3 thermometers per group
3 500 milliliter beakers
Large pan to use as an ice bath
Red or blue food coloring
3 clams per group
Working in Groups of Three:
1. Fill three 500 milliliter beakers approximately half full with salt water. Label the beakers in the following manner:
Note: Do not allow the water to reach the point of boiling.
6. Each member of the group should take a thermometer reading from beakers
1, 2 and 3,
after the temperature stabilizes. (Approximately 10 minutes)
7. Record the temperature on the data table.
8. Hypothesize as to which temperature will allow the most efficient functioning of the clam's metabolic rate. The hypothesis should contain a statement about temperature.
Note: Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after handling the clams.
Each member of the group should do the following simultaneously.
9. Place a drop of red or blue food coloring approximately 1 centimeter away from the pointed end of the clam. Note the time on the data table. This is Time 1.
10. Watch the clam and look for the colored water to be expelled or forced out of the clam. Record the time when the clam expels the colored water. This is Time 2.
11. To determine the differences in the time, subtract Time 1 from Time 2 and record the difference in the last column of the data table.
After the observations are complete, answer the following questions
1. Does the data collected support your hypothesis? Why or why not?
2. Based on your observations, what is the optimal temperature for the
metabolic rate of a
clam to function at an efficient level? How was this determination made?
3. Based on your observations, how does a temperature increase or decrease
metabolic rate of aquatic organisms?
4. How do you think this would this effect the aquatic ecosystem as
a whole? (Consider
other organisms such as macroinvertebrates and fish)
5. Research the effects of an increase or decrease in metabolic rates
in aquatic organisms.
Based on your research, write a short paragraph explaining how this will detrimentally
effect the ecosystem as a whole.