Science Junction

Water What-ifs



1. Bartholomew, Rolland, B. & Crawley, Frank E. (1980). Science Laboratory Techniques-A Handbook for Teachers and Students. Menlo Park: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

2. LaMotte Company (1997). The Monitor's Handbook. Chestertown, MD: Author.

3. Mitchell, Mark, K. & Stapp, William B. (1997). Field Manual for Water Quality Monitoring: An Environmental Education Program for Schools. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company.

Journal Articles

1. Ayersman, D. J. (1996.) Reviewing the research on hypermedia-based learning. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 28, 500-523.

2. Croy, M. J., Cook, J. R., & Green, M. G. (1993-94.) Human-supplied versus computer-supplied feedback: An empirical and pragmatic study. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 26, 185-203.

3. Ester, D. P. (1994-95.) CAI, lecture, and student learning style: The differential effects of instructional method. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 27, 129-140.

4. Gagne, R. M., Wager, W. & Rojas, A. (1981.) Planning and authoring computer-assisted instruction lessons. Educational Technology, 21, 17-26.

5. Hirumi, A., & Bermudez, A. (1996.) Interactivity, distance education, and instructional systems design converge on the the information superhighway. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 29, 1-16.

6. Kimmel, H., Kerr, E. B., & Shea, M. (1988.) Computer conferencing resource for in-service teacher education. Science Education, 72, 467-473.

7. Lake, D. T. (1995.) What is the internet? - Answering the teacher's question. Learning and Leading with Technology, Nov., 23-25.

8. McFarland, R. D. (1995.) Ten design points for the human interface to instructional multimedia. T.H.E. Journal, 22, 67-69.

9. Overbaugh, R. C. (1994.) Research-based guidelines for computer-based instruction development. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 27, 29-47.

10. Park, S. (1995.) Implications of learning strategy research for designing computer-assisted instruction. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 27, 435-456.

11. Partee, M. H. (1996.) Using e-mail, web sites & newsgroups to enhance traditional classroom instruction. T. H. E. Journal, 23, 79-82.

12. Thibodeau, P. (1997.) Design standards for visual elements and interactivity for courseware. T.H.E. Journal, 24, 84-86

Clip Art
1. fly.gif,, Matjaz Drobez Collection

2. ladybugs.gif, Sheriberry Graphics

3. wingedlady.gif, butterflyhorule.gif and grass.gif,, Barry's Clip Art

4. pc_comm.gif, Web Graphics Mega Pack, cartoon/pc_comm.gif,Nova Development Corporation,

5. toxicpol.jpg, Web Graphics Mega Pack, backgrounds/toxic pool/toxicpol.jpg, Nova Development Corporation,

6. Primary background for Water What-ifs site, waterfront.gif, Lisa L. Grable

7. magentapin.gif, Web Graphics Mega Pack, bullets/push_pin/magentapin.gif, Nova Development Corporation,

8. aquafish.gif, Web Graphics Mega Pack, bullets/fish/aquafish.gif, Nova Development Corporation,

9. aqualadybug.gif, Web Graphics Mega Pack, bullets/lady_bug/aqualadybug.gif, Nova Development Corporation,

10. wtr_drop.gif, Web Graphics Mega Pack, bullets/grab_bag/wtr_drop.gif, Nova Development Corporation,


All the photographs used on these pages were taken by Lisa L. Grable or April J. Cleveland.

Line Drawings and Diagrams
1. Save Our Streams, Izaak Walton League of America, 1401 Wilson Blvd., Level B, Arlington, VA 22209.

2. Stream Quality Monitoring, Ohio's Scenic Rivers Program.

Water What-ifs Home

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©1998 April J. Cleveland for Science Junction, NC State University. 

All rights reserved. 

page design by Lisa Leonor Grable and April J. Cleveland


Last Modified:5/14/01

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