What is peer review?
Peer review is evaluation, by colleagues or peers, of all teaching related
activities for either formative (for development) or summative (for
personnel decision) purposes. Components of either type of review
may include course materials, student evaluations, course portfolios,
teaching portfolios, documentation of teaching philosophy, teacher self-assessments,
classroom observations, and other activities which may be appropriate
to a discipline.
Peer review of teaching may be completed as part of a formative review
of teaching process and must be completed as part of the summative review
of teaching. Both processes are important to faculty development and the
improvement of teaching effectiveness. Since there are different purposes
for each type of evaluation, the processes should be conducted independent
of each other.