- B.S., The Pennsylvania State University
- M.A., Ph.D., Southern Illinois University at
- Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for the Study of Aging
and Human Development, Duke University Medical Center
Selected Recent Publications
- Hess, T.M., & Smith, B.T. (in press).
Linkages between age-related
changes in the costs of cognitive engagement, motivation, and behavior.
To appear in T. Braver (ed.), Motivation and cognitive control.
New York: Psychology Press.
B.T. & Hess, T.M. (2015). The impact of motivation and task
difficulty on resource engagement: differential influences on
cardiovascular responses of young and older adults. Motivation Science, 1, 22-36.
C.E., Hess, T.M., Howard, K., Pignone, M., Cruthfield, T.M., Hawley,
S.T., Brenner, A.T., Ward, K., & Lewis, C.L. (2015). Older
preferences for colorectal cancer screening test attributes and test
Preference and Adherence, 9, 1005-1016.
T.M. (2015). A prospect theory-based evaluation of dual-process
influences on aging and decision making: Support for a contextual
perspective. In T.M. Hess, J. Strough, & C.E. Loeckenhoff
(Eds.). Aging and decision making: Empirical and applied
perspectives (pp. 189-212). New York: Elsevier.
- Popham, L.E., & Hess, T.M. (2015). Age
differences in the underlying mechanisms of stereotype threat effects.
The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and
Social Sciences, 70, 225-234.
- Hess, T.M. (2014). Selective engagement of cognitive
resources: Motivational Influences on older adults’ cognitive
functioning. Perspectives on Psychological Science.
- Hess, T.M., & Smith, B.T. (2014). Aging and
the impact of ability and irrelevant information on social judgements.
Psychology and Aging, 29, 542-553.
- Hess, T.M., & Ennis, G.E. (2014). Assessment
of adult age
differences in task engagement: The utility of systolic blood pressure.
Motivation and Emotion, 38, 844-854.
- Braver TS, Krug MK, Chiew KS, Kool W, Westbrook JA,
Clement NJ, Adcock
RA, Barch DM, Botvinick MM, Carver CS, Cools R, Custers R, Dickinson A,
Dweck CS, Fishbach A, Gollwitzer PM, Hess TM, Isaacowitz DM, Mather M,
Murayama K, Pessoa L, Samanez-Larkin GR, Somerville LH; for the MOMCAI
group. (2014). Mechanisms of motivation-cognition interaction:
challenges and opportunities. Cognitive and Affective
Neuroscience, 14, 443-472.
- Hess, T.M., & Queen, T.L. (2014). Aging
influences on judgment and
decision processes: Interactions between ability and experience. In P.
Verhaeghen & C. Hertzog (Eds.), The Oxford handbook
of emotion, social cognition, and problem solving in adulthood
(pp. 238-255). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Hess, T.M., Queen, T.L., & Ennis, G.E.
(2013). Age and
self-relevance effects on information search during decision making.
. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and
Social Sciences. 68, 703–711. PMID: 23197342
- Hess, T.M., Popham, L.E., Dennis, P.A., &
Emery, L. (2013).
Information content moderates positivity and negativity biases in
memory. Psychology and Aging. 28, 853–863.
- Ennis, G.E., Hess, T.M., & Smith, B.T.
(2013). The Impact of age
and motivation on cognitive effort: Implications for cognitive
engagement in older adulthood. Psychology and Aging. 28,
495–504. PMID: 23421325
- Hess, T.M., Queen, T.L., & Patterson, T.
(2012). To deliberate or
not to deliberate: Interactions between age, task characteristics, and
cognitive activity on decision making. Journal of Behavioral
Decision Making, 25, 29–40. doi: 10.1002/bdm.711
- Hess, T.M., Popham, L.E., Emery, L., &
Elliott, T. (2012). Mood,
motivation, and misinformation: Aging and affective state influences on
memory. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 19,
13-34. doi: 10.1080/13825585.2011.622740
- Hess, T.M., Emery, L., & Neupert, S.D.
(2012). Longitudinal relationships between resources, motivation, and
functioning. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B:
Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67, 299–308.
- Hess, T.M., & Ennis, G.E. (2012). Age
differences in the effort and cost associated with cognitive activity. The
Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social
Sciences, 67, 447-455. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbr129
- Kotter-Grühn, D., & Hess, T.M. (2012).
Contrast or assimilation
effect? The impact of age stereotypes on self-perceptions of aging in
young, middle-aged, and older adults. The Journals of
Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67B ,
- Hess, T.M., & Emery, L. (2012). Memory in
context: The impact of
age-related goals on performance. In M. Naveh-Benjamin & N.
(Eds.), Perspectives on memory and aging (pp. 183
– 214). New York: Psychology Press.
- Kotter-Grühn, D., & Hess, T.M. (2012). So you
think you look young?
Matching older adults’ subjective ages with age estimations provided by
younger, middle-aged, and older adults. International Journal
of Behavioural Development, 36, 468-475.
- Queen, T.L., Hess, T.M., Ennis G.E., Dowd, K.,
& Grühn, D. (2012).
Information search and decision making: Effects of age and complexity
on strategy use. Psychology and Aging, 27,
817-814. PMID: 22663157
- Emery, L., Hess, T.M., & Elliott, T. (2012).
The Illusion of the
Positive: The impact of natural and induced mood on older adults’ false
recall. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 19 ,
677-698. doi: 10.1080/13825585.2011.645012
- Emery, L., & Hess, T.M. (2011). Cognitive
consequences of expressive regulation in older adults.
Psychology and Aging, 26 , 388-396. doi: 10.1037/a0020041.
- Hess, T.M., & Kotter-Grühn, D. (2011). Social
goal-based influences on social information processing in adulthood.
Psychology and Aging, 26 , 792-802. doi: 10.1037/a0023775.
- Queen, T.L., & Hess, T.M. (2010). Age
differences in the effects of conscious and unconscious thought in
decision-making. Psychology and Aging, 25, 251-261.
- Hess, T.M., Beale, K.S., & Miles, A. (2010).
The impact of
experienced emotion on evaluative judgments: the moderating effects of
age and emotion regulation style. Aging, Neuropsychology, and
Cognition, 17 , 648-672.