The African Symposium (TAS)
The Online Journal of African Educational Research Network
HERE FOR PDF VERSION OF THE GUIDELINES)
an interdisciplinary, fully refereed, online journal dedicated to
publishing the finest scholarship related to African educational and
human development issues. TAS invites the
submission of original manuscripts on a full range of topics related to
African educational and human development issues in all disciplines. As
an electronic journal, we welcome submissions that are of a
To qualify for
consideration, submissions must meet the scholarship standards within
the appropriate disciplines. Articles should be submitted
electronically, as HTML documents, or as Microsoft Word or Rich Text
Format (RTF) files as an email attachment. Graphics should either be in
Gif or JPEG format. All tables should be formatted using the Table
tool. Articles, with about 100-word abstract, should be typed in Times
New Roman 12 point font, with double-spacing. All submissions should
include a cover page containing the title of the article, the name(s)
of the author, any affiliations, email addresses and telephone numbers.
Typescript should conform to the style set forth in the latest edition
of the Publications Manual of the American Psychological Association.
Please use this checklist to ensure that guidelines are followed:
Margins must be 1"
Font Face must be Times or Times New Roman
Font Size must be 12 point (except paper Title is 14 pt)
Limit papers to 6 – 8 pages, single-spaced.
References, graphics, tables all count toward total pages count
paragraph heading in 12-point, All Caps. Sub-headings in 12-point title
case (words are lower-case with only the first letter capitalized).
Must INCLUDE an ABSTRACT
Tables text to be in Arial 10pt, with title in 12pt Times Roman
Do NOT include PAGE NUMBERS
Do NOT include HEADERS or FOOTER
Managing Editor may decline to consider a manuscript for several
reasons, including inadequate evidence that the topic is substantially
new and promising, an insufficient clear and detailed presentation, and
a lack of adherence to the journal’s guidelines for manuscript
preparation. The Managing Editor reserves the right to reject
manuscripts that do not clearly address African educational and human
a manuscript has been accepted for consideration, it will be
anonymously assigned to three reviewers with expertise in the area. The
final decision for publication depends on at least two positive
reviews. The journal will attempt to publish manuscripts not later than
six months after submission.
Articles may be submitted as email attachments to
In situations where articles cannot be submitted electronically, hard copies, diskettes, or CD ROMs can be mailed to:
Dr. David Adewuyi, Managing Editor
The African Symposium
College of Education
Albany State University
504 College Drive
Albany, GA 31705
THE AFRICAN SYMPOSIUM,
an on-line quarterly journal, seeks papers and reports based on
research in the area of African education development. The following
guidelines should be carefully considered by persons who submit papers
Format for your paper:
APA Style Information
In using the APA format, pay attention to the following, among other items:
· Reference citations in text/document; One work by one author- Barbert (1976) acknowledged that...
· Font size
· Long quotations
· Short quotations
· Reference section, titles of documents, volumes, and page number citations
· Tables and figures
· Interviews or Personal Communication
Reference citations in text/document
One work by one author - Barbert (1978) found out that....
as authors- e.g., associations, government agencies are spelled out in
the first citation (and followed by year of publication) and
abbreviated in subsequent sections.
Two or more works within the same parentheses; In general (Owusu & Paul, 1996, 1999) have argued about....
List two authors cited in the same parentheses in alphabetical order; (Panda, 1956; Quarm, 1978) have conducted ...
Newspaper article without author. In the document, use a short title, e.g. (Mali in a neat victory, 1996).
He argued that "The election was not held in the morning" (Abba, 2003, p. 7)..
Bola (1990) has argued, among other things that:
The best way to reach a compromise when there appears to be no way in the dispute is to give both parties
another change to make their case. As soon as they agree to this, work out a deal with each group separately at
different times and at different locations. In making the deal, ask for what each party wants in the case. Discuss
the implications of their demands with them. Then meet them again and see what can you do to find a solution to
the problem. (p.45)
Do not include personal interviews or communication in the reference section since "they do not provide recoverable data"
Simply include reference to the interview or communication in the text. Use the following format in the text of the paper:
(O. K. Bates, personal communication, March 23, 2003).
Arrange author names in alphabetical order.
Periodicals (Periodicals include documents such as journals, magazines, scholarly newsletters).
Pay attention to alphabetical order of names, titles of documents, volumes, and page number citations
Matambe, A. H. (2000). What I mean by pedagogy. Journal of Teaching, 6, 120-245.
Journal article paginated by issue or number
Nan, B. A. (2004). My concept of effective teachers. Journal of Pedagogy, 8(3), 33-67.
Daily Newspaper article
Amabia, K. B. (1995, July 15). Students begin technology classes in all area schools. The Daily Mail, pp. 3-4.
When there is no author for the newspaper article, use the following format:
Mali in a neat victory.(1996, June 5). Mali Express, p. 8.
A. T.& Tom, A. P. (2003). Multiple intelligences: Another concept
for effective teaching. In J. T. Ansah.(Ed.), Teaching for the next
generation. Tatevill, Malcolm Press.
Koda, P. K. (2003). Educational technology in the new curriculum. Lagos, Abba Press.
Two authors (Use same format for more than two authors).
Koda, P. K., & Manso, F. K. (1965). Curriculum framework for teacher training institutions in Africa. Cairo, Ahmadu Press.
Entry in an encyclopedia
O. F. (1984). The concept of instruction. In International Encyclopedia
of Education (Vol. 5 34, pp. 344-346). Bamako: Encyclopedia Africana.
No author or editor for the book
Accra encyclopedia of soccer (2nd ed.). (2004). Accra: Anowuo Press.
O. K. (2004). The meaning of teaching.[Review of the book The moral
aspect of teaching]. Journal of Teacher Education, 56(3), 89-90.
Toure, B. A. (2003). Teaching with technology in a modern school. Retrieved January 4, 2003, from http://www.onlina.com
Levels of Headings
Level 5. ALL CENTERED UPPERCASE HEADING/TITLE OF PAPER
Level 3. Flush Left Your Text Begins from the Far Left, Italicized
Level 1. This Section of the Paper is Centered on the Page, Uppercase and Lowercase Characters Used in this Section
Level 2. This Section, Like Level 1 is Centered, Italicized, Uppercase and Lowercase Characters are used in the heading
4. This section is indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading
ending with a period. It appears to be part of the paragraph.
appropriate font for all texts, including title, headings, references,
quotations, figure captions, and tables. Use double spaces throughout
your work. Leave one-inch margin all around your work.
reviewers consider the timeliness of the topic of the paper and the
general interest and priority given to the topic within a country or
region. The composition should be of high quality with respect to
organization, grammar, spelling and punctuation. Research design should
be stated and authoritative sources should be referenced. Conclusions
should be supported by findings.
Return to Top of