Equal Employment Opportunity Laws (continued)
Other Civil Rights Legislation
- Pregnancy Discrimination Act: This was an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions constitutes unlawful sex discrimination under Title VII, which covers employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments. Women who are pregnant or affected by related conditions must be treated in the same manner as other applicants or employees with similar abilities or limitations.
- Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974 (VEVRAA): This act requires that employers with federal contracts or subcontracts of $25,000 or more provide equal opportunity and affirmative action for Vietnam era veterans, special disabled veterans, and veterans who served on active duty during a war or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized.
- Family Medical Leave Act: This U.S. labor law enacted on February 5, 1993 allows an employee to take unpaid leave due to a serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform his or her job or to take care of a sick family member or the birth of a child, including adoption or foster care.
- Rehabilitation Act of 1973: This act prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in programs conducted by federal agencies, in programs receiving federal financial assistance, in federal employment, and in the employment practices of federal contractors.
- Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972: Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in all academic and non-academic programs, services and activities at educational institutions receiving federal financial assistance. Title IX requires all institutions receiving federal funds to conduct self-evaluations of whether they offer equal opportunities based on sex and to provide written assurances to the U.S. Department of Education that the institution is in compliance for the period that the federally funded equipment or facilities remain in use.
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