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Refereed Publications

  1. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2015. Advancements in Root Growth Measurement Technologies and Observation Capabilities for Container-Grown Plants. Plants 2015, 4:369-392.
  2. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2015. Rhizometer: An Apparatus to Observe and Measure Root Growth and Its Effect on Container Substrate Physical Properties Over Time. HortScience 50:288-294.
  3. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, T.C. Yap, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. Mini-Horhizotron: an apparatus for observing and measuring root growth of container-grown plant material in situ. HortScience 49:1424-1431.
  4. Riley, E.D., H.T. Kraus, T.E. Bilderback, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Composted cotton stalks and cotton gin trash amendments and irrigation/ground cover management I: effect on physical and chemical properties of pine bark and pine tree substrates. J. Environ. Hort. 32:133-140.
  5. Fields, J.S., W.C. Fonteno, B.E. Jackson, J.L. Heitman, and J.S. Owen, Jr. 2014. Hydrological properties, moisture retention, and draining profiles of wood and traditional components for greenhouse substrates. HortScience 49:827-832.
  6. Fields, J.S., W.C. Fonteno, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Hydration efficiency of traditional and alternative greenhouse substrate components. HortScience 49:336-342.
  7. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. Rhizometrics: A review of three in situ techniques for observation and measurement of plant root systems in containers. Acta. Hort. 1034:389-397.
  8. Fonteno, W.C., J.S. Fields, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Plant available and unavailable water in greenhouse substrates: assessment and considerations. Acta. Hort. 1034:341-346.
  9. Kraus, H., T. Bilderback, R. Pledger, E. Riley, B. Fonteno, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Defining rain garden filter bed substrates based on saturated hydraulic conductivity. Acta. Hort. 1034:57-64.
  10. Fonteno, W.C., J.S. Fields, and B.E. Jackson. 2013. A pragmatic approach to wettability and hydration of horticultural substrates. Acta. Hort. 1013:139-146.
  11. Bilderback, T.E., J.S. Owen, Jr., J.E. Altland, G.B. Fain, B.E. Jackson, E.D. Riley, H.T. Kraus, and W.C. Fonteno. 2013. Strategies for developing sustainable substrates in nursery crop production. Acta Hort. 1013:43-56.
  12. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, and M.C. Barnes. 2010. Methods of Constructing a Pine Tree Substrate from Various Wood Particle Sizes, Organic Amendments, and Sand for Desired Physical Properties and Plant Growth. HortScience 45:103-112.
  13. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, N.Gruda. 2009. Container Medium pH in a Pine Tree Substrate Amended with Peatmoss and Dolomitic Limestone Affects Plant Growth. HortScience 44(7):1983–1987.
  14. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright and M.M. Alley. 2009. Comparison of fertilizer nitrogen availability, nitrogen immobilization, substrate carbon dioxide efflux, and nutrient leaching in peat-lite, pine bark, and pine tree substrates. HortScience 44:781-790.
  15. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright and J.R. Seiler. 2009. Changes in chemical and physical properties of pine tree substrate and pine bark during long-term nursery crop production. HortScience 44:791-799.
  16. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2009. Pine tree substrate: An alternative and renewable growing media for horticulture crop production. Acta Hort. 819:265-272.
  17. Wright, R.D., B.E. Jackson, M.C. Barnes, and J.F. Browder. 2009. The landscape performance of annual bedding plants grown in pine tree substrate. HortTechnology 19:78-82.
  18. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, and M.C. Barnes. 2008. Pine tree substrate, nitrogen rate, particle size, and peat amendment affects poinsettia growth and substrate physical properties. HortScience 43:2155-2161.
  19. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, J.F. Browder, J. Roger Harris, and A.X. Niemiera. 2008. Effect of fertilizer rate on growth of azalea and holly in pine bark and pine tree substrates. HortScience 43:1561-1568.
  20. Wright, R.D., B.E. Jackson, J.F. Browder, and J.G. Latimer. 2008. Growth of chrysanthemum in ground pine trees requires additional fertilizer. HortTechnology 18:111-115.
  21. Wright, A.N., R.D. Wright, B.E. Jackson, and J.F. Browder. 2007. Effect of backfill composition on post-transplant root growth of Kalmia latifolia L. J. Environ. Hort. 25:145-149.
  22. Dute, R.R., B.E. Jackson, R.D. Atkins, and D.R. Folkerts. 2007. Anatomy of the laminar organs of Commelina erecta. Southeastern Naturalist 6:47-66.
  23. Wright, R.D., J.F. Browder, and B.E. Jackson. 2006. Ground pine chips as a substrate for container-grown woody nursery crops. J. Environ. Hort. 24:181-184.
  24. Jackson, B.E., A.N. Wright, D.M. Cole, and J.L. Sibley. 2005. Cotton gin compost as a substrate component in container production of nursery crops. J. Environ. Hort. 23:118-122.
  25. Jackson, B.E., A.N. Wright, J.L. Sibley, and J.M. Kemble. 2005. Root growth of three horticultural crops grown in pine bark amended cotton gin compost. J. Environ. Hort. 23:133-137.

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Research Proceedings

  1. Yap, T.C., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2014. Water retention of processed pine wood and pine bark and their particle size fractions. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. 64:
  2. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, M.D. Boyette, and M.E. Evans. 2014. Changes in root growth and physical properties in substrates containing charred and uncharred wood aggregates. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. 64:
  3. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, M.D. Boyette, and M.R. Evans. 2014. Comparison of charred and uncharred wood aggregates in horticultural substrates. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 59:18-26.
  4. Yap, T.C., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, and J.L. Heitman. 2014. Physical and hydrologic properties of processed pine bark and pine wood. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 59:50-56.
  5. Kaderabek, L.E., W.C. Fonteno, and B.E. Jackson. 2014. Effects of hydrogels on timing and severity of wilt in container-grown annuals. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 59:37-43.
  6. Yap, T.C., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno, and J.L. Heitman. 2013. Measuring substrate water potential changes during plant wilt. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 58:143-146.
  7. Kaderabek, L.E., E.C. Lookabaugh, W.G. Owen, L.A, B.E. Jackson, H.D. Shew, and D.M. Benson. 2013. Measuring disease severity of Pythium spp. and Rhizotonia solani in substrates containing pine wood chips. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 58:135-140.
  8. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson, and W.C. Fonteno. 2013. Mini-horhizotron: a novel technique for observing and quantifying root systems of plants in pot culture. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 58:18-23.
  9. Jackson, B.E. and W.C. Fonteno. 2013. Current issues and recent advances in the container substrate industry. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 58:13-17.
  10. Fields, J.S., B.E. Jackson and W.C. Fonteno. 2012. Pine bark physical properties influenced by bark source and age. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 62:433-437.
  11. Yap, T.C and B.E. Jackson. 2012. Root growth of horticultural crops as influenced by pine bark age, wood and sand amendment. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 62:443-446.
  12. Judd, L.A., B.E. Jackson and W.C. Fonteno. 2012. Novel methods for observing and quantifying root growth of horticultural crops. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 62:389-394.
  13. Owen, W.G., B.E. Jackson, W.C. Fonteno and B.E. Whipker. 2012. Pine wood chips as an alternative to perlite: cultural parameters to consider. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 62:345-349.
  14. Bridges, E.D., H.T. Kraus, B.E. Jackson and T.E. Bilderback. 2011. Cotton amended substrates: wrinkle free? Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 56:241-245.
  15. Jackson, B.E., H. Kraus, T. Bilderback. 2010. What to do when pine bark runs short: physical properties of pine bark alternatives. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. Proceed. 55:413-418.
  16. Wright, R.D., B.E. Jackson, and M.C. Barnes. 2009. White pine as a pine tree substrate. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 54:221-223.
  17. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2008. Changes in physical properties of a pine tree substrate in containers over time. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 58:93-98.
  18. Wright, R.D., B.E. Jackson, and M.C. Barnes. 2008. Pine tree substrate construction for optimal water holding capacity and air space. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 53:54-56.
  19. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2008. Nitrogen immobilization in a pine tree substrate during short-term crop production. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 53:51-53.
  20. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2007. Pine tree substrate: fertility requirements for nursery and greenhouse crops. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 57:680-684.
  21. Wright, R.D. and B.E. Jackson. 2007. Pine tree substrate: A promising alternative to peat moss and pine bark. Comb. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 57:632-635.
  22. Jackson, B.E. and R.D. Wright. 2007. Pine tree substrate: fertility requirements. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 52:58-61.
  23. Jackson, B.E., R.D. Wright, and J.O. James. 2007. Pine tree substrate: current status. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 52:53-57.
  24. Jackson, B.E., J.F. Browder, and R.D. Wright. 2006. Comparison of nutrient requirements between pine chip and pine bark substrates. Comp. Proc. Intl. Plant Prop. Soc. 56:623-626.
  25. Jackson, B.E., J.F. Browder, and R.D. Wright. 2006. A comparison of nutrient requirements between pine chip and pine bark substrates. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 51:30-32.
  26. Saunders, T., J.F. Browder, B.E. Jackson, and R.D. Wright. 2006. Particle size of a pine chips substrate affects plant growth. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 51:46-48.
  27. Rau, B., B.E. Jackson, J.F. Browder, and R.D. Wright. 2006. Wood substrates derived from a variety of tree species affect plant growth, Proc, Southern Nursery Assoc, Research Conf, 51:43-45.
  28. Browder, J.F., J. Smithson, B.E. Jackson, and R.D. Wright. 2006. Pine chips: peat substrate ratios affect plant growth, Proc, Southern Nursery Assoc, Research Conf, 51:98-99.
  29. Jackson, B.E., A.N. Wright, and J.L. Sibley. 2005. Effect of cotton gin compost and pine bark substrate blends on root growth of two horticulture crops. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 50:54-58.
  30. Wright, A.N., B.E. Jackson, R.D. Wright, and J.F. Browder. 2005. Effect of backfill composition on post-transplant root growth. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 50:548-550.
  31. Jackson, B.E., A.N. Wright, and J.L. Sibley. 2004. Cotton gin compost as a substrate component in container production of ornamental plants. Proc. Southern Nursery Assoc. Research Conf. 49:67-69.

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Additional Articles

  1. Cernansky, R. 2015. State-Of-The-Art-Soil. Nature 517:258-260.
  2. A.X. Niemiera, L.L. Taylor, and J.H. Shreckhise. 2014. Urea hydrolysis in pine tree substrate is affected by urea and lime rates. HortScience 49:1437-1443.
  3. Taylor, L.L., A.X. Niemiera, R.D. Wright, G.K. Evanylo, and W.E. Thomason. 2013. Nitrification in pine tree substrate is influenced by storage time and amendments. HortScience 48:115-122.
  4. Taylor, L.L., A.X. Niemiera, R.D. Wright, and J.R. Harris. 2012. Storage time and amendments affect pine tree substrate properties and marigold growth. HortScience 47:1782-1788.
  5. Altland, J.E. and C.R. Krause. 2012. Substituting pine wood for pine bark affects physical properties of nursery substrates. HortScience 47:1499-1503.
  6. Pruett, W.J. 2011. The future of substrates. Digger Magazine. March 19-23.
  7. Moran, N. 2014. Mixing it up. Greenhouse Management. Sept. 26-30.
  8. I. Domeno, I. Irigoyen, and J. Muro. 2010. New wood fibre substrates characterization and evaluation in hydroponic tomato culture. Europ. J. Hort. Sci. 75:89-94.
  9. G.B. Fain, C.H. Gilliam, J.L. Sibley, C.R. Boyer, and A.L. Witcher. 2008. WholeTree substrates and fertilizer rate in production of greenhouse-grown petunia (Petunia x hybrida Vilm.) and marigold (Tagetes patula L.). HortScience 43:700-705.
  10. G.B. Fain, C.H. Gilliam, J.L. Sibley, and C.R. Boyer. 2008. WholeTree substrates derived from three species of pine in production of annual vinca. HortTechnology 18:13-17.
  11. Boyer, C.R., G.B. Fain, C.H. Gilliam, T.V. Gallagher, H.A. Torbert, and J.L. Sibley. 2008. Clean chip residual: a substrate component for growing annuals. HortTechnology 18:423-432.
  12. Witcher, A.L., E.K. Blythe, G.B. Fain, and K.J. Curry. 2014. Stem cutting propagation in whole pine tree substrates. HortTechnology 24:30-37.
  13. Boyer, C.R., T.V. Gallagher, C.H. Gilliam, G.B. Fain, H.A. Torbert, and J.L. Sibley. 2012. Description of clean chip residual forest harvest and its availability for horticultural uses in the Southeastern United States. HortTechnology 22:381-387.
  14. Wright, R.D. and J.F. Browder. 2005. Chipped Pine Logs: A Potential Substrate for Greenhouse and Nursery Crops. HortScience 40:1513-1515.
  15. Gruda, N, B.J. Rau, and R.D. Wright. 2009. Laboratory Bioassay and Greenhouse Evaluation of a Pine Tree Substrate Used as a Container Substrate. Eur. J. Hort. Sci. 74:73-78.
  16. Wright, R. and J. Latimer, J. 2007. Grinding Pine Logs to Use as a Container Substrate. Greenhouse Production News, January 2007.
  17. Yepsen, R. and Goldstein, N. January 2009. Historical Perspective: Grinders, Chippers, Shredders. Biocycle, pp. 16-22.
  18. McKeever, D.B. December 1999. How Woody Residues are Recycled in the United States. Biocycle, pp. 33-44.
  19. Gray, K. March 1999. The Many Routes to Recycling Wood – North Carolina. Biocycle, pp. 64-66.
  20. Hodge, A, D. Robinson, and A. Fitter. 2000. Are Microorganisms More Effective Than Plants At Competing For Nitrogen? Trends in Plant Science, 5:304-308.
  21. Frangi, P., G. Amoroso, F. Ferrini, and A. Fini. 2008. Growth of Ornamental Shrubs in Wood Fiber-Based Growing Media. Acta Hort. 801:1571-1575.
  22. Scott, M. and B. Burbridge. 1991. Working to Beat the Peat Problem. Grower 116:15-18.
  23. Commercial Wood-fiber Substrate in Europe: Toresa® Holzfaser (wood fiber with no Nitrogen impregnation).
  24. Commercial Wood-fiber Substrate in Europe: Toresa® Spezial (wood fiber with Nitrogen impregnation).

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