Maloney
Alison Martin
Marilee Martin
Christina Mast
Susan Mastro
Emanual May
Helen McCallum
Rogeania McCay
McCorkle Nurseries
Michael McCormick
Ida McCullers
Clyde McDowell
Deborah McGuinn
Betty McGuire
Marilyn McIntosh
Alberta McKay
Mimi McKinney
Carol McKnight
Jan McLaurin
Rosalind McMillan
McNeely Associates
Verna Medeiros
Thomas Melby
Rita Mercer
Binks Mew
Peggy Meyer
James Mickle
Marlyn Miller
Mary Miller
Ronald Mitchell
Georgia Mixon
Judieth Mock
Kristen Monahan
Monrovia Nursery
Frank Moore
Jainel Morris
Jeffery Morton
Cora Musial
Katherine Myers
Nature's Art by Susan Aldworth
Sally Newman
Denise Newton
Chuck Niblett
Niche Gardens
Brian Nichol
Nadine Nicotera
Night Magic
Jeanette Nolan
North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Wake County
Elizabeth Norval
Hughen Nourse
Janis Nutt
Flora O'Brien
Mary Elizabeth O'Connor
Nancy O'Larnic
Anne Oakley
Tina Oberle
Old Courthouse Nursery and Mac Farms
Diane Olson
Oneida Partners
Susan Orton
Ed Osborne
James Overcash, Jr.
Mary Overcash
P. Allen Smith & Associates
Paa's
Elizabeth Page
Sarah Palmer
Astrid Parker
Kathryn Parker
Virginia Parker
Parkway Lawn Maintenance
David Paschal
Mary Belle Pate
Lisa Patterson
Sandra Peace
Kathleen Peacock
Pender Pines Garden Center
Gail Perry
Elizabeth Pflaum
Rose Phillips
Ben Pick
Betty Pipes
Pleasant Gardens
Catherine Poff
Thomas Pope
Frank Pore
Anne Porter
Dixie Porter
Gail Powell
Maclyn Powell
Sandra Powers
Jeffrey Preddy
Priest Craven & Associates
Elizabeth Pringle
Brian Purvis
Robin Ransbury-Gray
Rachel Rawls
Graham Ray
Carol Reaves
Kathleen Redfern
Shannon Renard
Renz Landscape & Irrigation
Carl Rich
John Rich
Willa Richardson
Pam Richey
Sallie Ricks
Jessica Rigouard
Sarah Rigouard
Jennifer Rock
Kimberly Rodgers
Louise Rogers
Lisa Rohloff
Michelle Rose
Roanne Rowan
Kelly Rowells
Bette Roy
The Royal Gardens
Jean Rundquist
Sanford Dermatology
Ruth Sappie
Carol Sass
Harriet Sato
Mary Sawyer
Christine Schaub
David Schreiber
Arty Schronce
Carol Schwobel
Jim Seaman
Judith Shapiro
Donna Shields
Kay Shiflett
Shingleton Farms
Mark Shuman
Frank Simons, III
Minnie Sisk
Elaine Sisko
Juliette Skwara-Hutter
Matilda Smith
Chris Smith
Gordon Smith, III
Jane Smith
Linda Smith
Melissa Smith
Holmes Smoot
Layne Snelling
Southern Green
Southern Horizons Landscaping
Anne Spafford
Maria Spampinato
Diane Spotz
Jeff Springer
Priscilla Sprunt
Gretchen St. John
Shauna Stackhouse
Eileen Stahl
C. F. Stallings, Jr.
Matthew Staton
Dia Steiger
Annabelle Stein
Sondra Stein
Flo Stein-Bolton
Joye Stephenson
Marian Stephenson
Kim Stephenson
Susan Stephenson
Jane Stikeleather
Dana Stockwell
Patricia Stover
Janice Stratton
Kristin Straughn
Marjorie Strawn
Mary Ann Streeter
Giles Stroud
Harriett Stubbs
Melinda Stump
Edna Suggs
Marguerite Summers
Sun Mountain Sustainable Solutions
Betty Sutton
Swanson & Associates
Lynn Swanson
Jacqueline Tate
Mary Tate
Annette Taylor
Beverly Taylor
Julie Taylor
Patricia Taylor
Cherlynn Tchir
Connor Testerman
Martha Thomason
Alden Thompson
Sharon Thompson
Carol Thomsen
Christine Thomson
Anne Tomczak
Lloyd Tomlin, Jr.
Dawn Tooke
M. E. Traer
Trenna's Landscape Design
Jonathan Trexler
Amy Trudo
Ronald Tsolis
Valerie Tyson
Matt Uzzell
Cat Valand
Paulette Van de Zande
Vaughan Associates
Betsy Viall
Village Green
W. D. Wells & Associates
Jane Wait
Wake Premier Landscape
Lynda Waldrep
Chris Walker
Daryl Walker
Barbara Walters
Alvah Ward, Jr.
Donna Watkins
Alan Weakley
Jason Weathington
Mark Weathington
Barbara Weaver
Patricia Weisbrodt
George Wellons
Erin Weston
Noel Weston
Susan Whaley
Linda Wharton
Elisabeth Wheeler
Robert Whisnant
David White
Sheila Wilkerson
Laura Willer
James Wilson, Jr.
Jan Wilson
Lindy Wilson
Ray Winslow
Fred Winterowd
Ada Winters
Stephen Wirth
Barbara Wishy
John Wood
Jacqueline Woodcock
Nancy Woods
Richard Woynicz
Amy Wright Hill
Jewel Wynns
Anna Yarborough
John Yelvington, Jr.
Charles Young
Jolena Young
Joseph Young
Gary Zaborowski
Carolyn Zahnow
Dana Zamiara

Student
Maggie Baker
Dennis Carey
Minda Daughtry
Sarah Dickie
Frankie Donini
Joey Donini
Wendy Gem
Marie Green
Susan Hovis
Miriam Jernigan
Colin Lickwar
Michael Matthews
Brendan Miller
Casey Moody
Todd Moore
Rebecca Myers
Heidi Perreault
Erin Possiel
Jack Proctor
Maria Sanchez
Nancy Santagata
Nicholas Serrano
Andrew Stevens
Tina Stricklen
Tasker Du
Nicholas Valletta
Apryl Webb
Emily Woynicz

Gifts to the Arboretum

A heartfelt thanks to these donors who gave special gifts to the Arboretum over and above membership.

Anonymous (5)
Rosanna Adams
Virginia Adkins
Waleed and Lisa Al-Qimlass
Amaryllis Gardens
Lowell and Phyllis Anderson
Robert and Taimi Anderson
Tom and Jeanne Andrus
Appalachian Trees
Appeldoorn Landscape Nursery
The Aquarist/Just Add Water
Ann Armstrong
Asuragen
Harold and Kathy Atkins
Ann Avent
Barefoot Paths Nursery
Philip and Dawn Barry
Angelia Beasley
Paul and Linda Bedo
Jean Benjamin
Birmingham Botanical Society
David and Allison Black
Black Gold Compost Co.
Suzanne Botts
Raymond and Diane Brinker
Donnie and Phyllis Brookshire
Brotzman's Nursery
James and Karen Brown
Charles and Lois Brummitt
John Buettner and John Dole
Tom and Marie Bumgarner
Laurinda and Dan Burleson
Laura Burns
James Bustrack
Capitol City Lumber Co.
Alfred and Blair Carlton, Jr.
Carolina Gardener
Carolina Nurseries
Case Plants
Century Framing
H. Barry and Lisa Cheek
Julie Chenoweth
Coley Bunch Nursery
Coley Forest Garden Club
Colony Woods Garden Club
Country Ridge Nursery
The Creative Image
Margaret Crowell
Chicita Culberson
Custom Landscapes
Larry Daniel
Danville Master Gardener Association
Bob Davis and Judy Morgan-Davis
Terrie Davis
Robert and Prudence Dawson
Duane and Yvonne Dell
Roy and Hannelore Dixon
Elizabeth Domingos
Douglas R. Clark Nursery
Dover Foundation
Thomas and Nancy Duncan
James and Elsie Eads, Jr.
Richard and Lisa Evans
Fair Products
Fallon Park Garden Club
Victor Farah and Robin Hudson
Peter and Vivian Finkelstein
Fishing Creek Tree Farm
Roland Flory
Myron and Ginny Fountain
Frank's Perennial Border
Marion and Joyce Frantz
Fry Landscaping
Ann Fulton
The Garden Center Group
The Garden Conservancy's Open Days Program
Garden Council Council of Winston-Salem/Forsyth County
Alice Garland
Gregory and Paula Garner
Jasper Garner
Warren and Helen Garner
John and Dorothy Gebbie
George Smedes Poyner Foundation
Gilmore Plant and Bulb Co.
Jerome and Linda Glenn
Raymond and Susan Goodmon, III
Goodson & Associates
Frank and Judi Grainger
Jeffrey and Sally Greaser
Cynthia and S. Bruce Green
Green Industry Council
Benjamin Griffin
Barbara Grimes
Guilford Garden and Outdoor Center
Annette Guirlinger
Philip and Kathryn Gwinn
Gail Hafley and Chris Merrill
C. Michael and Eliza Hager
George and Denise Hager
Greg Hames and Katherine Violette
Billy and Evelyn Hamilton
Jeanne Hammer and Paul McWhinney
Debbie Hamrick
Susan and Andrew Hanson
Happy Hollow Farms
Susan Hardy
B. H. Harrell, Jr.
Wayne Harris
Jonathan Harter and Debra Singer-Harter
Joseph and Marianne Hayworth
James and Janice Hoffman
Hoffman Nursery
John Holmes
William Hood
Horticulture Society of Rockingham County
Alton and Ramona Howard
Ivan D. Jones Sr. Trustee
J. Frank Schmidt Family Trust
Daniel and Vicki Jackson
Jerry and Nina Jackson
Karla Jacobus
Jim and Gloria Jahnke
Shirley Jones
William and Blanche Jones
William and Mary Joslin
Kathie Kalmowitz
Wendy Kanable
Berton and Ellen Kaplan
Curtis Kasefang and Sharon O'Neill
David and Marian Katzin
Robert and Olivia Kemp
Loren and Barbara Kennedy
Kevan's Tree Farm
John and Gloria Kimber
Mary King
Paul and Phebe Kirkman
Amy Kneifel
John Kocher and Britt Crews
Wayne and Barbara Kuhnly
Ken and Betsy Kukorowski
Jack and Annetta Kushner
Lady Slipper Garden Club
Josephine Lamberto
Jack Lamm, II, and Dan Gant
Richard and Amelia Lane
Laurel Hills Garden Club
Laurel Springs Nursery
Virginia Lawler
Leaksville Garden Club
Charles and Wanda Leffler
Carolyn Leith
B. Frank Lewis
Colin Lickwar
Little Snow Creek Nursery & Farm
Raymond and Marie Long
MacGregor Downs Garden Club
Rudolf and Friederike Machilek
Magnolia Branch, Pinehurst Garden Club
Gus and Geary Mandrapilias
Melva Mansfield and James DeGuehery
Daniel and Carolyn Maxton
Catherine Maxwell and Ben Fewel
Bet and Sandy McClamroch
Louise McCracken and Dwight Koeberl
Barbara McEntire and Mildred Sanderford
Marilyn McIntosh
Alberta McKay
Thearon and Vanette McKinney
James and Ruth Mead
Frances Meadows
Mid-week Garden Club
Joseph and Madeline Moyer
Sharon Mullen
Cora Musial
Richard and Frances Myers
Native Landscapes
Nature's Art by Susan Aldworth
NC State University Woman's Club
New Garden Landscaping & Nursery
Mac and Lindsay Newsom, III
Fay Noell
North Carolina Commercial Flower Growers Association
North Carolina Community Foundation
North Carolina Nursery & Landscape Association
North Hills Garden Club
North Ridge Home and Garden Club
Jim and Betsy Nottke
Henry and Heidi Nuttle
Marjorie O'Keeffe
Lou and Tina Oberle
James and Diana Oblinger
Robert and Charlotte Oehman, Jr.
Matthew and Diane Olson
Daniel and Elizabeth Page
Panther Creek Nursery
Mary Belle Pate
Pender Nursery
John and Claudine Perkins
Steven and Katie Perry
Marilyn Peterson
Pi Alpha Xi
Piedmont Chapter of the North American Rock Garden Society
Pine Knot Farms
Charles and Patricia Poe, Jr.
Gregory and Mary Ann Poole
Sybil and William Pope
Anne Porter
Protocol Sampling Service
Magda Pugh
Quail Ridge Books
Quaker Meadows Nursery
Raleigh Garden Club
Raleigh Hemerocallis Club
Tom and Amira Ranney
Redwine's Plantscaping & Special Events
Paul and Jane Reeder
Keith and Carmen Reeve
David and Maryann Rettino
Mark and Jane Ritchie
Andrew and Laura Robinson
Saints & Sinners
Sandy's Plants
Carl and Janet Shafer
Judith Shapiro
Carol Shearin
Lucy Sheeley
Ian and Talmadge Silversides
Frank Simons, III
Nancy Simonsen
Elaine Sisko
Brian and Diana Smeeton
James Smith and Pamela Troutman
Edward and Carol Smithwick, Jr.
Andrew and Esther Spaltenstein
State Employees Combined Campaign
Matthew Staton
Steel Magnolias Garden Club
Henry and Jane Steele
Edward and Anita Stejskal
Paul and Kim Stephenson
Ray and Rose Ann Stilwell
Charles and Marilyn Stuber
Swift Creek Nursery
Leslie Syron
T. W. Smith Co.
Tarheel Native Trees
Nile Testerman, Jr. , and Elizabeth Austin
Tinga Nursery
Douglas and Carole Torn
Triangle United Way
Turtle Creek Nursery
The Unique Plant
United Way
Karen Untz
Paulette Van de Zande
W. D. Wells & Associates
Wake County Master Gardeners
Wake Stone Corp.
Wakefield Nursery & Landscaping
George and Lynda Waldrep
Jared Walker
Dennis and Georgina Werner
Edith Weston
Thomas and Laura Whatley
Jerry and Adela Whitten
Whole Foods Market
Bobby Wilder
David and Judiann Wilkinson
Chris and Nora Williford
Ellis Williford
Wilson County Master Gardeners
George and Claudia Wilson
Farrell Wise and Levis Handley
Woman's Club of Raleigh
Wood Valley Garden and Social Club
Jacqueline Woodcock
Woodland Garden Club
James and Brenda Woodley
Malcolm and Donna Wright
John and Bonnie Yelvington, Jr.
Zelenka Nursery
Dora Zia

Matching Gift Companies

Corporate matching gift programs are a great way to optimize individual gifts to the JCRA. We sincerely appreciate the generosity of the corporations that participate in this program and the donors who make the initial gift to benefit the Arboretum.

Atlantic Road Nursery and Orchard
Bank of America
BASF
Becton Dickinson
GlaxoSmithKline Foundation
IBM
MetLife
Monsanto Fund
Progress Energy
Saint-Gobain Corp.
Siemens
SunTrust

Gift-in-kind Donors

Support through in-kind gifts are vital to the success of our events, especially the Gala in the Garden. They also provide services and plant materials that keep the Arboretum beautiful for everyone.

Plants Used
Tim Alderton
Tom and Jeanne Andrus
Apex Nurseries
Arboretum Kalmthout, Belgium
Atlanta Botanical Garden
Pamela Baggett and Chris Pokrifcak
Bartlett Tree Experts
Bold Spring Nursery
Brent & Becky's Bulbs
Harvey Bumgardner
Camellia Forest Nursery
Campbell Road Nursery
Carolina Nurseries
Bob Davis and Judy Morgan-Davis
Department of Plant Biology, NC State University
Michael and Bonnie Dirr
Richard Dufresne
Duvall Nursery
Fairview Garden Center
Green Nurseries & Landscape Design
Hawksridge Farms
Hengchun Tropical Botanical Garden, Taiwan
Highland Creek Nursery
Hinnant's Nursery Landscaping
Institute of Ecology and Botany of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary
Japan Nurserymen's Association, Japan
Takeda Kobaiyashi, Japan
Kochi Prefectural Makino Botanical Garden, Japan
Thomas Krenitsky
Logee's Greenhouses
LushLife Nurseries
McCracken Nursery
McMahon's Nursery
Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center, NC State University
Norfolk Botanical Gardens Society
North Carolina Division, Greenleaf Nursery Co.
Nurseries Caroliniana
Oakmont Nursery
Old Courthouse Nursery and Mac Farms
Plant Delights Nursery
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Sarah P. Duke Gardens
Schau- und Sichtungsgarten Hermannshof, Germany
Shanghai Botanic Garden, China
Marcelle Sheppard
Layne and Martha Kaye Snelling
Specialty Ornamentals
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute
Tarheel Native Trees
Tejas Bulbs
Tinga Nursery
Brian Whipker
Robert Wilson
Worthington Farms

Plants Sold or Auctioned
Apex Nurseries
Architectural Trees
Carroll's Plant Center
Casey Nursery
Chewning Nursery
Earthworks Nursery
Fowler's Nursery
Christopher Glenn
Hawksridge Farms
Highland Creek Nursery
Hinnant's Nursery Landscaping
Hoffman Nursery
McDonald's Nursery
McLamb Nursery and Landscaping
Monrovia Nursery of North Carolina
Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center, NC State University
Neuse Plant & Bark
North Carolina Division, Greenleaf Nursery Co.
Nurseries Caroliniana
Pender Nursery
Pi Alpha Xi
Piedmont Carolina Nursery
Pine Knot Farms
Plant Delights Nursery
Redwine's Plantscaping & Special Events
Shiloh Nursery
Smith's Nursery
Song Sparrow Perennial Farm
Swift Creek Nursery
Tarheel Native Trees
Taylor's Nursery
University of Delaware Botanic Garden
Williford's Nursery

Items Used
BASF Corp.
Bayer Environmental Science
Campbell Road Nursery
Capitol City Lumber Co.
Carolina Greenscapes
Carolina Stalite
Dargan Landscape Architects
Wayne Friedrich
Greensboro Shrub Nursery
Ray and Annie Hibbs
Timothy Hinton and Alisa Lycof-Hinton
Johnathon Lee Propagation Nursery
Lisa Parramore
Mistletoe Meadows
Monrovia Nursery of North Carolina
New Ornamentals Society
North Carolina Division, Greenleaf Nursery Co.
Quali-Pro
Redwine's Plantscaping & Special Events
Rhodes Nursery
Southern Lights
Swift Creek Nursery
Bobby Wilder
Helen Yoest and David Philbrook

Items Sold or Auctioned
Rosanna Adams
Alabama Theatre at Barefoot Landing
Alumni and Friends Society, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NC State University
Dwen Andrews-Cita and Felix Cita Gomez
Ann Armstrong
Atlantic Avenue Orchid & Garden Center
Barjoti
Michael and Pam Beck
Bland Landscaping
Rick and Betty Boggs
Tom and Marie Bumgarner
Tommy and Linda Bunn
Mark Burnham
Carolina Hurricanes
Carolina Panthers
Pamela Chance
Charlotte's Creative Designs
Ray and Jean Cheely
Cill Ide Native Plant Nursery
College Relations, College of Agriculture and Life Science, NC State University
Donald Crowder
Custom Landscapes
Johnie and Genelle Dail
Dargan Landscape Architects
Davenport Florist at Five Points
Amy Devereaux
The Eclectic Garden
Edible Art
Jonathan and Sarah Elsaesser
Fair Products
The Fire Place
Madelyn Gaito
Gilmore Plant and Bulb Co.
Brie Gluvna
Robert and Gloria Graham
H.A.N.D.S.
Holly Hill Pottery
Jerry and Nina Jackson
jaGG Classic Wholesale
JC Atwell Designs
Jewelry by Artie
Johnson Nursery Corp.
Katherine's Furniture & Interiors
Gary and Joyce King
Ladyfingers Caterers
Landscapes Designed
Bryce and Sue Lane
Lasting Impressions
Logan Trading Co.
Robert Lyons
Ronald and Verna Medeiros
David and Jean Millward
Natural Stone Sculptures
Neomonde Deli
Nichols Pottery
North Carolina 4-H
Charles and Beverly Norwood
Marjorie O'Keeffe
Outdoor Bird Co.
Palm Avenue
Parker's Landscape Services
Peddler Steakhouse
Pennington Seed Co.
Zvezdana Pesic Van Esbroeck
Piggyback Mart
Anne Porter
John and Charlotte Presley
Progress Energy Corporate Communications
Redwine's Plantscaping & Special Events
Margot Rochester
Shiloh Nursery
Nancy Simpson
Harlan Stafford
Susan Stephenson
Timber Press
Jan Wilson
Erica Winston
Words & Wires
Miles Wright and Amy Veatch
Johnny and Jacqueline Wynne
Helen Yoest and David Philbrook
Z Enterprises

Right: The JC Raulston Arboretum's volunteers handle many tasks at different times, but we were able to gather some for this group photograph, along with a few staff. Our volunteers are a great group, and we depend on them every day.

Tax Reminder

All donations made to the JC Raulston Arboretum are tax deductible.

2007 Gala in the Garden Sponsors

The Gala in the Garden is the Arboretum's signature fund-raising event held each year on the first Sunday in May. In 2007, our sponsors contributed over $60,000. Thank you 2007 Gala in the Garden sponsors for making this event a huge success.

Platinum Sponsors
A. E. Finley Foundation
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina
North Carolina Nursery & Landscape Association
Pender Nursery (Jim and Kathy Deal)

Gold Sponsors
Hawksridge Farms
Hoffman's Nursery

Silver Sponsors
Bell Family Foundation
Bland Landscaping
Brickman
Dottie and W. L. Burns
Carroll's Plant Center
Century Framing (Bobby Wilder)
Encore Azalea
Garland C. Norris Co.
Jerry and Nina Jackson
Little and Little Landscape Architects
John and Becky Logan
North Carolina Agricultural Foundation
Pilgrim's Pride
MaryAnn and Greg Poole
Quality Staffing Specialists
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance
Taylor's Nursery
Worthington Farms
York Properties

Bronze Sponsors
Justus and Jo Ellen Ammons
Anonymous
Don and Phyllis Brookshire
Tommy and Linda Bunn
Carolina Sunrock
Lew and Annabelle Fetterman
First Citizens Bank
Fowler's Nursery
Charles Gamble
Gilmore Plant and Bulb Co.
Goddin Landscape and Maintenance
Golden Corral
Gregory Poole Equipment Co.
David T. Goodson (Goodson and Associates)
Ray and Annie Hibbs
Hicks Landscape Contractors
Julia Kornegay
LanArc
Tommy and Martha Massey
Outfall Farms
Anne Porter
Progress Energy
Rodgers Landscape Services
Sampson Nursery
Turftenders Landscape Services
Frank and Janice Weedon
Dennis and Georgina Werner
Wyatt Quarles Seed Co.

Special Gifts
Ann Avent
Mary J. Barham
Jeff and Lynn Beaver
Berlywood Tree Farm
Henry Bowers
Danalouise Chapman
Jim and Peggy Fain
Fox Hollow Nursery
Annette Guirlinger
Charlie Kidder
Eugene Langley
Modern Gardener's Club
Isabelle Perry
Bob and Lou Reynolds
John and Barbara Vandenbergh
Helen Yoest

Special Thanks
Chris Cammerene-Wessel
Harris Wholesale
Charlie Neuman
Chatham Hill Winery
Ice Occasions
Peregrine Farm
Perry-winkle Farm
Revels Tractors
Sarah and Michael's Farm
Southern String Band
Sunrise to Sunset Gardens
Walt Thompson
Wild Hare Farm
Winery at Iron Gate Farms

Endowments

An endowment is a lasting legacy. A special thanks to these donors for their foresight and generosity. Contributing to an endowment is a long-term investment that provides financial stability for the Arboretum year after year. For more information on how you can create an endowment to benefit the JC Raulston Arboretum, please contact Anne Porter at (919) 513-3826.

JCRA Endowment for Excellence
Rosanna Adams
Robert and Taimi Anderson
Tom and Jeanne Andrus
Ann Armstrong
Ann Avent
David and Allison Black
Raymond and Diane Brinker
Donnie and Phyllis Brookshire
Malcolm and Patty Brown
Charles and Lois Brummitt
John Buettner and John Dole
Tom and Marie Bumgarner
Laura Burns
Joanne Canganelli-Parman
Century Framing
Coley Bunch Nursery
Jack and Micki Cox, Jr.
Margaret Crowell
Chicita Culberson
Larry Daniel
Bob Davis and Judy Morgan-Davis
Robert and Prudence Dawson
Elizabeth Domingos
Dover Foundation
David and Catherine Duch
Richard and Lisa Evans
Fair Products
Alan and Martha Finkel
Peter and Vivian Finkelstein
Roland Flory
The Garden Conservancy's Open Days Program
Garden Council of Winston-Salem/Forsyth County
Alice Garland
Jasper Garner
George Smedes Poyner Foundation
Raymond and Susan Goodmon, III
Goodson & Associates
Frank and Judi Grainger
Cynthia and S. Bruce Green
Gail Hafley and Chris Merrill
C. Michael and Eliza Hager
Debbie Hamrick
Susan and Andrew Hanson
B. H. Harrell, Jr.
Ray and Annie Hibbs
Hoffman Nursery
Horticulture Society of Rockingham County
Alton and Ramona Howard
J. Frank Schmidt Family Trust
Jerry and Nina Jackson
William and Mary Joslin
Kathie Kalmowitz
Curtis Kasefang and Sharon O'Neill
Robert and Olivia Kemp
Mary King
Paul and Phebe Kirkman
Ken and Betsy Kukorowski
Richard and Amelia Lane
Charles and Wanda Leffler
Carolyn Leith
B. Frank Lewis
MacGregor Downs Garden Club
Gus and Geary Mandrapilias
Catherine Maxwell and Ben Fewel
Bet and Sandy McClamroch
Louise McCracken and Dwight Koeberl
Alberta McKay
Thearon and Vanette McKinney
Mid-week Garden Club
Native Landscapes
NC State University Woman's Club
North Carolina Nursery & Landscape Association
Henry and Heidi Nuttle
Marjorie O'Keeffe
James and Diana Oblinger
Daniel and Elizabeth Page
Pender Nursery
Charles and Patricia Poe, Jr.
Gregory and Mary Ann Poole
Protocol Sampling Service
Raleigh Garden Club
Redwine's Plantscaping & Special Events
David and Maryann Rettino
Andrew and Laura Robinson
Carl and Janet Shafer
Frank Simons, III
Nancy Simonsen
Edward and Carol Smithwick, Jr.
Andrew and Esther Spaltenstein
Steel Magnolias Garden Club
Henry and Jane Steele
Paul and Kim Stephenson
Ray and Rose Ann Stilwell
Swift Creek Nursery
Tarheel Native Trees
Taylor's Nursery
Turtle Creek Nursery
Wake Stone Corp.
George and Lynda Waldrep
Dennis and Georgina Werner
Jerry and Adela Whitten
David and Judiann Wilkinson
George and Claudia Wilson

Green Industry Endowment
Carlson Design
Laura Moore

Lyons Internship Endowment
Cora Musial

Rose Garden Endowment
North Ridge Home and Garden Club

Volunteers

The gift of service is invaluable to the Arboretum, and we are very appreciative of the many hours our volunteers devote to the Arboretum. Our volunteers share their many talents and their time to make the Arboretum a wonderful place for all to enjoy. We couldn't do it without them. Thanks to all of you.

Volunteer Hours – January–December 2007

Our volunteers gave over 8,000 hours of their time in 2007. Their efforts have made the Arboretum a showpiece in the community.

300+ Hours
Harriet Bellerjeau
Vivian Finkelstein

200 –299 Hours
Mary Edith Alexander
Claude and Mary Caldwell
Suzanne Edney
Annie Hibbs
Beth Jimenez
Laddie Munger
Charlotte Presley

100 –199 Hours
Rosanna Adams
Vergean Birkin
Rick Boggs
Tom and Marie Bumgarner
Patrice Cooke
Colin Daniels
Jeffrey Evans
Linda Glenn
Margaret Jordan
Barbara Kennedy
Charles Kidder
Anita Kuehne and Bill Swint
Amelia Lane
Rudolf and Friederike Machilek
Jean Mitchell
Elaine Pace
John Pelosi
John Schott
Ralph Whisnant
David White
Dora Zia

40 –99 Hours
Jeanne Andrus
Frances Bradow
Regan Brown
Harvey Bumgardner
Anne Clapp
Laurie Cochran
Sherman Criner
C. J. Dykes
Carolyn Fagan
Frankie Fanelli
Wayne Friedrich
Timothy Hinton and Alisa Lycof-Hinton
Marty Howard
Sarah Marano
Thearon McKinney
Guy Meilleur
Frank Moore
Bob Davis and Judy Morgan-Davis
Martha Ramirez
Kathe Rauch
Alexandra Reid
Judy Ryan
Esther Spaltenstein
John Suddath
Ann Swallow
Betsy Viall
Dee Welker
Bobby Wilder
Qian Wu

Other Contributions of Hours
Dale Allen
Richard Allison
Pamela Baggett
Jayme Bednarczyk
Barbara Blackwell
Lisa Bohlen-Admire
Lynn Canada
Betty Cannady
Brenda Cleveland
Monika Coleman
Nancy Council
Kathy Crosby
Patricia Cross
Genelle Dail
Cynthia Dowdy
David and Catherine Duch
Wendy Elliott
Mary Lou Eycke
Roland Flory
Gail Harris
Cindy Heinlein
Mitzi Hole
Donna Horton
Cheryl Kearns
Gloria Kimber
Jennette King
Pat Korpik
Diane Kuzdrall
Patricia Lainfiesta
Joan Little
Nadine Mabry
Robert Mackintosh
Rogeania McCay
Rick McGirt
Alberta McKay
Verna Medeiros
Betsy Megalos
Philip Meilleur
Rita Mercer
Harley Mudge
Tina Oberle
Richard Pearson
Catherine Poff
Anne Porter
Shannon Renard
Robert Roth
Erin Schnieders
Nancy Simonsen
Kristina Solberg
Ann Stellings
Cherlynn Tchir
Anitra Todd
Richard and Judith Tyler
Ruth Updegraff
Kathy Violette
Donna Watkins
Bee Weddington
Elisabeth Wheeler
Jan Wilson
Lowell Wood
Jewel Wynns
Helen Yoest
Sandie Zazzara

Volunteering

Volunteer News

By Barbara Kennedy, Volunteer Coordinator

After a very busy spring, it is nice to take a breather and enjoy the gardens. The weather has been kinder to us this year and a few good rains have done wonders. Activities subsided somewhat over the summer, but picked up again in the fall.

We have a number of new volunteers on board and we are glad to have them.

Gail Beasley – Rose Garden
Beth Cleveland – Visitor Center
Barbara Dechter – Winter Garden
Dennis Drehmel – Special Events
Mike Ferrell – Gardener
Chloe Francis – Gardener
Tracey Francis – Gardener
Benjamin Gill – Mapper
Brie Gluvna – Gardener
Rebecca Green – Visitor Center
Paul Henehan – Tour Guide
Twila Mitchell – Winter Garden
Lara Rose Philbrook – Butterfly Garden
Cindy Rayno – Labeler
Layne Snelling – Special Events
Martha Thomason – Labeler
Claire Vaeth – Winter Garden
Joanne Vandermast – Gardener

A Walk in the Winter Garden is an annual event that brings a lot of visitors. Tim Hinton, volunteer tour guide, leads a group through the garden. Many visitors want to see plants that look good during the winter. Tim has lots to show them.

The 2008 Gala in the Garden was a big success, but it takes many hours of preparation to make any major event successful. Volunteers Jennette King, Verna Medeiros, and Sandy Reid set up one of the auction tents.

Do you ever wonder how all those plant labels and name badges get made? We have three dedicated volunteers who are experts at operating our label machine. Cindy Heinlein and Sherman Criner are shown here during their day at work. Rikke Machilek, not shown, is our third engraving volunteer.

Mary and Claude Caldwell were honorary chairs at this year's Gala. They are pictured with Bryce Lane. Mary and Claude are longtime volunteers who have helped out in many different ways.

Three volunteers on the Master Plan team, Beth Jimenez, Jeff Evans, and Harriet Bellerjeau have some fun while working on some of the many details for this project. Thanks for the great work so far.

Many of our benches were in dire need of repair. Fortunately, we have some real craftsmen in our midst. Frank Moore, Wayne Friedrich, and Jim Schlitt stepped up and worked on getting the benches in like-new shape. Great job, guys!


Formatted into HTML by Christopher Todd Glenn
Programs and Education Coordinator
JC Raulston Arboretum
Department of Horticultural Science
North Carolina State University
Raleigh, NC 27695-7522

© The JC Raulston Arboretum, September 2008

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