Dr. Jack Odle, Ph.D.

last updated January, 2008

Powerpoint presentation on Liquid Feeding of Baby Pigs

Nutritional Biochemistry of the Neonate

Odle Laboratory Page

Education
Academic Positions
Academic Activities
Special Awards
Memberships
Editorial & Society
Committee Service

    

Grants
Refereed Publications
Abstracts
Other Publications
Seminars/Invited Lectures
Research Program
Biographical Sketch

Curriculum Vitae of

Dr. Jack Odle, Ph.D.

William Neal Reynolds Professor of Nutritional Biochemistry,
North Carolina
State University

Discipline focus, Nutritional Biochemistry

 

Address

Department of Animal Science 226B Polk Hall, P.O. Box 7621 Raleigh, NC 27695-7621

tel: 919-515-4050; fax: 919-515-7780 email: jack_odle@ncsu.edu

Education

1982 Bachelor of Science, Purdue University, Animal Sciences, GPA 6/6

1984 Masters of Science, University of Wisconsin, Animal Nutrition, GPA 4/4

1989 Doctor of Philosophy, University of Wisconsin, Nutritional Biochemistry, GPA 4/4

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Continuing Education

1999 Sabbatical leave. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. College of Medicine, School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition. Training in molecular biology.

1999 Exon-Intron, Columbia, MD. Techniques in Molecular Biology, Short Course.

2000 ESCOP/ACOP Leadership training program.

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Academic Positions

1982-1984       Research Assistant.     University of Wisconsin.        Dept of Meat & Animal Sciences

1984-1985       Research Associate.    University of Wisconsin.        Dept of Meat & Animal Sciences

1986-1989       Research Assistant.     University of Wisconsin.        Dept of Nutritional Sciences

1989-1995       Assistant Professor.    University of Illinois.              Dept of Animal Sciences

1995                Tenure Approved.       University of Illinois               Dept of Animal Sciences

1995-2000       Associate Professor.    North Carolina St. Univ.         Dept. of Animal Science

1997-2000       Adjunct Professor.      Frostburg St. Univ., MD         Dept of Biology

1999                Visiting Scientist.        UNC-Chapel Hill                    Dept of Nutrition (sabbatical)

2000-               Full Professor.             North Carolina St. Univ.         Dept of Animal Science

2005-               WNR Professor           North Carolina St. Univ.         Dept of Animal Science

 

Academic Affiliations

1990-1995       Full member, Graduate School, University of Illinois

1990-1995       Member, Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois

1995-               Full member, Graduate School, North Carolina State University

1995-               Member, Graduate Program in Nutrition, North Carolina State University

1996-               Full Member, Center for Gastrointestinal Biology & Disease, UNC-CH/NCSU

1998-               Member, Nutrient-Gene Interaction RIS, American Society for Nutritional Sciences

2000-               Member, Biotechnology Program, NCSU

2002-               Member, Genomics Faculty, NCSU

2005-               Member, Center for Comparative Medicine and Translational Research, NCSU

 

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Academic Activities

Research.  (70% appt.) Dr. Odle’s program is focused in the area of neonatal nutrition and metabolism.  Emphasis is on developmental aspects of lipid digestion, absorption and metabolism at the molecular, cellular and whole-animal level. Other research includes effects of dietary carnitine and medium-chain triglycerides on growth and effects of bioactive peptides and polyunsaturated fatty acids on development of the neonatal intestine.  Applied research includes the development of practical facilities for milk-replacer feeding on commercial swine farms and effects of dietary fat on pork quality.

Teaching.  (30% appt.) Dr. Odle’s teaching includes an upper level graduate course cross listed with biochemistry entitled Regulation of Metabolism.  He also teaches 50% of the graduate Nutrition course on Vitamin Metabolism and coordinates the graduate Nutrition Seminar.

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Special Awards

2005         William Neal Reynolds Professorship College of Agriculture, NCSU

2003         American Society of Animal Science AFIA Nutrition Research Award

1995         American Institute of Nutrition (Mead Johnson) Research Award

1995         American Society of Animal Science Young Investigator Award

1994         Faculty Award presented by the University of Illinois Nutritional Sciences Graduate Student Association. –

         " For extraordinary support and encouragement of NS graduate students".

1991         Future Leader Award, International Life Sciences Institute-Nutrition Foundation

1991         IBM-Sponsored Beckman Research Award

1990-94    University of Illinois list of "teachers ranked as excellent by students".

1982         Purdue Senior Medal - "Awarded to the Outstanding Senior in Agriculture and  Veterinary Medicine based on Scholarship & Leadership"

1982        Alpha Zeta Outstanding Student Award -  "In recognition of superior scholarship and achievement in the School of Agriculture."

1982        Gamma Sigma Delta - Award of Merit

1982        Graduated with highest honors, Purdue University

Graduate Fellowships

College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin

Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

Alternate-Ralston Purina Fellowship in '82 & '83

Scholarships

National Feed Ingredient Association ($1,000); Federal Land Bank ($1,000);

National Alpha Zeta Foundation ($500); Moorman Feed company ($500);

William E. Morris ($500); American Society of Animal Science Indiana State

 

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Memberships

American Society of Animal Science

American Society for Nutritional Sciences, full member

American Association for the Advancement of Science

International Who’s Who of Professionals

Phi Eta Sigma - National Honorary Fraternity

Phi Kappa Phi - Honorary Society

Alpha Zeta - Honorary Agriculture Fraternity

Boilermaker 600 Club - Purdue graduates with GPA of 6.0/6.0

 

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Editorial & Society Committee Service

Publications Management Committee, Journal of Nutrition, 2006, 2007, 2008

USDA/NRI Proposal study section, Bioactive nutrients, 2006, 2007, 2008 (panel manager)

Elected Counselor, American Society for Nutrition, 2005; re-elected 2007-2008

Associate Editor, Journal of Nutrition, 1999-2005.

NIH Study section, Integrated Nutrition and Metabolic Process (INMP), 2004.

USDA/NRI Proposal study section, Growth, Development & Nutrient Utilization, 1999, 2002.

Advisory Committee, NC Institute of Nutrition, 1999-2001.

Editorial Board The Journal of Nutrition, 1996-1999.

Editorial Board The Journal of Animal Science, 1993-1995.

Chairman, Publications Management Committee Journal of Nutrition, 1996-1998

Carolina Swine Nutrition Conference, planning committee, 1995-2004.

Nonruminant Nutrition Committee Chairman, Am. Soc. Anim. Sci., 1995.

Executive Committee, Divison of Nutritional Sciences, Univ. of Illinois, 1992-1995.


Ad hoc reviewer for Biochemistry. J., Am. J. Physiol., J. Nutr. Biochemistry,

            Comp. Biochem. Physiol., etc. and USDA/NRI-CGP, 1990-2004

 

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Grants

Year, Amount, Sponsor, Area of Study

89-90 $ 12,500 Research Board Lipid utilization by neonatal piglets

89-90 $ 8,000 ZinPro Corporation Bioavailability of Cu-Lysine for chicks (co-PI)

90 $ 7,000 Beijing Agricultural University Post-doctorate sponsor

90 $ 13,389 Bristol Myers Squibb Recovery of pigs from rotavirus infection

90 $ 6,550 Biokyowa Taurine in feline nutrition (co-PI)

90-91 $ 13,500 National Pork Producers Medium-chain triglyceride use by neonatal pigs

90-91 $ 6,000 Research Board Effect of L-carnitine on piglet lipid metabolism

90-91 $ 10,000 Biomedical Research Grant Lipid metabolism in the neonate

90-91 $ 5,000 Biomedical Research Grant Spectrophotometer purchase (co-PI)

90-91 $ 60,000 Calreco Taurine in feline nutrition (co-PI)

91 $ 18,000 Res. Board Beckman Award Use of HPLC to study lipid metabolism (co-PI)

91-92 $ 30,000 International Life Sci. Institute Piglet model for premature infants (Future Leader Award)

91-92 $ 76,470 Bristol Myers Squibb EGF & recovery of pigs from rotavirus infection

91-92 $ 13,920 National Pork Producers Medium-chain triglyceride use by neonatal pigs

92-93 $ 17,400 National Pork Producers Ketogenesis in neonatal piglets

92-93 $ 20,000 Illinois Pork Producers Medium-chain triglyceride use by neonatal pigs

92-93 $ 48,000 Wyeth-Ayerst Piglet model for infant nutrition (co-PI)

92-93 $ 30,000 Bristol Myers Squibb Piglet model for infant nutrition

92-94 $ 167,001 USDA NRICGP Regulation of ketogenesis in piglets (Animal Systems)

92-96 $ 496,350 NIH IGFs in piglet intestinal development (co-PI)

94-95 $ 10,000 Illinois Pork Producers Lipid digestion in neonatal piglets

94-95 $ 28,000 International Ag. Services Bioemulsifiers & lipid utilization in swine

94-96 $ 55,000 Wyeth-Ayerst Piglet model for infant nutrition (co-PI)

95-96 $ 15,780 Fats & Protein Res. Fndn. Effect of fat feeding on milk composition of gilts

95-96 $ 7,091 Murphy Farms Dietary fat and meat quality (co-PI)

96 $ 8,589 Murphy Farms Dietary fat and meat quality (co-PI)

96-00 $ 60,000 Seoul National University Piglet morbidity & mortality

96-97 $ 12,150 Fats & Protein Res. Foundation. Effect of fat feeding on sow & piglet efficiency

96 $ 35,000 Abbot, Biotech Center, NCSU pYY effects on intestine of pigs & chicks (co-PI)

95 $ 16,213 USDA Animal Health Glutamine effects on rotaviral diarrhea in pigs

96 $ 4,100 NC Institute of Nutrition Culture of piglet hepatocytes

97 $ 4,000 NC Institute of Nutrition Glutamine effects on intestinal growth & repair

97 $ 25,000 National Pork Producers Dietary fat and pork quality (co-PI)

97 $ 48,000 Iams Company Lipid metabolism in dogs

97 $ 10,676 Kemin Industries Emulsifier -- evaluation for weanling pigs (co-PI)

97 $ 21,000 Lonza Inc. MCT & carnitine research
98 $ 29,700 NC Pork Council Liquid diets for early-weaned pigs

98 $ 3,900 NC Institute of Nutrition Piglet hepatocyte lipid metabolism

98 $ 20,500 Iams Company Lipid metabolism in cats

98-01 $ 165,000 USDA-NRI Molecular ontogeny of lipid metabolism

98 $ 35,000 Nat=l Soy Res. Lab. Digestibility of soybean meal (co-PI)

98 $ 45,000 Am. Prot. Corp. Plasma protein for piglets (co-PI)

99 $ 12,500 Kemin Industries Enhancing amino acid and lipid digestibility

99 $ 5,000 Gualtney Enhancing lipid digestibility in finishing pigs

98-01 $ 14,000 CALS Nutrition seminar funding.

98-99 $ 14,831 CALS Equipment grant Scintillation counter & scales (co-PI)

99 $3,580 NC Institute of Nutrition Effects of emulsification on nutrient digestibility

99-01 $ 67,314 Mead Johnson Phospholipids as a vehicle of LCPUFA for infants

00 $ 26,814 Fats & Protein Res. Fndn. Improving bacon quality in lean genotype swine

00 $ 30,000 NC Pork Council Improving bacon quality in lean genotype swine

00 $ 4,150 NC Institute of Nutrition Effects of CLA on swine adipose

01-03 $ 40,000 Feed industry, Improving liquid diets for young pigs

03-05 $250,000 USDA-NRI, Animal Health, Arginine effects on piglet rotaviral enteritis

03-06 $110,000 Allied feed industry, Molecular basis of carnitine status in growing pigs.

04-05 $8,100 Morris Animal Foundation, CLA regulation of adipocyte metabolism in companion animals.

04-05 $48,000 Nestle-Purina Petcare, Felid stromal-vascular cell culture.

05-07 $55,000 Fats and Proteins Research Foundation, Improving fat utilization by the young pig.

05-08 $494,000 USDA-NRI, Prophylactic effects of arachidonate on intestinal health of the suckling neonate

07-09 $340,747 USDA-NRI, Induction of precocious milk-fat oxidation in neonatal pigs

07-08 $46,000 NutraCea-RiceX, Nutritional value of stabilized rice bran for newly weaned pigs.

07-09 $170,000 Mead Johnson, Prebiotics in neonatal nutrition.

07-08 $100,384 UNC-General Administration.  Oral vaccination of pigs using transgenic soybean.

 

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Refereed Publications (95 total, 12 invited)

1) Crenshaw, T.D., M.E. Cook, J. Odle and R.E. Martin. 1986. Effect of nutritional status, age at weaning and room temperature on growth and systemic immune response of weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 63:1845-1853.

2) Odle, J. and D. M. Schaefer. 1987. Influence of rumen ammonia concentration on the rumen degradation rates of barely and maize. Br. J. Nutr. 57:127-138.

3) Benevenga, N. J., J. K. Steinman-Goldsworthy, T. D. Crenshaw and J. Odle. 1989. Utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal piglets I: Effects on milk consumption and body fuel utilization. J. Anim. Sci. 67:3331-3339.

4) Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1989. Utilization of medium- chain triglycerides by neonatal piglets II: Effects of even- and odd-chain triglyceride consumption over the first 2 days of life on blood metabolites and urinary nitrogen excretion. J. Anim. Sci. 67:3340-3351.

5) Baker, D.H., J. Odle, M. A. Funk and T. M. Wieland. 1991. Bioavailability of copper in cupric oxide, cuprous oxide and in a copper-lysine complex. Poulty Sci. 70:177-179.

6) Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1991. Utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal piglets: Chain length of even- and odd-carbon fatty acids and apparent digestion/absorption and hepatic metabolism. J. Nutr. 121:605-614.

7) Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1991. Postnatal age and the metabolism of medium- and long-chain fatty acids by isolated hepatocytes from small-for-gestational-age and appropriate-for-gestational-age piglets. J. Nutr. 121:615-621.

8) Benevenga, N.J., J. Odle and G.L. Asche. 1992. Comparison of measured carbon dioxide production with that obtained by the isotope dilution technique in neonatal pigs: observations on site of infusion. J. Nutr. 122:2174-2182.

9) Odle, J., N.J. Benevenga and T.D. Crenshaw. 1992. Evaluation of [1-14C]-medium-chain fatty acid oxidation by neonatal piglets using continuous-infusion radiotracer kinetic methodology. J. Nutr. 122:2183-2189.

10) Glass, E.N., J. Odle and D.H. Baker. 1992. Urinary taurine excretion as a function of taurine intake in adult cats. J. Nutr.122:1135-1142.

11) Odle, J., E.N. Glass, G.L. Czarnecki-Maulden and D.H. Baker. 1992. Urinary excretion of taurine as a function of taurine intake: Potential for estimating taurine bioavailability in the adult cat. In: Taurine: Nutritional value and mechanisms of action.J.B. Lombardini, S.W. Schaffer and J. Azuma (eds.). Plenum Press, NY. pp. 55-62.

12) Kempen, T.A.T.G., van and J. Odle. 1992. Quantification of carnitine esters by high-performance liquid chromatography. Effect of feeding medium-chain triglycerides on the plasma carnitine ester profile. J. Chromatogr. 584:157-165. View Full Article

13) Wieland, T.M., X. Lin and J. Odle. 1993. Utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal pigs: Effects of emulsification and dose delivered. J. Anim. Sci. 71:1863-1868.  View Full Article

14) Wieland, T.M., X. Lin and J. Odle. 1993. Emulsification and fatty acid chain length affect the utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal piglets. J. Anim. Sci. 71:1869-1874.  View Full Article

15) Adams, S.H. and J. Odle. 1993. Plasma -hydroxybutyrate after octanoate challenge: in support of attenuated ketogenic capacity in neonatal swine. Am. J. Physiol. (Reg., Integ. & Comp. Physiol.) 265:R761-R765.  View Full Article

16) Kempen, T.A.T.G., van and J. Odle. 1993. Medium-chain fatty acid oxidation in colostrum-deprived newborn piglets: stimulatory effect of L-carnitine supplementation. J. Nutr. 123:1531-1537.

17) Odle, J., M. Roach and D.H. Baker. 1993. Taurine utilization by cats. J. Nutr. 123:1932-1933.

18) Kempen, T.A.T.G. and J. Odle. 1993. High performance liquid chromatography of carnitine esters. J. Chromatogr.652:117-118.

19) Odle, J., Xi Lin, T.M. Wieland and T.A.T.G. van Kempen. 1994. Emulsification and fatty acid chain length affect the kinetics of [14C]-medium-chain triacylglycerol utilization by neonatal piglets. J. Nutr. 124:84-93.

20) Donovan, S.M. and J. Odle. 1994. Peptide growth factors in milk: Do they have a role in the infant. Ann. Rev. Nutr.14:147-167.  View Full Article

21) Donovan, S.M., L.K. McNeil, R. Jimenez-Flores and J. Odle. 1994. Insulin-like growth factors and IGF binding proteins in porcine serum and milk throughout lactation. Ped. Res. 36:1-8.

22) Zijlstra, R.T., J. Odle, W.F. Hall, B.W. Petschow, H.B. Gelberg and R.E.Litov. 1994. Effect of orally administered epidermal growth factor on intestinal recovery of neonatal pigs infected with rotavirus. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol Nutr.19:382-390.

23) Kempen, T.A.T.G. and J. Odle. 1995. Carnitine affects octanoate oxidation to carbon dioxide and dicarboxylic acids in colostrum-deprived piglets: In vivo analysis of mechanisms involved based on CoA- and carnitine-ester profiles. J. Nutr.125:238-250.

24) Tetrick, M.A., S.H. Adams, J. Odle and N.J. Benevenga. 1995. Contribution (D)-(-)-3-hydroxybutyrate to the energy expenditure of neonatal pigs. J. Nutr. 125:264-272.

25) Donovan, S.M., Zijlstra, R.T. and J. Odle. 1995. Use of the piglet to investigate the role of growth factors in neonatal intestinal development. Endocrine Regulations. 28:153-162.

26) Hansen, L.R., J.K. Drackley, L.L. Berger, D.E. Grum, J.D. Cremin, Jr., X. Lin, and J. Odle. 1995. Prenatal androgenization of lambs: II. Metabolism in adipose tissue and liver. J. Anim. Sci. 73:1701-1712.  View Full Article

27) Jackson, J.R., W.L. Hurley, R.A. Easter, A.H. Jensen and J. Odle. 1995. Effects of induced or delayed parturition and supplemental dietary fat on colostrum and milk composition in sows. J. Anim. Sci. 73:1906-1913.  View Full Article

28) Cremin, J.D., Jr., J.K. Drackley, L.R. Hansen, D.E. Grum, J. Odle and G.C. Fahey, Jr. 1995. Effects of glycine and bovine serum albumin on inhibition of propionate metabolism in ovine hepatocytes caused by reduced phenolic monomers. J. Anim. Sci. 73:3009-3021.  View Full Article

29) Odle, J., X. Lin, T.A.T.G. van Kempen, J.K. Drackley and S.H. Adams. 1995. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase modulation of hepatic fatty acid metabolism and radio-HPLC evidence for low ketogenesis in neonatal pigs. J. Nutr. 125:2541-2549.

30) Zijlstra, R.T., A.M. Mies, B.A. McCracken, J. Odle, H.R. Gaskins, E.L. Lien and S.M. Donovan. 1996. Short-term metabolic responses do not differ between neonatal piglets fed formulas containing hydrolyzed or intact soy proteins. J. Nutr.126:913-923.

31) Cline, J.L., J. Odle and R.A. Easter. 1996. The riboflavin requirement of adult dogs is greater than previous estimates. J. Nutr. 126:984-988.

32) Odle, J., R.T. Zijlstra and S.M. Donovan. 1996. Intestinal effects of milkborne growth factors in neonates of agricultural importance. J. Anim. Sci. 74:2509-2522.  View Full Article

33) Lin, X., S.H. Adams and J. Odle. 1996. Acetate represents a major product of heptanoate and octanoate -oxidation in hepatocytes isolated from neonatal piglets. Biochem. J. 318:235-240.  View Full Article

34) Zijlstra, R.T., A.M. Mies, B.A. McCracken, J. Odle, H.R. Gaskins, E.L. Lien and S.M. Donovan. 1996. Short-term metabolic responses do not differ between neonatal piglets fed formulas containing hydrolyzed or intact soy proteins. J. Nutr.126:913-923.

35) Zijlstra, R.T., K-Y. Whang, R.A. Easter, and J. Odle. 1996. Effect of feeding a milk replacer to early-weaned pigs on growth, body composition and small intestinal morphology, compared with suckled littermates. J. Anim. Sci. 74:2948-2959.  View Full Article

36) Donovan, S.M., V.M. Houle, M.H. Monaco, E.A. Schroeder, Y. Park and J. Odle. 1996. The neonatal piglet as a modle to study insulin like growth factor mediated intestinal growth and function. In: Advances in Swine in Biomedical Research (M. Tumbleson and L. Schook, eds.) Plenum Press, New York. pp. 733-743.

37) Reeds, P.J. and J. Odle. 1996. Pigs as models for nutrient functional interaction. In: Advances in Swine in Biomedical Research (M. Tumbleson and L. Schook, eds.) Plenum Press, New York.

38) Donovan, S.M., J.C.-J. Chao, R.T. Zijlstra and J. Odle. 1997. Orally administered iodinated insulin-like growth factor-I (125I-IGF-I) is poorly absorbed by the newborn piglet. J. Pediatr. Gastroent. Nutr. 24:174-182.

39) Adams, S.H., X. Lin, X.X. Yu, J. Odle and J.K. Drackley. 1997. Hepatic fatty acid metabolism in pigs & rats: Major Differences in end-products, O2 uptake and -oxidation. Am. J. Physiol. 272:R1641-1646.  View Full Article

40) Odle, J. 1997. New insights into medium-chain triglyceride utilization by the neonate: Observations from a piglet model. J. Nutr. 127:1061-1067.  View Full Article

41) Houle, V.M., E.A. Schroeder, J. Odle and S.M. Donovan. 1997. Small intestinal disaccharidase activity and ileal villus height are increased in piglets consuming formula containing recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I. Pediatr. Res.42:78-86.

42) Yu, X.X., J.K. Drackley and J. Odle. 1997. Rates of mitochondiral and peroxisomal ß-oxidation of palmitate change during postnatal development and feed deprivation in liver, kidney, and heart of pigs. J. Nutr. 127: 1814-1821.  View Full Article

43) Yu, X.X., J.K. Drackley and J. Odle. 1997. Response of hepatic mitochondrial and peroxisomal -oxidation to increasing palmitate concentrations in piglets. Biol. Neotate 72:284-292.

44) Zijlstra, R.T., S.M. Donovan, J. Odle, H.B. Gelberg, B.W. Petschow and H.R. Gaskins. 1997. Protein-energy malnutrition delays small-intestinal recovery in neonatal pigs infected with rotavirus. J. Nutr.127: 1118-1127.  View Full Article

44) Croom, W.J., B. McBride, A.R. Bird, Y.-K. Fan, J. Odle, M. Froetschel and I.L. Taylor. 1998. Regulation of intestinal glucose absorption: A new issue in animal science. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 78:1-13.

45) McCracken, B.A., R.T. Zijlstra, S.M. Donovan, J. Odle, E.L. Lien and H.R. Gaskins. 1998. Neither intact nor hydrolyzed soy proteins elicit intestinal inflammation in neonatal piglets. J. Parentr. Enter. Nutr. 22: 91-97.

46) Adams, S.H. and J. Odle. 1998. Acetogenesis does not replace ketogenesis in fasting piglets infused with hexanoate.. Am. J. Physiol. (Endocronology & Metabolism 37) 274:E963-E970.  View Full Article

47) Yu X.X., J.K. Drackley and J. Odle. 1998. Food deprivation changes peroxisomal -oxidation activity but not catalase activity during postnatal development in pig tissues. J. Nutr. 128: 1114-1121.  View Full Article

48) Odle, J. and R.J. Harrell. 1998. Nutritional approaches for improving neonatal piglet performance: Is there a place for liquid diets in commercial production? Asain-Austr. J. Anim. Sci. 11:774-780.

49) Odle, J. 1998. Medium-chain triglycerides: A unique energy source for neonatal pigs. Pig News and Information. 20:25-32.

50) Zijlstra, R.T., B.A. McCracken, J. Odle, S.M. Donovan, H.B. Gelberg, B.W. Petschow, F.A. Zuckerman and H.R. Gaskins. 1999. Malnutrition modifies pig small intestinal inflammatory responses to rotavirus. J. Nutr. 129: 838-843.  View Full Article

51) Heo, K.N., J. Odle, W. Oliver, J.H. Kim, I.K. Han and E. Jones. 1999. Effects of milk replacer and ambient temperature on growth performance of 14-day-old early-weaned pigs. Asain-Austr. J. Anim. Sci. 12:12:980-913.

52) Cho, W.T., S.H. Bae, I.K. Han, Y.K. Han, J. Odle and K.N. Heo. 1999. Effects of L-carnitine with different lysine levels on growth and nutrient digestibility in pigs weaned at 21 days of age. Asain-Austr. J. Anim. Sci. 12: 799-805.

53) Averette, L.A., J. Odle, M.H.. Monaco and S.M. Donovan. 1999. Dietary fat during pregnancy and lactation increases milk fat and insulin-like growth factor I concentrations and increases neonatal growth rates in swine. J. Nutr. 129:2123-2129.  View Full Article

54) Heo, K., J. Odle, I.K. Han, W. Cho, S. Seo, E. VanHeugten, D.H. Pilkington. 2000. Dietary L-carnitine improves nitrogen utilization in growing pigs fed low energy, fat-containing diets. J. Nutr. 130:1809-1814.  View Full Article

55) Veum, T.L. and J. Odle. 2000. Feeding neonatal pigs. Book Chapter. In: Swine Nutrition (AJ Lewis and L. Southern, Eds.).

56) Engle, T.E., J.W. Spears, T.A. Armstrong, C.L. Wright, and J. Odle . 2000. Effects of dietary copper source and concentration on carcass characteristics and lipid and cholesterol metabolism in growing and finishing steers. J. Anim. Sci. 78:1053-1059.  View Full Article

57) Cho, W.T., I.K. Han, B.J. Chae, Y.K. Han, J.K. Ha and J. Odle. 2000. Effects of chromium picolinate, L-carnitine and thyroxine on the performance, nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance in pigs weaned at 21 days of age. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 9: 633-645.

58) Engle, T.E., J. W. Spears, V. Fellner and J. Odle. 2000. Effects of soybean oil and dietary copper on ruminal and tissue lipid metabolism in finishing steers. J. Anim. Sci. 78:2713-2721.  View Full Article

59) Heo, K.N., J. Odle and I.K. Han. 2000. Effects of dietary L- carnitine and protein level on plasma carnitine, energy and carnitine balance, and carnitine biosynthesis of 20 kg pigs. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 13: 1568-1575.

60) Heo, K., X. Lin, J. Odle and I.K. Han. 2000. Kinetics of carnitine palmitolytransferase-I are altered by dietary variables and suggest a metabolic need for supplemental carnitine in young pigs. J. Nutr. 130:2467-2470.  View Full Article

61) Odle, J., K.N. Heo and X. Lin. 2000. The role of carnitine and betaine in lean growth modulation of swine. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 13:386-395.

62) Heo, K.N., J. Odle, X. Lin, T.A.T.G. van Kempen and I.K. Han. 2001. Determination of carnitine renal threshold and effect of medium-chain triglycerides on carnitine profiles in newborn pigs. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 14:237-242.

63) Kim, J.H., K.N. Heo, J. Odle, I.K. Han and R.J. Harrell. 2001. Liquid diets accelerate the growth of early-weaned pigs and the effects are maintained to market weight. J. Anim. Sci. 79:427-434.  View Full Article

64) Yu, X.X., J. Odle and J.K. Drackley. 2001. Differential induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzymes by clofibric acid and aspirin in piglet tissues. Am. J. Physiol Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 281: R1553 -R1561.  View Full Article

65) Oliver, W.T., S.A. Mathews, O. Phillips, E.E. Jones, J. Odle and R.J. Harrell. 2002. Efficacy of partially hydrolyzed corn syrupe solids as a replacement for lactose in manufactured liquid diets for neonatal pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80:143-153.  View Full Article

66) Averette Gatlin, L., J. Odle, J. Soede and J. A. Hansen. 2002. Dietary medium- or long-chain triglycerides improve body condition of lean-genotype sows and increase suckling pig growth. J. Anim. Sci. 80:38-44.  View Full Article

67) Evans, M., X. Lin, J. Odle and M. McIntosh. 2002. Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid increases fatty acid oxidation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. J. Nutr. 132: 450-455.  View Full Article

68) Odle, J., P. Lyvers Peffer, X. Lin. 2002. Hepatic fatty acid oxidation in young pigs. In: Biology of metabolism in growing animals. (Eds D. Burrin and H. Mersmann) Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands. (in press).

69) Averette Gatlin, L.A., M.T. See, J. Hansen, D. Sutton and J. Odle. 2002. The effects of dietary fat sources, levels, and feeding intervals on pork fatty acid composition. J. Anim. Sci. 80:1606-1615.  View Full Article

70) Mathews, S.A., W.T. Oliver, O.T. Phillips, J. Odle, D.A. Diersen-Schade, and R.J. Harrell. 2002. Comparison of triglycerides and phospholipids as supplemental sources of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in piglets. J. Nutr. 132: 3081-3089.  View Full Article

71) Averette Gatlin, L.A., M.T. See, D.K. Larick, X. Lin, and J. Odle. 2002. Conjugated linoleic acid in combination with supplemental dietary fat alters pork fat quality. J. Nutr. 132: 3105-3112.  View Full Article

72) Heo, K.N., X. Lin, I.K. Han, and J. Odle. 2002. Medium-chain fatty acids but not L-carnitine accelerate the kinetics of [14C]rriacylglycerol utilization by colostrum-deprived newborn pigs. J. Nutr. 132: 1989–1994.  View Full Article

73) Averette Gatlin, L.A., M.T. See, J.A. Hansen and J. Odle. 2003. Hydrogenated dietary fat improves pork quality of pigs from two lean genotypes. J. Anim. Sci. 81:1989-1997.  View Full Article

74) Lin, X. and J. Odle. 2003. Changes in kinetics of carnitine palmitoyltransferase in liver and skeletal muscle of dogs (Canis familiaris) throughout growth and development. J. Nutr. 133: 1113–1119.  View Full Article

75) Qiao, Y., X. Lin, J. Odle, A. Whittaker, and T. A. T. G. van Kempen. 2004. Refining in vitro digestibility assays: Fractionation of digestible and indigestible peptides. J. Anim. Sci. 18:1669-1677.  View Full Article

76) Odle, J., P. Lyvers Peffer, X. Lin. 2005. Hepatic fatty acid oxidation in young pigs. In: Biology of metabolism in growing animals. (Eds D. Burrin and H. Mersmann) Elsevier Limited, New York. pp. 221-234. View Full Article

77) Oliver, W.T., K.J. Touchette, C.S. Whisnant, J.A. Brown, S.A. Mathews, J. Odle, and R.J. Harrell. 2004. Pigs weaned from the sow at 10 days of age respond to dietary energy source of manufactured liquid diets and exogenous porcine somatotropin (pST). J. Anim. Sci. 83:1002-1009. View Full Article

78) Xing, J.J., E. van Heugten, D.F. Li, K.J. Touchette, J.A. Coalson and J. Odle. 2004. Effects of fat encapsulation and pelleting on weanling pig performance and fat digestibility. J. Anim. Sci. 82: 2601-2609. View Full Article

79) Peffer, P.A., X. Lin and J. Odle. 2005. Hepatic ß-oxidation and carnitine palmitoyltransferase I in neonatal pigs following dietary treatments of clofibric acid, isoproterenol and medium chain triglycerides . Am. J. Physiol. (Regul, Integr. Comp. Physiol.) 288:R1518 View Full Article

80) House, R.L., J.P. Cassady, E.J. Eisen, T.E. Eling, J.B. Collins, S.F. Grissom and J. Odle. 2005. Functional genomic characterization of the de lipidative effects of trans 10, cis12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10c12 CLA) in a polygenic obese line of mice. Physiol. Genomics. 21:351-361. View Full Article

81) House, R.L, J.P. Cassady, E.J. Eisen, M.K. McIntosh, and J. Odle. 2005 Conjugated linoleic acid evokes de-lipidation through the regulation of genes controlling lipid metabolism in adipose and liver tissue. Obesity Reviews 6:247-258 . View Full Article

82) Lin, X., R.L. House and J. Odle. 2005.Ontogeny and kinetics of carnitine palmitoyltransferase in liver and skeletal muscle of the domestic felid (Felis domestica). J. Nutr. Biochem. 16:331-338. View Full Article

83) Averette Gatlin, L.A., M.T. See and J. Odle. 2005. Effects of chemical hydrogenation of supplemental fat on relative apparent lipid digestibility in finishing swine. J. Anim. Sci. 83:1890-1898. View Full Article

84) Ebert, A.R., A.S. Berman, R.J. Harrell, A.M. Kessler, S.G. Cornelius and J. Odle. 2005. Vegetable proteins enhance growth of milk fed piglets, despite lower apparent ileal digestibility. J. Nutr. 135:2137-2143.View Full Article

85) Rhoads, J.M., X. Niu, J. Odle, and L.M. Graves. 2006. Role of mTOR signaling in intestinal cell migration. Am. J. Physiol (Gastrointest. Liver Physiol.) 291:G510-G517. View Full Article

86) Dicklin, M.E., J.L. Robinson, X. Lin and J. Odle. 2006. Ontogeny and chain-length specificity of gastrointestinal lipases affect medium-chain triacylglycerol utilization by newborn pigs. J. Anim Sci. 84:818-825. View Full Article

87) Averette, Gatlin, L., M.T. See, D.K. Larick and J. Odle. 2006. Descriptive flavor analysis of bacon and pork loin from lean-genotype gilts fed conjugated linoleic acid and supplemental fat. J. Anim. Sci. 84:3381-3386. View Full Article

88) Rhoads, J.M., B. Corl, R. Harrell, X. Niu, L. Gatlin, O. Phillips, A.T. Blikslager, A. Moeser, G. Wu and J. Odle. 2007. Intestinal ribosomal p70s6k signaling is increased in piglet rotavirus enteritis. Am. J. Physiol (Gastrointest. Liver Physiol) 292:G913-922. View Full Article

89) Corl, B.A., R.J. Harrell, H.K. Moon, O. Phillips, E.M. Weaver, J.M. Campbell, J.A. Arthington and J. Odle.  2007. Effects of animal plasma proteins on intestinal recovery of neonatal pigs infected with rotavirus. J. Nutr. Biochem. 18:778-784. View Full Article

90) Blikslager, A.T., A. Moser, J. Gookin, S. Jones and J. Odle. 2007. Restoration of barrier function in injured intestinal mucosa. Physiol. Rev. 87:545-564. View Full Article

91) Lyvers-Peffer, P.A., X. Lin, S. Jacobi, L.A. Gatlin, J. Woodworth and J. Odle. 2007.  Ontogeny of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I activity, carnitine-Km, and mRNA abundance in pigs throughout growth and development.   J. Nutr. 137-898-903. View Full Article

92) Lin, X., B. Corl and J. Odle. 2007. Idiosyncrasies of piglet lipid metabolism and their relationship to postnatal mortality. In: Paradigms in Pig Science. (Edited by J Wiseman et al.) University of Nottingham Press. pp 187-206. View Full Article

93) Corl, B.A., J. Odle, X. Niu, A.J. Moeser, L.A. Gatlin, O.T. Phillips, A.T. Blikslager, and J. M.   Rhoads. 2008. Arginine activates intestinal p70S6k and protein synthesis in piglet rotavirus enteritis. J. Nutr. 2008;138 24-29. View Full Article

94) Davidson, S., B.A. Hopkins, J. Odle, C. Brownie, V. Fellner and L.W. Whitlow, 2008. Supplementing limited methionine diets with rumen-protected methionine, betaine, and choline in early lactation holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci (in press).

95) Corl, B.A., S.A. Mathews Oliver, X. Lin, W.T. Oliver, Y. Ma, R.J. Harrell, and J. Odle 2008. Conjugated linoleic acid reduces body fat accretion and lipogenic gene expression in neonatal pigs fed low- or high-fat formulas. J. Nutr. (in press).

 

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Publications, Abstracts

Odle, J., D. M. Schaefer, S. C. Ricke and T. R. Pohanka. 1984. The effect of dietary urea concentration of performance and nutrient digestibility by beefs steers. J. Anim. Sci. 59(Suppl. 1):405.

Odle, J., D. M. Schaefer and J. W. Costerton. 1985. Influence of rumen ammonia concentration on in situ fractional degradation rates of barley and corn. XVIII Conference of Rumen function, Chicago, IL p. 32.

Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1987. Evaluation of medium- and long-chain triglycerides as energy sources in newborn pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 65(Suppl. 1):307-308.

Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1988. Development of triglyceride and 3-OH-butyrate metabolism in the newborn pig. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. Midwestern Section. p. 131-132.

Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1988. Developmental changes in the utilization of medium-chain triglycerides containing fatty acids of even- or odd-chain length by neonatal pigs. FASEB J. 2:A649.

Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1988. Development of a system for evaluating octanoate (C8) and nonanoate (C9) metabolism by neonatal pig liver homogenates. J. Anim. Sci. 66(Suppl. 1):328.

Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1989. Separate effects of chain length and anaplerotic potential of even- and odd-fatty acids on metabolism of medium-chain triglycerides by neonatal piglets. FASEB J. 3:A1055.

Odle, J., T. D. Crenshaw and N. J. Benevenga. 1989. In vivo oxidation of 1-14-C-octanoate and 1-14C-nonanoate by neonatal pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 67(Suppl. 1):238.

Asche, G. L., J. Odle and N. J. Benevenga. 1989. Evaluation of isotope dilution technique to estimate carbon dioxide production in the newborn pig: effect of infusion site. J. Anim. Sci. 67(Suppl. 1):237-238.

Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1990. Metabolism of medium- and long-chain fatty acids by isolated hepatocytes from small-for-gestational-age and appropriate-for-gestational-age piglets. FASEB J. 4:A658.

Wieland, T.M. and J. Odle. 1991a. Effects of emulsification on the utilization of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) by neonatal piglets. FASEB J. 5:A1306.

Kempen, T.A.T.G. and J. Odle. 1991b. Does supplemental carnitine affect octanoate oxidation in colostrum-deprived newborn pigs? FASEB J. 6:A1382.

Glass, E.N., J. Odle, D.H. Baker and G.L. Czarnecki-Maulden. 1991c. Development of a renal adaptive response assay as a measure of taurine bioavailability in adult cats. FASEB J. 5:A591.

Odle, J. 1991. Urinary excretion of taurine (TAU) as a function of TAU intake: Potential for estimating TAU bioavailability in the adult cat. Waltham Symposium on Taurine and Cat Nutrition. Orange Beach, Alabama. October 8-10, 1991.

Odle, J., W. Hall, R. Zijlstra, B. Petschow, H. Gelberg and R. Litov. 1992. Effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on recovery of piglet small intestine following infection with rotavirus. FASEB J. 6:A1958.

Lin, X., J. Odle, T. van Kempen and J. Drackley. 1992. The role of carnitine acyltransferase (CAT) in control of hepatic lipid metabolism in developing small-for-gestational-age piglets. FASEB J. 6:A1383.

Kempen, T. A. T. G. and J. Odle. 1992. Quantification of acyl-carnitines by HPLC. FASEB J. 6:A1382.

Adams, S.H. and J. Odle. 1992. Exception to a paradigm: neonatal non-hyperketonemia in swine. Amer. Zool. 32:31A.

Odle, J., T. M. Wieland and X. Lin. 1992. Improving piglet survival by nutritional means: Efforts to enhance the efficacy of medium-chain triglycerides. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. Midwestern Section. p. 61.

Odle, J., X. Lin, T.M. Wieland and T.A.T.G. van Kempen. 1993. Effect of emulsification on the oxidation of triacylglycerols containing [1-14C]-hexanoate or octanoate by newborn pigs. FASEB J. 7:A883.

Adams, S.H. and J. Odle. 1993. Does HMG-CoA synthase play a role in limitation of ketogenesis in neonatal pigs? FASEB J.7:A379.

Kempen, T.A.T.G. and J. Odle. 1993. Carnitine affects medium-chain fatty acid (MCFA) metabolism in newborn pigs. FASEB J. 7:A64.

Lin, X., T.A.T.G. van Kempen and J. Odle. 1993. Production of dicarboxylic acids (DCA) in newborn pigs infused with various medium-chain fatty acids. FASEB J. 7:A384.

Donovan, S.M., L.K. McNeil, J. Odle and R. Jimenez-Flores. 1993. Pig serum and milk insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins throughout lactation. FASEB J. 7:A643.

Tetrick, M.A., S.H. Adams, J. Odle and N.J. Benevenga. 1993. Maximum oxidation of 3-14C-(D)-(-)--hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) in 1-2-day-old-piglets. FASEB J. 7:A380.

Adams,S.H., Xi Lin, J. Odle, T.A.T.G. van Kempen. 1993. Acetogenesis replaces ketogenesis during -oxidation in neonatal pigs. Amer. Zool. 33:37A.

Donovan, S.M., R. Zijlstra and J. Odle. 1993. Role of EGF and IGF in the neonatal intestine: development of a piglet model. IV. International Symposium on Hormones and Growth Factors in Milk, Slovakia.

Zijlstra, R.T., J. Odle and R.A. Easter. 1994. Growth and small-intestinal morphology of pigs fed creep feed or milk replacer compared to suckling littermates. J. Anim. Sci. 72(Suppl 2):60.

Zijlstra, R.T., J. Odle, K.Y. Whang and R.A. Easter. 1994. Changes in body composition and small-intestinal (SI) morphology of pigs fed milk replacer (MR) or starter diet compared to suckling littermates. J. Anim. Sci. 72(Suppl 1):263.

Mies, A.M., R.T. Zijlstra, B.A. McCracken, J. Odle, H.R. Gaskins, E.L. Lien and S.M. Donovan. 1994. Acute metabolic responses of piglets to infant formulas containing intact or hydrolyzed soy proteins: I. Hormones and metabolites. FASEB J.8:A459.

Zijlstra, R.T., A.M. Mies, S.M. Donovan, H.R. Gaskins, E.L. Lien and J. Odle. 1994. Acute metabolic responses of piglets to infant formulas containing intact or hydrolyzed soy proteins: II. Amino acids. FASEB J. 8:A460.

Adams, S.H., J. Odle, X. Lin and T.A.T.G. van Kempen. 1994. Plasma acetate, impaired ketogenesis and chain-shortening of C8:0 in day-old pigs fasted from birth. FASEB J. 8:A733.

Lin, X., S.H. Adams and J. Odle. 1994. Acetate is a major product of 1-carbon flux during -oxidation of heptanoate and octanoate in hepatocytes isolated from neonatal pigs. FASEB J. 8:A734.

Cline, J.L., G.L. Czarnecki-Maulden, J. Odle and R.A. Easter. 1995. Effect of vitamin A intake on serum retinl esters in dogs.FASEB J. 9:A167.

Dicklin, M.E., R.T. Zijlstra and J. Odle. 1995. Ontogeny of gastro-intestinal lipase activity in neonatal piglets. FASEB J. 9:A753.

Donovan, S.M., J. C-J. Chao, R.T. Zijlstra and J. Odle. 1995. Absorption of orally administered iodinated insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) by the neonatal piglet. FASEB J. 9:A730.

Drackley, J.K., X.X. Yu, X. Lin and J. Odle. 1995. Effect of palmitate concentration on mitochondrial -oxidation in piglet and adult rat liver. FASEB J. 9:A468.

Houle, V.M., E.A. Schroeder, Y.-K. Park, J. Odle and S.M. Donovan. 1995. Orally administered insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) stimulates neonatal piglet intestinal development. FASEB J. 9:A580.

Yu, X.X., X. Lin, J.K. Drackley and J. Odle. 1995. Peroxisomal -oxidation of fatty acids by neonatal piglets. FASEB J.9:A553.

Lin, X. and J. Odle. 1995. Regulation of fatty acid oxidation by hepatic mitochondria from neonatal pigs via carnitine palmitoyltransferase I. J. Anim. Sci. 73(Suppl 1):77.

Odle, J. and S.M. Donovan. 1995. Milkborne growth factors as mediators of neonatal intestinal development in normal and pathophysiological states. J. Anim. Sci. 73(Suppl 1):15.

Adams, S.H. and J. Odle. 1995. Pickled Pigs: Acetogenesis and its potential physiological relevance to metabolism in newborns from a species with low ketogenic potential. Proceedings of the 4thInternational Congress of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Birmingham, U.K. August. Physiological Zoology 68(4):105.

Yu, X.-X., J.K. Drackley and J. Odle. 1995. Developmental changes of palmitate oxidation capacity in pig heart, liver and kidney. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Swine in Biomedical Research. October 22-25. College Park, MD.

Xi, L., J. Odle and X.-X. Yu. 1995. Acetate production from [U-14C]-palmitate by heart and liver mitochondria isolated from piglets and rabbits. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Swine in Biomedical Research. October 22-25. College Park, MD.

Zijlstra, R.T., B.A. McCracken, H.R. Gaskins, S.M. Donovan, H. Gelberg and J. Odle. Protein energy malnutrition delays small-intestinal recovery in neonatal pigs infected with rotavirus. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Swine in Biomedical Research. October 22-25. College Park, MD.

Donovan, S.M., E.A. Schroeder, V.M Houle and J. Odle. The neonatal piglet as a model to study insulin-like growth factor mediated intestinal growth and function. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Swine in Biomedical Research. October 22-25. College Park, MD.

McCracken, B.A., R.T. Zijlstra, S.M. Donovan, J. Odle, E.L. Lien and H.R. Gaskins. 1996. Growth and intestinal histomorphology of piglets fed intact formulas containing intact or hydrolyzed soy proteins. FASEB J. 10:A749.

Zijlstra, R.T., B.A. McCracken, H.R. Gaskins, S.M. Donovan, H.B. Gelberg, J. Odle and B.W. Petschow. 1996. Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) delays small-intestinal recovery in neonatal pigs infected with rotavirus. FASEB J.10:A500.

X.X. Yu, J.K. Drackely and J. Odle. 1996. Effects of food deprivation and postnatal age on peroxisomal -oxidation in pig liver, kidney, and heart. FASEB J. 10:A520.

Mareskes, C., G. Gomez, B. Black, J. Odle, O. Phillips and R. Goforth. 1997. Therapeutic effects of oral rehydration solution (ORS) and L-glutamine (GLN) on porcine rotaviral enteritis. FASEB J. 11:A401.

Averette, L.A. and J. Odle. 1997. Effects of dietary fat on milk composition and litter performance of induced and naturally-farrowing swine. FASEB J. 11:A415.

Yu, X.X., J.K. Drackley and J. Odle. 1997. Tissue-specific induction of peroxisomal and mitochondrial -oxidation enzymes by clofibric acid in piglets. FASEB J. 11:A140.

See, M.T., J. Odle and D. Sutton. 1997. Impact of dietary fat composition and fat-feeding interval on pork quality of lean genotype hogs. J. Anim. Sci. (Supp. 1) p 13.

See, M.T., J. Odle and D. Sutton. 1997. Impact of gender, dietary fat composition and level on pork quality in lean genotype hogs. J. Anim. Sci. (Supp. 1) p 14.

Matsey, G., X. Lin and J. Odle. 1997. Effects of glucagon on piglet hepatocytes in primary culture. 8th Annual Institute of Nutrition Research Symposium Proceedings. p. 17.

Averette, L.A. and J. Odle. 1998. Addition of 10% medium- or long-chain triglyceride to sow diets improves suckling piglet growth and production efficiency of sows. J. Anim. Sci. (Suppl. 2): 52.

Heo, K.N., J. Odle, W. Oliver, E. Jones, I.K. Han. 1998. Effects of liquid-diet feeding and segregated-temperature housing on growth of 14-day-old early-weaned pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 76 (Suppl. 2):53.

Lin, X., J. Odle, R. Buddington and A. Lepine. 1998. Ontogeny and kinetics of carnitine acyltransferase activity in the canine.FASEB J. 12:A546.

Oliver, W.T., E.E. Jones, R.J. Harrell, J. Odle and K. N. Heo. 1998. Alternative sources of protein and carbohydrate for milk replacers for pigs removed from the sow at 3 to 5 days of age. J. Anim. Sci. 76 (Suppl. 1): 165.

Brown, S. S., E. van Heugten, and J. Odle. 1998. Evaluation of lysolecithin as an emulsifier for weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 76 (Suppl. 1): In Press.

Heo, K.N. J. Odle, I.K. Han, W.T. Cho, S.W. Seo, E. van Heugten and D.H. Pilkington. 1998. Effects of dietary L-carnitine and ideal protein level on carnitine biosynthesis, nitrogen balance and body composition of 20 kg pigs. Proceedings of the 8thWorld Conference on Animal Production, Seoul, Korea, June 28-July 4. Vol. 1, pp. 118-119.

Heo, K.N. J. Odle, I.K. Han, W. Oliver and E. Jones. 1998. Effects of milk replacer and different ambient temperatures on growth performance of 14-day-old, early-weaned pigs. Proceedings of the 8thWorld Conference on Animal Production, Seoul Korea, June 28-July 4. Vol. 1, pp. 690-691.

Cho, W.T., S.H. Bae, I.K. Han, Y.K. Han, J. Odle and K.N. Heo. 1998. Effects of L-carnitine with different lysine levels on growth and nutrient digestibility in pigs weaned at 21 days of age. Proceedings of the 8th World Conference on Animal Production, Seoul Korea, June 28-July 4. Vol. 1, pp. 708-709.

Mareskes, C., J. Odle, X. Lin, G. Gomez and B. Black. 1998. Effects of L-alanyl-glutamine on rotaviral enteritis of neonatal piglets. CGIBD Annual Retreat. Friday Center, Chapel Hill, NC., April 4, 1998.

Mareskes, C., J. Odle, X. Lin, G. Gomez and B. Black. 1998. Effects of L-alanyl-glutamine on rotaviral enteritis of neonatal piglets. 9th Annual Institute of Nutrition Research Symposium Proceedings. p. 21.

Averette, L.A., T. See and J. Odle. 1999. Hydrogenated dietary fat improves pork quality of pigs from two lean genotypes. J. Anim. Sci. 77:(Suppl. 1):52.

Lin, X., J. Odle, R. Buddington and A. Lepine. 1999. Acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) activity in the liver and adipose tissue during development of the canine. FASEB J. 13:A903.

Heo, K.N., J. Odle, I.K. Han and D.H. Pilkington. 1999. Effects of dietary L-carnitine and protein level on carnitine biosynthesis, carnitine balance and body composition of 20 kg pigs. FASEB J. 13:A908.

Odle, J., K.N. Heo, X. Lin and I.K Han. 1999. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I activity and carnitine concentration in liver and skeletal muscle of 20 kg pigs. FASEB J. 13:A908.

Averette, L.A., J. Odle and T. See. 1999. Effects of chemical hydrogenation of dietary fat on apparent lipid digestibility by finishing swine. J. Anim. Sci. 77:(Suppl. 1):183.

Kim, J.H., J. Odle, K.N. Heo, I.K. Han and R.J. Harrell. 1999. Liquid diets accelerate growth of early-weaned pigs and effects are maintained until market weight. J. Anim. Sci. 77:(Suppl. 1):185.

Lin, X., G. Matsey, K. Heo, and J. Odle. 1999. The effects of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) on hepatic fatty acid oxidation in neonatal piglets. 10th Annual Institute of Nutrition Research Symposium Proceedings. p. 16.

Odle, J. and R.J. Harrell. 2000. Enhancing neonatal intestinal growth, development and repair following injury. J. Anim. Sci. 78(Suppl. 1):135. (Invited).

Heo, K.N., J. Odle, X. Lin, T. van Kempen, and I.K. Han. 2000. Effect of L-carnitine and emulsified trioctanolyglycerol on kinetics of plasma carnitine and urinary carnitine excretion in colostrum-deprived newborn piglets. In: Proceedings of the 2000 International Symposium on Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. Pp. 445-447. Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Cho, W.T., I.K. Han, B.J. Chae, Y.K. Han, J.K. Ha and J. Odle. 2000. Effects of chromium picolinate, L-carnitine and thyroxine on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance in pigs weaned at 21 days of age. In: Proceedings of the 2000 International Symposium on Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. Pp. 653-654. Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Matsey, G., X. Lin and J. Odle. 2000. The effect of glucagon and insulin on â-oxidation of 1-14C-palmitate by piglet hepatocytes in primary culture. J. Anim. Sci. 78(Suppl. 1):142.

Oliver, W.T., S.A. Mathews, O. Phillips, E.E. Jones, J. Odle and R.J. Harrell. 2000. Efficacy of partially hydrolyzed corn syrup solids as a replacement for lactose in manufactured liquid diets for neonatal pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 78(Suppl. 1):181. 

Engle, T.E., J.W. Spears, V. Fellner and J. Odle. 2000. Effects of soybean oil and dietary copper on ruminal and tissue lipid metabolism in finishing steers. J. Anim. Sci. 78(Suppl. 1):287.

Lin, X., J. Odle, R. Buddington and A. Lepine 2000. Kinetics of carnitine palmitoyltransferase in frozen feline liver and muscle. FASEB J. 14:A208.

Harrell, R.J., H.K. Moon, E.M. Weaver, J.M. Campbell, J.A. Arthington, and J. Odle. 2000. Effects of animal plasma proteins on intestinal recovery of neonatal pigs infected with rotavirus. FASEB J. 14:A728.

Averette, L.A., M.T. See and J. Odle. 2000. Effects of emulsification on nutrient digestibility of swine diets supplemented with hydrogenated fat. 11th Annual Institute of Nutrition Research Symposium Proceedings. p. 32-33.

Mathews, S.A., R.J. Harrell, W.T. Oliver, J. Odle and D.A. Diersen-Schade. 2001. Comparison of dietary sources of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) in the neonatal piglet: Assessment of clinical parameters. FASEB J. 15:A643

Mathews, S.A., R.J. Harrell, W.T. Oliver, J. Odle and D.A. Diersen-Schade. 2001. Comparison of dietary sources of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) in the neonatal piglet: Impact on intestinal and liver parameters. FASEB J. 15:abst. addendum.

Averette, L.A., M.T. See and J. Odle. 2001. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation increases belly weight in lean-genotype gilts. J. Anim. Sci. (Suppl. 1):

McPhatter, L.A., S.R. Green, C.L. Moe and J. Odle. 2001. Development of a porcine model for the study of caliciviral enteritis: preliminary data. Annual meeting of the Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease. Univ. of NC - Chapel Hill. April 21.

Mathews, S.A., R.J. Harrell, W.T. Oliver, J.A. Brown, O. Phillips, X. Lin, J. Odle and D.A. Diersen-Schade. 2001. Effects of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) on body composition and tissue accretion in the neonatal pig. J. Anim. Sci. 79(Suppl. 1): 398.

Averette Gatlin, L.A., D.K. Larick, M.T. See and J. Odle. 2001. Descriptive flavor analysis of bacon and pork loin from lean-genotype gilts fed conjugated linoleic acid. J. Anim. Sci. 79(Suppl. 1):183.

Averette, L.A., M.T. See and J. Odle. 2001. Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation increases belly weight in lean-genotype gilts. Midwestern Section Animal Science meetings. Des Moines, IA. March 19-21. p. 49.

McPhatter, L., S.R. Greene, J. Vinjé, C.L. Moe and J. Odle. 2002. Development of a porcine model to study calicivirus pathogenesis. FASEB J. 16:A246.

Mathews, S.A., W.T. Oliver, X. Lin, O.T. Phillips, J.A. Brown, J. Odle, and R.J. Harrell. 2002. Essential fatty acid deficiency in piglets decreases -oxidation of 14C-linoleate and 14C-palmitate in both liver and brain tissue. FASEB J. 16:A223.

Oliver, W.T., K.J. Touchette, J.A. Brown, S.A. Mathews, J. Odle and R.J. Harrell. 2002. Young pigs respond to exogenous porcine somatotropin and dietary energy source. FASEB J. 16:A618.

Lyvers Peffer, P.A., X. Lin, R.J. Harrell and J. Odle. 2002. Induction of post-natal carnitine palmitoyltranferase activity and hepatic -oxidation in piglets. FASEB J. 16:A632.

Evans, M.E., X. Lin, J. Odle and M.K. McIntosh. 2002. Conjugated linoleic acid increases oleic acid oxidation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. FASEB J. 16:A1016.

Oliver, W.T., K.J. Touchette, J.A. Coalson, C.S. Whisnant, J.A. Brown, S.A. Mathews, J. Odle, and R.J. Harrell. 2002. Pigs weaned from the sow at 10 d of age respond to dietary energy source. J. Anim. Sci. 80(Suppl. 1) 80:197.

Mathews Oliver, S.A., W.T. Oliver, X Lin, J. Odle and R.J. Harrell. 2003. Conjugated linoleic acid reduces total body fat while not affecting the metabolism of essential fatty acids in the liver, brain or skeletal muscle of neonatal pigs. FASEB J. 17:4,5 (abst 454.22).

Bo, J., X. Lin, S. Mathews Oliver, R. Harrell and J. Odle. 2003. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduces long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) biosynthesis in brain and liver tissues of neonatal piglets. FASEB J. 17:4,5 (abst 454.23).

Xing, J.J., E. van Heugten, D.F. Li, K.J. Touchette, J.A. Coalson and J. Odle. 2003. Effects of fat encapsulation and pelleting on weanling pig performance and fat digestibility. Midwest Animal Science Mtg., Des Moines, IA. March 2003, p. 53.

Rhoads, J.M., Q. Fu, R. Rippe, J. Odle, and L.M.. Graves. 2003. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and p70s6 kinase are critical for arginine-stimulated intestinal cell migration. Gastroenterology 124:4(Suppl. 1): pp. A119-120.

House, R.L., J.P. Cassady, E.J. Eisen, T.E. Eling, and J. Odle. 2004. Functional genomic characterization of polygenic obese mice fed t10, c12 conjugated linoleic acid FASEB J. 18:4,5 (abst).

Rhoads, J.M., R. J. Harrell, O. Phillips, L.A. Gatlin, B. Corl, Q. Fu, , and J. Odle. 2004. Rotavirus enteritis of malnourished pigs increases intestinal activity of ribosomal p70 s6 kinase, increases gut protein synthesis and reduces muscle protein synthesis. World Congress of Pediatric Gastroenterology.

Lyvers-Peffer, P.A., X. Lin, L. Averette Gatlin, J. Woodworth and J. Odle. 2004. Ontogeny of mitochondrial palmitoyltransferase I in porcine liver and skeletal muscle. National Animal Science meetings, St. Louis Mo.

Ebert A., A.S. Berman, R.H. Harrell, S.G. Cornelius and J. Odle. 2004. Liquid diets containing vegetable proteins accelerate piglet growth above milk-protein-based diets. National Animal Science meetings, St. Louis Mo.

Odle, J. 2004. Nutritional biochemistry of the developing neonate: Insights gleaned from a piglet model. NIH/USDA Workshop on Domestic animal models for biomedical research. Michigan State University, October 30.

Corl, B.A., J.M. Rhoads, R.J. Harrell, A.T. Blikslager, O.T. Phillips, L.A. Gatlin, X.M. Niu and J. Odle. 2005. Rotaviral enteritis stimulates ribosomal p70 s6 kinase and increases intestinal protein synthesis in neonatal pigs. FASEB J.

Lin, X., P. Lyvers-Peffer, J. Woodworth and J. Odle. 2005. Ontogeny of carnitine biosynthesis in pigs, inferred from gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase activity. FASEB J.

Xi, L., M.T. See, K.N. Wentz, J. Odle, B.A. Belstra, T.A. Armstrong, P.D. Matzat, P.J. Rincker, F.K. McKeith, M. Culbertson, W. Herring and J. Hansen. 2005. The effect of ractopamine feeding level on fatty acid profiles in belly and clearplate fat of finishing pigs. Midwest Animal Science Mtg., Des Moines, IA.

See, M.T., T.A. Armstrong, P.D. Matzat, B.A. Belstra, F.K. McKeith, P.J. Rincker, L. Xi, J. Odle, M. Culbertson, W. Herring and J. Hansen. 2005. Effect of ractopamine feeding level on growth performance and carcass composition. Midwest Animal Science Mtg., Des Moines, IA.

Rincker, P.J., M.T. See, T.A. Armstrong, P.D. Matzat, B.A. Belstra, F.K. McKeith, L. Xi, J. Odle, M. Culbertson, W. Herring and J. Hansen. 2005. Effects of ractopamine feeding level on carcass cutting yield and loin quality measurements. Midwest Animal Science Mtg., Des Moines, IA.

Rhoads, J.M., X.M. Niu, B. Corl, R.J. Harrell, L.A. Gatlin, and J. Odle. 2005. Ribosomal p70s6k coordinately changes with intestinal and muscle protein synthesis rates during viral diarrhea. J. Invest. Med. , S205 (meeting of Southern region of Amer. Physiol. Assoc.).

Rhoads, J.M., X.M. Niu, J. Odle, and L. Graves. 2005. Role of mTOR signaling in intestinal cell migration. J. Pediatr. Gastroent. Nutr. 41:514-515.

Rhoads, J.M., B. Harrell, B. Corl, X.M. Niu, L. Gatlin, O. Phillips, A. Blikslager, and J. Odle. 2005. mTOR signaling is a component of intestinal repair in piglet rotavirus enteritis. J. Pediatr. Gastroent. Nutr. 41:514.

Rhoads, J.M., X.M. Niu, B. Corl, R.J. Harrell, L.A. Gatlin, and J. Odle. 2005. Ribosomal p70s6k coordinately changes with intestinal and muscle protein synthesis rates during viral diarrhea. J. Invest. Med., S205 (meeting of Southern region of Amer. Physiol. Assoc.).

Lewis, H.E., O. Phillips, R. Cabrera, R.D. Boyd, J. Usry, J. Odle, R.J. Harrell. 2006.  Lysine requirements of neonatal pigs fed manufactured liquid diets. Midwest Anim. Sci., DesMoines IA.

Lin X., K.R. Brown, J.C. Woodworth, B.J. Johnson and J. Odle. 2006. Effects of maternal dietary L-carnitine on fetal carnitine status as measured by tissue carnitine accumulation and kinetics of carnitine palmitoyltransferase in fetal pigs. FASEB. J.

Hess, H.A., B.A. Corl, X. Lin, L. A. Averette Gatlin, O.T. Phillips, R.J. Harrell, A.T. Blikslager, and J. Odle. 2006. Prophylactic enrichment of enterocyte phospholipids with polyunsaturated fatty acids fed to suckling piglets. FASEB J.

Hess, H.A., S. Jacobi, B.A. Corl, X. Lin, L. A. Averette Gatlin, O.T. Phillips, R.J. Harrell, A.T. Blikslager, and J. Odle. 2006. Effects of dietary arachidonic acid on desaturase gene expression in liver and intestine of suckling pigs.  Nutrient-Gene Interaction RIS, Experimental Biology mtgs, San Francisco, CA. April 3, 2006.

Rhoads, J.M., B. Corl, X. Niu, A. Blikslager, L. Gatlin, O. Phillips, B. Harrell and J. Odle.  mTor signaling is a component of intestinal repair in piglet rotavirus enteritis.  Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition. 43(4): October 2006, p. E30.

Lewis, H.E, O. Phillips, R. Cabrera, R.D. Boyd, J. Usry, J. Odle, and R. J. Harrell. 2007. Lysine requirements of neonatal pigs fed manufactured liquid diets. Midwest Animal Science Meeting, Des Moines, IA.

 

Price, K., L. Xi, E. van Heugten, G. Willis, and J. Odle. 2007. Improving fat utilization by the weanling pig: effects of emulsification, diet physical form and fatty-acid-chain-length on growth performance. American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX.

 

Ikard, A.E., R.J. Harrell, J. Odle, L.R. Gast, and J.H. Eisemann. 2007. Response to partial replacement of total lysine with synthetic lysine in pigs from 1.5 to 5.5 kg fed liquid diets.  American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX.

 

Jacobi, S.K., A.J. Moeser, B.A. Corl, K. Ryan, A.T. Blikslager, R.J. Harrell and J. Odle. 2007. Prophylactic enrichment of ileal enterocyte phospholipids with polyunsaturated fatty acids facilitates acute repair following ischemic injury in suckling piglets. Digestive Disease Week. Am. Gastroent. Assn. Washington DC.

 

Jacobi, S.K., A.J. Moeser, B.A. Corl, K. Ryan, A.T. Blikslager, R.J. Harrell and J. Odle. 2007. Prophylactic enrichment of ileal enterocyte phospholipids with polyunsaturated fatty acids facilitates acute repair following ischemic injury in suckling piglets. Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease. Annual meeting. Chapel Hill, NC.

 

Rhoads, J.M, B. Corl, X.M. Niu, A. Blikslager, L. Gatlin, O. Phillips, R. Harrell, and J. Odle. 2007. mTOR signaling during intestinal repair of piglet rotaviral enteritis. Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease. Annual meeting. Chapel Hill, NC.

 

Odle, J. 2007. Nutritional biochemistry of the developing neonate: Insights gleaned from a piglet model. National Institutes of Health, USDA joint workshop., Bethesda, MD.

 

Lin, X., B. Corl and J. Odle. 2007. Idiosyncrasies of piglet lipid metabolism and their relationship to postnatal mortality. Paradigms in pig science. University of Nottingham, UK.

 

 

 

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Publications, Other

Odle, J. and N. J. Benevenga. 1987. Energy for baby pig survival. Swine Report. University of Wisconsin-Madison, pp. 6-12.

Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1988. Development of fat and ketone metabolism in the newborn pig. Swine Report. University of Wisconsin-Madison, pp. 25-28.

Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1989. Update on medium-chain triglycerides for baby pigs. Swine Report. University of Wisconsin-Madison, pp. 4-6.

Odle, J., N. J. Benevenga and T. D. Crenshaw. 1989. Development of fat and ketone metabolism in the newborn pig. Research Investment Report. National Pork Producers Council, pp. 34-39.

Benevenga, N. J., J. Odle and T. D. Crenshaw. 1989. Medium-chain triglycerides in piglet nutrition. Proceedings of the Tenth Western Nutrition Conference (invited talk). Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, pp. 67-83.

Benevenga, N. J., J. Odle and T. D. Crenshaw. 1990. Do small for gestational age pigs need a different energy source than appropriate for gestational age pigs? Swine Report. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Pp 1-3.

Easter, R. A., J. Odle and D. H. Baker. 1991. Nutrient allowances for swine.

Feedstuffs (Reference Issue) 63:38-44.

Odle, J. 1991. Dosing baby pigs improves survival. National Hog Farmer (Swine Research Review) 36:40-42.

Easter, R.A., J. Odle and D.H. Baker. 1992. Nutrient allowances for swine. Feedstuffs (Reference Issue) 63:38-44.

Wieland, T. M., X. Lin, T. A. T. G. van Kempen and J. Odle. 1992. Enhancement of medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) utilization by neonatal piglets. Research Investment Report. National Pork Producers Council. pp. 53-57.

Odle, J. 1992. New ways to give small pigs a fighting chance. National Hog Farmer (Swine Research Review) 37:32-34.

Easter, R.A., J. Odle, G.R. Hollis and D.H. Baker. 1993. Nutrient allowances for swine. Feedstuffs (Reference Issue) 65:38-44.

Odle, J., X. Lin, T.M. Wieland, T.A.T.G. van Kempen and R. Zijlstra. 1993. Unique energy supplements for newborn piglets. Research Investment Report. National Pork Producers Council. pp. 175-188.

Easter, R.A., J. Odle and D.H. Baker. 1994. Nutrient allowances for swine. Feedstuffs (Reference Issue) 66:40-46.

Adams, S.H., X. Lin and J. Odle. 1994. Do newborn pigs have limited ability to use fat for energy? Development of hepatic ketogenesis in neonatal piglets. Research Investment Report. National Pork Producers Council. pp. 89-98.

Zijlstra, R.T., J. Odle and R.A. Easter. 1995. Nutritional management of early weaned pigs: A "NEW" approach to overcome problems related with weaning. 1995 Illinois Swine Research Report. pp. 21-26.

Odle, J. 1995. The role of betaine and carnitine in lean growth modulation of swine. Proceedings of the Pork Industry Conference. November 10th. Champaign, IL.

Odle, J. 1995. Betaine and carnitine -- Evaluation of performance and carcass characteristics. Proceedings of the Carolina Swine Nutrition Conference. November 7th. Raleigh, NC.

Croom J., B.W. McBride, J. Odle, A.R. Bird, Y-K Fan and I.L. Taylor. 1996. New concepts in intestinal absorption. Feed Mix4:12-16.

Odle, J. 1996. Ingredients for pig feed: betaine and carnitine. Feed Mgmt. 47:25-27.

Odle, J., X. Lin and T. See. 1996. New technology to improve survival of neonatal pigs. Proceedings of the International Symposium for the 20th Anniversary of Korean Society of Animal Nutrition and Feedstuffs. Seoul, Korea. June 13-14. pp. 89-98.

Odle, J. 1997. New NC State professor specializes in swine nutrition research. N.C. Pork Report. 10-13.

Averette, L.A. and J. Odle. Added fat for sows boots litter gain. National Hog Farmer 42: p.25.

Bell, A. Saving pigs: How far can you go? Pork '97 vol. 17:24-26. (showcased Odle research findings).

Odle, J. and R.J. Harrell. 1998. Nutritional approaches for improving neonatal piglet performance: Liquid diets for early-weaned pigs. Proceedings of the 8th World Congress on Animal Production, Pre-Conference Symposia. June 28-July 4, Seoul, Korea. Pp. 35-44.

Heo, K.N., J. Odle, I.K. Han, W.T. Cho, S.W. Seo, E. van Heugten and D.H. Pilkington 1999. Effects of dietary L-carnitine and ideal protein levels on carnitine biosynthesis, nitrogen balance and body composition of 20 kg pigs. NCSU Dept. Anim. Sci. Ann. Rept.

Heo, K.N., J. Odle, I.K. Han, W. Oliver, E. Jones 1999. Effects of milk replacer and different ambient temperatures on growth performance of 14-day-old, early-weaned pigs. NCSU Dept. Anim. Sci. Ann. Rept.

Averette, L.A. and J. Odle. 1999. Effects of dietary fat on milk composition and litter performance of induced and naturally-farrowing swine. NCSU Dept. Anim. Sci. Ann. Rept.

VanHeugten, E. and J. Odle. 1999. Evaluation of lysolecithin as an emulsifier for weanling pigs. NCSU Dept. Anim. Sci. Ann. Rept.

See, M.T. and J. Odle. 1999. Effect of dietary fat source, level, and feeding interval on pork fatty acid composition. NCSU Dept. Anim. Sci. Ann. Rept.

Odle, J. 2000. Fatty acid oxidation in young pigs. In: Proceedings of the 2000 International Symposium on Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. Pp. 447-463. Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. (Invited).

Averette, L.A., M.T. See, and J. Odle. 2001. Emulsification of dietary fat for finishing pigs. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2001/07nutlori.htm

Averette, L.A., M.T. See, and J. Odle. 2001. Effects of emulsification on amino acid and lipid digestibility in finishing pigs. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2001/06nutlori.htm

Heo, K., X. Lin, J. Odle, and I.K. Han. 2001. Kinetics of carnitine palmitoyltrasferase-I in liver and skeletal muscle of young pigs. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2001/08nutkinam.htm

Heo, K., J. Odle, X. Lin, T. van Kempen, and I.K. Han. 2001. Effect of L-carnitine and medium-chain triglyceride on plasma and urinary in newborn piglets. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2001/09nutkinam.htm

http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/agcomm/writing/newsrls/archive/2001/9-5-01b.htm CALS news release. NC State Scientists’ work helps bring US infants a better formula.

 

National Hog Farmer.  December 2001. Liquid diets accelerate growth of SEW pigs. p. 16-18.

 

Pork magazine. August 2001. Liquid-fed pigs outperform dry. p. 32.

 

Averette Gatlin, L.A., M.T. See, J. Odle and D.K. Larick. 2002. Improving bacon quality in lean genotype swine: Effects of dietary fat and supplemental CLA. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2002/averette.htm

 

Lyvers Peffer, P. and J. Odle. 2002. The effects of dietary L-carnitine supplementation on weanling pig performance. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2002/lyvers.htm

 

Oliver, W.T., K.J. Touchette, J.A. Brown, S.A. Mathews, J. Odle and R.J. Harrell. 2002. Effect of feeding high or low fat manufactured liquid diets to pigs weaned from the sow at 10 days of age. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2002/oliver.htm

Harrell, R.J. and J. Odle. 2003. Small pig technology: Nutritional aspects. Proceedings of the Carolina Swine Nutrition Conference. p. 1-7.

Xing, J.J., E. van Heugten, D.F. Li, K.J. Touchette, J.A. Coalson, and J. Odle. 2003. Effects of fat encapsulation and pelleting on weanling pig performance and fat digestibility. NCSU Annual Swine Report. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2003/xing.htm

Oliver, W.T., K.J. Touchette, J.A. Coalson, C.S. Whisnant, J.A. Brown, S.A. Mathews-Oliver, J. Odle, and R.J. Harrell. 2003. Pigs weaned at 10 d age respond to energy density of manufactured liquid diets. NCSU Annual Swine Report. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2003/powerpoint/harrell2_files/frame.htm

Odle, J. and R. Harrell. 2004. Liquid diets for early weaned pigs: A "solution" for post-weaning morbidity and mortality. Proceedings of the Manitoba Swine Seminar. pp 119-138. http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/livestock/pork/swine/pdf/bab18s11.pdf

Harrell, R. and J. Odle. 2005. Neonatal swine intake, growth and development. Proceedings of the 66th Minnesota Nutrition Conference. Pp. 151-160. http://www.cce.umn.edu/conferences/mnnutrition/

Odle, J. and R. Harrell. 2005. Liquid nutrition of piglets. Proceedings of the Asociacion Mexicana de Especialistas en Nutricion Animal (AMENA). Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. (published on CD).

 

Ebert, A., A. Berman, B. Harrell, S. Cornelius and J. Odle. Vegetable proteins sources for diets of suckling pigs. http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2004-2005/Swine/Nutrition/Odle.htm

 

Corl, B., M. Rhoads, R. Harrell, X. Niu, L. Gatlin, O. Phillips, A. Blikslager, A. Moser, and J. Odle. Amino acid regulation of intestinal restitution during infectious enteritis.

http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2004-2005/Swine/Nutrition/Odle2.htm

 

Lyvers Peffer, P., L. Xi, J. Odle, L. A. Gatlin and J. Woodworth. Enzymatic evaluation of the biological demand for L-carnitine and its supply from de novo synthesis and diet of swine.

 http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2004-2005/Swine/Nutrition/Odle3.htm

 

House, R.L., J. P. Cassady, E. J. Eisen, T. E. Eling, and J. Odle. Functional genomic characterization of polygenic obese mice fed conjugated linoleic acid

http://mark.asci.ncsu.edu/SwineReports/2004-2005/Mice/Nutrition/Odle.htm

 

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Seminars/Invited Lectures:

(1) Co-developed and coordinated a seminar series entitled: "Biology of the Neonate". Twelve seminars were presented by various speakers covering numerous aspects of neonatal biology.

(2) Presented an invited talk entitled: "Urinary excretion of taurine as a function of taurine intake: Potential for estimating taurine bioavailability in the adult cat" at the 1991 Waltham Symposium at Orange Beach, AL.

(3) Presented an invited talk at the 1992 Illinois Pork Conference and Trade Show at Peoria, IL entitled "Unique energy supplements for newborn pigs".

(4) Presented an invited talk at the Executive Veterinary Program, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois entitled "Nutrition and neonatal survival". (1993). Attended by 40 veterinarians.

(5) Attended meeting of the Illinois Pork Council where my student presented a talk regarding our carnitine research. March 16, 1993.

(6) Presented a seminar in the Department of Veterinary Pathobiology entitled "Medium-chain fatty acid metabolism in neonatal pigs". April 15, 1993.

(7) Presented a talk at the Illinois Pork Council Summer Tour & Ladies Outing on "Neonatal growth factors". July 9, 1992.

(8) Organized and hosted a research symposium entitled "Carbohydrate sources for the neonate: Are there viable alternatives to lactose". This 1-day program included presentations by various scientists from both industry and university settings, with interests in both human and animal nutrition. Attendance totalled 30 people. February 9, 1993.

(9) Radio interview with UIUC staff journalist regarding my research on medium-chain triglycerides. January 20, 1993.

(10) Presented an invited talk to the Illinois Pork Producers Association at Peoria, IL entitled "Toward improved newborn piglet survival". June, 1993.

(11) Presented invited lecture entitled: "Toward Improved Newborn Piglet Survival" at the 1993 Producer Education Conference sponsored by the Illinois Pork Producers' Association on June 17, 1993 in Peoria, IL.

(12) Presented a talk at the Summer Tour of Pork Illinois, Inc. on July 29, 1993 entitled "Neonatal Growth Factors"

(13) Presented an invited seminar entitled: "Medium-chain Triglycerides for Improving Piglet Survival" to the Land-O-Lakes Company at Fort Dodge, IA on September 14, 1993.

(14) Delivered a lecture to the Stephan Company entitled: "Nutritional Attributes of Medium-chain Triglycerides" on September 16, 1993.

(15) Presented an invited lecture entitled: "Nutritional Factors Affecting Piglet Survivability" at the 10th Annual BioKyowa Amino Acid Council Meeting on October 6, 1993 in St. Louis Mo.

(16) Presented an invited talk in the U of I Nutritional Biochemistry Research Seminar series entitled: "Improving Neonatal Survival by Nutritional Means: Efforts the Enhance the Efficacy of Medium-chain Triglycerides" on December 1, 1993.

(17) Presented a talk entitled: "Enhancing Piglet Survival by Nutritional Means" to the Furst-McNess Company on January 5, 1994.

(18) Presented a lecture/discussion entitled: "Establishing an Independent Research Program" at the U of I Gamma Sigma Delta Graduate Student Workshop on January 10, 1994.

(19) Presented an invited talk to Lonza and Premiere Agri Technologies entitled: "Role of L-carnitine in the oxidation of medium-chain fatty acids by neonatal piglets" on 3/21/94 in Des Moines, IA.

(20) Hosted and moderated a symposium at the Midwest Animal Science meetings entitled: "Nutritional Impact on the Immune System" on March 23, 1994 in Des Moines, IA.

(21) Presented an invited seminar entitled: "Neonatal Piglets as a Model for Pediatric Nutrition Studies" to the Department of Human Nutrition and Medical Dietetics at the University of Illinois at Chicago on September 12, 1994.

(22) Presented a seminar entitled: "Nutritional and Biochemical Contributions to Neonatal Mortality: A Research Program Overview" to the Department of Animal Sciences at the University of Illinois at Urbana on October 31, 1994.

(23) Presented seminar entitled: "Nutritional and Biochemical Contributions to Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality: A Research Program Overview" to the Department of Animal Sciences at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, NC on November 9, 1994.

(24) Presented invited paper at the Southern Section meeting of the American Society of Animal Science entitled: "Milkborne growth factors as mediators of neonatal intestinal development in normal and pathophysiological states" on January 31, 1995 in New Orleans, LA.

(25) Presented an invited talk at the Executive Veterinary Program, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois entitled "Toward 30 pigs per sow per year". April 6, 1995. Attended by 40 veterinarians.

(26) Presented a seminar to the M & M Mars Corporation entitled: "Factors affecting medium-chain triglyceride utilization by neontal pigs" on July 11, 1995 in Hackettstown, NJ.

(27) Presented an invited seminar to the Department of Biochemistry at North Carolina State University entitled: "Nutritional and Biochemical Contributions to Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality: A Research Program Overview" in Raleigh, NC on September 21, 1995.

(28) Presented an invited seminar to Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories entitled: "Effects of exogenous growth factors on growth and development of the neonatal intestine" on October 2, 1995 in Philidelphia, PA.

(29) Organized and hosted the nutrition-panel section of the 1995 International Symposium on Swine in Biomedical Research on October 22-25, 1995 in College Park, MD.

(30) Presented invited paper at the Pork Industry Conference entitled: "The role of betaine and carnitine in lean growth modulation of swine" on November 10, 1995 in Champaign, IL.

(31) Presented invited paper at the Carolina Swine Nutrition Conference entitled "Betaine and carnitine -- Evaluation of performance and carcass characteristics" on November 7, 1995 in Raleigh, NC.

(32) Presented invited paper at the International Symposium for the 20th Anniversary of Korean Society of Animal Nutrition and Feedstuffs entitled "New technology to improve survival of neonatal pigs" on June 13, 1996 in Seoul, Korea.

(33) Presented seminar to the NC Circle swine producers entitled: "Research progress on dietary lipid effects on pork quality" Warsaw, NC on January 29, 1997.

(34) Presented an invited seminar to the Department of Nutritional Sciences at UNC-Chapel Hill entitled: "Nutritional & Biochemical Contributions to neonatal morbidity and mortality: Observations in a Piglet Model" in Chapel Hill, NC on January 30, 1997.

(35) Presented a seminar to the NCR 97 committee entitled: "Dietary fat effects on pork quality" in New Orleans, LA on April 5, 1997.

(36) Presented a seminar to the Advanced Swine Production Technology Conference entitled: "Toward thirty pigs per sow per year" Urbana, IL on May 29, 1997.

(37) Presented a seminar to the Advanced Swine Production Technology Conference entitled: "Liquid diets for early-weaned pigs" Urbana, IL on May 29, 1997.

(38) Presented a seminar to the NC Gastrointestinal biology group entitled: "On the role of milk born growth factors in milk" on June 12, 1997.

(39) Presented an invited seminar to the Department of Food, Nutrition and Food Serv. Mgmt. at UNC-Greensboro entitled: "Nutritional & Biochemical Contributions to neonatal morbidity and mortality: Insights from a Piglet Model" Greensboro, NC on October 20, 1997.

(40) Organized and presented presentation at NCSU post-conference research symposium, entitled “Rearing Neonatal Piglets via Liquid Feeding: The Agony & the Ecstasy”.  Raleigh, NC on November 12, 1997.  Attended by 18 scientists from academia and industry.

(41) Presented an invited seminar to the Department of Poultry Science & Interdepartmental Nutrition Program at NCSU entitled: "Nutritional solutions to early postnatal morbidity" Raleigh, NC on January 6, 1998.

(42) Presented an invited seminar to the Departments of Animal and Nutritional Science at VPI entitled: "Nutritional & Biochemical Contributions to neonatal morbidity and mortality: Insights from a Piglet Model" Balcksburg VA on April 1, 1998.

(43)      Presented invited seminar to the Interdepartmental Nutrition Program at Ohio State University entitled:  “Medium-chain triglycerides as a unique metabolic fuel for the energy-compromised neonate” Columbus, OH on May 21, 1998.

(44)      Presented invited lecture at the World Conference on Animal Production entitled: “Nutritional approaches for improving neonatal piglet performance” Seoul Korea on June 27, 1998.

(45)      Presented invited lecture to the Korean Pig Science Development Association entitled: “Milk replacer feeding of early-weaned pigs” Seoul Korea on June 28, 1998.

(46)      Presented invited seminar to the Departments of Animal Science and Nutrition at Texas A&M University entitled: "Nutritional & Biochemical Contributions to neonatal morbidity: Insights from a Piglet Model" College Station, TX on Sept 15, 1998.

(47)      Presentation to the Circle Swine Nutritionists entitled: "Swine Nutrition at NC State: Challenges and Opportunities" in Raleigh, NC on November 16, 1998.

(48)      Department of Animal Science promotion seminar entitled: “New Adventures in Swine Nutrition and Metabolism: A Research Program Overview” in Raleigh, NC on 10/29/99.

(49)      To Circle Swine Nutritionists entitled: "Swine Science at NC State: Swine Center & Facilities Modernization -- Are We Dreaming?" in Raleigh, NC on 11/8/99.

(50)      Odle, J. 2000. Fatty acid oxidation in young pigs. International Symposium on Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea on 4/20/00.

(51)      Odle, J. and R.J. Harrell. 2000. Enhancing neonatal intestinal growth, development and repair following injury. American Society of Animal Science National Meeting, Baltimore MD on 7/24/00.

(52)      Odle, J. 2000. Getting published in science, technology and engineering. NCSU Scholarly Communications Lecture Series on April 3, 2000.

(53)      Odle, J. 2000. Circle Swine Nutritionists entitled: "Swine Science at NC State: Swine Center & Facilities Modernization -- Are We Dreaming, Continued?" in Warsaw, NC on 2/14/00.

(54)      Odle, J. and I.K. Han. 2000. Hosted International Minisymposium, Recent Advances in Swine Nutrition. in Raleigh, NC. January 13, 2000.

(55)      Odle, J. 2001. Presented invited seminar to the Department of Animal Science at the University of Georgia.  Enhancing intestinal growth: challenges and opportunities. February 20, 2001.

(56)      Odle, J. 2001. Presented professional testimony to the US-Food and Drug Administration.  Piglet studies addressing the safety and efficacy of AA and DHA supplementation to infant formulas. April 9. Washington D.C.

(57)      Odle, J. 2001. Presented invited seminar entitled: New Adventures in Swine Nutrition: A Research Program Overview.  Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Center, China Agricultural University, May 22. Beijing, PR China.

(58)      Odle, J. 2001. Presented professional testimony to the Canadian Health Protection & Food Branch.  Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of infant formulas: insights from a piglet model. July 19. Ottawa, Canada.

(59)      Odle, J. 2001. Presented an invited seminar entitled: Accelerating young pig growth via liquid diets. D.H. Baker Retirement Symposium, October 13. Champaign, IL.

(60)      Odle, J. 2001. Presented an invited seminar entitled: Liquid diets for early-weaned pigs – A “solution” for post-weaning morbidity. Cornell Nutrition Conference, pre-conference symposium, October 16. Ithaca, NY.

(61)      Odle, J. 2001. Presented an invited seminar entitled: Nutritional and growth factor effects on gastrointestinal growth. Cornell Nutrition Conference, October 16-18. Ithaca, NY.

(62)      Odle, J. 2002. New adventures in swine nutrition and metabolism. Scientific advisory committee, Milk Specialties Co., Dundee IL, May 21, 2002.

(63)      Odle, J. 2002.  Dietary fats in swine nutrition: current practices and future opportunities. Scientific advisory committee, Milk Specialties Co., Dundee IL, December 10, 2002.

64) Odle, J. 2003. Optimizing liquid diet formulations for neonatal pigs. NC swine industry research meeting. May 6.

65) Odle, J. 2003. Medium chain triglycerides as a unique nutritional supplements. Scientific advisory committee, Milk Specialties Co., Dundee IL, June 13.

66) Odle, J. 2003. Emulsification technology to improve dietary fat utilization. Scientific advisory committee, Milk Specialties Co., Dundee IL, June 13.

67) Odle, J. 2003. Liquid-feeding strategies for early-weaned piglets. American Dairy Science Association Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, June 24.

68) Odle, J. 2003. Mechanism of action of dietary probiotics. Scientific advisory committee, Milk Specialties Co., Dundee IL, December 19.

69) Odle, J. 2003. Liquid diets for young pigs: A “solution” for post-weaning morbidity and mortality. Manitoba Swine Conference. University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. January 29.

70) Odle, J. 2003. Medium-chain triglycerides: Nutritional & biochemical aspects. West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, April 23.

(71)      Odle, J. 2004. Presented invited seminar entitled: Nutritional and biochemical ontogeny of fat oxidation: Insights gleaned from a piglet model., Auburn University, May 5, 2004.

(72)      Odle, J. 2004  Invited talks on utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by the young pig and nutritional support for the intestine following enteritis. Provimi, Brazil. October, 2004.

(73)      Odle, J. 2004. Invited presentation to NIH-USDA research conference on the use of swine in biomedical research, Michigan State University, October, 2004.

(74)      Lin, X. and J. Odle. Fatty acid oxidation in neonatal pigs. Invited by the Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Dec. 6, 2004.

(75)      Odle, J. 2005. Nutritional biochemistry of the developing piglet. Poultry Science Departmental Seminar, North Carolina State University. January 10, 2005.

(76)      Odle, J. 2005. Lactic acid as a feed additive for weanling pigs. Scientific advisory committee, Milk Specialties Co., Dundee IL, January 14, 2005.

(77)      Odle, J. 2005. Enhancing dietary fat utilization in growing swine. Scientific advisory committee, Milk Specialties Co., Dundee IL, January 15, 2005.

(78)Odle, J. 2005. The piglet as a model of human infant nutrition and metabolism. Seminar to NTR 390 students, NCSU. February 2.

(79) Odle, J. 2005. Nutritional and biochemical ontogeny of lipid metabolism: Insights gleaned from a piglet model. Baylor College of Medicine, Houston TX, February, 24.

(80) Odle, J. 2005. Nutritional and biochemical ontogeny of lipid metabolism: insights gleaned from a piglet model. Department of Animal Science, Purdue University. West Lafayette, IN. March 1.

(81) Odle, J. 2005. Liquid feeding of pigs. Alltech Eastern European Pig School. NCSU. May 19.

(82) Odle, J. 2005. Role of lactic acid in young pigs. Milk Specialties. Dundee, IL. Jan 6.

(83) Odle, J. 2005. Application of bioactive lipids in animal nutrition and intestinal health. Scientific advisory committee, Milk Specialties Co., Dundee IL, June, 15.

(84) Odle, J. 2005. Liquid nutrition of piglets. Biannual meeting of the Asociacion Mexicana de Especialistas en Nutricion Animal (AMENA). Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. October 25-28.

(85) Odle, J. 2006. Antinutritonal factors liming the utilization of vegetable proteins by suckling pigs. Milk Specialties. Dundee, IL. Jan. 13.

Odle, J. 2006. Invited lecture:  Liquid diets for early-weaned pigs: A solution for postweaning morbidity and mortality.  “World-famous Professor Lectureship”.  Wuhan University.  Wuhan China. June, 2006.

Odle, J. 2006. Invited lecture:  New adventures in swine nutrition and metabolism.  “World-famous Professor Lectureship”.  Wuhan University.  Wuhan China. June, 2006.

Odle, J. 2006. Improving piglet growth performance using liquid diets.  Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Center.  Beijing China.  June 2006.

Odle, J. 2006. Swine nutrition at North Carolina State University.  Swine Commodity Overview.  Lake Wheeler Field Laboratory, Raleigh, NC. September, 2006.

Odle, J. 2007. Carbohydrate digestion by young pigs. Milk Specialties Scientific Advisory Council Meeting, February 2007. Dundee, IL. Feb 13.

Odle, J. 2007. Invited seminar. Nutritional and biochemical aspects of piglet morbidity and mortality. Iowa State University, Ames, IA. April 5

Odle, J. 2007. Invited lecture. Nutritional biochemistry of the developing neonate: insights gleaned from a piglet model. USDA-NIH Agrobiomedicine workshop. Bethesda, MD. April

Odle, J. 2007. Invited seminar. Nutritional and biochemical aspects of piglet morbidity and mortality. The Ohio State University. Columbus, OH. May 18.

Odle, J. 2007. Invited lecture. Paradigms in pig science: Idiosyncrasies of piglet lipid metabolism and their relationship to postnatal mortality.  University of Nottingham, UK. June 15.

Odle, J. 2007. Overview of nutrition research in the department of Animal Science.  Presented to team during review of Interdepartmental Nutrition Program., Raleigh, NC.

Odle, J. 2007. Efficacy of prebiotics in neonatal nutrition and health.  Scientific advisory council, Milk Specialties, Inc. Dundee, IL. August 7.

Odle, J. 2007. Prophylactic effects of arachidonate on intestinal health of the suckling neonate following ischemic injury. USDA-NRI, CSREES workshop. July 25.

 

 

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Research Program Area

For the past 20 years, I have worked to establish a research program focused in the area of "Nutritional Biochemistry of the Neonate". This focus is justified by high rates of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Neonatal animals from all mammalian species face a number of biological stressors which accompany the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life, that are responsible for the high postnatal morbidity. For example, the U.S. currently ranks 20th in the world with respect to neonatal mortality, with mortality rates among infants weighing less than 1.5 kg approaching 40% (NCHS 1992). Similarly, reproductive inefficiencies, including postnatal survival, have long been recognized as major obstacles facing production agriculture. Recent estimates from the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA 1991) suggest that 15% of piglets born alive do not survive through weaning age. In both cases, newborns that are born prematurely or small-for-gestational-age are at greater risk.

These national statistics underscore the need for research designed to increase our understanding of the various stressors that impinge upon the neonate in order to design strategies to minimize and/or eliminate their deleterious effects. Development of these strategies constitutes a formidable challenge to both medical as well as agricultural sciences.

My appointments in the Department of Animal Science and Graduate Nutrition Program at NCSU and the Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease factor strategically into my commitment to address problems that are relevant to both Agricultural and Medical sciences. A primary focus of my research has been upon the development of the piglet model for the study of lipid digestion and metabolism during the early postnatal period. While the research findings from this program relate directly to swine physiology and therefore to production agriculture, they also have important ramifications for human pediatric nutrition and metabolism as well.

Specific Research Areas

Current research involves four major thrusts:

(1) Investigation of factors that may enhance the utilization of medium-chain triglycerides by neonates, including effects of fatty acid chain length, emulsification, and supplemental carnitine.

(2) Delineation of the biochemical limitations in fatty acid oxidation in the low birth-weight neonate, including:

-- role of carnitine palmitoyltransferase & hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase.

-- role of peroxisomal & microsomal metabolism.

-- description and molecular characterization of the metabolic basis for low hepatic ketogenesis in newborn piglets.

(3) Investigation of neonatal gastrointestinal growth and development, including responses to bioactive substances in milk (epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factors) during normal and pathophysiological states.

(4) Efficient use of dietary lipids throughout the life cycle of production swine.

Pursuit of the objectives delineated above constitutes approximately 80% of my research. An additional 20% is occupied by collaborative research efforts with various colleagues.

 

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Biographical Sketch

      Jack Odle was raised in rural Indiana, North of Lafayette. He received his B.S. degree with highest honors in Animal Science from Purdue University in 1982. He then engaged in graduate studies at the University of Wisconsin--Madison where he received an M.S. degree focused in ruminant nutrition in 1984. In 1989 he received a joint Ph.D. degree from the departments of Meat & Animal Science and Nutritional Sciences, with a minor in Biochemistry.

      Dr. Odle accepted a position as an Assistant Professor of Animal Science at the University of Illinois in 1989 where he was also an active member of the Inter-departmental Division of Nutritional Sciences. After receiving tenure at Illinois, in 1995, he was recruited to the Department of Animal Science at North Carolina State University where he rose through the ranks to Full Professor in 2000. He is a member of the Graduate Nutrition Program and Functional Genomics Program at NCSU and is a member of the Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease at UNC-CH. In 2005, he was named William Neal Reynolds Professor of Distinction.

      Dr. Odle's research program has been focused primarily on the "Nutritional Biochemistry of the Developing Neonate." His research has relevance to both production agriculture and to medical science in that his laboratory utilizes newborn piglets as a model to study the unique nutritional needs and metabolism of the neonate. In support of this research, Dr. Odle and his students have received competitive funding from the National and State Pork Producers and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, as well as from Infant-formula Companies, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Science Foundation.

      His research, focused on lipid metabolism and on intestinal growth and development, has received national recognition as he was awarded both the Young Researcher Award by the American Institute of Nutrition and the Young Investigator Award by the American Society of Animal Science in 1995. In 2003, he was awarded the AFIA Nutrition Research Award by the American Society of Animal Science, and in 2005 he was named William Neal Reynolds Distinguished Professor at NCSU.  Dr. Odle served as chairman of the Publications Management Committee for the Journal of Nutrition and was responsible for decisions required to place the Journal "online" for electronic publication. He has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Animal Science and the Journal of Nutrition, and served 6 years as Associate Editor for the Journal of Nutrition.

      Dr. Odle has taught introductory and advanced course work on nutrition, metabolism and biochemistry to pre-professional students (pre-vet and pre-med) and to nutrition graduate students. He currently teaches graduate courses in Regulation of Metabolism and Vitamin Metabolism and coordinates the Interdepartmental Nutrition Seminar at NCSU. He has trained seven postdocs, thirteen Ph.D. students and eleven M.S. students to date.

      Jack and his wife, Willa, have two children, Ryan and Amanda, and live in Raleigh, NC.